Daily Current Affairs and GK | 11 August 2021

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Topic: Agriculture

1. Government announced a National Edible Oil Mission-Oil Palm.

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced a National Edible Oil Mission-Oil Palm (NMEO-OP).
  • The main objective of this mission is to boost domestic oilseed production and to make India self-sufficient in cooking oils.
  • The government will invest ₹11,000 crores to create an edible oil ecosystem. Government will provide quality seeds and technology to promote the farming of palm oil and other oil seeds.
  • India has already become self-sufficient in the production of rice, wheat and sugar.
  • India is dependent on the import for its consumption of edible oil. Of the total imports, palm oil constitutes about 55%.
  • India produces less than half of the edible oil that it consumes annually.

Topic: Personality in News

2. Commodore Kasargod Patnashetti Gopal Rao, 1971 war hero and recipient of Mahavir Chakra, passed away.

  • Commodore Kasargod Patnashetti Gopal Rao, a 1971 war hero, died at the age of 94.
  • He was awarded the Maha Vir Chakra for his contribution in the 1971 Indo-Pak War. He played a key role in the war with Pakistan to liberate East Pakistan.
  • During the 1971 war, he was the commander of two Arnala-class anti-submarine corvettes. These anti-submarines had attacked Karachi Harbour on 4 December 1971.
  • He was a recipient of the Vishist Seva Medal also.
 

Topic: Government Schemes and Initiatives

3. Lok Sabha passed Constitution (127th Amendment) Bill, 2021.

  • The Lok Sabha passed the Constitution (One Hundred and Twenty-Seventh Amendment) Bill, 2021. It has been passed by more than two-third of majority of the House.
  • The bill proposed to restore the power of States and Union Territories to make their own OBC lists.
  • The Amendment Bill will amend Articles 342 A (clauses 1 and 2) and will introduce a new clause - 342 A (3). It will also make amendments to Articles 366(26c) and 338B (9).
  • Constitutional Amendment Bill would benefit 671 castes in the country. It will strengthen the federal structure of the country.
  • The 102nd Constitution Amendment Act had empowered the President to notify the list of socially and educationally backward classes (SEBC) for any state or union territory.
  • The government has brought this bill after a Supreme Court order in May 2021, which had empowered only the Central government for the identification of Other Backward Classes.
  • Many parties are demanding to remove the 50% cap on reservations.

Topic: International News

4. India and France to launch space security dialogue.

  • India and France will soon launch a space security dialogue. It will help both countries in protecting their space assets.
  • France and India have strong space cooperation, which has helped in launching new space projects.
  • France is providing medical support to Indian astronauts, who will be part of India’s manned space mission.
  • In 2018, ‘India-France Joint Vision for Space Cooperation’ was also issued during the visit of French President Emmanuel Macron.
  • France had conducted the space military exercise ‘Aster X’ with America and Germany.

France:

It is a Western European country whose capital is Paris.

The President of France is Emmanuel Macron and the Prime Minister is Jean Castex.

The currency of France is Euro.

It is one of the five permanent members of the UNSC.

India and France to launch space security dialogue

 

Topic: Science and Technology

5. DABUS, an Artificial Intelligence (AI) system has been granted patent by South Africa.

  • DABUS, an Artificial Intelligence (AI) system created by Stephen Thaler has been granted a patent by South Africa.
  • This is the first time in the world that an AI system has been granted a patent.
  • Before DABUS, Thaler built another AI system which he credited with inventing cross-bristle toothbrush design.
  • Thaler filed a patent for cross bristle design and it was granted patent. At that time, Thaler listed himself, rather than the AI, as the inventor.
  • However, in the case of the food container invention by DABUS, Thaler listed DABUS as an inventor while filing for a patent and South Africa granted patent.
  • Stephen Thaler is a pioneer in the field of AI and programming. DABUS stands for “device for the autonomous bootstrapping of unified sentience”.
  • DABUS is a type of AI, often referred to as “creativity machines”. Creativity Machines have the capability of independent and complex functioning without human intervention.
  • Creativity machines process and critically analyse data. This process is known as machine learning.

Topic: Books and Authors

6. Sudha Murty has written a book for children aged between five and eight years.

  • Sudha Murty has written a book for children aged between five and eight years. The book tells children about beauty of earth.
  • The book is titled as "How the Earth Got Its Beauty". It is published by Penguin Random House imprint Puffin.
  • The book has illustrations by Priyanka Pachpande. It is a beginner’s guide on the extraordinary stories about the earth.
  • Sudha Murty is chairperson of Infosys Foundation. She is the wife of Infosys co-founder N. R. Narayana Murthy.

Topic: MoUs/Agreements

7. ADB collaborated with IIFL Home Finance to promote green housing in India.

  • The Asian Development Bank (ADB) and IIFL Home Finance Limited have signed an agreement to promote green and affordable housing solutions in India.
  • The main objective of this initiative is to reduce carbon emissions and conserve water and energy.
  • ADB and IIFL will raise awareness about green-certified housing standards among developers and other stakeholders.
  • It will help in integrating green lending and climate adaptation strategies for affordable housing solutions in India.
  • To make the housing sector climate-resilient, training will be provided to IIFL’s technical team, staff of state housing boards and housing developers.
  • IIFL is one of leading affordable housing finance companies in India. It has started several initiatives to promote green affordable housing.

Asian Development Bank (ADB):

It is a regional development bank established in 1966.

It is committed for the overall growth of the Asian countries.

Headquarters: Mandaluyong, Philippines

Current President: Masatsugu Asakawa

Topic: Awards and Prizes

8. Nagaland bagged seven national awards Under “Van Dhan Yojana Scheme”.

  • Nagaland has won seven national awards on the first Van Dhan Annual Awards 2020-21.
  • Awards were distributed on the 34th foundation day of TRIFED. The awards were presented by Union tribal minister, Arjun Munda.
  • Nagaland has received national awards in ‘Best Survey State’, ‘Best sales generated’, ‘Best Innovation and Creativity’, ‘Best Training’, and ‘Most number of VDVKC’s established’ category.
  • It has received ‘Best Innovation and Creativity’ for Gooseberry Wine and Mushroom Cultivation.

Van Dhan Yojana:

It was launched on 14th April, 2018.

TRIFED is the nodal agency for implementing the scheme at national level.

It aims to improve tribal income through the value addition in tribal products.

Topic: Report and Indices

9. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) released its new report on climate change.

  • The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has released the first part of its Sixth Assessment Report (AR6) titled ‘Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis’. IPCC brings out ‘assessment reports’ periodically since 2013.
  • India’s climate will be affected by heat waves and melting of Himalayan glaciers and heavy rainfalls will occur towards the end of the century.
  • The report provides new estimates of the chances of crossing the global warming level of 1.5°C in the next decades.
  • Sea level in Asia has increased faster than the global average. Both annual and summer monsoon rainfall will increase in South Asia.
  • The average surface temperature of the Earth will increase by 1.5 °C from pre-industrial levels in the next few decades.
  • The report highlights that our climate is rapidly changing due to human influence.
  • The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change is a UN body set up in 1988 to assess the climate change.

Topic: Important Days

10. August 7 to be celebrated as National Javelin Throw Day.

  • The Athletics Federation of India has announced that every year 7 August will be celebrated as National Javelin Throw Day. 
  • It will be celebrated in all States and Union Territories to mark Neeraj’s  achievement in the Tokyo Olympic Games.
  • Athletics Federation of India will also organize Javelin competitions across the country.
  • Neeraj Chopra has won a Gold medal in Men’s Javelin Throw at Tokyo Olympics. He is the first athlete from independent India to win an Athletics (track and field) medal.

National Javelin Throw Day

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: Science and Technology

11. Indian scientists developed Carbon-based Wrapper to increase shelf life of fruits.

  • Indian scientists have developed a composite paper made of carbon (graphene oxide) loaded with preservatives to increase shelf life of fruits.
  • Carbon-based paper can be used as wrappers to increase the shelf life of fruits and it is reusable.
  • At present, preservative dipping technology is used to increase shelf life of fruits. In this technology, the preservatives get adsorbed by the fruit which is harmful to consumers.
  • The new carbon-based wrapper release preservative only when required. It will help in protecting fruits from getting wasted.
  • In this carbon based wrapper, the oxalic acids trigger the release of the preservatives only when fruit over-ripens or gets infested by pathogens. Otherwise, the preservative stays with the carbon-based wrapper.

Carbon-based Wrapper to increase shelf life of fruits

(Source: News on AIR)

 

 

 

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