Daily Current Affairs and GK | 12 October 2022

By Priyanka Chaudhary | Last Modified: 31 Oct 2022 18:48 PM IST

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Topic: Space and IT

1. For the first time, Chandrayaan-2 finds an abundance of sodium on the moon.

  • The X-ray spectrometer 'CLASS' on the Chandrayaan-2 Orbiter has mapped the abundance of sodium on the moon for the first time.
  • This research work has been published in 'The Astrophysical Journal Letters'.
  • The study found that a part of the signal could be arising from a thin veneer of sodium atoms weakly bound to the lunar grains.
  • Previously, India’s Chandrayaan-1 X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometer (C1XS) had detected sodium from its characteristic line in X-rays.
  • Sodium has been found in the wispy atmosphere of the moon, a region where atoms rarely meet.
  • This region is called the 'exosphere', which starts from the surface of the moon and extends for thousands of kilometers.
  • This study opened a new avenue to study surface-exosphere interaction on the moon.
  • Chandrayaan-2:
    • It was launched on July 22, 2019, by a GSLV Mark III M1 from Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Andhra Pradesh.
    • The names of the lander and rover of Chandrayaan-2 are Vikram and Pragyaan, respectively.
    • On 7 September 2019, ISRO lost contact with Vikram lander.

Topic: Banking System

2. The licence of Seva Vikas Co-operative Bank Limited has been cancelled by RBI.

  • RBI has cancelled the licence of Pune-based Co-operative Bank as it does not have adequate capital and earning prospects.
  • According to the RBI, the bank ceased to carry on banking business with effect from the close of business on October 10, 2022.
  • RBI noted that the bank would be unable to pay its present depositors in full.
  • RBI said 99% of depositors are entitled to receive the full amount of their deposits from the Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation.

Topic: Important Days

3. World Arthritis Day: 12 October

  • The objective of World Arthritis Day is to create awareness among people about rheumatic musculoskeletal disorders and their prevention.
  • This year the theme of World Arthritis Day is “It is in your hands, take action”.
  • Redness around joints, pain, swelling, and stiffness in joints are some of the symptoms of arthritis.
  • The estimated prevalence of rheumatic disorders in India is around 25 to 30%. Out of this, 30% of all sufferers are under the age of 65 years.
  • People should exercise regularly, practice yoga and keep their weight under control to prevent arthritis diseases.

Topic: National News

4. Toyota’s first-of-its-kind pilot project on Flexi-Fuel Strong Hybrid Electric Vehicles (FFV-SHEV) in India has been launched by Shri Nitin Gadkari.

  • This would run on 100% petrol as well as 20 to 100% blended ethanol and electric power.
  • Union Ministers Shri Mahendranath Pandey, Shri Bhupender Yadav, Union MoS Shri Rameswar Teli, and Karnataka Minister Dr. Shri Murugesh Nirani were present on the occasion.
  • Vice-chairman of Toyota Kirloskar Motors Pvt. Ltd. Shri Vikram Kirloskar and MD & CEO of Toyota Kirloskar Motor Mr Masakazu Yoshimura were also present on the occasion.
  • Union Minister for Road Transport and Highways Shri Nitin Gadkari said a 6 to 8% increase in agricultural growth rate is required for AtmaNirbhar Bharat.
  • He said the success of this pilot project will create an ecosystem of electric vehicles in India.

Topic: National Appointments

5. Justice DY Chandrachud will be the next Chief Justice of India.

  • Chief Justice of India Uday Umesh Lalit has recommended the name of Justice DY Chandrachud as his successor.
  • Justice UU Lalit took charge as the 49th CJI in August 2022 and is retiring on November 8.
  • On November 9, Justice DY Chandrachud will take oath as the 50th Chief Justice of the country and will retire on November 10, 2024.
  • As per protocol, the Law Ministry writes to the CJI to recommend the successor about a month before the due date of retirement.
  • Then, the incumbent CJI sends a formal letter to the government to recommend his successor.
  • Chief Justice of India:
    • As per Article 124 (2), the President of India appoints the Chief Justice of India and other judges of the Supreme Court.
    • In the Second Judges case 1993, Supreme Court ruled that the senior most judge of the Supreme Court shall be appointed as CJI.
    • Supreme Court collegium headed by the Chief Justice of India recommends the name for the office of CJI.
    • The Chief Justice of India remains in office till he attains the age of 65 years.

Topic: International News

6. The European Union has approved the adoption of the world's first single charger rule.

  • The European Parliament approved a new rule that will bring a single charging port for mobile phones, tablets, and cameras by 2024 in the EU.
  • However, in this, laptop makers have been exempted till the beginning of 2026.
  • The USB-C connectors used by Android-based devices will be of EU standard, forcing Apple to change its charging port for iPhones and other devices, according to an agreement between EU institutions.
  • The change was being considered for years and was prompted by complaints from iPhone and Android users because they have to switch to different chargers for their devices.
  • The new change will lead to greater reuse of chargers and help consumers save up to 250 million euros ($246m) per year on unnecessary charger purchases.
  • The politicians of the EU voted in favour of the change by a large majority, with 602 votes in favour and only 13 votes against.
 
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Topic: MoUs/Agreements

7. NMDC and RailTel Corporation of India have signed MoU for ICT and Digital Solutions.

  • Shri H Sundaram Prabhu, GM, NMDC and Shri Manohar Raja, Executive Director, RailTel signed the MoU at NMDC’s headquarters in Hyderabad.
  • RailTel will provide Consultancy, Project Management and Execution services.
  • This MoU builds on the partnership that NMDC already has with the National Railway Telecom.
  • National Mineral Development Corporation (NMDC) is the country’s largest Iron Ore producer.
  • It is a Central Public Sector Enterprise under the Ministry of Steel. It is headquartered in Hyderabad. Sumit Deb is its CMD.
  • RailTel Corporation of India Limited is an Indian public sector enterprise that was founded in September 2000. It is a Mini Ratna (Category-I) PSU.
  • It is a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Indian Railways. It is headquartered in New Delhi. Sanjai Kumar is its CMD.

Topic: Indian Economy

8. IMF has said that global growth projection will slow from 6% in 2021 to 3.2% in 2022 and 2.7% in 2023. 

  • IMF said that this will be the weakest growth since 2001, with the exception of the global financial crisis and the acute phase of the pandemic.
  • According to the IMF's World Economic Outlook 2022 report, India will be the world's fastest-growing large economy.
  • International Monetary Fund (IMF) has cut India’s GDP growth forecast to 6.8% for Financial Year 2023.
  • It predicted that India will continue to remain on track to become one of the world’s fastest-growing economies.
  • IMF predicted that inflation in India will come down to the 4% range next year.
  • According to the IMF, global inflation will likely peak at 9.5% this year before slowing to 4.1% by 2024.

Topic: Infrastructure and Energy

9. Indian Railway’s revenue earning in the passenger segment registered a growth of 92%.

  • Indian Railway’s revenue from the passenger segment was 33,476 Crore rupees from 1st April to 8th October 2022.
  • During the same period last year, the revenue from the passenger segment was 17,394 crore rupees.
  • From 1 April to 8 October 2022, about 42 crore passengers booked tickets in the “reserved” category. It registered a growth of 24 percent.
  • The total revenue generated from the reserved passenger segment was 26,961 crore rupees during this period, an increase of 65% as compared to the previous year.
  • In the unreserved passenger segment, the number of passengers who booked tickets was 268 crores. Last year, it was 90 crores during the same period.
  • The revenue from the unreserved passenger segment was Rs. 6,515 crores from 1 April to 8 October 2022. It has registered a growth of 500%.

Topic: Summits/ Conferences/ Meetings

10. Minister of Civil Aviation Jyotiraditya M. Scindia inaugurated the fourth Heli-India Summit 2022 in Srinagar.

  • The summit has been inaugurated at Sher-e-Kashmir International Conference Centre, Srinagar.
  • ‘Helicopters for last Mile Connectivity’ is the theme of the fourth Heli-India Summit 2022.
  • Jyotiraditya M. Scindia said that a civil enclave will be built in Jammu at a cost of Rs 861 crores and the current Srinagar terminal will be expanded from 20,000 square meters to 60,000 square meters.
  • The eight ‘Sankalps’ related to the Heli service were taken during the 3rd Heli-India Summit in Dehradun.
  • Jyotiraditya M. Scindia said that a helicopter will be deployed at AIIMS Rishikesh to provide emergency medical services.
  • The following initiatives are related to the Heli service:
    • HeliSewa portal is an online portal used by all operators for obtaining landing permissions at helipads.
    • HeliDisha is the guidance material on helicopter operations for state administration.

Heli-India Summit 2022 in Srinagar

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: Government Schemes and Initiatives

11. Government launched Tele Mental Health Assistance and Networking Across States (Tele-MANAS) initiative.

  • On the occasion of World Mental Health Day, the government has launched a 24×7 tele-mental health service Tele Mental Health Assistance and Networking Across States (Tele-MANAS) initiative.
  • It has been launched for 20 states and UTs and will be further expanded to other parts of the country.
  • It aims to provide free tele-mental health services round the clock to people all over the country, especially the remote and deprived areas.
  • This service can be used by calling the helpline number 14416. A caller will be responded to by a trained counsellor.
  • If needed, the caller will be connected online to mental health specialists such as clinical psychologists, psychiatric social workers, psychiatrists, etc.
  • The program comprises a network of 23 tele-mental health centers of excellence.
  • NIMHANS will be the nodal centre and the International Institute of Information Technology-Bangalore (IIITB) will provide technology support.
  • The Central Government aims to establish at least one Tele-Manas Cell in each State/UT.

Tele Mental Health Assistance and Networking Across States

(Source: PIB)

Topic: Sports

12. FIFA in association with AIFF launched the ‘Football for Schools’ campaign in India.

  • Football for Schools (F4S) is an initiative of FIFA in collaboration with UNESCO.
  • This campaign will be launched in 700 districts of India and Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti will be the nodal agency for implementing it.
  • Its main aim is to contribute to the education, development, and empowerment of around 700 million children.
  • Union Education Minister Dharmendra Pradhan said that the government is committed to creating a mass movement for football.
  • This campaign will support sports in India and aid in student skill development.
  • India is hosting the FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup 2022 from 11th to 30th October 2022.
  • FIFA is an international governing body for football that was founded in 1904.

Topic: Summits/ Conferences/ Meetings

13. PM Narendra Modi addressed the 2nd UN World Geospatial International Congress.

  • UN World Geospatial International Congress was inaugurated by Union Science and Technology Minister Dr Jitendra Singh in Hyderabad on 11 October.
  • ‘Geo-Enabling the Global Village: No one should be left behind’ is the theme of the 2nd UN World Geospatial International Congress.
  • The United Nations and the Departments of Science and Technology and Space are organizing the five-day congress.
  • It has brought policymakers, scientists, start-ups and NGOs working on geospatial information on one platform.
  • During the five-day Congress, challenges and future plans for making better use of technology for people will be discussed.
  • PM emphasized the need for an institutional approach by the international community to help each other during a crisis.
  • Union Minister Dr. Jitendra Singh said that the Geospatial economy will cross the mark of 63,000 crore rupees by 2025.
  • Dr Jitendra Singh has inaugurated an exhibition where the National Remote Sensing Agency, ISRO, and startups displayed their products.

Topic: Summits/ Conferences/ Meetings

14. Union Environment Minister attended the inaugural session of the Sustainable Mountain Development Summit-XI (SMDS-XI) at Leh.

  • Sustainable Mountain Development Summit-XI is being organized from 10-12 October, 2022.
  • The theme for SMDS-XI is ‘Harnessing tourism for sustainable mountain development’.
  • The Sustainable Mountain Development Summit (SMDS) is an annual event of the Indian Himalayan Region (IHR).
  • The summit was focused on reducing the negative impacts of tourism and using its positive contribution to building climate and socio-ecological strength and sustainability.
  • As part of the SMDS, the Mountain Legislators’ Meet (MLM) and the Indian Himalayan Youth Summit were also organized.
  • The Union Environment Minister said that various unique landscapes of the country like the Himalayas, Western Ghats and Thar Desert need special attention from the scientific community.

Sustainable Mountain Development Summit-XI (SMDS-XI)

(Source: News on AIR)

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