- 1. For the first time, Chandrayaan-2 finds an abundance of sodium on the moon.
- 2. The licence of Seva Vikas Co-operative Bank Limited has been cancelled by RBI.
- 3. World Arthritis Day: 12 October
- 4. Toyota’s first-of-its-kind pilot project on Flexi-Fuel Strong Hybrid Electric Vehicles (FFV-SHEV) in India has been launched by Shri Nitin Gadkari.
- 5. Justice DY Chandrachud will be the next Chief Justice of India.
- 6. The European Union has approved the adoption of the world's first single charger rule.
- 7. NMDC and RailTel Corporation of India have signed MoU for ICT and Digital Solutions.
- 8. IMF has said that global growth projection will slow from 6% in 2021 to 3.2% in 2022 and 2.7% in 2023.
- 9. Indian Railway’s revenue earning in the passenger segment registered a growth of 92%.
- 10. Minister of Civil Aviation Jyotiraditya M. Scindia inaugurated the fourth Heli-India Summit 2022 in Srinagar.
- 11. Government launched Tele Mental Health Assistance and Networking Across States (Tele-MANAS) initiative.
- 12. FIFA in association with AIFF launched the ‘Football for Schools’ campaign in India.
- 13. PM Narendra Modi addressed the 2nd UN World Geospatial International Congress.
- 14. Union Environment Minister attended the inaugural session of the Sustainable Mountain Development Summit-XI (SMDS-XI) at Leh.
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Topic: Space and IT
1. For the first time, Chandrayaan-2 finds an abundance of sodium on the moon.
- The X-ray spectrometer 'CLASS' on the Chandrayaan-2 Orbiter has mapped the abundance of sodium on the moon for the first time.
- This research work has been published in 'The Astrophysical Journal Letters'.
- The study found that a part of the signal could be arising from a thin veneer of sodium atoms weakly bound to the lunar grains.
- Previously, India’s Chandrayaan-1 X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometer (C1XS) had detected sodium from its characteristic line in X-rays.
- Sodium has been found in the wispy atmosphere of the moon, a region where atoms rarely meet.
- This region is called the 'exosphere', which starts from the surface of the moon and extends for thousands of kilometers.
- This study opened a new avenue to study surface-exosphere interaction on the moon.
- It was launched on July 22, 2019, by a GSLV Mark III M1 from Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Andhra Pradesh.
- The names of the lander and rover of Chandrayaan-2 are Vikram and Pragyaan, respectively.
- On 7 September 2019, ISRO lost contact with Vikram lander.
Topic: Banking System
2. The licence of Seva Vikas Co-operative Bank Limited has been cancelled by RBI.
- RBI has cancelled the licence of Pune-based Co-operative Bank as it does not have adequate capital and earning prospects.
- According to the RBI, the bank ceased to carry on banking business with effect from the close of business on October 10, 2022.
- RBI noted that the bank would be unable to pay its present depositors in full.
- RBI said 99% of depositors are entitled to receive the full amount of their deposits from the Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation.
Topic: Important Days
3. World Arthritis Day: 12 October
- The objective of World Arthritis Day is to create awareness among people about rheumatic musculoskeletal disorders and their prevention.
- This year the theme of World Arthritis Day is “It is in your hands, take action”.
- Redness around joints, pain, swelling, and stiffness in joints are some of the symptoms of arthritis.
- The estimated prevalence of rheumatic disorders in India is around 25 to 30%. Out of this, 30% of all sufferers are under the age of 65 years.
- People should exercise regularly, practice yoga and keep their weight under control to prevent arthritis diseases.
Topic: National News
4. Toyota’s first-of-its-kind pilot project on Flexi-Fuel Strong Hybrid Electric Vehicles (FFV-SHEV) in India has been launched by Shri Nitin Gadkari.
- This would run on 100% petrol as well as 20 to 100% blended ethanol and electric power.
- Union Ministers Shri Mahendranath Pandey, Shri Bhupender Yadav, Union MoS Shri Rameswar Teli, and Karnataka Minister Dr. Shri Murugesh Nirani were present on the occasion.
- Vice-chairman of Toyota Kirloskar Motors Pvt. Ltd. Shri Vikram Kirloskar and MD & CEO of Toyota Kirloskar Motor Mr Masakazu Yoshimura were also present on the occasion.
- Union Minister for Road Transport and Highways Shri Nitin Gadkari said a 6 to 8% increase in agricultural growth rate is required for AtmaNirbhar Bharat.
- He said the success of this pilot project will create an ecosystem of electric vehicles in India.
Topic: National Appointments
5. Justice DY Chandrachud will be the next Chief Justice of India.
- Chief Justice of India Uday Umesh Lalit has recommended the name of Justice DY Chandrachud as his successor.
- Justice UU Lalit took charge as the 49th CJI in August 2022 and is retiring on November 8.
- On November 9, Justice DY Chandrachud will take oath as the 50th Chief Justice of the country and will retire on November 10, 2024.
- As per protocol, the Law Ministry writes to the CJI to recommend the successor about a month before the due date of retirement.
- Then, the incumbent CJI sends a formal letter to the government to recommend his successor.
- Chief Justice of India:
- As per Article 124 (2), the President of India appoints the Chief Justice of India and other judges of the Supreme Court.
- In the Second Judges case 1993, Supreme Court ruled that the senior most judge of the Supreme Court shall be appointed as CJI.
- Supreme Court collegium headed by the Chief Justice of India recommends the name for the office of CJI.
- The Chief Justice of India remains in office till he attains the age of 65 years.
Topic: International News
6. The European Union has approved the adoption of the world's first single charger rule.
- The European Parliament approved a new rule that will bring a single charging port for mobile phones, tablets, and cameras by 2024 in the EU.
- However, in this, laptop makers have been exempted till the beginning of 2026.
- The USB-C connectors used by Android-based devices will be of EU standard, forcing Apple to change its charging port for iPhones and other devices, according to an agreement between EU institutions.
- The change was being considered for years and was prompted by complaints from iPhone and Android users because they have to switch to different chargers for their devices.
- The new change will lead to greater reuse of chargers and help consumers save up to 250 million euros ($246m) per year on unnecessary charger purchases.
- The politicians of the EU voted in favour of the change by a large majority, with 602 votes in favour and only 13 votes against.
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7. NMDC and RailTel Corporation of India have signed MoU for ICT and Digital Solutions.
- Shri H Sundaram Prabhu, GM, NMDC and Shri Manohar Raja, Executive Director, RailTel signed the MoU at NMDC’s headquarters in Hyderabad.
- RailTel will provide Consultancy, Project Management and Execution services.
- This MoU builds on the partnership that NMDC already has with the National Railway Telecom.
- National Mineral Development Corporation (NMDC) is the country’s largest Iron Ore producer.
- It is a Central Public Sector Enterprise under the Ministry of Steel. It is headquartered in Hyderabad. Sumit Deb is its CMD.
- RailTel Corporation of India Limited is an Indian public sector enterprise that was founded in September 2000. It is a Mini Ratna (Category-I) PSU.
- It is a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Indian Railways. It is headquartered in New Delhi. Sanjai Kumar is its CMD.
Topic: Indian Economy
8. IMF has said that global growth projection will slow from 6% in 2021 to 3.2% in 2022 and 2.7% in 2023.
- IMF said that this will be the weakest growth since 2001, with the exception of the global financial crisis and the acute phase of the pandemic.
- According to the IMF's World Economic Outlook 2022 report, India will be the world's fastest-growing large economy.
- International Monetary Fund (IMF) has cut India’s GDP growth forecast to 6.8% for Financial Year 2023.
- It predicted that India will continue to remain on track to become one of the world’s fastest-growing economies.
- IMF predicted that inflation in India will come down to the 4% range next year.
- According to the IMF, global inflation will likely peak at 9.5% this year before slowing to 4.1% by 2024.
Topic: Infrastructure and Energy
9. Indian Railway’s revenue earning in the passenger segment registered a growth of 92%.
- Indian Railway’s revenue from the passenger segment was 33,476 Crore rupees from 1st April to 8th October 2022.
- During the same period last year, the revenue from the passenger segment was 17,394 crore rupees.
- From 1 April to 8 October 2022, about 42 crore passengers booked tickets in the “reserved” category. It registered a growth of 24 percent.
- The total revenue generated from the reserved passenger segment was 26,961 crore rupees during this period, an increase of 65% as compared to the previous year.
- In the unreserved passenger segment, the number of passengers who booked tickets was 268 crores. Last year, it was 90 crores during the same period.
- The revenue from the unreserved passenger segment was Rs. 6,515 crores from 1 April to 8 October 2022. It has registered a growth of 500%.
Topic: Summits/ Conferences/ Meetings
10. Minister of Civil Aviation Jyotiraditya M. Scindia inaugurated the fourth Heli-India Summit 2022 in Srinagar.
- The summit has been inaugurated at Sher-e-Kashmir International Conference Centre, Srinagar.
- ‘Helicopters for last Mile Connectivity’ is the theme of the fourth Heli-India Summit 2022.
- Jyotiraditya M. Scindia said that a civil enclave will be built in Jammu at a cost of Rs 861 crores and the current Srinagar terminal will be expanded from 20,000 square meters to 60,000 square meters.
- The eight ‘Sankalps’ related to the Heli service were taken during the 3rd Heli-India Summit in Dehradun.
- Jyotiraditya M. Scindia said that a helicopter will be deployed at AIIMS Rishikesh to provide emergency medical services.
- The following initiatives are related to the Heli service:
- HeliSewa portal is an online portal used by all operators for obtaining landing permissions at helipads.
- HeliDisha is the guidance material on helicopter operations for state administration.
(Source: News on AIR)
Topic: Government Schemes and Initiatives
11. Government launched Tele Mental Health Assistance and Networking Across States (Tele-MANAS) initiative.
- On the occasion of World Mental Health Day, the government has launched a 24×7 tele-mental health service Tele Mental Health Assistance and Networking Across States (Tele-MANAS) initiative.
- It has been launched for 20 states and UTs and will be further expanded to other parts of the country.
- It aims to provide free tele-mental health services round the clock to people all over the country, especially the remote and deprived areas.
- This service can be used by calling the helpline number 14416. A caller will be responded to by a trained counsellor.
- If needed, the caller will be connected online to mental health specialists such as clinical psychologists, psychiatric social workers, psychiatrists, etc.
- The program comprises a network of 23 tele-mental health centers of excellence.
- NIMHANS will be the nodal centre and the International Institute of Information Technology-Bangalore (IIITB) will provide technology support.
- The Central Government aims to establish at least one Tele-Manas Cell in each State/UT.
12. FIFA in association with AIFF launched the ‘Football for Schools’ campaign in India.
- Football for Schools (F4S) is an initiative of FIFA in collaboration with UNESCO.
- This campaign will be launched in 700 districts of India and Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti will be the nodal agency for implementing it.
- Its main aim is to contribute to the education, development, and empowerment of around 700 million children.
- Union Education Minister Dharmendra Pradhan said that the government is committed to creating a mass movement for football.
- This campaign will support sports in India and aid in student skill development.
- India is hosting the FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup 2022 from 11th to 30th October 2022.
- FIFA is an international governing body for football that was founded in 1904.
Topic: Summits/ Conferences/ Meetings
13. PM Narendra Modi addressed the 2nd UN World Geospatial International Congress.
- UN World Geospatial International Congress was inaugurated by Union Science and Technology Minister Dr Jitendra Singh in Hyderabad on 11 October.
- ‘Geo-Enabling the Global Village: No one should be left behind’ is the theme of the 2nd UN World Geospatial International Congress.
- The United Nations and the Departments of Science and Technology and Space are organizing the five-day congress.
- It has brought policymakers, scientists, start-ups and NGOs working on geospatial information on one platform.
- During the five-day Congress, challenges and future plans for making better use of technology for people will be discussed.
- PM emphasized the need for an institutional approach by the international community to help each other during a crisis.
- Union Minister Dr. Jitendra Singh said that the Geospatial economy will cross the mark of 63,000 crore rupees by 2025.
- Dr Jitendra Singh has inaugurated an exhibition where the National Remote Sensing Agency, ISRO, and startups displayed their products.
Topic: Summits/ Conferences/ Meetings
14. Union Environment Minister attended the inaugural session of the Sustainable Mountain Development Summit-XI (SMDS-XI) at Leh.
- Sustainable Mountain Development Summit-XI is being organized from 10-12 October, 2022.
- The theme for SMDS-XI is ‘Harnessing tourism for sustainable mountain development’.
- The Sustainable Mountain Development Summit (SMDS) is an annual event of the Indian Himalayan Region (IHR).
- The summit was focused on reducing the negative impacts of tourism and using its positive contribution to building climate and socio-ecological strength and sustainability.
- As part of the SMDS, the Mountain Legislators’ Meet (MLM) and the Indian Himalayan Youth Summit were also organized.
- The Union Environment Minister said that various unique landscapes of the country like the Himalayas, Western Ghats and Thar Desert need special attention from the scientific community.
(Source: News on AIR)