Daily Current Affairs and GK | 13 April 2024

By Priyanka Chaudhary | Last Modified: 13 Apr 2024 16:37 PM IST

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Topic: Defence

1. Defence Ministry issued a tender to Hindustan Aeronautics Limited for purchasing made-in-India 97 LCA Mark 1A fighter jets.

  • This tender worth Rs 65,000 crore is set to be the largest order for indigenous military hardware.
  • The tender has been issued to Hindustan Aeronautics Limited by the Defence Ministry and they have been three months to respond to it.
  • The LCA Mark 1A fighter jets will replace the MiG- 21s, MiG-23s and MiG-27s.
  • The indigenous fighter aircraft programme will promote indigenisation as well as give major business to small and medium enterprises.
  • HAL has bagged orders for building all types of indigenous fighter aircraft, helicopters along with engines.
  • The decision to buy 97  LCA Mark 1A fighter jets came after a review meeting of the indigenous fighter jet programme.
  • The LCA Mark 1A plane have more advanced avionics and radars than the earlier 40 LCAs being supplied to the Air Force.
  • The HAL is also set to bag deals for buying over 200 LCA Mark 2s.

Topic: Science and Technology

2. A new AI tool can predict Fatal Heart Rhythms accurately.

  • As per a study, an AI tool named VA-ResNet-50 could be used to detect the risk of a deadly cardiac rhythm disorder called ventricular arrhythmia (VA).
  • This study has been conducted at the University of Leicester’s Department of Cardiovascular Sciences and the University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust.
  • Holter electrocardiograms (ECGs) from 270 adults have been analysed as part of their routine NHS care between 2014 and 2022.
  • Dr. Barker, along with Dr. Xin Li from the School of Engineering have developed this tool.
  • This tool examined the normal heart rhythms of patients to determine their risk of lethal arrhythmia.
  • Ventricular arrhythmia is a serious heart rhythm disorder that can lead to sudden loss of consciousness and death.
  • Dr Barker has been given Geest Foundation Award and Heart Rhythm Society Scholarship for his work.

Topic: National Appointments

3. Sachidananda Mohanty has been appointed as a member of UGC.

  • Sachidananda Mohanty former Vice­ Chancellor of Central University of Odisha, has been appointed as a member of the University Grants Commission (UGC)
  • He has been appointed for three years with immediate effect.
  • In this career of more than four decades, he has received many distinctions in the field of education and culture, nationally and internationally.
  • He also served as a former Professor and Head of the Department of English, University of Hyderabad.
  • He was a member of India’s Education Commission to the UNESCO and Governing Board member of Auroville Foundation.

Topic: Space and IT

4. Plans to send Japanese astronauts to the Moon announced by the United States and Japan.

  • On April 10, President Joe Biden announced that Japanese astronauts would join future NASA lunar missions, a move intended to signal stronger economic and defense ties between the two countries.
  • In the future, two Japanese astronauts will join NASA's lunar missions, and one of them will become the first non-American to land on the Moon.
  • The pledge marks Washington's latest move to use the space program to bring allies on board and compete with China in the race to the moon.
  • Japan's astronauts will take part in the Artemis program, a NASA-led effort to return astronauts to the Moon as early as 2026, more than half a century after the last Apollo mission.
  • In September 2023, during Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi's visit to Washington, both countries also announced that NASA would work with India's space agency on a joint mission to the International Space Station.
  • In addition, New Delhi agreed to sign the Artemis Accords, a US-backed project, to establish guidelines for activity on the Moon and elsewhere in space.
  • Japan and India are among three dozen countries to sign the Artemis agreement, with Greece and Uruguay signing in February.

Topic: Reports and Indices/Rankings

5. India has been ranked 10th in cyber crime, with Russia topping the list followed by Ukraine.

  • According to new research surveying cybercrime experts from around the world, India ranked 10th in cybercrime, with fraud involving people asking for advance fee payments as the most common type.
  • An international team of researchers has prepared a 'World Cyber Crime Index' which ranks nearly 100 countries.
  • It identifies major hotspots according to different categories of cybercrime, including ransomware, credit card theft, and scams.
  • The major categories the researchers identified included technology products and services such as malware and compromised systems and attacks and extortion, including ransomware.
  • It also includes scams such as hacking, compromised accounts, theft of data and identity, including credit cards, and advance fee fraud and money laundering involving illicit virtual currency.
  • Russia and Ukraine are highly technical cybercrime hubs, while Nigerian cyber criminals are engaged in less technical forms of cybercrime.
  • India was found to be an "specialize" in scams.
  • Furthermore, while Romania and the US were found to "specialize" in both high-tech and low-tech crimes, India was found to be a "balanced hub", "specializing" in mid-tech crimes.
  • Top 10 countries as per the research published in the journal PLoS ONE:

Rank

Country

1

Russia

2

Ukraine

3

China

4

USA

5

Nigeria

6

Romania

7

North Korea

8

UK

9

Brazil

10

India

 

Topic: International Appointments

6. India's Jagjit Pavadia re-elected to the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) for a third term.

  • Mr Pavadia was re-elected by secret ballot for a third term for five years from March 2025-2030, receiving the highest number of votes in the highly competitive election.
  • With 41 votes, Mr Pavadia won a landslide victory in a tough election, while the second-placed candidate got 30 votes.
  • Since 2015, Mr. Pavadia has been a member of the International Narcotics Control Board.
  • She was re-elected by the council in May 2019 for a five-year term from 2020 to 2025. She served as the Chairman of the Board in 2021-2022.
  • Founded in 1968, the INCB is the independent and quasi-judicial monitoring body for the implementation of the United Nations international drug control conventions.
  • Elected by the Economic and Social Council, it consists of 13 members who serve in their personal capacity and not as government representatives.
  • Three members with medical, medicinal or pharmaceutical experience are selected from a list of individuals nominated by the World Health Organization (WHO).
  • While 10 members are selected from the list of persons nominated by the governments.
  • India has been elected to several key bodies at the United Nations:

Organization

Term

Commission on the Status of Women

2025-2029

Executive Board of the United Nations Children's Fund

2025-2027

Executive Board of the United Nations Development Programme

2025-2027

Executive Board of the United Nations Population Fund

2025-2027

Executive Board of the United Nations Office for Project Services

2025-2027

Executive Board of the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women

2025-2027

Executive Board of the World Food Programme

2025-2027

Monthly Current Affairs eBooks
March Monthly Current Affairs 2024 February Monthly Current Affairs 2024
January Monthly Current Affairs 2024 December Monthly Current Affairs 2023

Topic: Indian Economy

7. India's retail inflation fell to a 10-month low of 4.85% in March.

  • On an annual basis, India's retail inflation declined to 4.85% in March from 5.09% in the previous month.
  • A Reuters poll had projected that number would fall to 4.91%.
  • The number remains within the Reserve Bank of India's (RBI) tolerance band of 2-6%.
  • Citing the National Statistical Office (NSO), PTI reported that inflation in the food basket stood at 8.52% in March, down from 8.66% in February.
  • Meanwhile, industrial output rose to a four-month high of 5.7% in February, up from 4.2% in the previous month.
  • Official data has not been released yet by the government.
  • There has been a delay in the data coming due to waiting for the approval of the Election Commission.

Topic: State News/ Gujarat

8. The world's largest renewable energy park built by the Adani Group in Gujarat.

  • The world's largest renewable energy park has been built in the Khavda region of Gujarat by multi-billionaire Gautam Adani's group in a remote area bordering Pakistan.
  • It has a huge capacity of 45 GW to generate electricity mainly from solar energy.
  • The construction of the project was started in 2022, marking the beginning of a comprehensive infrastructure development initiative.
  • Initially, the land was barren, with little vegetation due to its highly saline soil and no human settlements nearby.
  • However, boasting the second-best solar radiation in the country after Ladakh and wind speeds five times that of the plains, it presented an ideal location for a renewable energy park.
  • Just 18 kilometers from the airstrip is the Khavda Renewable Energy Park, which is spread over 538 square kilometers, almost five times the size of Paris.
  • Approximately Rs 1.5 lakh crore will be invested by India's largest renewable energy company, Adani Green Energy Limited, to generate 30 MW of clean power in Khavda, Kutch, Gujarat.
  • At its peak, Khavda will produce 81 billion units which can power entire countries like Belgium, Chile, and Switzerland.
  • The 30 GW planned in Khavda will include 26 GW of solar and 4 GW of wind capacity.
  • AGEL's current operating portfolio comprises 7,393 MW of solar, 1,401 MW of wind, and 2,140 MW of wind-solar hybrid capacity.

Topic: Defence

9. Fifth edition of the ‘Dustlik’ Joint Military Exercise will start in Termez District, Uzbekistan.

  • Dustlik’ Joint Military Exercise between India and Uzbekistan is set to begin in Termez District, Uzbekistan, from April 15.
  • It will be conducted at Termez District, Uzbekistan from 15 to 28 April 2024.
  • Contingents from the Indian Armed Forces and Armed Forces of the Republic of Uzbekistan will participate in this exercise for collaboration & future military interactions.
  • 45 soldiers from each side will participate in the exercise. It will promote positive relations between the armies of both nations.
  • Indian Armed Forces and the Armed Forces of Uzbekistan will conduct comprehensive joint training sessions.
  • The fourth edition of the ‘Dustlik’ joint military exercise was held on February 20 in 2023 at the Foreign Training Node, Pithoragarh in Uttarakhand.
  • The first edition of the Dustlik Joint Military Exercise was held in Uzbekistan in November 2019.

Fifth edition of the Dustlik

(Source: DD News)

Topic: Indian Economy

10. Moody’s revised Real GDP Growth Projection of India to 8%.

  • Rating agency Moody’s predicted stable outlook for India. India’s fiscal metrics will continue to gradually improve.
  • The long-term and short-term ratings of the government of India has been pegged at Baa3 and P-3, respectively.
  • Moody’s has revised India’s real GDP growth projection to 8 per cent for the 2024-25. The first three quarters of financial year 2023-24 shows strong growth numbers.
  • Moody’s projected that economic growth will remain above 6 per cent over the next two fiscal years.
  • As per the Moody’s, in 2024-25, India’s economic growth will remain above G20 peers emerging countries.
  • India’s GDP grew at a massive 8.4% during the October-December quarter of the current financial year 2023-24.
  • India’s economy grew 7.2% in 2022-23 and 8.7% in 2021-22, respectively.

Topic: Important Days

11. International Day of Human Space Flight 2024: 12 April

  • Each year on 12 April, International Day of Human Space Flight is observed.
  • The day is celebrated the beginning of the space age for mankind, the contribution of space science and technology and ensuring the preservation of outer space for peaceful purposes.
  • The theme of International Day of Human Space Flight 2024 is 'Encourage Scientific Curiosity'.
  • In its resolution of April 2011, UN General Assembly declared 12 April as the International Day of Human Space Flight.
  • Soviet citizen Yuri Gagarin carried out first human space flight on 12 April 1961.
  • Sputnik I, the first man-made Earth satellite, was launched into orbit on October 4, 1957.
  • On June 16, 1963, Valentina Tereshkova became the first woman to orbit the Earth.
  • On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong became the first person to set foot on the Moon's surface.
  • On 10 October 1967, the "Magna Carta of Space" came into force.

International Day of Human Space Flight 2024

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: International Appointments

12. The first woman High Commissioner to India appointed by Britain.

  • The former CEO of the UK's National Cyber Security Centre, Lindy Cameron, will take charge as Britain's first woman High Commissioner to India.
  • She replaced Mr Alex Ellis CMG, who will be transferring to another Diplomatic Service appointment. Ellis will be Britain's next ambassador to Spain.
  • Ms Cameron will take up her appointment on April 2024.
  • The appointment of Cameron comes amid a rapid improvement in bilateral relations.
  • India is Britain's 12th largest trading partner.
  • Trade has increased, although the two countries are negotiating a free trade agreement that could be signed in 2024.

Topic: India and its neighbours

13. India has signed a protocol to amend the Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement (DTAA) with Mauritius.

  • The amended pact has introduced the Principal Purpose Test (PPT). It aims to curtail tax avoidance by ensuring that treaty benefits are only granted for transactions with a bona fide purpose.
  • This amendment will apply to all incomes like capital gains, dividends, and fees for technical services.
  • Principal purpose test (PPT) will decide whether a foreign investor is eligible to claim treaty benefits.
  • Article 27B has been introduced in the treaty defining the ‘entitlement to benefits’.
  • Amendment to the India-Mauritius treaty was signed on March 7 at Port Louis.
  • FPI investment from Mauritius had stood at Rs 3.25 lakh crore. It was FPI investment at Rs 4.19 lakh crore at the end of March 2024.
  • In 2016, India and Mauritius signed a revised tax agreement. It gave India the right to tax capital gains in India on transactions in shares routed through Mauritius.

Topic: National Appointments

14. The US-India Tax Forum has appointed Tarun Bajaj as its new head.

  • The US-India Tax Forum is an US-India Strategic Partnership Forum (USISPF) initiative.
  • Tarun Bajaj is the former Revenue Secretary and Secretary of Economic Affairs to the Government of India.
  • He joined USISPF as an advisor to the Board of Directors in January 2024.
  • He is a 1988 batch IAS of Haryana Cadre.
  • US-India Tax Forum is a tax policy-dedicated forum to encourage the development of a strong partnership between India and US.
  • It was launched on 25 February 2020 as an independent not-for-profit institution.
Related Study Material
Evolution and History of the Indian Constitution Preamble of the Indian Constitution
Major sources of Indian Constitution President of India
Ramsar sites of India 2022 Classification of Rocks
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