Daily Current Affairs and GK | 14 May 2024

By Priyanka Chaudhary | Last Modified: 14 May 2024 16:33 PM IST

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Topic: Sports

1. Indian Gymnast Srishti Khandagale won the silver medal at the Asian Trampoline Gymnastics Championships.

  • India’s Srishti Khandagale became the first-ever Indian to win a medal at the Asian Trampoline Gymnastics Championships.
  • She clinched the silver medal in the Women’s Individual Age group category at the 6th Asian Trampoline Gymnastics Championship.
  • Kazakhstan’s Dolgopolova secured the gold medal, while Hong Kong’s S Hung won the bronze medal.
  • Asian Trampoline Gymnastics Championships was held in Hong Kong, China,
  • More than 120 elite trampoline athletes from 12 Asian countries and regions participated in the event.
  • It was hosted at the Tsuen Wan Sports Centre on May 11th and 12th.

Asian Trampoline Gymnastics Championships

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: Indian Economy

2. China was the largest trading partner of India with $118.4 billion trade in 2023-24.

  • According to the data of economic think tank Global Trade Research Initiative (GTRI), US was India’s second largest trading partner with $118.3 billion.
  • US was the top trading partner of India during 2021-22 and 2022-23.
  • As per the data, India’s exports to China increased by 8.7% to $16.67 billion in the last fiscal.
  • Imports from China increased by 3.24% to $101.7 billion.
  • India’s exports to the US declined by 1.32% to $77.5 billion in 2023-24 in comparison to $78.54 billion in 2022-23.
  • India’s imports from US declined by about 20% to $40.8 billion, the data showed.
  • India’s exports to China declined marginally by 0.6% from $16.75 billion to $16.66 billion.
  • India’s imports from China increased by 44.7% from $70.32 billion to $101.75 billion.
  • Trade deficit between India and China has increased from $53.57 billion in FY2019 to $85.09 billion in FY2024.
  • India’s exports to US increased significantly by 47.9% from $52.41 billion to $77.52 billion.
  • Imports from the US increased by 14.7% from $35.55 billion to $40.78 billion.
  • As a result, trade surplus for India grew from $16.86 billion to $36.74 billion.
  • In 2023-24, the UAE was India’s third largest trading partner with USD 83.6 billion.
  • It was followed by Russia, Saudi Arabia, and Singapore.

Topic: Sports

3. Aman Sehrawat has become first Indian male wrestler to qualify for 2024 Paris Olympics.

  • He has become the first Indian male wrestler to secure a quota place for the 2024 Paris Olympics.
  • He got a Paris quota in the men’s 57kg freestyle category at the World Wrestling Olympic Qualifiers in Istanbul, Turkiye.
  • He defeated Chongsong Han of Korea 12-2 in the semi-final for India’s 6th quota in wrestling for the 2024 Olympics.
  • Indian women wrestlers obtained all of the previous five quotas.
  • Aman Sehrawat is an Indian freestyle wrestler from Haryana.

Topic: Sports

4. Japan becomes first time champion of Sultan Azlan Shah Cup 2024.

  • Japan and Pakistan played the 2024 Sultan Azlan Shah Cup final.
  • Japan defeated Pakistan 3–1 in the shoot-out following a 2–2 draw.
  • The bronze medal was won by New Zealand after defeating Malaysia 3-2. The hosts Malaysia were the defending champions.
  • They were not able to defend their title because they did not qualify for the final. 
  • The 2024 Sultan Azlan Shah Cup was the 30th edition of the Sultan Azlan Shah Cup.
  • It was held in Ipoh, Malaysia from 4 to 11 May 2024.
  • Sultan Azlan Shah Cup is the annual men's international field hockey tournament. It was postponed in 2023.

Awards

Highest goal score

 Muhammad Azrai Aizad Abu Kamal (8 goals), Malaysia

Best goalkeeper

 Takashi Yoshikawa/ Takumi Kitagawa (join, Japan)

Best player of the tournament

 Sufyan Khan (Pakistan)

Fair play team

 Canada

Man of the match (final)

 Waheed Ashraf Rana (Pakistan)

Topic: Indian Economy

5. Retail inflation in India decreased slightly in April, hitting an 11-month low of 4.83%.

  • According to government data released on May 13, India's retail inflation eased marginally to an 11-month low of 4.83% on an annual basis in April, from 4.85% in the previous month.
  • A Reuters survey of 44 economists had projected that number to decline to 4.80%.
  • The number remains within the 2-6% tolerance range set by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).
  • According to National Statistical Office (NSO) data, inflation in the food basket rose by 8.7% in April from 8.52% in March.
  • Sequentially, the inflation rate in April stood at 0.48%.
  • India's vegetable inflation stood at 27.80% on an annual basis, compared to 28.30% in March.
  • Meanwhile, inflation rates of cereals and pulses, which form a significant part of India's staple diet, came in at 8.63% and 16.84% respectively.
  • The fuel and light inflation rate declined by (-)4.24% in April.

Topic: Space and IT

6. A rocky planet has been finally detected by astronomers with an atmosphere.

  • Astronomers have for years been searching for rocky planets beyond the Solar System with atmospheres, which are thought to be essential for any possibility of life.
  • But this hellish planet – with a surface of apparently molten rock – offers no hope of being habitable.
  • Researchers said the planet is a "super-Earth" – a rocky world that is much larger than our planet but smaller than Neptune.
  • It orbits a dim star dangerously close and slightly less massive than our Sun, rapidly completing an orbit every 18 hours.
  • Using two instruments aboard the James Webb Space Telescope, infrared observations indicated the presence of a substantial atmosphere, possibly being continuously formed by gases escaping from a vast ocean of magma.
  • The atmosphere is probably rich in carbon dioxide or carbon monoxide, but it may also contain other gases such as water vapor and sulfur dioxide.
  • The planet, known as Janssen or 55 Cancri e, has a diameter that is roughly twice that of Earth and is 8.8 times more massive than Earth.
  • It orbits its star at one-twentieth the distance between Mercury, the innermost planet in our solar system, and the Sun.
  • As a result, its surface temperature is approximately 3,140 °F (1,725 °C/2,000 °K).
Monthly Current Affairs eBooks
April Monthly Current Affairs 2024 March Monthly Current Affairs 2024
February Monthly Current Affairs 2024 January Monthly Current Affairs 2024

Topic: International News

7. India and Iran have signed long-term deal for Chabahar Port operations.

  • The two countries signed a long-term deal to operate the Shahid-Beheshti Port Terminal.
  • Union Minister of Ports, Shipping and Waterways Sarbananda Sonowal led the Indian delegation to Iran.
  • He saw the signing of a new 10-year deal between India Ports Global Ltd (IPGL) and the Ports & Maritime Organisation of Iran.
  • Under the deal, IPGL will operate the port for the duration of the Contract.
  • After the end of the 10-year period, India and Iran would further extend their cooperation in Chabahar.
  • IPGL will invest approximately 120 million USD in the port. India has also offered an IN credit window equivalent to USD 250 million.
  • The Chabahar Port is an India-Iran flagship project.
  • It serves as an important transit port for trade with Afghanistan and Central Asian countries.
  • In August 2022, Sarbananda Sonowal visited Chabahar Port in Iran. He visited it to review its work progress.
  • He handed over 6 mobile harbour cranes to Indian Ports Global Chabahar Free Trade Zone (IPGCFTZ) at the port then.
  • Chabahar is a deep water port. It is located in the Sistan-Baluchistan province of Iran.
  • It is the closest Iranian port to India. It is located in the open sea.
  • In May 2016, India, Iran and Afghanistan signed a trilateral agreement to establish the International Transport and Transit Corridor (Chabahar Agreement).
  • On December 24, 2018, India Ports Global Limited (IPGL) assumed control of the Chabahar Port operations through its fully owned subsidiary, India Ports Global Chabahar Free Zone (IPGCFZ).

Topic:  Personality in News

8. Sushil Kumar Modi passed away at the age of 72.

  • He was a senior Senior Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leader and former Bihar Deputy Chief Minister.
  • He was suffering from cancer. He became Deputy Chief Minister for the first time in 2005.
  • He also served as 4th Deputy Chief Minister of Bihar.
  • He had earned the sobriquet “Bhamashah” from Chief Minister Nitish Kumar.
  • He was a member of four legislative Houses - Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, the Bihar Assembly and the Legislative Council.

Topic: Space and IT

9. ISRO Chief Somanath unveils the Zero emission initiative of SFO technologies.

  • Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) Chief Somanath unveiled the carbon reduction initiative of SFO Technologies, the flagship company of the NeST Group.
  • The Carbon Reduction initiative of the NeST Group aims to achieve a 50 per cent reduction by 2035 and zero emissions by 2040.
  • Around 400 enterprises in the country have benefited from the technologies developed by ISRO for its various missions.
  • The Indian space sector is supposed to become a USD 9-10 billion business in the next 5-10 years from the current 2 billion dollars.
  • SFO Technologies has worked closely in association with ISRO for many years. Both have worked on multiple programmes, such as the RF sub-systems for Chandrayaan and Aditya Missions.
  • SFO Technologies and NeST Group are committed to protecting the environment and reducing carbon emissions.

Topic: MoUs /Agreements

10. MSDE signed a MoU with Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd for the Drone Didi Yojana.

  • Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd inked a pact with the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship to conduct two Pilot Projects under the Drone Didi Yojana.
  • Under this MoU, MSDE and M&M will conduct two Pilot Projects at the National Skill Training Institute (NSTI) located in Hyderabad and Noida.
  • 500 women in exclusive batches of 20 women each will be imparted with skills.
  • The 15-day curriculum, approved by the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA), will be delivered through Remote Pilot Training Organisation (RPTO) instructors at these Centres.
  • Drone Didi Yojana was launched to train 15,000 women to operate drones for agricultural purposes.
  • The drones will help in monitoring crop growth and planting seeds.
  • This scheme will help in generating new livelihood opportunities for women by imparting skills in new technology areas.

Drone Didi Yojana

(Source: PIB)

Topic: Geography

11. On May 13, the Ibu volcano on Indonesia's remote island of Halmahera erupted.

  • The Indonesia's volcanology agency said thick layers of brown ash were flying several kilometers into the sky.
  • The volcano erupted for about five minutes, spewing ash as high as 5 km (3.1 mi) into the sky.
  • On May 10, a small eruption was also recorded at the volcano.
  • The volcano's alert status remains unchanged at the second highest level.
  • Indonesia, which has about 127 active volcanoes, lies on the Pacific "Ring of Fire", where the meeting of continental plates causes high volcanic and seismic activity.
  • Last year, more than 20 people were killed when Marapi Volcano, one of Sumatra's most active volcanoes, erupted and released a gray cloud of ash up to 3 km high.

Ibu volcano on Indonesia's remote island

(Source: DD News)

Topic: Personality in News

12. Famous Punjabi poet Surjit Patar passes away at the age of 79.

  • On May 11, Padma Shri recipient, renowned Punjabi poet Surjit Patar passed away in Ludhiana, Punjab.
  • Among Patar's noteworthy accomplishments are the Padma Shri and the Sahitya Akademi Award, which he received for his work writing in the regional language.
  • Patar was a resident of Patar Kalan village in Jalandhar and retired as a professor of Punjabi from Punjab Agricultural University.
  • In 2012, he received the Padma Shri and also served as the President of the Punjab Arts Council.

Topic: Personality in News

13. Nepal’s ‘Everest Man’ beats own record by climbing summit for 29th time.

  • Renowned Sherpa guide Kami Rita has broken his own record of scaling to the summit of Mount Everest.
  • Kami Rita has reached on the top of Mount Everest for the 29th time.
  • Kami Rita is known as "Everest Man", belongs to the ethnic Sherpa community.
  • He has scaled Mount Everest peak almost every year since his first successful ascent in 1994.
  • Rita had climbed Mount Everest twice last year, setting the record for most climbs on his first expedition.
  • Nepal is home of eight of the world’s 10 highest peaks. Last year, more than 600 climbers reached to the summit of Everest.
  • Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay were the first male to climb Mount Everest.
  • Junko Tabei was the first woman to climb Mount Everest. Mark Inglis became the first ever double amputee to climb Mount Everest.
  • Mount Everest is Earth's highest (8,849 m) mountain above sea level.

Topic: State News/ Chhattisgarh

14. Chhattisgarh's first 15-Mw floating solar plant will be set by Bhilai Steel Plant.

  • Bhilai Steel Plant (BSP) will install the Chhattisgarh’s first 15-megawatt (MW) floating solar project in its Maroda-1 reservoir.
  • It will help in improving its carbon footprint. The steel plant is working on various projects to reduce its carbon emissions, conserve energy and promote renewable energy.
  • This solar plant in Chhattisgarh will generate about 34.26 million units annually.
  • The project is expected to reduce the CO2 emission of BSP by 28,330 tonnes annually.
  • The tender process has been completed and the Engineering, Procurement, and Construction Contract (EPC) for the project are likely to be awarded shortly.
  • The Maroda reservoir is spread across 2.1 square kilometers with a water storage capacity of 19 cubic milimetres (MM3).
Related Study Material
Evolution and History of the Indian Constitution Preamble of the Indian Constitution
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