Daily Current Affairs and GK | 14 September 2022

By Priyanka Chaudhary | Last Modified: 24 Sep 2022 20:39 PM IST

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Topic: Reports and Indices/Ranking

1. International Labour Organisation (ILO) released a report titled ‘The Global Estimates of Modern Slavery’.

  • As per the report, around 50 million people globally were living in "modern slavery" in 2021.
  • Out of 50 million, 28 million are in forced labour and 22 million are trapped in forced marriage.
  • Around 2/3rd of the total forced marriages take place in Asia and the Pacific countries. It is followed by Africa (14.5 percent) and Europe and Central Asia (10.4 percent).
  • The report states that the COVID-19 pandemic has increased the risk of forced marriages in countries like Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India and Egypt.
  • As per the report, the number of people in modern slavery has significantly increased in the last five years.
  • Around half of the total forced labour and a quarter of all forced marriage cases have been found in upper-middle-income or high-income countries.
  • 86% of the forced labour cases were found in the private sector. Almost one in eight of all those in forced labour are children.
  • Child marriage is also considered forced marriage. The number of people under forced marriage has increased by 6.6 million since 2016.
  • The report recommended actions to be taken to end modern slavery. Its recommendations are given below:
    • Improve and enforcement of laws
    • Ending state-imposed forced labour
    • Extending social protection
    • Raising the legal age of marriage to 18
    • Stronger measures to combat forced labour

Topic: Important Days

2. Hindi Diwas is observed on 14 September.

  • On 14 September 1949, Constituent Assembly adopted Hindi in Devanagari script as official language of Indian union (Article 343).
  • Since 1953, it was announced to celebrate 14 September every year as Hindi Diwas throughout the country.
  • The day also marks the birthday of Beohar Rajendra Simha. He was born on 14 September 1900.
  • He played a crucial role in getting Hindi in Devanagari script approved as an official language of India.
  • Union Home Minister Amit Shah took part in All-India Official Language Conference in Gujarat's Surat city on the occasion of Hindi Day (14 September 2022).
  • He said that ‘LILA Hindi Pravah’ application has been developed to learn Hindi easily.
  • Hindi was the 3rd most spoken language of the world in 2019 with 615 million speakers.

Hindi Diwas 2022

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: Indian Economy

3. India’s overall export of agricultural and processed food products increased from USD 7397 million in April-July 2021 to USD 9598 million in April-July 2022.

  • This is according to the provisional data released by the Directorate General of Commercial Intelligence and Statistics (DGCI&S).
  • The agricultural and processed food products exports increased by 30% in April-July of the FY 2022-23 in comparison to FY 2021-22.
  • For the year 2022-23, the export target for agricultural and processed food products is USD 23.56 billion.
  • Export of USD 9.59 billion has been achieved in the first four months of the Financial Year 2022-23.
  • Government’s initiatives have helped in achieving 40% of the total export target for the year 2022-23 in the first four months of the Financial Year 2022-23.
  • Exports of processed food products like cereals in April-July 2022 reported a growth of 37.75% in comparison to the first four months of the previous year (April-July, 2021).
  • Miscellaneous processed items exports in April-July, 2022 reported a growth of 35.26% in comparison to the first four months of the previous year (April-July, 2021).

Item

Exports in April-July, 2021

Exports in April-July, 2022

% growth in exports

Fresh fruits & vegetables

USD 498 million

USD 517 million

4%

Processed fruits and vegetables

USD 441million

USD 665 million

51%

Basmati Rice

USD 1214 million

USD 1567 million

29.13%

Non-Basmati rice

USD 1910 million

USD 2086 million

9.24%

Other cereals

USD334 million

USD 408 million

22.26%

Dairy products

USD 153 million

USD 247 million

61.91%

  • As per the DGCI&S data, India’s agricultural products exports had increased by 19.92% during 2021-22 to reach USD 50.21 billion.
  • In 2021–2022, India exported agricultural and processed food products worth USD 25.6 billion.
  • This was around 51% of the country's total USD 50 billion exports of agricultural goods.

Topic: Defence

4. Sixth edition of Japan India Maritime Exercise 2022 (JIMEX 22) commenced in the Bay of Bengal on 11 September 2022.

  • It is being hosted by the Indian Navy. R Adm Hirata Toshiyuki, Commander Escort Flotilla Four is leading the Japan Maritime Self Defence Force (JMSDF) ships.
  • R Adm Sanjay Bhalla, Flag Officer Commanding Eastern Fleet is leading Indian Naval ships.
  • Indian Naval ships welcomed Izumo, a Helicopter Carrier, and Takanami, a Guided Missile Destroyer.
  • The Indian Navy is being represented by three indigenously designed and built warships - Sahyadri, a multi-purpose stealth frigate and Anti-Submarine Warfare Corvettes Kadmatt and Kavaratti.
  • Guided Missile Destroyer Ranvijay, Fleet Tanker Jyoti, and Offshore Patrol Vessel Sukanya are also taking part in the exercise.
  • JIMEX 22 involves two Phases. One phase involves exercises at sea and another phase involves a harbour phase at Visakhapatnam.
  • JIMEX began in Japan in 2012. This edition marks the 10th anniversary of JIMEX.
  • This edition also coincides with the 70th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between India and Japan.

Topic: National News

5. Under the National List of Essential Medicines (NLEM), the government has added 34 new medicines.

  • On 13 September, Health Minister Dr. Mansukh Mandaviya released the updated version of NLEM 2022 at an event in New Delhi.
  • Under the Prime Minister's vision of "Sabko Dawai, Sasti Dawai", the Union Health Ministry is implementing several actions.
  • NLEM plays a vital role in ensuring access to affordable quality medicines at all levels of healthcare.
  • In the issued 384 drugs list, 34 new drugs were added, while 26 drugs were removed from the previous list.
  • The drugs are classified into 27 therapeutic categories.
  • It will reduce the citizen's out-of-pocket expenditure on health care.
  • The National List of Essential Medicines was first prepared in 1996 and was revised thrice earlier in 2003, 2011, and 2015.
  • Union Health Ministry constituted the independent Standing National Committee on Medicines (SNCM) in 2018.
  • The Committee has amended NLEM, 2015, and presented its report on NLEM, 2022, to the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare.
  • A new section has been included for medications considered essential for the supportive treatment of COVID-19.

National List of Essential Medicines (NLEM)

(Source: PIB)

Topic: MoUs/Agreements

6. Vedanta and Foxconn signed an MoU with the Gujarat government to establish a manufacturing unit in the state.

  • On September 13, the MoU has been signed between them to establish a semiconductor and display FAB manufacturing plant in the state.
  • The MoU was signed in Gandhinagar in the presence of Ashwini Vaishnaw, Minister for Railways.
  • Both companies will invest Rs 1,54,000 crore for the establishment of this unit. This will provide employment to one lakh people in the state.
  • In 2021, the Indian semiconductor market was valued at $27.2 billion and is projected to grow at a high CAGR of over 19% to reach $64 billion by 2026.

Vedanta and Foxconn signed an MoU

(Source: News on AIR)

 
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August Monthly Current Affairs July Monthly Current Affairs
June Monthly Current Affairs May Monthly Current Affairs

Topic: Awards and Prizes

7. Allu Arjun's ‘Pushpa: The Rise’ has won maximum awards at the 10th South Indian International Movie Awards (SIIMA) in Bangalore.

  • Ranveer Singh has been named as ‘most popular Hindi star in South India’.
  • Puneeth Rajkumar was posthumously awarded as the best actor in Kannada cinema. He was awarded for his work in ‘Yuvarathnaa’.
  • The awardees of Telugu and Kannada films were announced on September 10. Tamil and Malayalam winners were announced on September 11.

SIIMA 2022 winners

Category

Telugu cinema winners

Kannada cinema winners

Tamil cinema winners

Malayalam cinema winners

Best Film

Pushpa: The Rise

 

Sarpatta Parambarai

Minnal Murali

Best Actor in a Leading Role

Allu Arjun for Pushpa: The Rise

Late Puneeth Rajkumar for Yuvarathnaa

Sivakarthikeyan

Tovino Thomas

Best Actress in a Leading Role

Pooja Hegde for Most Eligible Bachelor

Ashika Ranganath for Madhagaja

Kangana Ranaut

Aishwarya Lekshmi

Best Director

Sukumar for Pushpa: The Rise

Tharun Sudhir for Roberrt

Lokesh Kanagaraj

Mahesh Narayan

  • Certain special awards were also announced. They are given below.
    • Decade of Excellence in South Indian Cinema - Hansika Motwani
    • Outstanding performance of the year - Yogi Babu
    • Special Appreciation Award – Producers Omkaar Movies for period drama film Kannadiga
    • Youth Icon South (Female) – Pooja Hegde
    • Youth Icon South (Male) – Vijay Deverakonda
    • Sensation of Kannada Cinema 2021 – Dhananjaya

Topic: Personality in News

8. French filmmaker Jean-Luc Godard died recently in Switzerland.

  • Jean-Luc Godard revolutionized popular cinema in 1960 with his debut feature Breathless.
  • His films propelled Jean-Paul Belmondo to stardom.
  • His controversial modern nativity play Hail Mary grabbed headlines when Pope John Paul II denounced it in 1985.
  • He received a lifetime achievement award from the European Film Academy in December 2007.
  • Three-part movie Film Socialisme, which had its world premiere at Cannes, was released by Jean in 2010.

Jean-Luc Godard

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: Government Schemes and Initiatives

9. Agriculture Ministry launched several initiatives as the run-up to the International Year of Millets 2023.

  • The Department of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare has organized a series of programs and initiatives launched earlier on the MyGov platform to celebrate the International Year of Millets 2023.
  • The main aim of the initiatives is to spread awareness about ancient and nutritious grains.
  • The launched initiatives are given below:
    • Millet Startup Innovation Challenge: It was launched on 10th September 2022 to encourage the young minds to find technological/ business solutions to the problems of the millet ecosystem.
    • A contest for designing a comic story, with the theme ‘India's Wealth, Millets for Health’ was also launched on 5th September.
    • ‘Mighty Millets Quiz’ was launched with questions based on millets and its benefit.
    • The logo and slogan contest for the International Year of Millets 2023 was also held.
  • The year 2023 has been declared the International Year of Millets by the United Nations General Assembly.
  • Millets are called the super grain owing to their high nutritional value. Also, millets do not require high-quality soil to grow and hence can address the malnutrition and ensure food security.
  • India produces more than 8 % (170 lakh tonnes) of the millets produced in Asia.

Topic: National News

10. Government is building National Maritime Heritage Complex at Lothal in Gujarat.

  • Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterway is building the National Maritime Heritage Complex at Lothal with a total cost of Rs. 3500 crores.
  • The foundation stone of the project was laid by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi and the consent for the master plan was given in March 2019.
  • The project will be completed in different phases. In phase 1A, a museum will be built with 5 galleries and a naval gallery on 35 acres of land.
  • In phase 1B, a lighthouse, 5D dome theatre, Bagicha Complex and other infrastructure will be built.
  • Architecture firm Hafeez Contractor is the principal management consultant of the project.
  • Phase 1A of the National Maritime Heritage Complex is expected to be completed by March 2024.

Topic: State News/ Jharkhand

11. Jharkhand’s government schools to observe wellness day every Tuesday.

  • Students from classes VI to XII of the government schools of Jharkhand will observe wellness day on every Tuesday.
  • This day will be observed to spread awareness about the importance of good health among students.
  • Under the initiative of the Jharkhand Council of Educational Research and Training (JCERT), teachers have been trained in school health and wellness programmes.
  • Around 24000 teachers and 11500 schools have been selected from 19 districts as health messengers.
  • These teachers will select two students from each class from VI to XII as messengers.
  • Every week, an extra class will be held in the school on wellness and health.
  • Students will learn various activities and practical lessons like hand washing and sanitizing, as part of this initiative.
  • Jharkhand:
    • It was formed on 15 November 2000.
    • It shares its border with Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha and West Bengal.
    • Chief Minister is Hemant Soren and Ramesh Bais is the governor.
    • It is the 15th largest state by area and Ranchi is its capital.

Topic: Awards and Prizes

12. Zendaya won the best actress award at the Emmy Awards 2022.

  • 74th Emmy Awards winners have been announced at the Microsoft Theater in Los Angeles.
  • Emmy Awards is one of the four major American awards. It is given for artistic and technical work in the television industry.
  • Zendaya won the best actress award for 'Euphoria' and ‘Succession’ has been named the best drama of the year.
  • Michael Keaton won the lead actor award in a limited series for the ‘Dopesick’.

Category

Winner

Best Drama Series

Succession (HBO) 

Best Comedy Series 

Ted Lasso (Apple TV+)  

Best Limited or Anthology Series

The White Lotus (HBO)  

Lead Actor in Drama Series

Lee Jung Jae (Squid Game)

Lead Actress in a Drama Series

Zendaya (Euphoria) 

Lead Actor in a Comedy Series

Jason Sudeikis (Ted Lasso) 

Lead Actress in a Comedy Series

Jean Smart (Hacks) 

Lead Actor in a Limited Series or Movie

Michael Keaton (Dopesick) 

Lead Actress in a Limited Series or Movie

Amanda Seyfried (The Dropout)  

Topic: National Appointments

13. Sanjay Khanna appointed as CEO of American Express India.

  • Sanjay Khanna has been appointed as the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) and Country Manager of AEBC Corp India.
  • He will lead India’s executive team and is responsible for driving the growth of the organization.
  • Other appointments in News:
    • Prasad K Panicker appointed as chairman of Nayara Energy. His appointment will become effective from 3 October. He will succeed Charles Anthony (Tony) Fountain.
    • Dinesh Kumar Batra has been appointed as Chairman & Managing Director (CMD) of Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) on 1 September 2022.
    • A. N. Shamseer has been elected as the Speaker of the Kerala Assembly. He defeated Congress candidate Anwar Sadath.

Topic: Sports

14. For the first time, Sikkim will host the Ranji Trophy matches.

  • Sikkim will host the Ranji trophy matches for the first time in December at the Mining Cricket Ground near Rangpo.
  • A total of three matches will be played at the Sikkim Cricket Association Ground.
  • As per the schedule, the first match will be played between Sikkim and Manipur followed by Sikkim versus Mizoram and Sikkim versus Arunachal Pradesh.
  • It is a great achievement for the Sikkim Cricket Association to host first-class matches of the Ranji Trophy after getting full membership four years ago.
  • Mining Cricket Ground has already been approved by National Cricket Academy to hold any courses or events.
  • The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) annually organizes the Ranji Trophy, a domestic first-class cricket tournament between the country's state and regional cricket associations.
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