Daily Current Affairs and GK | 15 and 16 October 2023

By Priyanka Chaudhary | Last Modified: 16 Oct 2023 16:55 PM IST

Cool Offer in HOT Summer get 35% Off
Use Coupon code MAY24

six months current affairs 2023 july december Rs.199/- Read More
half yearly financial awareness july december 2023 Rs.199/- Read More
half yearly current affairs jan july 2023 in detail Rs.219/- Read More
half yearly current affairs jul dec 2023 in detail Rs.219/- Read More


Half Yearly (Jul- Dec 2023 , Detailed)
2023 e Book

Current Affairs

Available in English & Hindi(eBook)

Buy Now ( Hindi ) Preview Buy Now (English)

Topic: International News

1. Australia rejected constitutional reform to recognize Indigenous people.

  • The referendum to give constitutional recognition to Indigenous peoples was rejected by voters.
  • More than 60% of Australians voted "No" in the landmark referendum.
  • The highest number of votes in the favour of referendum were registered in Victoria with 46 per cent, with Queensland seeing the lowest at 32 per cent.
  • The referendum was conducted to alter the constitution and to recognize Australia's Indigenous people in the constitution.
  • The Indigenous citizens are around 3.8 per cent of Australia’s population.
  • Indigenous people have lived in the region for more than 65,000 years but are not mentioned in the constitution.
  • They remain disadvantaged in a range of areas including health and housing.
  • This is the first referendum in Australia since voters rejected a proposal to become a republic.
  • Australia is the only Commonwealth country that has never signed a treaty with its Indigenous people.
  • Any constitutional amendment in Australia requires a national referendum.

Topic: Summits/ Conferences/ Meetings

2. Dr Bharati Pravin Pawar virtually addressed the high-level panel discussion on “Scaling up Integration of NCDs in Primary Care” at the World Health Summit 2023 on 15 October 2023.

  • Dr Bharati Pravin Pawar is the Union Minister of State for Health and Family Welfare.
  • Dr Roderico H Ofrin, WHO India Representative was also present in the discussion.
  • This year, the theme of the World Health Summit is “A Defining Year for Global Health Action.”
  • Dr Bharati Pravin Pawar highlighted India’s efforts at reducing non-communicable diseases.
  • She said that “India has launched the 75/25 initiative.”
  • This initiative is aimed at screening and providing standard of care for 75 million individuals with hypertension and diabetes by 2025.
  • Central government launched the National Programme for Prevention and Control of Non-Communicable Diseases (NP-NCD) under the National Health Mission (NHM) in 2010.
  • World Health Summit is an international conference. It has been held in Berlin every October since 2009.
  • In 2023, the World Health Summit is taking place from October 15 to 17, 2023 in Berlin and digitally.

Topic: Personality in News

3. Manohar Singh Gill passed away.

  • He was the former chief election commissioner. He served as the chief election commissioner between December 1996 and June 2001.
  • Gill and GVG Krishnamurty became members of the Election Commission at the time TN Seshan was heading the Election Commission.
  • After retirement, he joined the Congress party. He was elected to the Rajya Sabha from Punjab in 2004.
  • He served as a member of Rajya Sabha until his retirement after completing two six-year terms in 2016.
  • He also served as the Minister of Youth Affairs and Sports.
  • He was awarded Padma Vibhushan in 2000. He wrote the book Himalayan Wonder: Travels in Lahaul and Spiti.
  • He also wrote the book Tales from the Hills: Lahaul's Enduring Myths and Legends.

Topic: State News/Uttar Pradesh

4. UP CM Yogi Adityanath launched the 4th phase of Mission Shakti.

  • It focused on promoting women's safety, respect and self-reliance.
  • He launched the 4th phase from his official residence as he flagged off a Women Empowerment Rally.
  • The aim of the women empowerment rally is to enhance public awareness regarding government schemes for the welfare of women and daughters.
  • He said morning rallies will be conducted in schools and colleges across each district.
  • The government will recognize and honour individuals and entities demonstrating exemplary efforts in enhancing women's safety, respect, and self-reliance within their districts.
  • The Balini Milk Producer project was initiated by the government in 2019.
  • This project supports a group of 5 to 7 women who have completed third to fifth-grade education.
  • He said, "Starting October 15, extensive programs will be run across the state to raise awareness among women and address their concerns.”

Topic: National News

5. A “Compendium of PM GatiShakti” released by Union Minister of Commerce & Industry Shri Piyush Goyal.

  • On 13 October, on the occasion of the completion of two years of PM Gati Shakti, the “Compendium of PM Gati Shakti” was released in New Delhi.
  • This compendium includes some of the best use cases showcasing the adoption and benefits of PM GatiShakti across the country.
  • Over the last two years, PM GatiShakti has been instrumental in planning over 7,000 km of expressways.
  • The year 2022-23 saw a significant increase in the Final Location Survey (FLS) for new railway lines with over 400 projects as against only 57 last year.
  • This platform has also revolutionized the preparation of detailed surveys for petroleum and natural gas pipelines.
  • This process has reduced the time taken from 6 to 9 months to just a few hours, thereby demonstrating a commitment to environmental protection by reducing deforestation.
  • PM Gatishakti represents an unprecedented approach to infrastructure planning using data to make informed decisions.
  • The government launched the PM Gati Shakti programme on 13 October 2021.
  • It was launched with a vision to enable a mechanism for coordinated planning.

Topic: Environment and Ecology

6. Green Credit Programme has been notified by the government.

  • On October 13, the ‘green credit’ program was notified by the Union Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change.
  • It is a first-of-its-kind market-based instrument designed to incentivize individuals, industries, and local bodies across sectors for their voluntary environmental actions.
  • The program is a domestic voluntary market mechanism, where a green credit serves as a single unit of credit provided for each specified activity.
  • In 2021, it was announced as part of the government's 'Lifestyle for the Environment' or 'LiFE' movement.
  • In its initial phase, it will focus on two key activities: water conservation and afforestation.
  • A user-friendly digital platform will streamline the processes of registration of projects, its verification, and issuance of green credits.
  • The Green Credit Registry and Trading Platform is being developed by the Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education along with experts.
  • On June 26, 2023, the ministry had proposed the draft Green Credit Programme Implementation Rules 2023 and had invited objections and suggestions within 60 days.
  • Overall, the rules identified eight sectors for these activities:
    • Tree plantation
    • Water
    • Sustainable agriculture
    • Waste management
    • Air pollution reduction
    • Mangrove conservation and restoration
    • Ecomark (a government scheme to identify environment-friendly products)
    • Sustainable building and infrastructure
  • In addition, the ‘Ecomark Scheme’ was also notified by the ministry for the labeling of environmentally friendly products.
  • Ecomarks will provide accreditation and labeling for household and other consumer products that meet the quality requirements of the Indian Standards for that product and certain environmental criteria.

UP GK - Uttar Pradesh General Knowledge

Monthly Current Affairs eBooks
September Monthly Current Affairs August Monthly Current Affairs
July Monthly Current Affairs June Monthly Current Affairs

Topic: Sports

7. Raunak Sadhwani has won at the FIDE World Junior Rapid Chess Championship 2023.

  • He is Maharashtra's youngest Grandmaster. He emerged as the U-20 World Junior Rapid Chess champion in Italy.
  • The 11-round rapid tournament was organized by the World Chess Federation (FIDE).
  • In 2nd and 5th rounds, Raunak lost to FM Robert Piliposyan (Armenia) and IM Konstantin Peyrer (Austria). 
  • Raunak won eight rounds and lost two to earn 8.5 points and became world junior rapid champion.
  • In a decisive match against Tobias Koelle, Raunak emerged victorious.
  • Tobias Koelle led the competition for the majority of the event.
  • Last week, 17-year-old Raunak helped world no.1 Magnus Carlsen win his maiden European title.

FIDE World Junior Rapid Chess Championship 2023

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: Important Days

8. World Students’ Day: 15 October

  • India celebrates World Students’ Day on October 15.
  • It is observed to mark the birth anniversary of Dr APJ Abdul Kalam.
  • World Students’ Day 2023 theme is “Empowering the Future: Education for All”.
  • This year, World Students’ Day focused on the topic “FAIL: stands for First Attempt in Learning.”
  • Dr APJ Abdul Kalam served as the 11th Indian President from 2002 to 2007.
  • Dr Kalam was born on October 15, 1931 in Rameswaram on Pamban Island. Pamban Island is in Tamil Nadu.

Topic: Indian Economy

9. In Q2 of FY24, New investment dropped by 13%.

  • In the second quarter of 2023-24, Fresh investment has dropped to ₹6.9 lakh crore, 13% less than the first quarter.
  • The decline in investment commitments during Q2 comes after a 45.8% sequential decline recorded in the first quarter.
  • A total of 2,238 new projects with an investment of ₹6.88 lakh crore were announced in Q2.
  • 2,745 new projects worth ₹7.91 lakh crore were announced in Q1.
  • In Q2, the highest decline in foreign and Union projects was witnessed.
  • Private investment plans contracted for the second consecutive quarter, although it was a slower pace of 0.24% compared with the 62.5% contraction in the first quarter.
  • ₹3.93 lakh crore of private investment projects have been announced in Q2.
  • New projects from Union government agencies dropped 47.4% in Q2.
  • The irrigation sector, which is generally driven by small investments initiated by states, was the only sector to register sequential growth in the second quarter.
  • Odisha and Telangana are the top two states to receive new investment in Q2.

Topic: Important Days

10. Government officially declared August 23 as National Space Day.

  • To commemorate the success of the Chandrayaan-3 Mission, the Government has announced August 23 as National Space Day.
  • Chandrayaan-3 Mission with Vikram Lander and Pragyaan Rover landed on the lunar surface.
  • India has become the fourth country in the world to land a spacecraft on the moon.
  • India is the first country to land near the south pole of the lunar surface.
  • This day will inspire younger generations to take interest in STEM. It will also help in boosting the space sector.
  • Vikram lander and Pragyan rover conducted a series of successful lunar activities and experiments.

Topic: Personality in News

11. Veteran journalist K S Sachchidanand Murthy passes away at the age of 68.

  • He died in Bengaluru, having recently undergone a lung transplant.
  • He was battling for life and death on a ventilator for the last few days.
  • He was one of the most renowned journalists in the national capital Delhi.
  • Sachchidananda Murthy had worked as the local editor of Malayala Manorama and The Week.
  • In his illustrious career as a journalist, he also served as the General Secretary of the Editors Guild of India and a member of the Press Council.
  • In 2007, He was the General Secretary of the Editors Guild of India and the Chairman of the Lok Sabha Press Advisory Committee in 2009.
  • Karnataka Media Academy also honoured Mr Murthy for his contribution to journalism.

K S Sachchidanand Murthy

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: Sports

12. International Olympic Committee suspended Russia’s Olympic Committee for violations against Ukraine.

  • Russia's Olympic Committee has been suspended with immediate effect and until further notice for violating the Olympic Charter after it involved sports bodies from four regions associated with Ukraine.
  • The suspension was announced as a reaction to Russia's decision to recognize Olympic councils from the occupied territories of Luhansk, Donetsk, Kherson, and Zaporizhia.
  • This move violated the territorial integrity of the Ukrainian Olympic Committee. Russia would not be eligible for any funding from the IOC as a result.
  • However, the suspension has not yet affected the chances of neutral Russian athletes competing at next year's Paris Olympics, a decision on which will be taken at a later date.
  • This is not the first time that ROC has faced punishment from the IOC.
  • In 2017, it was banned from the Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang and ordered to pay $15 million for multiple doping offenses.
  • Russian athletes were also banned from competing under their flag following the invasion of Ukraine in 2022.

Topic: Awards and Prizes

13. Union Minister Piyush Goyal presented the National Intellectual Property Awards in New Delhi.

  • At the National Intellectual Property Conference 2023, Union Minister for Commerce and Industry Piyush Goyal conferred the National Intellectual Property Awards.
  • It is conferred annually to recognize and reward the top achievers comprising individuals, institutions, organizations and enterprises, for their Intellectual Property (IP) creations and commercialisation.
  • The award includes a trophy, citation and a cash prize of Rs. 1 lakh.
  • The award is given by the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade, Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
  • On this occasion, he said that transformation is an essential part of making India a developed economy and Innovation is at the centre of transformation.
  • He announced plans for a 100% digitalization of the Office of the Controller General of Patents, Designs, and Trade Marks for increasing efficiency.
  • India's ranking in the global innovation index has improved from 81st position in 2014 to 40th position in 2023.
  • National Intellectual Property Awards 2021 & 2022 were awarded to IIT Madras.

Topic: State News/ Nagaland

14. Dr. Mansukh Mandaviya inaugurated Nagaland’s first Medical College in Kohima.

  • Union Health Minister Dr. Mansukh Mandaviya inaugurated Nagaland’s first Medical College - Nagaland Institute of Medical Sciences and Research (NIMSR), at Phreibagei in Kohima.
  • It will not only provide medical education but will also contribute to research.
  • The new medical college will provide quality and affordable healthcare.
  • The establishment of the medical college is a step towards achieving the "Vision 2030" goal of providing accessible, available, and affordable healthcare.
  • It will also open many opportunities in the healthcare sector and benefit the youths of the state.
  • Union Health Minister said that Nagaland is a land of opportunities with its vibrant culture, tradition, and peaceful lifestyle of the people.
  • Calcutta Medical College is one of the oldest existing hospitals in Asia. It was established on 28 January 1835 by Lord William Bentinck.

Nagaland’s first Medical College in Kohima

(Source: News on AIR)

Related Study Material
Evolution and History of the Indian Constitution Preamble of the Indian Constitution
Major sources of Indian Constitution President of India
Ramsar sites of India 2022 Classification of Rocks
Interior of the Earth Tax system in India
 
 

 

 

0
COMMENTS

Comments


Share Blog


x