Daily Current Affairs and GK | 17 April 2021

Half Yearly (Jul- Dec 2020)
2020 Book

Current Affairs

Topic: Important Days

1. World Hemophilia Day: 17 April

  • It is an international awareness day for hemophilia and other bleeding disorders. It is observed every year on 17 April.
  • It is an initiative of the ‘World Federation of Hemophilia’.
  • It was started in 1989, and it is also celebrated as the birth anniversary of Frank Schnabel, the founder of the World Federation of Hemophilia.
  • The theme of World Hemophilia Day 2021 is “Adapting to change: sustaining care in a new world”.
  • Hemophilia: It is an inherited bleeding disorder in which the blood doesn’t clot properly. It is caused due to the absence of clotting factor in the blood.

Topic: Sports

2. India clinched one Gold, two Bronze medals in Asian Wrestling Championship.

  • India women won one Gold, two Bronze medals in Asian Wrestling Championship.
  • Sarita Mor clinched the gold medal in the 59 kg category. She had also won a gold medal in the Asian Wrestling Championship  2020 in New Delhi.
  • In the women’s 76 kg category, Pooja defeated Seoyeon Jeong of Korea.
  • In the women’s 50 kg category, Seema defeated Yung Hsun Lin of Taiwan to win bronze medal.
  • Vinesh Phogat (53kg), Anshu Malik (57kg), and Sakshi Malik (65kg) also reached in their respective finals at the Asian Wrestling Championships.
  • Asian Wrestling Championships 2021 is being held at Almaty, Kazakhstan. It is organised by the Asian Associated Wrestling Committee.

Asian Wrestling Championship  2020 in New Delhi

(Source: News on AIR)

 

Topic: Summits/ Conferences/ Meetings

3. Indian Air Force Commanders’ Conference 2021 held in New Delhi.

  • The Indian Air Force Commanders’ Conference 2021 concluded in New Delhi.
  • The theme of the conference was ‘Reorienting for the Future’. 
  • This three-day conference has been organised to enhance the operational capabilities of the Indian Air Force.
  • The Chief of Defence Staff, Navy Chief, and Army Chief have addressed the conference.
  • Many issues, including the future challenges for the Indian Air Force, the roadmap for effective utilisation of assets and future inductions, etc., were discussed.
  • The Air Force Chief stressed upon the need for induction of new technologies into the Indian Air Force. He also said that there is a requirement for innovative and low-cost solutions for enhancing training effectiveness.
  • Indian Air Force:
    • It was established on 8 October.
    • The President of India is the Supreme Commander of the Indian Air Force.
    • The Chief of the Air Staff is Rakesh Kumar Singh Bhadauria.

Indian Air Force Commanders Conference 2021

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: Infrastructure and Energy

4. Government approves ROPAX jetty project in Odisha.

  • The government has approved a Rs 110-crore ROPAX jetty project on the Dhamra River in Odisha. It will connect Kaninali in Bhadrak district and Talachua in Kendrapada district.
  • This project has been approved under the Sagarmala initiative. This project will reduce the travel time for passengers from 6 hours to one hour by waterway.
  • It will increase the commercial and business activities in the region and also enhance the socio-economic status of the people.
  • It will reduce the road distance of 200 km from Talachua to Dhamra.
  • The cost of this project will be shared by the center and state on 50: 50 basis.
  • Dhamra River is formed by the confluence of the Brahmani and Baitarani rivers. The Bhitarkanika wildlife sanctuary lies on the Dhamra estuary.
  • Odisha:
    • It is a state on the Bay of Bengal in the east of India.
    • It is the eighth largest state by area and the eleventh largest by population.
    • It is known for its tribal cultures and many ancient Hindu temples.
    • The Chief Minister is Naveen Patnaik and Governor is Ganeshi Lal.

Topic: Important Days

5. Save the Elephant Day: April 16

  • Save the Elephant Day is celebrated every year on 16 April. It is observed to raise awareness about the dangers and difficulties faced by Elephants.
  • This day was established by the Elephant Reintroduction Foundation in Thailand.
  • The day is celebrated to make people aware of the trade of ivory and the loss of habitat of elephants.
  • The Red List of IUCN lists African elephants as vulnerable and Asian elephants as Endangered.
  • According to an estimate, there are about 50,000-60,000 Asian elephants in the world. More than 60% of those elephants live in India.
  • World Elephant Day is celebrated every year on 12 August.
  • India had also launched Project Elephant for the protection of Elephants. It was launched in 1992.

Save the Elephant Day

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: Geography

6. IMD predicted Normal monsoon for 2021.

  • The India Meteorological Department (IMD) has predicted that monsoon will be normal in 2021.
  • IMD predicted that the probability of the normal monsoon is 40% while the probability of ‘above normal’ monsoon is 21%.
  • India Meteorological Department has predicted that the monsoon seasonal rainfall is likely to be 98% of the Long Period Average (LPA).
  • If the prediction of IMD’s comes true, it will be the third consecutive year when India will receive normal or above normal-monsoon.
  • The Indian Ocean Dipole and La Nina are expected to be neutral for this year.
  • Indian monsoon:
    • The word monsoon has been derived from the Arabic word ‘Mausim’.
    • Monsoons are seasonal winds that bring rainfall in the Indian region.
    • India receives south-west monsoon winds in summer and north-east monsoon winds in winter.
    • The south-west monsoon brings most of the rainfall in India between June to September.
    • The south-west monsoon has two branches:
      • The Arabian Sea branch
      • The Bay of Bengal branch

Topic: Personality in News

7. Former CBI Director Ranjit Sinha passed away.

  • Former CBI Director Ranjit Sinha died at the age of 68.
  • He was appointed as chief of CBI in 2012. He worked on different posts in the state and central government.
  • He also headed the Railway Protection Force (RPF) and Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP).
  • Under his tenure, Supreme Court called the CBI a “caged parrot”.
  • He was accused of influencing the probe in coal block allocation during his tenure.
  • Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI):
    • It is an investigating agency in India.
    • It works under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions.
    • Praveen Sinha is the current interim director of the CBI.
    • It was established on the recommendation of the Santhanam Committee.
    • It derives its powers from the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act, 1946.

Topic: Defence

8. India will get Air Defence System S-400 from Russia.

  • Russia will deliver the first set of S-400 air defence systems to India by the end of 2021.
  • In 2018, both countries had signed a pact of $ 5.43 billion for the S-400 Triumf missile defence system. It will help the India Air force in enhancing its capability.
  • According to the Russian News Agency, China has received the second batch of the S-400 air defense system.
  • The US has imposed Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA) on Turkey for the purchase of S-400 missile systems from Russia.
  • S-400 missile defence system:
    • It is a surface-to-air missile system (SAM).
    • It is developed by Russia.
    • It has been designed to destroy aerial threats like aircraft, UAVs, cruise missiles
    • It has a range of 40km to 400Km.

Topic: Reports and Indices

9. Economist Intelligence Unit released Inclusive Internet Index in partnership with Facebook.

  • The Economist Intelligence Unit and Facebook have jointly released the Inclusive Internet Index.
  • The index shows that how relevant and affordable the internet has become for common people and how people are using it throughout the world.
  • The index has been released based on categories, availability, affordability, relevance, and readiness.
  • According to the Inclusive Internet Index report, Internet usage increased with the pandemic.
  • In both developing and developed countries, their reforms related to Internet availability have increased.
  • In the Inclusive Internet Index, India ranked 49th.

Topic: Important Days

10. World Voice Day celebrated on 16 April with theme “One World, Many Voices.”

  • World Voice Day is celebrated on 16 April every year throughout the world.
  • It is celebrated around the world to create awareness and recognize the importance of our voice.
  • The theme of World Voice Day 2021 is “One World, Many Voices.”
  • It was first celebrated by a group of Brazilian voice care professionals in 1999. 
  • The Brazilian Society of Laryngology and Voice was the first to observe April 16 as Voice Day.
  • Initially, the day was celebrated as the Brazilian Voice Day.
  • From 2002, the day was officially declared as World Voice Day.
 

 

 

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