Daily Current Affairs and GK | 19 and 20 June 2022
- 1. World Health Organisation (WHO) released a report on mental health.
- 2. India’s Overall (Merchandise and Services) exports increase by 24% in May 2022.
- 3. The appointment of new chief justices to five high courts has been approved by the government.
- 4. National Conference on Cyber Security and National Security held in New Delhi.
- 5. Neeraj Chopra won gold at the 2022 Kuortane Games in Finland.
- 6. National Reading Day 2022: 19 June
- 7. PM Modi launched the historic torch relay for the 44th Chess Olympiad.
- 8. RBI increased the Additional Factor of Authentication (AFA) limit for e-mandates on cards, PPIs, and UPI for recurring transactions.
- 9. Pramod K Mittal becomes new chairperson of COAI for 2022-23.
- 10. PM Modi to launch various development projects in Bengaluru.
- 11. Government nominated Ranjana Prakash Desai as Chairperson of Press Council of India.
- 12. World Refugee Day 2022: 20 June
- 13. China launched its third most advanced aircraft carrier ‘Fujian’.
- 14. Kempegowda International Airport of Bengaluru selected as ‘Best Regional Airport in India & South Asia’.
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Topic: Reports and Indices/Ranking
1. World Health Organisation (WHO) released a report on mental health.
- According to this report, one in eight people in the world is suffering from mental disorder.
- In 2019, the number of people living with a mental disorder was around a billion.
- As per this report, countries spend less than 2 per cent of their healthcare budgets on mental health.
- Mental disorders are also causing years lived with disability (YLDs).
- This report also urges countries to accelerate their implementation of the Comprehensive mental health action plan 2013-2030.
- It also states that stigma, discrimination and human rights violations against people with mental disorders should be stopped.
- The report also makes several recommendations on steps to increase investments in mental health, reduce risks, and dismantle barriers.
- As per the report, suicide accounts for more than one death in every 100 deaths.
Topic: Indian Economy
2. India’s Overall (Merchandise and Services) exports increase by 24% in May 2022.
- In May 2022, India’s overall exports are estimated to be USD 62.21 Billion.
- In May 2022, India’s merchandise exports were USD 38.94 Billion. In May 2021, it was USD 32.30 Billion.
- Merchandise exports grew by 20%. Services exports grew by 30%.
- In May 2022, the estimated value of services export is USD 23.28 Billion. In May 2021, it was USD 17.86 Billion.
- In April-May 2022, India’s overall exports are estimated to be USD 124.59 Billion.
- The merchandise exports for the same period were USD 78.72 Billion.
- The estimated value of services exported for the same period is USD 45.87 Billion.
- The overall imports in May 2022 are estimated to be USD 77.65 Billion. They grew 59.19%.
- The overall imports in April-May 2022 are estimated to be USD 151.89 Billion.
Topic: National Appointment
3. The appointment of new chief justices to five high courts has been approved by the government.
- The appointment for Uttarakhand, Telangana, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Guwahati high courts has been announced by the Ministry of Law and Justice.
- These recommendations were made to the government by the Supreme Court Collegium, which was chaired by Chief Justice of India N.V. Ramana.
- Here is the list of five appointments:
Justice Vipin Sanghi
Uttarakhand High Court
Justice Amjad A. Sayed
Himachal Pradesh High Court
Justice S.S. Shinde
Rajasthan High Court
Justice Rashmin Manharbhai Chhaya
Guwahati High Court
Justice Ujjal Bhuyan
Telangana High Court
- As of June 1, there are still 400 judicial vacancies in the high courts, with a total of 708 judges on the bench.
- The 25 high courts have a sanctioned judge strength of 1,108.
(Source: News on Air)
Topic: Summits/ Conferences/ Meetings
4. National Conference on Cyber Security and National Security held in New Delhi.
- On June 20, a National Conference on Cyber Safety and National Security (Cyber Apradh Se Azadi – Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav) was held at Vigyan Bhawan in New Delhi.
- The Ministry of Home Affairs hosted the conference.
- The conference's Chief Guest was Shri Amit Shah, the Union Minister for Home Affairs and Cooperation.
- The conference is part of the country's efforts to raise public awareness about cybercrime prevention.
(Source: News on Air)
5. Neeraj Chopra won gold at the 2022 Kuortane Games in Finland.
- Neeraj Chopra won the gold medal with another stellar throw of 86.69m at the 2022 Kuorten Games in Finland.
- Keshorn Walcott of Trinidad won silver with an 86.64m throw, while Anderson Peters won bronze with an 84.75m throw.
- Sandeep Chaudhury of India finished eighth in the standings with a throw of 60.35 metres.
- In the beginning of this month, Neeraj participated in the Paavo Nurmi Games in Finland. There, he won a silver medal and created a new national record with a throw of 89.30 metres.
- On June 30, Neeraj will participate in the Diamond League's Stockholm leg.
(Source: News on Air)
Topic: Important Days
6. National Reading Day 2022: 19 June
- National Reading Day is celebrated on 19 June every year.
- The country commemorated the 27th National Reading Day in 2022.
- The day is commemorated in honour of P N Panicker, regarded as the Father of Kerala's Library and Literacy Movement.
- It also marks the start of a month-long celebration of digital reading.
- It was started as a reading day celebration on June 19, 1996, by the Kerala government in collaboration with the P N Panicker Foundation, and has since grown into a popular campaign to promote literacy and reading culture in the state.
- PM Modi launched the National Reading / Digital Reading Month in Kochi in 2017.
- After 2017, the theme of National Reading Day celebrations has remained the same: 'Read and Grow.'
(Source: News on Air)
7. PM Modi launched the historic torch relay for the 44th Chess Olympiad.
- He launched the historic torch relay at Indira Gandhi Stadium in New Delhi on 19th June 2022.
- International Chess Federation (FIDE) has this year for the very first time instituted the Chess Olympiad Torch.
- India is the first country from where the journey of the Chess Olympiad torch started.
- FIDE President Arkady Dvorkovich passed the torch to PM, who then passed it to Grandmaster Vishwanathan Anand.
- This torch will be carried to 75 cities in 40 days. It will finally reach at Mahabalipuram near Chennai.
- The 44th Chess Olympiad will take place in Chennai from July 28 to August 10, 2022.
- PM Modi said that ancestors of the country invented the games like Chaturanga and Chess.
8. RBI increased the Additional Factor of Authentication (AFA) limit for e-mandates on cards, PPIs, and UPI for recurring transactions.
- RBI has increased the AFA limit from ₹5,000 to ₹15,000 per transaction for e-mandates on cards, Prepaid Payment Instruments (PPIs) and UPI for recurring transactions.
- This means that additional authentication will not be required for payment of ₹15,000 per transaction.
- E-mandate allows an individual to give standing instruction to the bank to debit a specific amount automatically on a recurring basis.
- The framework for processing of e-mandates on recurring online transactions was issued by RBI in August 2019.
- It was initially applicable to cards and wallets. In January 2020, UPI transactions were included in the framework.
Topic: National Appointments
9. Pramod K Mittal becomes new chairperson of COAI for 2022-23.
- Earlier, he was the Vice-Chairperson of the Cellular Operators' Association of India (COAI).
- He has taken place of Ajai Puri as the COAI Chairperson. P Balaji will be the Vice-Chairperson of the association.
- P Balaji is the Chief Regulatory and Corporate Affairs Officer of Vodafone Idea Limited.
- He is also the Chairman of Assocham National Digital Communications Council.
- Cellular Operators Association of India (COAI):
- It was established in 1995 as a registered, non-governmental society.
- It is a non-governmental trade association and advocacy group focused on the telecommunications industry.
Topic: State News/ Karnataka
10. PM Modi to launch various development projects in Bengaluru.
- He will inaugurate the Brain Cell Research Centre. It has been set up at a cost of 450 crore rupees.
- The Brain Cell Research Centre will work on relative functions of the brain and create a better understanding of diseases.
- He will lay the foundation stone for an 850-bed Bagchi-Parthasarathy Research hospital at IISc.
- He will lay the foundation stones of the Bengaluru Suburban Railway project and Multi-modal Logistics Parks.
- Bengaluru Suburban Railway project will connect Bengaluru city with its suburbs.
- He will unveil the statue of Babasaheb Ambedkar at the BR Ambedkar School of Economics campus.
- He will also dedicate India’s first and only fully air-conditioned railway station named after Sir M Vishveshwarayya to the nation.
Topic: National Appointments
11. Government nominated Ranjana Prakash Desai as Chairperson of Press Council of India.
- Justice Ranjana Prakash Desai is a retired judge of Supreme Court.
- She will replace Justice Chandramouli Kumar Prasad.
- The Chairperson of Press Council of India is appointed by a three-member selection committee comprising the Speaker of the Lok Sabha, the Chairman of Rajya Sabha and a member of the PCI chosen for the purpose by its members.
- Press Council of India (PCI):
- It is an autonomous statutory body that was first set up in 1966 on the recommendations of the First Press Commission.
- It is the self-regulatory watchdog of the press that operates under the Press Council Act of 1978.
- Justice J R Mudholkar was the first Chairman of PCI.
- The Council consists of a Chairman and 28 other members.
Topic: Important Days
12. World Refugee Day 2022: 20 June
- Every year on 20 June, World Refugee Day is observed to honour refugees around the world.
- The day is an effort to empathize and understand the plight of refugees and recognize their resilience in building their lives.
- Theme of World Refugee Day 2022: “Whoever. Wherever. Whenever. Everyone has the right to seek safety.”
- Seeking safety is a human right and it means right to seek asylum, safe access (open borders), no force to return to their country, no discrimination at borders, humane treatment.
- The day was first observed on 20 June 2001 commemorating the 50th anniversary of the 1951 Refugee Convention that help protect refugees.
- It was originally known as Africa Refugee Day. But after UN General Assembly recognized the day in December 2000, it came to be known as World Refugee Day.
- India is not a party to the 1951 Refugee Convention or its 1967 Protocol and does not have a national refugee protection framework.
Topic: International News
13. China launched its third most advanced aircraft carrier ‘Fujian’.
- It is the most advanced and first "full domestically-built" naval vessel of China. Fujian is the name of China's eastern coastal province.
- China's first aircraft carrier is 'Liaoning’ and the second aircraft carrier is 'Shandong'.
- 'Liaoning’ is the only Chinese aircraft carrier with the initial operational capability or the basic level of combat readiness.
- China's first aircraft carrier was commissioned in 2012 followed by the second aircraft carrier in 2019.
- The next aircraft carrier that China plans to build will be nuclear-powered.
Topic: Awards and Prizes
14. Kempegowda International Airport of Bengaluru selected as ‘Best Regional Airport in India & South Asia’.
- Kempegowda International Airport has won the best regional airport in India and South Asia title in the 2022 Skytrax World Airport Awards.
- Hamad International Airport has been selected as the World’s Best Airport.
- Tokyo Haneda Airport has won the ‘World’s Cleanest Airport’ award.
- Copenhagen Airport won the World’s Best Airport Immigration Processing award.
- The award has been given on the feedback from the customers in a survey.
- The customer’s experiences from check-in to arrivals, transfers, shopping, security, and immigration are the main components of the survey.
- Earlier this year, Bengaluru airport won the Best Airport and Aviation Innovation Award at the Wings India Awards.
- Kempegowda International Airport is operated by Bengaluru International Airport Limited (BIAL). It is the third busiest airport in India.
- The world’s Top 5 Airports for 2022 are as follows:
Hamad International Airport
Tokyo International Airport (Haneda)
Singapore Changi Airport
Narita International Airport
Incheon International Airport
(Source: News on AIR)
Types of Forcibly Displaced Persons :
Refugees: According to the United Nations 1951 Refugee Convention, “A refugee is someone who fled his or her home and country owing to a well-founded fear of persecution because of his/her race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion”. Many refugees are in exile to escape the effects of natural or human-made disasters.
Asylum Seekers: They are refugees and have fled their homes as refugees do, but their claim to refugee status is not yet definitively evaluated in the country to which they fled.
Internally Displaced Persons: These are people who have not crossed an international border but have moved to a different region than the one they call home within their own country.
Stateless Persons who persons do not have a recognized nationality and do not belong to any country. Statelessness situations are usually caused by discrimination against certain groups. Their lack of identification (a citizenship certificate) can exclude them from access to important government services, including health care, education or employment.
Returnees: These are former refugees who return to their own countries or regions of origin after time in exile. Returnees need continuous support and reintegration assistance to ensure that they can rebuild their lives at home.