Daily Current Affairs and GK | 22 July 2021

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Topic: Important Days

1. Pi Approximation Day: 22 July

  • Pi Approximation Day is observed every year on July 22 around the globe.
  • It is dedicated to the Mathematical Constant Pi.
  • It is celebrated on 22 July because the approximation value of Pi is equal to 22/7.
  • Pi:
    • It is a mathematical constant. It is represented by the Greek letter π.
    • It was presented by William Jones in 1706
    • It denotes the relationship between the circumference of a circle and its diameter.
    • Pi is also known as the “circular constant”.

Topic: Personality in News

2. Jeff Bezos completed his flight to space on Blue Origin's New Shepard spacecraft.

  • Amazon founder Jeff Bezos successfully completed his 10-min flight to space from the New Shepard rocket. The New Shepard rocket of Bezos' space company Blue Origin took off from West Texas.
  • He was accompanied by brother Mark Bezos, Wally Funk, and 18-year-old passenger Oliver Daemen.
  • It is the first time that a commercial company launched a privately funded and built spacecraft from a private launch range with astronauts.
  • At the age of 82, Funk became the oldest person to travel to space and an 18-year-old, Oliver Daemon, became the youngest person to travel to space.
  • The travelers experienced three to four minutes of zero-gravity. 
  • The New Shepherd rocket is named after the 1961 astronaut Alan Shepherd. Alan Shepherd was the first US citizen to reach space.
 

Topic: International News

3. Pedro Castillo announced as winner of Peru’s Presidential election.

  • Pedro Castillo has been announced as winner of Peru’s Presidential election.
  • Castillo defeated right-wing politician Keiko Fujimori by just 44,000 votes.
  • Election authorities released the results over a month after the runoff election took place. Runoff election is also known as two-round system or second ballot.
  • Castillo has popularized the phrase “No more poor in a rich country.”
  • Peru is the world’s second-largest copper producer. Its economy is affected by coronavirus pandemic. The poverty level has increased to almost one-third of the population.
  • Peru:
    • It is a country located in western South America. Its capital is Lima. Its currency is Sol.
    • It is bordered by Ecuador and Colombia in north. It is bordered by Brazil in the east and by Bolivia in Southeast. It is bordered by Chile in south.
    • Violeta Bermúdez is its Prime Minister.

Topic: Defence

4. Indigenously developed MPATGM successfully flight-tested by DRDO.

  • Indigenously developed low weight, fire and forget Man Portable Anti-tank Guided Missile (MPATGM) successfully flight-tested by DRDO.
  • The missile is equipped with a state-of-the-art Miniaturized Infrared Imaging Seeker along with advanced avionics.
  • The missile was launched from a man portable launcher integrated with a thermal site and the target was mimicking a tank.
  • The missile hit the target in direct attack mode and destroyed it with precision. The test has validated the minimum range successfully.
  • The Man Portable Anti-tank Guided Missile (MPATGM) has already been successfully flight tested for the maximum range.

Indigenously developed MPATGM

(Source: PIB)

Topic: Art and Culture

5. Liverpool loses UNESCO world heritage site status.

  • UNESCO has stripped Liverpool of its prestigious World Heritage status. The UNESCO Committee has found that the city had failed to properly conserve the area.
  • UNESCO has removed the city from the list because new developments have taken too much of a toll on its historical fabric. The city was awarded world heritage site status in 2004.
  • Liverpool becomes the third site to lose the World Heritage status. Earlier, Dresden's Elbe Valley and Oman's Arabian Oryx Sanctuary were the only sites to lose World Heritage status.
  • Liverpool had been one of 53 sites on UNESCO's World Heritage in Danger list. It had been on the endangered list since 2012.
  • As of July 2021, there are 1,120 World Heritage Sites (868 cultural, 213 natural, and 39 mixed properties) in 167 countries.
  • Liverpool:
    • It is a city in England and is the tenth-largest district by population.
    • It was a pioneer in the development of modern dock technology, transport systems, and port management.

Topic: Sport

6. Brisbane to host 2032 Summer Olympic Games and Paralympics.

  • The International Olympic Committee announced that the Australian city Brisbane will host the 2032 Summer Olympic Games and Paralympics.
  • 2032 Olympic Games will be organized in 37 venues in the Brisbane and southeast Queensland region.
  • Australia has previously hosted the Olympic Games in Melbourne and Sydney. Brisbane will host the Olympic game for the first time.
  • The venue of the 2032 Olympics has been chosen by the new election method adopted in 2019.

Olympics game

Venue

Olympics Games 2020

Tokyo (Japan)

Olympics Games 2024

Paris (France)

Olympics Games 2028

Los Angeles (United States)

Olympics Games 2032

Brisbane (Australia)

 

 

Topic: Defence

7. DRDO successfully test-fires new generation Akash missile.

  • A new generation of Akash surface-to-air missile has been successfully flight-tested by the DRDO from the Integrated Test Range off the Odisha coast.
  • It has been developed to strengthen the combat capabilities of the Indian Air Force.
  • The flight trial has been conducted from a land-based platform with all weapon systems.
  • It has been developed by the Defence Research and Development Laboratory, Hyderabad in association with other DRDO laboratories.
  • The Akash-NG will be used by the Indian Air Force (IAF) for intercepting and neutralizing fast and agile aerial threats.
  • Some Important Missile of India:

Name of Missile       

   Type                    

Range

Astra  

Air to Air Missiles     

80-110km

Akash Missile     

Surface to Air missile 

30 - 35km

Dhanush

Ship to Ship and Ship to Surface

350 km

Helina  

Anti-Tank Guided Missile             

7-8 km

Amogha   

Anti-Tank Guided Missile        

2.8 km

Topic: Sports

8. Mongolia, Tajikistan and Switzerland inducted as new Associate Members of ICC.

  • The International Cricket Council (ICC) at its 78th Annual General Meeting inducted Mongolia, Tajikistan, and Switzerland as its new members.
  • Now, ICC comprises 106 members in total, including 94 associates.
  • Mongolia and Tajikistan have been inducted as the 22nd and 23rd Members from the Asia region while Switzerland has been inducted as 35th Member from the Europe region.
  • The Mongolian Cricket Association (MCA) established in 2007 became the official national administrator of Cricket in 2018.
  • In Switzerland, Cricket was first played in 1817. Cricket Switzerland (CS) was inaugurated as an association in 2014.

International Cricket Council:

The International Cricket Council is the global governing body of cricket.

It was established in 1909 by the representatives of Australia, England, and South Africa as the Imperial Cricket Conference.

It is headquartered in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

Topic: Reports and Indices

9. Oxfam India released “Inequality Report 2021: India’s Unequal Healthcare Story”.

  • The Oxfam report “Inequality Report 2021: India’s Unequal Healthcare Story” has been released recently.
  • According to the report, India’s low spending on public healthcare systems and focus on private healthcare has increased the inequalities in access to healthcare.
  • The states with higher expenditure on health had lower cases of Covid-19. Assam, Bihar, and Goa having higher GDP expenditure on health had higher recovery rates of Covid cases.
  • The report states that people belonging to lower-income groups face five times more discrimination on being found Covid-positive than higher income groups people.
  • Around 50 percent of SC and ST people have found difficulties in accessing non-Covid medical facilities.
  • As per the report, one rupee in every Rs 6 spent on hospitalization came through borrowing. Less than one-third of households are covered by the government insurance scheme.
  • In India, Out of pocket health expenditure is higher than the world average. India also ranks the lowest in the number of hospital beds per thousand population among the BRICS nations.

Topic: International News

10. Ariel Henry sworn in as new Prime Minister of Haiti.

  • Ariel Henry has become the new Prime Minister of Haiti.
  • Haiti’s President Jovenel Moïse was assassinated around two weeks ago.
  • Moise had asked Henry to take up the role of PM days before he was murdered in the capital Port-au-Prince.
  • But, he could not take over the post immediately due to a political tussle with Claude Joseph, Haiti’s interim PM at the time of the attack on President Moise.
  • On 19 July, Claude Joseph stepped down and paved way for Henry’s swearing-in and for elections in September 2021.

Haiti:

It is located on the island of Hispaniola in Greater Antilles archipelago of Caribbean Sea.

It is located to the east of Cuba and Jamaica and south of The Bahamas and the Turks and Caicos Islands.

Port-au-Prince is its capital. Ariel Henry is its Prime Minister and acting President. Gourde is its currency.

Topic: Sports

11. Bala Devi named as Women’s Footballer of the Year at annual AIFF awards 2020-21.

  • Bala Devi has been named as Women’s Footballer of the Year at the annual AIFF awards 2020-21.
  • Manisha Kalyan has won the Women’s Emerging Footballer of the Year at the annual AIFF awards 2020-21.
  • Bala Devi has received the honour for the third time. She has earlier won it two years in a row in 2014 and 2015.
  • She is currently playing for the Rangers Women's FC in Scotland. She is the first Indian woman footballer to sign a professional contract in Europe.
  • Manisha Kalyan also received the Emerging Player of the Tournament award at the 2019-20 Hero Indian Women's League.
  • Tejas Nagvencar won the award for the Best Referee and Sumanta Dutta won the award for the Best Assistant Referee.
  • Sandesh Jhingan has been named as AIFF Men's Footballer of the Year 2020-21. Suresh Singh Wangjam has been named the winner of the AIFF Men's Emerging Footballer of the Year 2020-21 Award.

AIFF Player of the Year Awards is an annual football award presented by the All India Football Federation (AIFF) since 1992. AIFF Women’s Player of the Year Award was started in 2001.

Topic: National News

12. Gujarat High Court becomes India’s first court to formally start live streaming of proceedings.

  • Gujarat High Court has become India’s first court to formally start live streaming of proceedings.
  • Chief Justice of India N.V. Ramana launched the live streaming of Gujarat High Court proceedings on the eve of the 101st birth anniversary of former CJI Y.V. Chandrachud.
  • Justice Ramana said that live streaming of court proceedings is crucial for the dissemination of information, which is an aspect of Article 19 (right to freedom of speech and expression).
  • The High Court has been live-streaming the proceedings on its YouTube channel since October 26, 2020.

 

 

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