Daily Current Affairs and GK | 22 June 2023

By Priyanka Chaudhary | Last Modified: 22 Jun 2023 18:07 PM IST

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Topic: State News/ Uttar Pradesh

1. ‘Polytechnic Chalo Abhiyan’ has been launched by UP government.

  • To promote technical education in Uttar Pradesh, ‘Polytechnic Chalo Abhiyan’ has been launched by CM Yogi Adityanath.
  • Its main aim is to generate employment opportunities for youth by connecting them with technical education.
  • Its main aim is to enroll lakhs of youth in government and private polytechnic institutes.
  • The interest towards polytechnic education has declined in recent years, as a result, many seats remain vacant in the polytechnic colleges.
  • CM Yogi Adityanath stated that the state government will create one lakh government jobs and six lakh private jobs annually.
  • There were only 28,999 seats in 154 government polytechnic institutions in 2018. The number has increased to 41071 in 2022.
  • The number of Private polytechnic institutions witnessed the highest growth in the state.
  • The ‘Polytechnic Chalo Abhiyan’ is being conducted in many educational institutions for the promotion of entrance examinations in all districts.
  • District magistrates, Divisional Commissioners, District School inspectors have been requested to set up special camps for promotion and dissemination.

Topic: Reports and Indices

2. India’s rank has improved by eight places from last year as per the World Economic Forum’s Gender Gap Report, 2023.

  • As per the Gender Gap Report 2023, India is ranked 127 out of 146 countries in terms of gender parity.
  • India was ranked at 135 in the 2022 edition of the report. India had improved by 1.4 percentage points since the last edition.
  • As per the report, India had achieved parity in enrolment across all levels of education.
  • The report says that India had closed 64.3% of the overall gender gap.
  • However, it had achieved only 36.7 % parity in economic participation and opportunity.
  • Iceland is the world’s most gender-equal country for the 14th consecutive year. As per the report, it is the only country that has closed over 90% of its gender gap.
  • It is followed in the top 5 by Norway, Finland, New Zealand and Sweden.

India’s neighbours

Ranking as per Gender Gap Report, 2023

Bangladesh

59

Bhutan

103

China

107

Sri Lanka

115

Nepal

116

Pakistan

142

  • The report points out that women’s share in technical roles and senior positions had declined slightly since the last edition.
  • India has recorded 25.3% parity on political empowerment. Women are representing 15.1% of parliamentarians. This is the highest for India since the first edition of the report in 2006.
  • Since 2017, 18 out of 117 countries have attained more than 40% representation of women in local governance.
  • These countries include Bolivia (50.4%), India (44.4%) and France (42.3 %).
  • As per the report, an improvement of 1.9 percentage points for India in sex ratio at birth had improved parity.
  • The skewed sex ratios at birth explain low overall rankings on the Health and Survival sub-index for Vietnam, Azerbaijan, India and China.
  • Gender parity at birth stands at 92.7% for India. It stands below 90% for Vietnam, China and Azerbaijan.
  • At the overall level, the Southern Asian region has attained 63.4% gender parity. This is the second-lowest of the eight regions. Europe has the highest gender parity at 76.3%.
  • Gender Gap Report:
    • It is published annually by World Economic Forum since 2006.
    • It examines four overall areas of inequality between men and women.
    • These four areas are economic participation and opportunity; educational attainment; health and survival; and political empowerment.

Topic: State News/Haryana

3. Union Road Transport and Highways Minister Nitin Gadkari laid the foundation stone of four national highway projects at Sonepat, Karnal and Ambala in Haryana.

  • The four national highway projects are worth Rs 3,835 crore.
  • 11 flyovers will be constructed on the 8-lane National Highway 44 from Delhi to Panipat in the Sonepat area at the cost of Rs 890 crore.
  • The total length of flyovers will be 24 km. This will connect the economic nodes of Haryana, Punjab and Jammu and Kashmir.
  • The Delhi-Panipat corridor will ease the movement of tourists between Haryana, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir.
  • The construction of the Karnal Greenfield 35 km 6-lane Ring Road also commenced. This project will cost Rs 1,690 crore.
  • Union Road Transport and Highways Minister also laid the foundation stone for two National Highway projects worth Rs 1,255 crore in Ambala of Haryana.

Topic: MoUs/Agreements

4. India and United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) signed an MoU.

  • The MoU aims to enhance cooperation and identify areas of mutual interest. 
  • Ms. V Vidyavathi, Secretary, Ministry of Tourism, Government of India and Mr. Zurab Pololikashvili, Secretary General, UNWTO were the signatories to the MoU.
  • The fourth and final Tourism Working Group Meeting concluded on 20 June 2023.
  • The G20 Tourism Ministerial Meeting was held on June 21-22, 2023.
  • According to the sources, Goa Roadmap and Action Plan is almost ready after two rounds of working meetings
  • At the end of the ministerial meeting, final Goa Roadmap will be endorsed.
  • On 19 June, India also held bilateral talks with Oman.
  • Nearly 15 bilateral meetings were held between India and various G20 member countries and international organisations from June 19-22.
  • United Nations World Tourism Organization:
    • It was established in 1946. It is responsible for the promotion of tourism in the world.
    • Its headquarters is located in Madrid, Spain.
    • It promotes tourism as a driver of economic growth, inclusive development and environmental sustainability

Topic: Defence

5. Integrated Simulator Complex 'Dhruv' inaugurated at Kochi to enhance practical training of Indian Navy Personnel.

  • On 21 June 2023, the Integrated Simulator Complex (ISC) ‘Dhruv’ has been inaugurated by Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh at the Southern Naval Command, Kochi.
  • ISC 'Dhruv' is equipped with modern and state-of-the-art indigenously built simulators, which will significantly enhance practical training in the Indian Navy.
  • These simulators are envisaged to provide real time experience on navigation, fleet operations and combat skills of the Navy.
  • These simulators will also be used for training of personnel from friendly countries.
  • Raksha Mantri visited the Multi Station Handling Simulator (MSSHS), Air Direction and Helicopter Control Simulator (ADHCS) and Astronavigation Dome.
  • Ship Handling Simulator manufactured by New Delhi based ARI Pvt Ltd has been exported to 18 countries.
  • The Astronavigation Dome built by Infovision Technologies Pvt Ltd is the first of its kind in the Indian Navy.
  • The ADHCS developed by the DRDO laboratory's Institute for Systems Studies and Analysis will be able to provide real-time operational environment scenarios to the trainees.
  • Some other indigenously developed simulators include Combat Management System and Maritime Domain Lab.

Integrated Simulator Complex Dhruv

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: MoUs/Agreements

6. UNDP and DAY-NULM have partnered to empower women entrepreneurs.

  • The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM) have entered into a collaborative partnership.
  • Its aim is to empower women to make informed career choices in the field of entrepreneurship.
  • The partnership will help aspiring women start and expand their ventures in the care economy, digital economy, electric mobility, waste management, food packaging, and other sectors.
  • Covering eight cities in the initial phase, this three-year project will focus on encouraging entrepreneurship development and accelerating enterprise development, which can be extended beyond 2025.
  • An important objective of DAY-NULM is to empower urban communities.
  • Today, women account for only 15 percent of the total entrepreneurs in India.
  • UNDP will offer national-level capacity building support to DAY-NULM leveraging its experience in linking over 2,00,000 women to better employment opportunities.
  • The collaboration will focus on knowledge creation and management, such as compiling a compendium of best practices related to urban poverty to enhance the implementation of national level plans.
  • DAY-NULM aims to uplift the urban poor by enhancing sustainable livelihood opportunities through skill development.
  • The scheme extends its coverage to all 4,041 statutory cities and towns, thereby covering most of India's urban population.

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Topic: Summits/Conferences/Meetings

7. Labour-20 (L-20) summit is being held in Patna, Bihar from June 21 to 23, 2023.

  • During the summit, the topics of 'Universal Social Security' and 'Women and Future of Work' will be widely discussed.
  • Governor of Bihar, Rajendra Arlekar, inaugurated the L-20 conference on June 22.
  • The inception meeting of L-20 was held in Amritsar from March 19 to 21, 2023.
  • Extensive discussions were organized with the representatives of Business-20, Civil-20, Youth-20, Women-20 etc.
  • Discussions were organized with local trade unions at district and industrial level at 562 places.
  • After the summit, G-20 Labour and Employment ministers meeting will take place in Indore in July.
  • At the meeting, the adopted declaration of Labour 20 Summit will be presented to G-20 Labour and Employment ministers.
  • 173 delegates from 28 countries including India are taking part in this conference.
  • In addition to G-20 countries, India has invited additional eight countries namely Bangladesh, Egypt, Mauritius, Netherlands, Nigeria, Oman, Nepal and United Arab Emirates for G-20 under its presidency.
  • International Solar Alliance, Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure and Asian Development Bank have also been invited this time.

Topic: International Appointments

8. Petteri Orpo has been elected as the Prime Minister of Finland.

  • Orpo is the leader of the conservative party in Finland.
  • Orpo will be leading a coalition government made up of four parties. The coalition includes the far-right Finns Party.
  • Orpo has been elected as the Prime Minister after victory in the April elections.
  • President Sauli Niinisto will formally appoint Orpo as the new prime minister. Orpo will succeed Sanna Marin.
  • Sanna Marin is the leader of the Social Democratic Party of Finland.
  • Social Democratic Party stood at third place in the elections after Orpo's National Coalition Party (NCP) and the Finns Party.
  • Finland:
    • It is a North European country whose capital is Helsinki, and its currency is Euro.
    • It shares borders with Sweden, Russia, Norway, the Gulf of Bothnia and the Gulf of Finland.
    • It is the eighth-largest country in Europe.

Topic: International News

9. Senate India Caucus will introduce a bill to add India to NATO Plus group.

  • Senators Mark Warner and John Cornyn are planning to introduce a bill to upgrade India-US defence ties.
  • The bill aims to make India a part of the NATO Plus group.
  • It will facilitate the transfer of topmost American technology and defence equipment without any bureaucratic interference.
  • At present, NATO Plus 5 is a group of US, NATO and five aligned nations: Australia, New Zealand, Japan, Israel and South Korea.
  • India’s External Affairs Minister, S. Jaishankar, however, had already rejected the framework for India.
  • Mark Warner, the co-chair of the India caucus, has said that Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s State visit to the US will convert India-America ties into a “full-fledged partnership”.
  • The US wants to add India to NATO Plus 5 because China posed a challenge to both India and the US in many ways.
  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization:
    • It is an intergovernmental political and military alliance of 31 North American and European countries.
    • It was constituted in 1949 with the North Atlantic Treaty, which regulates the functioning of NATO.
    • Its headquarters is located in Brussels, Belgium.

Topic: Defence

10. Indian Army took part in Agneyastra 1 military exercise in eastern Ladakh.

  • Various artillery platforms of the Indian Army, including the newly-inducted Korean K-9 Vajra-T 155mm/52 calibre self-propelled howitzer (SPH), FH-77 Bofors 155mm/39 calibre towed howitzer and mortars took part in the exercise.
  • Anti-tank missiles and Carl Gustav rocket launchers (RLs) were also used in the exercise.
  • Ideaforge switch UAV provided real-time imagery of the exercise area.
  • The Army had earlier conducted exercise — Buland Bharat, in Arunachal Pradesh's Tawang and West Kameng districts.
  • Indian and Chinese troops are involved in the ongoing standoff near LAC for three years.
  • The exercise has been organized just three days after 16 June, which marks three years of the Galwan clash.

Topic: Awards and Prizes

11. Prestigious German peace prize presented to Salman Rushdie.

  • British-American author Salman Rushdie has been awarded the Peace Prize of the German Book Trade for 2023.
  • He won the award for his literary work and positive attitude in the face of constant danger.
  • The €25,000 ($27,300) prize will be awarded at a ceremony in October during the Frankfurt Book Fair.
  • Ahmed Salman Rushdie was born on June 19, 1947 in Bombay (now Mumbai).
  • He is best known worldwide for his 1988 novel "The Satanic Verses", which created a widespread uproar in the Muslim world due to a story inspired by the life of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
  • Rushdie was the President of the PEN American Center from 2004 to 2006, and then he was appointed chairman of the PEN World Voices International Literary Festival for 10 years.
  • Ukrainian writer Serhiy Zhadan won this prize for 2022.
  • Indian economist and philosopher Amartya Kumar Sen won this prize for 2020.
  • Peace Prize of the German Book Trade:
    • It is an international peace prize awarded annually by the German Publishers and Booksellers Association.
    • The prize was started in 1950.
    • It is given to individuals committed to supporting international understanding among nations and cultures through their work.

Topic: International News

12. Estonia became the first nation in central Europe to permit same-sex marriage.

  • On 20 June, Estonia's parliament approved a law to legalize same-sex marriage, and became the first Central European country to do so.
  • The law will come into effect from 2024.
  • Same-sex marriage is legal in most of Western Europe but not in Central European countries.
  • The bill has received 55 votes in the 101-seat parliament from a coalition of liberal and social democratic parties.
  • A poll was conducted by Center for Human Rights. In this poll, 53% of the population supported same-sex marriage.
  • Same-sex marriage is legal in the Netherlands since 1 April 2001. The Netherlands is the first country in the world to legalize same-sex marriage.
  • Same-sex marriage refers to a marriage between two people of the same gender (two men or between two women).
  • Currently, same-sex marriages are not legal in India.

Topic: Art and Culture

13. A Mesolithic-era rock painting has been discovered by an archaeologist in Guntur, Andhra Pradesh.

  • A rock painting depicting a person tilling a piece of land of the Mesolithic period has been discovered by D. Kanna Babu, former Superintending Archaeologist of the Temple Survey Project (Southern Region) of the Archaeological Survey of India.
  • This painting was discovered during surveying the lower River Krishna Valley to ascertain the architectural features of shrines.
  • One of the paintings shows a man catching a wild goat with his left hand while there is a hook-like tool to control it.
  • Another painting depicts two couples standing with their hands raised while a child stood behind them.
  • Kanna Babu found the prehistoric rock painting on the walls and ceiling of natural rock shelters on a hillock at Orvakallu.
  • These paintings were made of natural white kaolin and red ochre pigments. Most of the paintings have got damaged due to exposure to air.
  • Ochre is a pigment composed of clay, sand, and ferric oxide. Kaolinite is a soft and white mineral produced by the chemical weathering of aluminium silicate minerals.
  • This discovery will throw light on various aspects of the social life and culture of people living in the area.
  • Earlier, in 2018, archaeologists discovered prehistoric rock art near Dachepalli in the Guntur district.
  • Bhimbetka, Adamgarh, and Pachmarhi are important Mesolithic rock art sites in India.

Topic: National Appointments

14. Swaminathan Janakiraman has been appointed as RBI Deputy Governor.

  • State Bank of India Managing Director Swaminathan Janakiraman has been selected for the post of Deputy Governor in the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).
  • The appointment of Swaminathan Janakiraman has been approved by the Appointments Committee of the Cabinet.
  • He will replace Deputy Governor M.K. Jain whose tenure will end on 30 June. M.K Jain was appointed to this critical role in 2018.
  • His tenure will be of three years from the date of Joining or until further orders, whichever is earlier.
  • Dr M.D. Patra, M.R. Rao and T. Rabi Shankar are the other three deputy governors of RBI.
  • Out of the four deputy governors, two are traditionally selected from executive directors of RBI. One is nominated from among chairpersons of PSB and the other is an economist.
  • RBI can have a maximum of four deputy governors and one governor.
Related Study Material
Evolution and History of the Indian Constitution Preamble of the Indian Constitution
Major sources of Indian Constitution President of India
Ramsar sites of India 2022 Classification of Rocks
Interior of the Earth Tax system in India

 

 

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