Daily Current Affairs and GK | 5 March 2024

By Priyanka Chaudhary | Last Modified: 05 Mar 2024 17:08 PM IST

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Topic: Reports and Indices/Ranking

1. Obesity levels in Indians have increased steadily, according to a New Lancet study.

  • In the last 32 years, Obesity levels have increased not only in adults but also in children.
  • In India, the obesity rate increased from 0.1% in 1990 to 3.1% in 2022 for girls and from 0.1% to 3.9%, for boys.
  • At the same time, the prevalence of undernutrition has also remained high in the country.
  • As per the New Lancet study, the lack of access to affordable and nutritious food is responsible for the prominence of undernutrition and obesity.
  • The obesity rate increased from 1.2% in 1990 to 9.8% in 2022 among women while it has increased from 0.5% in 1990 to 5.4% in 2022 among men.
  • The total number of children, adolescents and adults living with obesity has crossed one billion around the world.
  • In the obesity category for girls and boys, India has been ranked 174th position in the world in 2022.
  • The study found that 13.7% of women and 12.5% of men were underweight. Thinness in Indian girls was found highest in the world.
  • Undernutrition persists in extremely remote and rural parts of poorer states.

Topic: Personality in News

2. Sub-inspector Suman Kumari became the first woman sniper of BSF.

  • Suman Kumari has become the BSF's first woman sniper after completing ‘rigorous’ training at CSWT Indore.
  • She completed an eight-week sniper training at the Central School of Weapons and Tactics (CSWT) in Indore.
  • She decided to take the sniper training after witnessing the threat of cross-border sniper assaults while leading a platoon in Punjab.
  • She was the only female in the sniper course with 56 male peers.
  • She is from a modest family in Himachal Pradesh's Mandi district.

Topic: International News

3. France became the first country to include the right to abortion in its constitution.

  • In France, members of both houses of Parliament voted in a special session to amend the country's 1958 constitution.
  • Of them, 780 voted in favour and 72 voted against. This amendment has ensured freedom of abortion in France.
  • French President Emmanuel Macron said that the government will organize a special ceremony on the occasion of International Women's Day on March 8 in connection with the passage of this amendment.
  • France has a long history of supporting abortion rights.
  • It became the 25th amendment to the founding document of modern France and the first since 2008.
  • There, a law was made in 1975 to legalize the provision of voluntary termination of pregnancy. The law has been updated nine times since 1975.
  • This law was made in the name of the then Health Minister Simone Veil, who supported it. This law allowed abortion for up to ten weeks.
  • Later in 2001, it was increased to 12 weeks, and in 2022 it was increased to 14 weeks.
  • This procedure has been included in the French national health care system since 1980.

right to abortion in france constitution

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: State News/ Telangana

4. On 5 March, various projects worth over Rs 6,800 crore inaugurated at Sangareddy near Hyderabad in Telangana by PM Modi.

  • Civil Aviation Research Organisation (CARO) Centre, costing over Rs 350 crore, dedicated to the nation by PM.
  • CARO has been built by the Airports Authority of India to upgrade and enhance the Research and Development activities in the civil aviation sector.
  • Multi-Modal Transport Service (MMTS) Phase-2 and Indian Oil Paradip-Hyderabad Product Pipeline were also inaugurated by PM Modi.
  • MMTS Phase-2 includes six new station buildings as well as doubling and electrification of the Sanathnagar-Maula Ali rail line.
  • The entire 22 km route of the project has been commissioned with automatic signalling.
  • The doubling and electrification work has paved the way for the introduction of passenger trains for the first time in this section.
  • MMTS train service from Ghatkesar-Lingampalli via Maula Ali-Sanathnagar was flagged off by the Prime Minister.
  • The Indian Oil Paradip-Hyderabad product pipeline was also inaugurated by Mr Modi.
  • One thousand two hundred and 12 km long product pipeline with a capacity of 4.5 MMTPA passes through the states of Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, and Telangana.
  • It will ensure safe and economical transportation of petroleum products from Paradip Refinery to delivery stations at Visakhapatnam, Achutapuram, Vijayawada, and Malkapur near Hyderabad.
  • Two National Highway projects were inaugurated by the Prime Minister and the foundation stone of three more National Highway projects was also laid.
  • This includes four-laning of the 40 km long Kandi to Ramsanpalle section of Highway 161 and an upgraded 47 km long stretch from Miryalaguda to the Kodad section of Highway 167.

Topic: International News

5. A Five-day faculty exchange program of BIMSTEC started on 3 March.

  • For the first time in Dhaka, a five-day exchange program for the faculties of foreign service academies of the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) member states started.
  • During program, proposals on ways to enhance mutual cooperation between the Foreign Service Training Institutes of the South and South East Asian sub-regional platforms will be presented by diplomats from BIMSTEC member countries.
  • In the program, 13 faculty from foreign service academies from seven BIMSTEC countries are participating.
  • In addition to enhancing the training capacities of member nations, BIMSTEC countries will organize short courses for officials to enhance overall cooperation.
  • The Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) is an international organization of seven South Asian and Southeast Asian nations.
  • Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Thailand are the member countries. It was founded in 1997.

Five-day faculty exchange program of BIMSTEC

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: Important Days

6. International Day for Disarmament and Non-Proliferation Awareness 2024: 5 March

  • The second International Day for Disarmament and Non-Proliferation Awareness was celebrated on 5 March, 2024 across the world.
  • The day aims to raise public awareness and understanding of disarmament issues, especially among young people.
  • Kyrgyzstan had proposed to the international community to declare March 5 as the International Day for Disarmament and Non-Proliferation Awareness.
  • On March 5, 1970, the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons entered into force.
  • In 2022, global military spending reached $2.24 trillion. 12,500 nuclear weapons are a threat to humanity.
  • On December 7, 2022, the United Nations General Assembly unanimously supported Kyrgyzstan's initiative and adopted a resolution declaring March 5 as the International Day for Disarmament and Non-Proliferation Awareness.

 

Monthly Current Affairs eBooks
February Monthly Current Affairs 2024 January Monthly Current Affairs 2024
December Monthly Current Affairs 2023 November Monthly Current Affairs 2023

Topic: National News

7. India's 1st Green Hydrogen Plant in the Stainless Steel Sector has been inaugurated at Jindal Stainless Limited, Hisar, Haryana.

  • It has been inaugurated by Union Steel Minister Jyotiraditya Scindia.
  • This will be the world’s first off-grid Green Hydrogen plant for the stainless steel industry.
  • This will be the world’s first Green Hydrogen plant with rooftop and floating solar.
  • It will cut down carbon emissions by about 2,700 Metric Tons per annum.
  • It will cut down 54,000 tons of carbon dioxide emissions during the next two decades.
  • While speaking on the occasion, Union Minister highlighted that India has evolved from a net importer to net exporter and aims to become world's largest producer of crude steel.
  • The National Green Hydrogen Mission was launched in 2023.
  • It was launched with an outlay of about twenty thousand crore rupees.
  • It was launched to make India a Global Hub for the production, usage and export of Green Hydrogen and its derivatives.

Topic: Sports

8. B Sai Praneeth has announced his retirement from international badminton.

  • B Sai Praneeth is an Indian shuttler. In his 24-year-long career, he won a World Championships bronze medal.
  • He also represented India at the Tokyo 2020 Olympics.
  • He has also won the 2017 Singapore Open.
  • After retirement, he will be the head coach of the Triangle Badminton Academy in the US.
  • After Prakash Padukone in 1983, he became the first male Indian shuttler in 36 years to earn a bronze medal at the BWF World Championships in 2019. In 2019, he received the Arjuna Award.

Topic: Indian Polity

9. Supreme Court ended immunity for lawmakers taking bribes for voting.

  • In a landmark judgment, the Supreme Court ended immunity for lawmakers taking bribes to vote.
  • The Supreme Court ruled that Members of Parliament (MPs) and Members of Legislative Assemblies (MLAs) couldn’t get any immunity from prosecution for taking bribes for casting a vote.
  • A seven-judge Constitution Bench led by Chief Justice of India (CJI) D.Y. Chandrachud overruled the 1998 judgment of the SC in P.V Narasimha Rao v. State.
  • The Supreme Court ruled that “Bribery is not protected by parliamentary privileges”.
  • Article 105(2) of the Indian Constitution deals with the immunity of MPs from prosecution. Article 194(2) grants protection to MLAs.
  • These provisions were made to ensure that MPs and MLAs can work without the fear of legal action being taken against them.
  • In the Narasimha Rao case, allegations were made that legislators of Jharkhand Mukti Morcha had accepted bribes for voting in favour of the government during a no-confidence motion.
  • In this case, the Supreme Court ruled that MPs and MLAs were immune from prosecution in bribery cases as long as they fulfilled their end of the bargain.
  • As per the latest judgment of the Supreme Court, accepting a bribe is a separate crime that is not linked to the actions or words of a lawmaker within the Parliament or legislative assembly.

Topic: Defence

10. Indian Navy will commission a new base in the Minicoy Islands of Lakshadweep.

  • On March 6, the Indian Navy will commission Naval Detachment Minicoy as INS Jatayu in Lakshadweep.
  • The Naval Detachment Minicoy was set up in the 1980s under the operational command of the Naval Officer-in-Charge (Lakshadweep).
  • This new base will give India a stronghold in the Indian Ocean. It will also help in keeping an eye on military and commercial activities.
  • INS Jatayu will be the second naval base in Lakshadweep after INS Dweeprakshak in Kavaratti.
  • It will help in capacity building and the comprehensive development of the island territories.

Topic: State News/ Telangana

11. Indiramma housing scheme will be launched by the Telangana government on March 11.

  • In the first phase of its implementation, financial assistance will be provided for the construction of 3,500 houses in each assembly constituency.
  • Chief Minister A Revanth Reddy said that the Indiramma scheme is one of the six guarantees announced by the Congress ahead of the assembly elections.
  • Under the scheme, the state government will provide financial assistance of Rs 5 lakh to eligible beneficiaries who already have a house plot to build their own house.
  • Those who do not have a house will be provided a piece of land along with Rs 5 lakh.
  • Revanth directed the officials to ensure that all eligible persons get the benefits of the housing scheme and finalize the guidelines for its implementation.
  • However, under this, priority will be given to those who have applied for houses under the Praja Palan Programme.

Topic: Important Days

12. National Security Day 2024/ National Safety Day 2024: 4 March

  • Every year on 4 March, National Security Day or National Safety Day is commemorated in India by the National Safety Council.
  • The day was first celebrated on the foundation day of the National Safety Council in 1972.
  • The theme for National Safety Day 2024 is "Focus on Safety Leadership for ESG Excellence".
  • The main objective of National Security Day is to implement safe practices at the workplace by taking safety measures to prevent accidents.
  • It is dedicated to all security forces of India for their contribution to maintaining peace and security.
  • It is observed to honour the sacrifice of all security forces, including policemen, para-military forces, commandos, guards, army, etc.
  • National Safety Council (NSC):
    • It was founded on March 4, 1966, by the Ministry of Labour and Employment as a self-financing non-governing body.
    • In 2000, the NSC was established as a public trust under the Bombay Public Trust Act 1950.
    • Its headquarters is in Navi Mumbai.
    • It was founded to develop and implement a voluntary routine in the areas of safety, health, and the environment.

Topic: National News

13. Union Minister Dr Mansukh Mandaviya launched the AYUSH-ICMR Advanced Centre in New Delhi.

  • The AYUSH-ICMR Advanced Centre has been launched in New Delhi for Integrated Health Research at AIIMS.
  • By using traditional Indian wisdom and modern medicine together, the AYUSH-ICMR Advanced Centre's goal is to provide holistic healthcare to patients.
  • These centres will be set up in AIIMS Delhi, AIIMS Jodhpur, AIIMS Nagpur, and AIIMS Rishikesh.
  • It will focus on important research areas to develop comprehensive treatment plans and guidelines.
  • Dr Mansukh Mandaviya also launched Indian Public Health Standards to ensure better healthcare quality.
  • He also revealed plans for a large study on anaemia at multiple locations.

AYUSH-ICMR Advanced Centre in New Delhi

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: Summits/ Conferences/ Meetings

14. The first edition of the Naval Commanders’ Conference of 2024 will commence from 5th March.

  • The first edition of the Naval Commanders’ Conference of 2024 is scheduled to commence from 5th March.
  • Defense Minister, Rajnath Singh, will address the Naval Commanders during this conference.
  • The conference will be held for three days in the Hybrid format.
  • The Chief of Defence Staff, along with the Chiefs of the Indian Army and Indian Air Force will also take part in this conference.
  • Naval Commanders during the conference will discuss the coordination of tri-service forces in the face of the evolving national security situation in the region.
  • They will also explore avenues to enhance tri-service synergy and readiness in defence of the nation and India's national interests.
  • Geopolitical dynamics, regional challenges, and volatile maritime security situation will be also discussed.
Related Study Material
Evolution and History of the Indian Constitution Preamble of the Indian Constitution
Major sources of Indian Constitution President of India
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