Daily Current Affairs and GK | 6 April 2023

By Priyanka Chaudhary | Last Modified: 06 Apr 2023 18:10 PM IST

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Topic: Infrastructure and Energy

1. Delhi airport becomes 9th busiest airport in the world: ACI

  • According to Airports Council International (ACI) list, Delhi Airport with more than 5.94 crore passenger traffic has become the ninth busiest airport in the world in 2022.
  • Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport has topped the list with 93.7 million passengers.
  • Dallas Fort Worth Airport and Chicago O'Hare Airport are in the second and third positions respectively.
  • Dubai Airport is in the fifth spot with 66.1 million passenger traffic.
  • Delhi’s Indira Gandhi International Airport (IGIA) is the only airport in the top 10 list from South and South East Asia.
  • Delhi Airport was ranked 13th in 2021 and 17th in 2019. Delhi International Airport Ltd (DIAL) manages Indira Gandhi International Airport.
  • The top 10 airports in the total passenger traffic represent 10 per cent of the global traffic.
  • The global passenger traffic in 2022 reached near to 7 billion, with an increase of 53.5 per cent from 2021.

Topic: National News

2. Banarasi Paan receives Geographical Indication (GI) tag.

  • Banarasi Langda Mango, Ramnagar Bhanta (Brinjal), and Adamchini Rice have also received GI tags.
  • Dr. Rajinikant, a Padma Awardee and GI expert, explained about the four Varanasi-based goods that have received the GI tag.
  • With this, the Kashi region now has a total of 22 GI-tagged items.
  • During the Covid phase, GI applications for 20 state-based products were received in association with NABARD.
  • This year, 11 items have been given GI certification, including seven ODOP and four Kashi area products.
  • The remaining nine items will be included by the end of next month.
  • Banaras Lal Peda, Banarasi Thandai, Tirangi Barfi and Banaras Lal Bharwa Mirch are among them.
  • Before this, the Purvanchal and the Kashi region had 18 GI products. They are given in the following table.

Banaras Brocade and Sarees

Handmade Bhadohi Carpets

Mirzapur Handmade Carpets

Banaras Metal Reposi Craft

Varanasi Gulabi Meenakari

Varanasi Wooden lacquerware and Toys

Nizamabad Black Patri

Banaras Glass Beads

Varanasi Softstone Jaali Work

Ghazipur Wall Hanging

Chunar Sandstone

Chunar Glaze Patari

Gorakhpur Terracotta Craft

Banaras Zardozi

Banaras Hand Block Print

Banaras Wood Carving

Mirzapur Brass Utensils

Mau Saree

 

  • GI tag has also been granted to Ladakh’s wood carving by the GI Registry in Chennai.
  • Ladakh’s wood carving is known for its intricate designs. It is also known for its unique patterns. The patterns are mostly inspired by Buddhist themes and motifs.
  • The wood carvings are prepared from local wood like willow and apricot.

Topic: Committees/ Commissions/Taskforces

3. Union Housing and Urban Affairs Ministry has formed a committee to examine issues related to stalled real estate projects.

  • The committee has fourteen members. It is headed by former NITI Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant.
  • The committee will also recommend ways for the completion of stalled real estate projects.
  • The committee will submit its report within 6 months from the date of its 1st meeting.
  • The committee includes top Central and State government officials.
  • It includes the Secretary in the Department of Financial Services in the Union Ministry of Finance, and the Principal Secretary of the Housing and Urban Planning Department of Uttar Pradesh.
  • It also includes the chairperson of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India.
  • In April 2022, the Central Advisory Council decided to form a Committee to examine all the issues related to stalled projects.

Topic: Economy/Banking/Finance

4. Monetary Policy Committee has kept the repo rate unchanged at 6.50%. 

  • Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) has unanimously decided to keep the repo rate unchanged.
  • The RBI governor said real GDP growth is expected to have been 7% in FY23.
  • It is expected that GDP will be 6.5% in the current financial year.
  • It is expected that retail inflation will moderate to 5.2% in FY2023-24.
  • Standing Deposit Facility (SDF) would remain unchanged at 6.25%.
  • The marginal standing facility (MSF) rate and bank rate would remain at 6.75%.
  • In the last 11 months, MPC has raised the repo rate by 250 bps from May 2022.

Topic: International News

5. India elected a member of UN Statistical Commission, the Narcotic Drugs Commission, and UN HIV/AIDS Program Coordinating Board.

  • The United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) has elected India as member to the UN Statistical Commission, the Commission on Narcotic Drugs, and the UN HIV/AIDS Program Coordinating Board (UNAIDS).
  • All three are important subsidiary bodies of the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations.
  • The Drug Prevention Commission monitors the implementation of international drug control treaties.
  • The United Nations AIDS Program Coordinating Board provides strategic guidelines for the prevention of HIV/AIDS.
  • The Statistics Commission is the apex body overseeing international statistical activities and is responsible for setting standards in this field.
  • India has been elected to the highest statistical body of the United Nations for a term of 4 years, which will start from 1 January 2024.
  • India was last elected a member of this commission in 2004.
  • India won a landslide victory in the concluded United Nations Statistical Commission election by securing 46 out of 53 votes, leaving behind rivals South Korea (23), China (19) and the UAE (15).
  • United Nations Statistical Commission:
    • It is the apex body of the global statistical system which brings together the chief statisticians of the member states around the world.
    • It was established in 1947.
    • It is the highest decision-making body for international statistical activities, responsible for the creation of concepts and methodologies, as well as their national and international implementation.
    • The commission consists of 24 member countries of the United Nations elected on the basis of equal geographic distribution by the United Nations Economic and Social Council.

Topic: Summits/Conferences/Meetings

6. 7th India-Japan Defense Policy Dialogue was held in New Delhi.

  • It was co-chaired by Defense Secretary Shri Giridhar Armane and Deputy Defense Minister for International Affairs of Japan Shri Oka Masami on 05 April 2023 in New Delhi.
  • A wide range of issues were discussed during the conference, including Service-level exercises and engagements, regional security issues, and cooperation in defence equipment and technology.
  • The Japanese Vice Minister also presented policy updates on the recently released National Security Strategy and National Defense Strategy.
  • Both countries appreciated the growing cooperation between the services through defense dialogue and exercises.
  • Both countries welcomed the conduct of formal combat exercise 'Veer Guardian' between the Indian Air Force and the Japanese Air Self Defense Force in Japan in January 2023.
  • The Defense Secretary said that both countries should aim at deepening cooperation between their respective defense industries.
  • He also invited Japanese defense industries to look at investment opportunities in India under the 'Make in India' initiative.
  • Both sides agreed to diversify cooperation in new and emerging areas such as defence, space and cyber.

7th India-Japan Defense Policy Dialogue

(Source: News on Air)

 
Monthly Current Affairs eBooks
February Monthly Current Affairs January Monthly Current Affairs
December Monthly Current Affairs November Monthly Current Affairs

Topic: MoUs/Agreements

7. Information and Broadcasting Ministry and Amazon India signed a collaboration agreement.

  • The agreement has been signed to boost India’s creative economy and promote creative talent in the country.
  • Under the agreement, Amazon Prime Video will sponsor scholarships for students of the Film and Television Institute of India and Satyajit Ray Film and Television Institute.
  • As part of the agreement, Amazon Prime Video will also create internship programmes and offer job opportunities for students of these institutes.
  • Amazon Prime Video and Mini TV will take Prasar Bharati and NFDC's rich archival content to youth across the country and the world.
  • National Film Development Corporation (NFDC) is a Public Sector Undertaking working under Ministry of Information and Broadcasting. It was founded in 1975. It is headquartered in Mumbai.

Topic: Sports

8. National Anti-Doping Agency (NADA) has banned Sanjita Chanu for four years.

  • Sanjita Chanu is a two-time Commonwealth Games champion. She won gold medals at the 2014 and 2018 Commonwealth Games.
  • She tested positive for a banned drug, drostanolone.
  • She was tested at the time of the National Games 2022 held in Gujarat in September-October.
  • Drostanolone is an anabolic–androgenic steroid. It is banned by the World Anti-doping Agency (WADA).
  • It is used to treat advanced inoperable cases of breast cancer in women. Athletes often misuse it as a performance enhancer.
  • In 2018, International Weightlifting Federation (IWF) banned her.
  • At that time, she tested positive for the anabolic steroid testosterone.
  • However, IWF dropped doping charges against Sanjita Chanu in 2020.
  • In 2022, India’s Tokyo Olympians Shivpal Singh, Kamalpreet Kaur, and Dhanalakshmi Sekar were caught in the doping net.
  • Last year, Commonwealth Games bronze medalist Navjeet Kaur Dhillon and India’s long jumper Aishwarya Babu were also caught in the doping net.
  • NADA:
    • It was formed in 2005 under Societies Registration Act 1860.
    • It is responsible for promoting, coordinating, and monitoring the doping control program in India.
    • The main objective of NADA is to implement anti-doping rules in accordance with the World Anti-Doping Agency’s code.

Half Yearly Current Affairs 2022 - 2023

Topic: Reports and Indices/Ranking

9. International Renewable Energy Agency released ‘World Energy Transitions: Outlook 2023’ report.

  • This report has highlighted that significant progress has been made in the energy transition, particularly in the power sector.
  • According to the report, renewables contributed 83 per cent to the global power additions in 2022.
  • As per the report, the deployment of renewables should be increased from 3,000 gigawatt (GW) to 10,000 GW by 2030 to keep the rise of temperature below 1.5 degrees Celsius.
  • The report pointed out that renewable energy installation is limited to certain parts of the world. Two-thirds of all the renewable energy installation were in China, the European Union and the United States.
  • Africa's share of total renewable energy capacity addition in 2022 was only 1 per cent.
  • 85 per cent of global renewable energy investment has benefitted less than 50 percent of the world’s population.
  • Global investment in energy transition technologies crossed the mark of $1.3 trillion in 2022.
  • Around USD 1 trillion of planned annual fossil fuel investment by 2030 must be redirected towards energy transition technologies and infrastructure.
  • The Covid-19 pandemic and the effects of the Ukraine crisis have further increased the challenges in the energy transition.
  • IRENA outlines three priority pillars of the energy transition, which are as follows:
    • Physical infrastructure
    • Policy and Regulatory enablers
    • Well-skilled workforce
  • If Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), long-term low greenhouse gas emission development strategies (LT-LEDs) and net-zero targets are fully implemented then carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions will reduce by 6 percent by 2030.

Topic: International News

10. Iran appointed UAE ambassador for the first time since 2016.

  • Iran appointed Reza Ameri as its ambassador to the UAE. 
  • He has served as the Director General of the Iranian expatriates' office in the Foreign Ministry.
  • In March 2023, as per the China-brokered deal Saudi Arabia and Iran had agreed to resume diplomatic relations between them.
  • Saudi Arabia, Iran and China have also expressed their desire to exert all efforts for enhancing regional and international peace and security.
  • The UAE and Iran relations were degraded in January 2016 after Iranian protesters stormed the Saudi embassy in Tehran following Riyadh's execution of a prominent Shiite cleric.
  • The hostility between Iran and Saudi Arabia had increased instability and insecurity in the Gulf region.
  • UAE and Iran have business ties stretching back from more than a century.

Topic: National Appointment

11. FICCI Ladies Organization appointed Sudha Shivakumar as its President.

  • On 3 March, FICCI Ladies Organization (FLO) has appointed Sudha Shivakumar as its 40th president at the 39th annual session.
  • FLO is the oldest women-led and women-centric business chamber of Southeast Asia.
  • Under her leadership, FLO will undertake several initiatives to promote greater contribution of women to India's industrial and economic growth story.
  • She is a professional lawyer and investment banker.
  • She is currently a director at her family run business focused on auto ancillaries.
  • In 2016-17, Ms. Shivkumar had served as Chairman of the FLO Chennai Chapter.
  • FICCI Ladies Organization:
    • In 1983, FLO was founded as a subsidiary of the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI), India's premier industry and commerce body.
    • Its head office in New Delhi.
    • Currently, FLO has 18 chapters across India with around 3,000 business women as its members.
    • The organization's aim is to encourage and facilitate women in showcasing their talents, skills, experiences, and energy across sectors and verticals of the economy, in order to achieve a truly inclusive economic growth trajectory.

Topic: State News/ Bihar

12. Bihar's West Champaran's 'Mircha' rice has been awarded the GI tag.

  • The shape and appearance of this rice resembles black pepper, hence it is called Mircha or Marcha rice.
  • The rice is different because this rice has a unique aroma.
  • This rice is famous for its aroma, palatability and quality for making aromatic chura (rice flakes).
  • Cooked rice is puffed, non-sticky, sweet and easily digestible with a popcorn-like aroma.
  • The application for the GI tag was made by Marcha Dhan Utpadak Pragatisheel Samuh, a registered association of paddy cultivators.
  • Geographical Indication (GI) Tag:
    • It is form of intellectual property, a certification or sign or name given to certain goods/products that are unique to a particular geographical region or location.
    • GI Tag is given to the goods by the Geographical Indication Registry (headquartered in Chennai) under the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999.
    • The GI tag is valid for 10 years and after that can be renewed for next 10 years.
    • The first product that was awarded the GI tag in India was Darjeeling Tea in 2004-05.
    • Karnataka has the highest number of GI tags products followed by Tamil Nadu.

 

Bihar's West Champaran's 'Mircha' rice

(Source: News on Air)

Topic: Reports and Indices/Ranking

13. Karnataka topped among large states in delivering justice.

  • Karnataka has achieved the top spot in the India Justice Report 2022.
  • Tamil Nadu is on the second position while Telangana is in Third Position.
  • Uttar Pradesh ranked 18 among the states with a population of over 1 crore each.
  • Gujarat is on the fourth position and Andhra Pradesh is on the fifth spot.
  • India Justice Report 2022 is based on four pillars: Police, Judiciary, Prisons, and Legal Aid.
  • Sikkim has topped among small states with a population of less than one crore. Arunachal Pradesh is on the second spot while Tripura ranked third.
  • The India Justice Report (IJR) was started by Tata Trusts in 2019, and this is the third edition of the report.
  • This report is based on 24-month quantitative research.
  • The report has highlighted the issue of “vacancy” in the area of police, prison staff, judiciary, and legal aid.
  • India has about 20,076 judges for a population of 1.4 billion. 2 per cent of the sanctioned posts are vacant.
  • As per the report, only 13% of High Court judges and 35% of Subordinate Court judges are women.
  • As per the report, prisons are over-occupied. More than two-thirds or 77.1% of the prisoners are still waiting for the completion of the investigation or trial.

Topic: Corporates/Companies

14. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) spending by corporates of India has increased to ₹25,715 crore in 2020-2021.

  • As per data from Corporate Affairs Ministry (MCA), this was higher than the CSR spend of ₹24,955 crore in 2019-20 and ₹20,197 crore in 2018-19.
  • In the Companies Act 2013, the government does not spend CSR funds.
  • Allocation of CSR funds to the Government is not allowed.
  • Companies shall file details of CSR expenditure annually in the MCA21 registry.
  • The companies must file CSR details for the financial year 2021-22 on or before March 31, 2023.
  • As per Section 135 of the Act, every company have to do CSR if it is having a net worth of ₹500 crore or more, or turnover of ₹1,000 crore or more, or a net profit of ₹5 crore or more during the immediate preceding financial year.
  • Such companies should spend at least 2% of the average net profits made over immediate preceding 3 financial years towards CSR.
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