Daily Current Affairs and GK | 9 February 2024

By Priyanka Chaudhary | Last Modified: 09 Feb 2024 16:55 PM IST

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Topic: Awards and Prizes

1. Lakshminarayana International Award has been presented to renowned music composer Pyarelal Sharma.

  • L. Subramaniam and Kavita Krishnamurti Subramaniam presented the prestigious Lakshminarayana International Award to Pyarelal Sharma at the Lakshminarayana Global Music Festival.
  • Pyarelal Sharma is one of the most successful music composers in Hindi cinema.
  • He has composed music for many evergreen songs during his eight-decade career.
  • Recently, Pyarelal was announced as a recipient of the Padma Bhushan, India’s third-highest civilian honour.
  • The President of India, K. R Narayanan awarded the first Lakshminarayana International Award to Lord Yehudi Menuhin.
  • The Lakshminarayana Global Music Festival (LGMF) was started by Dr. L. Subramaniam in 1992.

Topic: Sports

2. Tawangchu Tides International Kayaking Championship-2024 started in Arunachal Pradesh.

  • The three-day Tawangchu Tides International Kayaking Championship-2024 started in the Tawang District of Arunachal Pradesh on February 7.
  • The Deputy Commissioner of the Tawang District inaugurated the championship at Dongshengmang in Bongleng village.
  • The race continued for three days, from February 7 to 9.
  • 51 Kayakers from different countries participated in the event.
  • This event was organized by an organization called “SWYTCH”.
  • The main goal of this event is to make Arunachal Pradesh a global hub for kayaking.
  • Kayaking is a fun water sport using a kayak, which is a narrow boat with a double-blade paddle to move on water.

Topic: Awards and Prizes

3. Nima Sarikhani has won the Wildlife Photographer of the Year People's Choice Award.

  • A picture of a sleeping polar bear won the Wildlife Photographer of the Year People's Choice Award.
  • Nima Sarikhani searched for polar bears for three days on Norwegian islands before taking this photograph.
  • This photography competition is organised by the Natural History Museum every year.
  • Sarikhani’s picture called the 'Ice Bed' received 75,000 votes in the contest.
  • Apart from the sleeping polar bear photo, ‘The Happy Turtle’ by Tzahi Finkelstein and ‘Starling Murmuration’ by Daniel Dencescu were highly commended.

Topic: National Appointment

4. Naveen Tahilyani appointed as CEO and MD of Tata Digital.

  • Naveen Tahilyani has been appointed as the new Chief Executive Officer (CEO) and Managing Director (MD) of Tata Sons' subsidiary Tata Digital.
  • On February 19, he will assume the new position.
  • Currently, Tahilyani is the CEO and MD of Tata AIA Life Insurance.
  • He will replace Pratik Pal, who played a key role in the launch of the company's super app Tata New.
  • Earlier, after Tahilyani moved to Tata Digital, Tata AIA's Venkatachalam H was promoted internally and made CEO of the insurance company.
  • In March 2019, Tata Digital Pvt. Ltd. was established.

Topic: State News/ Tamil Nadu

5. 'Smart Card' launched by MSME Minister for Startups.

  • On February 7, the 'Smart Card' for startups launched by Tamil Nadu Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSME) Minister TM Anbarasan.
  • Smart Card offers a wide selection of products and services at discounted rates, specially tailored to meet the needs of startups in their early stages.
  • The products and services are broadly classified into six different categories: Legal & Compliance, Marketing/Business Consulting, Finance & Insurance, HR & Smart Workspace, Software, and IT/ITES
  • Startups can significantly grow and accelerate their business growth by using products and services at affordable costs.
  • During the event, four startups run by entrepreneurs from SC and ST communities were sanctioned ₹9.05 crore as equity investment under the Tamil Nadu SC/ST Startup Fund.
  • Products and services of 20 startups run by women entrepreneurs were also launched under the Women Launchpad initiative.
  • Launchpad is a platform designed to help startups gain initial offline and online market traction for their new brands and products on a public platform.
  • In addition, the Open Innovation Portal was also launched, which aims to connect corporates/government agencies with innovators, startups, and researchers.

Topic: State News/ Uttar Pradesh

6. Uttar Pradesh will become the first state with 21 airports.

  • Emphasizing the rapid pace of infrastructure development in the state, Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath on February 7 announced that UP will soon become the first state to have 21 airports.
  • Maharishi Valmiki Airport, Kushinagar Airport, Chaudhary Charan Singh Airport, Noida Airport, and Lal Bahadur Shastri Airport are the international airports in Uttar Pradesh.
  • As of now, Lucknow's Chaudhary Charan Singh International Airport is the largest in Uttar Pradesh.
  • In March 2024, UP will have 5 more airports, one each in Azamgarh, Aligarh, Moradabad, Shravasti and Chitrakoot.
  • Apart from this, an international airport will also be ready in Jewar by the end of 2024.
  • Under Budget 2024-25, the Uttar Pradesh government allocated Rs 1,150 crore for the upcoming Noida International Airport.
  • Infrastructure development in land, water, and air sectors is ongoing in the state.
  • Apart from this, the CM announced that Prime Minister Narendra Modi will attend the foundation stone laying ceremony of projects worth Rs 10 lakh crore in Lucknow on February 19.
  • Talking about the energy sector, he said that in 2016-17 the total power generation capacity in the state was 5600 MW and now the total generation capacity has reached 8688 MW.
  • The state aims to achieve 12800 MW power generation capacity by the end of this year.
  • By 2017, the electricity supply had reached a total of 128,494 Majras (villages).
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Topic: Government Schemes and Initiatives

7. The sub-plan for PM Matsya Kisan Samriddhi-Yojana approved by the government.

  • Pradhan Mantri Matsya Kisan Samriddhi Sah-Yojana, a Central Sector Sub-Scheme under Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada for the fisheries sector, has been approved by the Union Cabinet.
  • A total of Rs 6000 crore has been earmarked for this scheme in the next 4 years.
  • Out of the total, Rs 3,000 crore will come from public finance, including World Bank and AFD external financing, and the remaining 50% will be contributed by private sector beneficiaries.
  • This sub-scheme will help in creating a National Fisheries Digital Platform to provide work-based identification to 40 lakh small and micro enterprises.
  • This scheme will be implemented in all states and union territories for 4 years, from FY 2023-24 to FY 2026-27.
  • In addition, the extension of the Fisheries Infrastructure Development Fund (FIDF) for another 3 years up to 2025-26 has also been approved by the Cabinet.
  • The government approved the fund size of 7522.48 crore rupees and budgetary support of 939.48 crore rupees.
  • Apart from this, a proposal from the Department of Telecommunications to conduct a spectrum auction was also approved by the Cabinet.
  • The auction will be conducted for spectrum in the 800 MHz, 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 2100 MHz, 2300 MHz, 2500 MHz, 3300 MHz, and 26 GHz frequency bands.
  • The spectrum will be offered for a validity period of 20 years, valued at Rs 96,317.65 crore.

Topic: Infrastructure and Energy

8. "Doubling of Motumari-Vishnupuram" and "Rail over Rail at Motumari" approved by the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs on 8 February.

  • Both projects have been approved at an estimated cost of around Rs 1,740 crore.
  • The projects falling in the states of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh are likely to boost the socio-economic development of the region.
  • Spanning a distance of 88.81 km, the Motumari-Vishnupuram section connects the Kazipet-Vijayawada high-density network with the Secunderabad-Guntur heavy-density network.
  • It is an important rail link connecting Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, and beyond to the states of Telangana, Karnataka, and Maharashtra.
  • This important rail line is also the shortest route connecting Secunderabad to Vijayawada.
  • The doubling will facilitate faster transportation of agricultural products, cement, coal, and other local products and seamless movement of people.
  • Rail over rail at Motumari station will prevent cross movement of trains, prevent blockage of trains, and facilitate uninterrupted movement of trains in the section.

Rail over Rail at Motumari

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: State News/Odisha

9. The Odisha government presented a Rs 2.55 lakh crore budget for 2024–25.

  • Odisha finance minister Bikram Keshari Arukha presented the annual budget for 2024–25 with an outlay of Rs 2.55 lakh crore.
  • The budget outlay is 11 percent more than the 2023–24 budget.
  • Rs 140000 has been allocated for programme expenditure for FY 24–25. Of this, Rs 63,400 crore has been provided to the Vote-on-Account.
  • No new schemes or initiatives have been declared by the government in the budget.
  • The highest allocation of Rs 33,865 crore has been proposed for the school and mass education departments.
  • It constitutes a 9.71 percent share of the total budget size for the financial year 2024–25.
  • 22,543 crore (8.84 percent) has been allocated to the panchayati raj department, while Rs 19,729 crore (7.74 percent) has been allocated to Rs 19,729 crore (7.74 percent).
  • Odisha’s economy is likely to register a growth rate of 8.5 percent against the national average of 7.3 percent.
  • The state government implemented the KALIA scheme for agricultural development and poverty alleviation.
  • 1,858 health centres will be developed in the next 5 years with an outlay of Rs 3,389 crore.
  • Rs 28,944 crore has been allocated for agriculture and allied sector, 16.6 per cent higher than the outlay of the previous year.

Topic: International News

10. A health emergency was declared in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, amid a dengue fever surge.

  • The Brazilian government declared a health emergency in Rio de Janeiro to control the cases of dengue.
  • 10 care centres have been opened, and emergency operation centres have been created.
  • The cases of the mosquito-borne disease quadrupled in Brazil in January.
  • Rio has registered 10,000 cases so far this year, as compared to 23000 cases in the whole of 2023.
  • In January alone, 362 people were hospitalised in Rio due to dengue.
  • Rio is one of three states to declare public health emergencies due to the rise in dengue infections.
  • Climate change has increased the temperature, and as a result, rainfall has increased. It increases the risk of dengue.

Topic: Summits/ Conferences/Meetings

11. On February 9, the inaugural session of the 7th Indian Ocean Conference was addressed by EAM Dr. S. Jaishankar in Perth, Australia.

  • Sri Lanka President Ranil Wickremesinghe, Foreign Affairs Minister of Australia Penny Wong, and Foreign Affairs Minister of Singapore Dr. Vivian Balakrishnan also joined Dr. Jaishankar.
  • The conference was organized on 9-10 February in collaboration with the Australian Government's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade as well as the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, Singapore, and the Perth-US Asia Center in Australia.
  • Ministers from more than 22 countries and senior officials from 16 countries and 6 multilateral organizations attended the conference.
  • More than 400 social and corporate leaders, policy practitioners, scholars, professionals, and media persons from around 40 countries also participated.
  • The theme of the two-day Indian Ocean Conference was "Towards a Stable and Sustainable Indian Ocean”.
  • This conference is a major consultative forum for the countries of the Indian Ocean region.
  • It has been organized annually by the Ministry of External Affairs in collaboration with the India Foundation since 2016.
  • The Conference endeavors to bring critical states and principal maritime partners of the region together on a common platform to deliberate upon the prospects of regional cooperation for Security And Growth for All in the Region (SAGAR).

Topic: Sports

12. Saurashtra Cricket Association (SCA) Stadium in Rajkot will be renamed as Niranjan Shah Stadium.

  • On 6 February, the SCA announced that it would rename its home venue in Khanderi, Rajkot to Niranjan Shah Stadium on 14 February.
  • Its name will be changed a day before it takes the field for the third Test of the ongoing five-match series between India and England.
  • Shah played 12 first-class cricket for Saurashtra in the 1960s and 70s.
  • Shah is more famous for serving as SCA secretary for almost four decades.
  • He also held a position in the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI).    
  • Other BCCI officials named after cricket stadiums are: MA Chidambaram (Chennai), M Chinnaswamy (Bengaluru), IS Bindra (Mohali), and Wankhede (Mumbai).
  • There are nine stadiums named after India's first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, across the country– eight of which have hosted domestic or international cricket fixtures.

Topic: National News

13. Government-approved amendments in food safety and standard regulations.

  • Now, only one certification from food regulator FSSAI will be required for food products.
  • Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) will issue a draft notification in this regard.
  • Certifications from the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) and AGMARK will not be required for food products.
  • The FSSAI in its 43rd meeting approved various amendments in the food safety and standards regulations.
  • It will promote the concept of ‘One Nation, One Commodity, One Regulator'.
  • Food businesses will have no to go to different authorities for mandatory certification. Only FSSAI certification has been made mandatory for food products.
  • These regulations included the revision of standards of Milk Fat Products.
  • As part of the standards for meat products, FSSAI will also set a standard for Haleem.
  • A comprehensive manual of methods of analysis for ensuring regulatory compliance of the food products was also approved.

Topic: Reports and Indices

14. By 2030, more than one-third of the increase in global oil demand will be from India: IEA

  • International Energy Agency (IEA) said that of the 3.2 million barrels per day (mb/d) increase in oil consumption between 2023 and 2030, more than one-third will come from India.
  • It also said that India will surpass China. India is the world’s second-largest crude oil importer.
  • India presently consumes approximately 5 million barrels per day (mb/d).
  • It is expected to record an increase of 1.2 mb/d in the coming seven years.
  • According to an IEA report, from 2023 to 2030, India is expected to be the single biggest contributor to the growth in the world's oil demand.
  • According to the IEA, because India's economy is still in initial stages of economic development, it will consume oil at a higher rate than that of other nations.
  • The IEA projects that demand will increase from 5.5 mb/d in 2023 to 6.6 mb/d in 2030.
  • By 2027, India's demand growth will outpace China's. In absolute terms, China, the world's biggest energy consumer, will still surpass India.
  • This quicker increase is also a result of rising living standards, the emergence of a growing middle class, and shifting consumer purchasing patterns.
  • Roughly 90% of personal mobility and 70% of freight movement occurs via travel by road.
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