- 1. "Aviation Passenger Charter" has been launched by the British government.
- 2. PM Modi addressed Naval Innovation and Indigenisation Organisation (NIIO) Seminar –Swavlamban in New Delhi.
- 3. INS Sindhudhvaj decommissioned after 35 years of outstanding national service.
- 4. International Justice Day 2022: July 17
- 5. Jagdeep Dhankhar nominated as Vice-Presidential candidate by the BJP.
- 6. Grandmaster R Praggnanandhaa won the Paracin Open 'A' chess tournament 2022 in Serbia.
- 7. Agricultural and processed food product exports have increased by 14%.
- 8. PV Sindhu has won the Women's Single title of the Singapore Open.
- 9. India’s trade deficit widened to a record high of $26.18 billion in June.
- 10. Varanasi to become SCO's first 'Cultural and Tourism Capital' in September.
- 11. Uttarakhand CM launched the Uttarakhand police app and e-FIR facility in Dehradun.
- 12. Chief Ministers of Assam and Arunachal signed a pact to resolve border disputes.
- 13. United Kingdom declares a national emergency, issuing a red 'extreme heat' warning.
- 14. A committee on Right to Repair has been formed by the Department of Consumer Affairs (DoCA).
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Topic: International News
1. "Aviation Passenger Charter" has been launched by the British government.
- The British government has launched the "Aviation Passenger Charter" to help passengers in knowing their rights.
- If passengers face the issue of cancellations, delays or missing baggage then the charter will help passengers in knowing their rights.
- Long queues and cancelled flights create chaos among passengers.
- In May, the British government published a 22-point support plan to avoid disruption in the schedule of airlines.
- In India, the Ministry of Civil Aviation issued a passenger charter for air travel in 2019.
- A Charter is a document that defines the structure, rights, aims, or principles of an organization.
Topic: Summits/ Conferences/ Meetings
2. PM Modi addressed Naval Innovation and Indigenisation Organisation (NIIO) Seminar –Swavlamban in New Delhi.
- Prime Minister also launched ‘SPRINT Challenges’ for promoting the usage of indigenous technology in the Indian Navy.
- This two-day (18-19 July) seminar aims to bring Indian industry and academia to one platform for achieving self-reliance in the Defence sector.
- Representatives from Industry, Academia, Services and Government will ideate and come up with recommendations for achieving self-reliance in the Defence sector.
- As a part of the Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav, NIIO in association with the Defence Innovation Organisation will induct at least 75 new indigenous technologies and products into the Indian Navy.
- The name of this collaborative project is SPRINT (Supporting Pole-Vaulting in R&D through iDEX, NIIO and TDAC).
- On the second day of the seminar, outreach in the Indian Ocean region will be discussed in line with the Government's SAGAR (Security and Growth for All in the Region) vision.
- Naval Innovation and Indigenisation Organisation:
- It is a three-level organization launched by Defence Minister Rajnath Singh in 2020.
- It has been established by the Indian Navy to fulfil the requirements relating to technology.
3. INS Sindhudhvaj decommissioned after 35 years of outstanding national service.
- On July 16, 2022, the Navy’s Kilo-class submarine INS Sindhudhvaj was decommissioned from the Indian Navy at Visakhapatnam after a magnificent 35-year service.
- After decommissioning of this submarine, the Navy now has a total of 15 conventional submarines in service.
- The ceremony's chief guest was Vice Admiral Biswajit Dasgupta, Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Eastern Naval Command.
- The top of this submarine depicts a brown nurse shark and its name means our flag bearer in the sea.
- Sindhudhvaj was one of the 10 Kilo-class submarines that India received from Russia between 1986 and 2000. It was commissioned into the Navy in June 1987.
- She was the only submarine that PM Narendra Modi awarded the CNS Rolling Trophy for Innovation.
(Source: News on AIR)
Topic: Important Days
4. International Justice Day 2022: July 17
- International Justice Day is also known as World Day for International Justice.
- Every year on July 17, people all around the world celebrate this day.
- The theme of World Day for International Justice 2022 is “Achieving Social Justice through Formal Employment”.
- Its aim is to promote international criminal justice for victims of war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide.
- It is celebrated to mark the anniversary of the adoption of the Rome Statute Treaty on 17 July 1998.
- In 2002, The International Criminal Court was established under the Rome Statute Treaty.
- At the Rome Statute Review Conference in June 2010, July 17 was adopted as International Justice Day.
- International Criminal Court (ICC):
- It was established in 2002.
- It is an international tribunal to investigate criminal cases started due to war, genocide, etc.
- It is headquartered in The Hague, Netherlands.
- Its President is Piotr Hofmanski.
Topic: Indian Polity
5. Jagdeep Dhankhar nominated as Vice-Presidential candidate by the BJP.
- The West Bengal governor Jagdeep Dhankhar has been nominated by the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) as the National Democratic Alliance's candidate for the Vice Presidential election.
- The election will take place on August 6 and July 19 is the last date for filing the nominations.
- There are currently 780 MPs in Parliament, out of which the BJP has 394, which is more than the majority of 390.
- Margaret Alva will run for Vice President as the opposition's candidate.
- Mrs. Alva has served as a Lok Sabha member once and a member of the Rajya Sabha four times.
- Vice President:
- In India, the Vice President is the next highest position after the President.
- Under Article 63 of the Constitution, there shall be a Vice President of India.
- According to Article 64, the Vice President serves as Rajya Sabha's ex-officio chairman.
- M Venkaiah Naidu serves as India's 13th Vice President since August 11, 2017, and his term will end on August 10.
- The first Vice President of India was Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan.
6. Grandmaster R Praggnanandhaa won the Paracin Open 'A' chess tournament 2022 in Serbia.
- Praggnanandhaa, the second-seeded player, earned 8 points from nine rounds.
- Top seeded player, Alexandr Predke, finished in the second spot with 7.5 points. Alisher Suleymenov finished third.
- Praggnanandhaa will compete as part of India 'B' squad in the 44th Chess Olympiad, which begins on July 28 near Chennai.
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Topic: Indian Economy
7. Agricultural and processed food product exports have increased by 14%.
- This increase by 14% has been reported in April-June of the financial year 2022-23 compared to the corresponding period of 2021-22.
- The overall exports have increased from 5,256 million dollars in April to June period of last fiscal to 5,987 million dollars from April to June this year.
- Fresh fruit and vegetable exports registered an 8.6% growth.
- Processed food products like cereals and miscellaneous processed items reported a growth of 36.4%.
- Rice exports have shown growth of 13%. The export of meat, dairy and poultry products increased by 9.5%.
8. PV Sindhu has won the Women's Single title of the Singapore Open.
- PV Sindhu defeated Wang Zhi Yi of China and won her maiden title in Singapore Open.
- This is her third title this year. She earlier won Korea Open and Swiss Open.
- PV Sindhu won the first Super 500 title of her career when she defeated Wang Zhi Yi of China.
- PV Sindhu is an Indian badminton player. She is the first female player to become the badminton world champion.
(Source: News on AIR)
Topic: Indian Economy
9. India’s trade deficit widened to a record high of $26.18 billion in June.
- Despite the jump in export growth, India’s trade deficit touched the $26.18 billion mark in June 2022. Export increased by 23.52 percent to $40.13 billion in June.
- The trade deficit has increased mainly due to an increase in gold and crude oil imports. The government’s earlier estimation of the trade deficit was $25.63 billion.
- Imports have increased by 57.55 percent to $66.31 billion in June as compared to last year’s same period.
- Crude oil and Coal and coke imports have almost doubled as compared to the previous year. Gold import has also increased sharply by about 183 percent.
- Export of textiles, rice, oil seeds, tea, engineering, and meat recorded positive growth.
- Trade deficit: It is the difference between the value of goods imported and the value of goods exported.
Topic: Art and Culture
10. Varanasi to become SCO's first 'Cultural and Tourism Capital' in September.
- India will assume the presidency of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) in September 2022.
- Under a new mechanism, Varanasi will be the first city to get the title of ‘Cultural & Tourism capital of SCO’ for 2022-23.
- Under this initiative, every year a city of the cultural heritage of a member country will get the title of ‘Cultural and Tourism capital of SCO’.
- This year's Heads of the State summit of the SCO will be organized at Samarkand in Uzbekistan on 15-16 September.
- Earlier, India hosted the Heads of the State summit of the SCO in 2020.
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi has proposed many initiatives in the field of culture such as the SCO Food Festival and SCO Film Festival.
- Kazakhstan has recently announced a visa-free policy for tourists from India and other countries.
- Russia, China, India, Pakistan, Kyrgyz Republic, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan are members of SCO. Afghanistan is an observer state of the SCO.
Topic: State News/ Uttarakhand
11. Uttarakhand CM launched the Uttarakhand police app and e-FIR facility in Dehradun.
- The e-FIR facility will help people file an online FIR in cases related to the theft of vehicles and other objects.
- The e-FIRs will be reviewed regularly by the higher authorities.
- After the e-FIR will be lodged, it will go to the virtual police station.
- The e-FIR portal will also be linked with the Devbhoomi mobile app.
- Police App will provide five services of state police online
Topic: National News
12. Chief Ministers of Assam and Arunachal signed a pact to resolve border disputes.
- Assam Chief Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma and his Arunachal Pradesh counterpart Pema Khandu signed Namsai Declaration at Namsai.
- As per the declaration, the number of disputed villages has been reduced to 86 instead of 123.
- As per the declaration, 28 villages which are within the constitutional boundary of Arunachal Pradesh shall remain within the state.
- The three villages from where the Arunachal Pradesh government has withdrawn its claim will remain with Assam. Apart from this, the other six villages could not be decided.
- The declaration has been signed in the presence of several cabinet ministers of both states.
- A tripartite committee was formed after Arunachal Pradesh achieved statehood in 1987. It recommends transferring certain territories from Assam to Arunachal.
- Both states share an 804.1 km-long border. Both have decided to resolve the remaining border disputes by 15 September 2022.
- The regional committees will submit their first part of the report by 15 September.
- Besides Meghalaya and Arunachal Pradesh, Assam has border disputes with Mizoram and Nagaland.
Topic: International News
13. United Kingdom declares a national emergency, issuing a red 'extreme heat' warning.
- Britain's Met Office weather forecaster declared a national emergency, as the temperature could hit 40 degrees Celcius in some parts.
- The highest temperature recorded in the UK was 38.7C in Cambridge in 2019.
- The warning has been issued for areas including London, Manchester and York.
- The UK Health Security Agency issued its highest level heat alert to health and care bodies.
- The extreme heat warning system was launched in the United Kingdom in 2021.
- The North African heatwave has spread across Europe, fueling wildfires in Portugal, France, and Spain.
- A heatwave is a prolonged period of hot weather that is unusual for that area at that time period.
14. A committee on Right to Repair has been formed by the Department of Consumer Affairs (DoCA).
- The committee is chaired by Additional Secretary Nidhi Khatri. Anupam Mishra, Justice Paramjeet Singh Dhaliwal, G.S. Bajpai, and Ashok Patil as the members of the committee.
- The committee also includes representatives from stakeholders, consumer activists and consumer organisations as members.
- Department has set up a committee to develop an overall framework for the Right to Repair.
- Farming Equipment, Mobile Phones/ Tablets, Consumer Durables and Automobile Equipment are the key sectors identified for this framework.
- The framework is expected to serve as a catalyst for sustainability and employment generation by allowing third-party repairs. Right to repair will boost business for small repair shops.
- The right to repair has been recognized in the US, the UK and the European Union and in many countries.
- Right to Repair: Right to Repair allows consumers to get their products repaired and to choose their own service providers instead of going through the manufacturer.