Daily Current Affairs and GK | 17 and 18 July 2022

By Priyanka Chaudhary | Last Modified: 24 Jul 2022 19:23 PM IST

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Topic: International News

1. "Aviation Passenger Charter" has been launched by the British government.

  • The British government has launched the "Aviation Passenger Charter" to help passengers in knowing their rights.
  • If passengers face the issue of cancellations, delays or missing baggage then the charter will help passengers in knowing their rights.
  • Long queues and cancelled flights create chaos among passengers.
  • In May, the British government published a 22-point support plan to avoid disruption in the schedule of airlines.
  • In India, the Ministry of Civil Aviation issued a passenger charter for air travel in 2019. 
  • A Charter is a document that defines the structure, rights, aims, or principles of an organization.

Topic: Summits/ Conferences/ Meetings

2. PM Modi addressed Naval Innovation and Indigenisation Organisation (NIIO) Seminar –Swavlamban in New Delhi.

  • Prime Minister also launched ‘SPRINT Challenges’ for promoting the usage of indigenous technology in the Indian Navy.
  • This two-day (18-19 July) seminar aims to bring Indian industry and academia to one platform for achieving self-reliance in the Defence sector.
  • Representatives from Industry, Academia, Services and Government will ideate and come up with recommendations for achieving self-reliance in the Defence sector.
  • As a part of the Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav, NIIO in association with the Defence Innovation Organisation will induct at least 75 new indigenous technologies and products into the Indian Navy.
  • The name of this collaborative project is SPRINT (Supporting Pole-Vaulting in R&D through iDEX, NIIO and TDAC).
  • On the second day of the seminar, outreach in the Indian Ocean region will be discussed in line with the Government's SAGAR (Security and Growth for All in the Region) vision.
  • Naval Innovation and Indigenisation Organisation:
    • It is a three-level organization launched by Defence Minister Rajnath Singh in 2020.
    • It has been established by the Indian Navy to fulfil the requirements relating to technology.

Topic: Defence

3. INS Sindhudhvaj decommissioned after 35 years of outstanding national service.

  • On July 16, 2022, the Navy’s Kilo-class submarine INS Sindhudhvaj was decommissioned from the Indian Navy at Visakhapatnam after a magnificent 35-year service.
  • After decommissioning of this submarine, the Navy now has a total of 15 conventional submarines in service.
  • The ceremony's chief guest was Vice Admiral Biswajit Dasgupta, Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Eastern Naval Command.
  • The top of this submarine depicts a brown nurse shark and its name means our flag bearer in the sea.
  • Sindhudhvaj was one of the 10 Kilo-class submarines that India received from Russia between 1986 and 2000. It was commissioned into the Navy in June 1987.
  • She was the only submarine that PM Narendra Modi awarded the CNS Rolling Trophy for Innovation.

INS Sindhudhvaj

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: Important Days

4. International Justice Day 2022: July 17

  • International Justice Day is also known as World Day for International Justice.
  • Every year on July 17, people all around the world celebrate this day.
  • The theme of World Day for International Justice 2022 is “Achieving Social Justice through Formal Employment”.
  • Its aim is to promote international criminal justice for victims of war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide.
  • It is celebrated to mark the anniversary of the adoption of the Rome Statute Treaty on 17 July 1998.
  • In 2002, The International Criminal Court was established under the Rome Statute Treaty.
  • At the Rome Statute Review Conference in June 2010, July 17 was adopted as International Justice Day.
  • International Criminal Court (ICC):
    • It was established in 2002.
    • It is an international tribunal to investigate criminal cases started due to war, genocide, etc.
    • It is headquartered in The Hague, Netherlands.
    • Its President is Piotr Hofmanski.

Topic: Indian Polity

5. Jagdeep Dhankhar nominated as Vice-Presidential candidate by the BJP.

  • The West Bengal governor Jagdeep Dhankhar has been nominated by the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) as the National Democratic Alliance's candidate for the Vice Presidential election.
  • The election will take place on August 6 and July 19 is the last date for filing the nominations.
  • There are currently 780 MPs in Parliament, out of which the BJP has 394, which is more than the majority of 390.
  • Margaret Alva will run for Vice President as the opposition's candidate.
  • Mrs. Alva has served as a Lok Sabha member once and a member of the Rajya Sabha four times.
  • Vice President:
    • In India, the Vice President is the next highest position after the President.
    • Under Article 63 of the Constitution, there shall be a Vice President of India.
    • According to Article 64, the Vice President serves as Rajya Sabha's ex-officio chairman.
    • M Venkaiah Naidu serves as India's 13th Vice President since August 11, 2017, and his term will end on August 10.
    • The first Vice President of India was Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan.

Topic: Sports

6. Grandmaster R Praggnanandhaa won the Paracin Open 'A' chess tournament 2022 in Serbia.

  • Praggnanandhaa, the second-seeded player, earned 8 points from nine rounds.
  • Top seeded player, Alexandr Predke, finished in the second spot with 7.5 points. Alisher Suleymenov finished third.
  • Praggnanandhaa will compete as part of India 'B' squad in the 44th Chess Olympiad, which begins on July 28 near Chennai.
 
Monthly Current Affairs eBooks
June Monthly Current Affairs May Monthly Current Affairs
April Monthly Current Affairs March Monthly Current Affairs

Topic: Indian Economy

7. Agricultural and processed food product exports have increased by 14%.

  • This increase by 14% has been reported in April-June of the financial year 2022-23 compared to the corresponding period of 2021-22.
  • The overall exports have increased from 5,256 million dollars in April to June period of last fiscal to 5,987 million dollars from April to June this year.
  • Fresh fruit and vegetable exports registered an 8.6% growth.
  • Processed food products like cereals and miscellaneous processed items reported a growth of 36.4%.
  • Rice exports have shown growth of 13%. The export of meat, dairy and poultry products increased by 9.5%.

Topic: Sports

8. PV Sindhu has won the Women's Single title of the Singapore Open.

  • PV Sindhu defeated Wang Zhi Yi of China and won her maiden title in Singapore Open.
  • This is her third title this year. She earlier won Korea Open and Swiss Open.
  • PV Sindhu won the first Super 500 title of her career when she defeated Wang Zhi Yi of China.
  • PV Sindhu is an Indian badminton player. She is the first female player to become the badminton world champion.

Women's Single title of the Singapore Open

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: Indian Economy

9. India’s trade deficit widened to a record high of $26.18 billion in June.

  • Despite the jump in export growth, India’s trade deficit touched the $26.18 billion mark in June 2022. Export increased by 23.52 percent to $40.13 billion in June.
  • The trade deficit has increased mainly due to an increase in gold and crude oil imports. The government’s earlier estimation of the trade deficit was $25.63 billion.
  • Imports have increased by 57.55 percent to $66.31 billion in June as compared to last year’s same period.
  • Crude oil and Coal and coke imports have almost doubled as compared to the previous year. Gold import has also increased sharply by about 183 percent.
  • Export of textiles, rice, oil seeds, tea, engineering, and meat recorded positive growth.
  • Trade deficit: It is the difference between the value of goods imported and the value of goods exported.

Topic: Art and Culture

10. Varanasi to become SCO's first 'Cultural and Tourism Capital' in September.

  • India will assume the presidency of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) in September 2022.
  • Under a new mechanism, Varanasi will be the first city to get the title of ‘Cultural & Tourism capital of SCO’ for 2022-23.
  • Under this initiative, every year a city of the cultural heritage of a member country will get the title of ‘Cultural and Tourism capital of SCO’.
  • This year's Heads of the State summit of the SCO will be organized at Samarkand in Uzbekistan on 15-16 September.
  • Earlier, India hosted the Heads of the State summit of the SCO in 2020.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi has proposed many initiatives in the field of culture such as the SCO Food Festival and SCO Film Festival.
  • Kazakhstan has recently announced a visa-free policy for tourists from India and other countries.
  • Russia, China, India, Pakistan, Kyrgyz Republic, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan are members of SCO. Afghanistan is an observer state of the SCO.

Topic: State News/ Uttarakhand

11. Uttarakhand CM launched the Uttarakhand police app and e-FIR facility in Dehradun.

  • The e-FIR facility will help people file an online FIR in cases related to the theft of vehicles and other objects.
  • The e-FIRs will be reviewed regularly by the higher authorities.
  • After the e-FIR will be lodged, it will go to the virtual police station.
  • The e-FIR portal will also be linked with the Devbhoomi mobile app.
  • Police App will provide five services of state police online

Topic: National News

12. Chief Ministers of Assam and Arunachal signed a pact to resolve border disputes.

  • Assam Chief Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma and his Arunachal Pradesh counterpart Pema Khandu signed Namsai Declaration at Namsai.
  • As per the declaration, the number of disputed villages has been reduced to 86 instead of 123.
  • As per the declaration, 28 villages which are within the constitutional boundary of Arunachal Pradesh shall remain within the state.
  • The three villages from where the Arunachal Pradesh government has withdrawn its claim will remain with Assam. Apart from this, the other six villages could not be decided.
  • The declaration has been signed in the presence of several cabinet ministers of both states.
  • A tripartite committee was formed after Arunachal Pradesh achieved statehood in 1987. It recommends transferring certain territories from Assam to Arunachal.
  • Both states share an 804.1 km-long border. Both have decided to resolve the remaining border disputes by 15 September 2022.
  • The regional committees will submit their first part of the report by 15 September.
  • Besides Meghalaya and Arunachal Pradesh, Assam has border disputes with Mizoram and Nagaland.

Topic: International News

13. United Kingdom declares a national emergency, issuing a red 'extreme heat' warning.

  • Britain's Met Office weather forecaster declared a national emergency, as the temperature could hit 40 degrees Celcius in some parts.
  • The highest temperature recorded in the UK was 38.7C in Cambridge in 2019.
  • The warning has been issued for areas including London, Manchester and York.
  • The UK Health Security Agency issued its highest level heat alert to health and care bodies.
  • The extreme heat warning system was launched in the United Kingdom in 2021.
  • The North African heatwave has spread across Europe, fueling wildfires in Portugal, France, and Spain.
  • A heatwave is a prolonged period of hot weather that is unusual for that area at that time period.

Topic: Committees/Commissions/Taskforces  

14. A committee on Right to Repair has been formed by the Department of Consumer Affairs (DoCA). 

  • The committee is chaired by Additional Secretary Nidhi Khatri. Anupam Mishra, Justice Paramjeet Singh Dhaliwal, G.S. Bajpai, and Ashok Patil as the members of the committee.  
  • The committee also includes representatives from stakeholders, consumer activists and consumer organisations as members. 
  • Department has set up a committee to develop an overall framework for the Right to Repair.  
  • Farming Equipment, Mobile Phones/ Tablets, Consumer Durables and Automobile Equipment are the key sectors identified for this framework. 
  • The framework is expected to serve as a catalyst for sustainability and employment generation by allowing third-party repairs. Right to repair will boost business for small repair shops.
  • The right to repair has been recognized in the US, the UK and the European Union and in many countries.
  • Right to Repair: Right to Repair allows consumers to get their products repaired and to choose their own service providers instead of going through the manufacturer.
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