Daily Current Affairs and GK | 18 May 2024

By Priyanka Chaudhary | Last Modified: 18 May 2024 16:20 PM IST

BEAT THE HEAT THIS JUNE get 35% Off
Use Coupon code JUNE2024

six months current affairs 2023 july december Rs.199/- Read More
half yearly financial awareness july december 2023 Rs.199/- Read More
half yearly current affairs jan july 2023 in detail Rs.219/- Read More
half yearly current affairs jul dec 2023 in detail Rs.219/- Read More


Half Yearly (Jul- Dec 2023 , Detailed)
2023 e Book

Current Affairs

Available in English & Hindi(eBook)

Buy Now ( Hindi ) Preview Buy Now (English)

Topic: Defense

1. Indian Army sets up one of the world's highest tank repair facilities at an altitude of 14,500 feet.

  • Indian Army has established two armoured vehicle maintenance and repair facilities near the China border in Nyoma.
  • These facilities will keep the combat fleet operationally ready, even in rugged terrain and challenging weather.
  • The new facilities will promote enhanced serviceability and mission reliability of tanks and infantry combat vehicles.
  • It has around 500 tanks and infantry combat vehicles in Eastern Ladakh.
  • After the stand-off between India and China started in April-May 2020, a large number of tanks and BMP combat vehicles have been deployed in Eastern Ladakh.
  • Indian Army is creating infrastructure for its tanks, including the T-90 and T-72, the BMPs, and the K-9Vajra self-propelled Howitzers, in high-altitude areas, where temperatures are extremely low.

Topic: Sports

2. Brazil to host 2027 Women's World Cup.

  • At the annual FIFA Congress, Brazil won the bid to host the 2027 Women's World Cup.
  • Brazil will be the first South American country to host the tournament.
  • Brazil beat the bid of Belgium, Netherlands, and Germany. Brazil won with 119 votes versus 78 for the joint European entry.
  • Brazil scored 4.0 out of 5 compared to 3.7 for Belgium-Netherlands-Germany in the FIFA evaluation.
  • The FIFA assessment scored on criteria ranging from commercial viability, team facilities, and accommodation, to broadcast sites, stadiums, and fan festival venues.

Topic: Geography

3. Venezuela has become the first country to lose all its glaciers.

  • According to the latest developments, Venezuela has reached a critical milestone in the fight against climate change.
  • The disappearance of Venezuela's last glacier made it the first country to witness the complete melting of all its ice formations.
  • In 1910, Venezuela had six glaciers covering an impressive 1,000 square kilometers.
  • Today, these remain mere remnants of ice that no longer meet the criteria for glacier classification.
  • The five out of six Venezuela's glaciers had disappeared by 2011, with only the Humboldt Glacier, also known as La Corona, in the Sierra Nevada National Park struggling for survival.
  • Research conducted over the past five years has shown that glacier coverage in Venezuela has declined by a staggering 98% from 1953 to 2019.
  • The rate of ice loss increased rapidly after 1998, reaching a peak of about 17% per year since 2016.

Topic: Geography

4. Indonesia evacuated hundreds of people due to volcanic eruption.

  • On May 13, the Ibu volcano on Indonesia's remote island of Halmahera was erupted.
  • An official said on 17 May that hundreds of people living near an erupting volcano in eastern Indonesia have been evacuated after authorities raised the alert level to the highest level.
  • Authorities raised the alert status for Mount Ibu to the highest level of the four-tier system on May 16 after recording two major eruptions for the second consecutive day.
  • The Ibu volcano spewed ash and smoke up to 5,000 meters (16,400 ft) into the sky.
  • Ibu is one of Indonesia's most active volcanoes, having erupted more than 21,000 times in 2023.
  • According to official figures, as of 2022, more than 700,000 people lived on the island of Halmahera.

Topic: Important Days

5. World AIDS Vaccine Day 2024: 18 May

  • Every year on May 18, World AIDS Vaccine Day is observed all over the world.
  • It is celebrated to create awareness about AIDS and the need for its vaccine.
  • On 18 May 1998, World AIDS Vaccine Day was for the first time celebrated.
  • There is currently no vaccine available to prevent HIV.
  • World AIDS Vaccine Day is also known as HIV Vaccine Awareness Day.
  • AIDS is a viral disease. The full form of AIDS is Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome.
  • In 1981, AIDS was first reported in the United States.
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) causes AIDS. It damages the immune system of the body.
Monthly Current Affairs eBooks
April Monthly Current Affairs 2024 March Monthly Current Affairs 2024
February Monthly Current Affairs 2024 January Monthly Current Affairs 2024

Topic: National Appointments

6. Senior IPS officer A.Y.V. Krishna has been appointed additional director in the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI).

  • Senior IPS officer N. Venu Gopal has been appointed additional director in the CBI.
  • A.Y.V. Krishna is a 1995-batch Indian Police Service (IPS) officer of the Assam-Meghalaya cadre.
  • He is presently working as Inspector General in the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF).
  • His tenure as the additional director of CBI will be up to August 6, 2028.
  • Mr. Venu Gopal is an officer of Himachal Pradesh cadre. Mr. Venu Gopal is currently working as a joint director in the CBI.
  • His tenure as the additional director of CBI will be up to May 24, 2027.

Topic: Environment and Ecology

7. A machine to transform pine needles into sustainable livelihood has been developed by IIT Roorkee scientists.

  • The machine will also help in curtailing forest fires.
  • Pine needles are commonly called pirul. They are the primary catalyst for forest fires in Uttarakhand.
  • The development of machine was started about 12 years ago.
  • In 2019, the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change awarded a project for this.
  • The machine compresses pine needles into bricks.
  • Dr Vinay Sharma was the project leader at the Department of Management Studies, IIT.
  • The research was conducted in collaboration with Dr Rajat Agarwal. The research has been patented by IIT.
  • Six machines each in Chopda village above Kathgodam and Shyamkhet village near Bhawali Nainital were installed and trial was successfully conducted in Uttarakhand.
  • In 2022, 12 machines were made on the demand of Forest Department of the Jammu and Kashmir.
  • Officials from the Himachal Pradesh forest department have been authorized to construct the machine.
  • Machine weighs approximately 90 kg. So, it is portable between locations.
  • Pirul in the machine undergoes compression at a pressure of 1000 to 1200 PSI.
  • Its operation incurs no electricity or battery costs. Plans are in place to use solar technology to automate the process.

Topic: Environment and Ecology

8. About 60% of the world’s coral reefs have bleached in the past year.

  • As per the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), around two-thirds of the world’s coral reefs have been subjected to heat stress bad enough to trigger bleaching over the past year.
  • The U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) announced that the world’s coral reefs were in the throes of a fourth mass bleaching event.
  • Climate change along with the El Nino climate pattern has increased the Ocean temperature to a record high.
  • Coral bleaching occurs when corals expel the colorful algae living in their tissues. Without algae, the corals become pale and vulnerable to starvation and disease.
  • Scientists observed mass bleaching in at least 62 countries including India and Sri Lanka.
  • Due to the rise in the Ocean, Corals in the Atlantic Ocean have been hit hardest.
  • Scientists are expecting further coral bleaching in the Southern Caribbean, around Florida, and at the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef.

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

(Source: PIB)

Topic: Summits/ Conferences/ Meetings

9. 12th India-Mongolia Joint Working Group meeting held in Ulaanbaatar.

  • The 12th Joint Working Group (JWG) meeting between the Defence Ministries of India and Mongolia was held on May 16-17, 2024.
  • During the meeting, both sides expressed satisfaction at the ongoing defense cooperation between the two countries.
  • Both sides reviewed the progress on various bilateral defense cooperation initiatives.
  • They also identified means to further enhance cooperation and exchanged views on the current geopolitical situation.
  • Both sides also acknowledged the growing ties between the two countries.
  • India and Mongolia enjoy age-old historical, cultural, and civilizational ties.
  • In the last 27 years, the exports of India to Mongolia have increased at an annualized rate of 14.1%, from $2.03M in 1995 to $71.3M in 2022.

Topic: Biotechnology and Diseases

10. Second dengue vaccine has been prequalified by WHO.

  • The second dengue vaccine made by Japanese drugmaker Takeda Pharmaceuticals has been prequalified by the World Health Organization (WHO).
  • This live-attenuated vaccine, known as TAK-003, contains weakened versions of four serotypes of the virus that causes dengue.
  • This means that TAK-003 contains weakened forms of four types of dengue virus, which helps the body build immunity without causing disease.
  • The meaning of WHO pre-qualification for a vaccine is that the health agency has evaluated and approved the vaccine for quality, safety, and efficacy.
  • TAK-003 can be given to children aged 6 to 16 years who have more chance of dengue and intensity of transmission.
  • According to WHO, the vaccine should be administered in a 2-dose schedule with an interval of 3 months between doses.
  • Earlier, WHO had prequalified the CYD-TDV vaccine developed by Sanofi Pasteur against dengue.
  • Dengue is a mosquito-borne disease that is life-threatening in many cases. It is spread by the bite of an infected mosquito.
  • An estimated 3.8 billion people live in dengue-endemic nations, primarily in Asia, Africa, and the Americas, and there are between 100 and 400 million dengue cases reported globally annually.

Topic: Important Days

11. National Endangered Species Day 2024: 17 May

  • Every year, National Endangered Species Day is observed on the third Friday of May. This year, the day observed on 17 May.
  • It is celebrated to spread awareness regarding the conservation of endangered species.
  • The theme of National Endangered Species Day 2024 is “Celebrate Saving Species.”
  • In 2006, the Endangered Species Coalition and David Robinson co-founded National Endangered Species Day to inspire people around the world to learn more about endangered animals and their conservation.
  • This day also helps in reviewing the status of animals under threat of extinction and the impact of climate change on their ecosystem.
  • An Endangered species is an organism that is under the threat of extinction.
  • Loss of Habitat and Loss of genetic variation are the two main reasons leading to extinction. 
  • Some of the endangered species in India are Asiatic Lion, Bengal Tiger, Snow Leopard, Kashmiri Red Stag, One-horned rhinoceros, etc.

Topic: International News

12. Blue Residency Visa for Environmental Champions has been launched by the UAE.

  • The 10-year Blue Residency Visa has been launched by the UAE to attract and retain global leaders in environmental research, activism, and technological solutions.
  • Blue Residency Visa will offer long-term residency to individuals who contribute to environmental protection and sustainability efforts.
  • Members of international environmental organizations, award-winning researchers, and distinguished activists can apply for this visa.
  • UAE’s Golden Visa offer a decade-long residency to investors, entrepreneurs, and specialists.
  • UAE is also observing 2024 as the ‘Year of Sustainability’, which is focused on environmental initiatives.
  • Recently, UAE also hosted COP28, the UN Climate Change Conference held in Dubai.

Topic: National Appointments

13. Kapil Sibal became president of the Supreme Court Bar Association.

  • Senior advocate Kapil Sibal has been elected as the president of the Supreme Court Bar Association (SCBA).
  • He will serve as president of the SCBA for the fourth time.
  • Kapil Sibal secured 1,066 votes and defeated his nearest rival and senior advocate, Pradeep Rai.
  • The other contenders were Priya Hingorani, Tripurari Ray, and Neeraj Srivastava.
  • Advocate Vikrant Yadav has been elected SCBA secretary.
  • Sibal was the additional solicitor general of India during 1989-90. He became a senior advocate in 1983.
  • Supreme Court has directed to reserve some posts in the executive committee of the SCBA for women.
Related Study Material
Evolution and History of the Indian Constitution Preamble of the Indian Constitution
Major sources of Indian Constitution President of India
Ramsar sites of India 2022 Classification of Rocks
Interior of the Earth Tax system in India
 
 

 

 

0
COMMENTS

Comments


Share Blog


x