Daily Current Affairs and GK | 19 and 20 May 2024

By Priyanka Chaudhary | Last Modified: 21 May 2024 14:46 PM IST

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Current Affairs

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Topic: Art and Culture

1. First evidence of rock art in Mangaluru city is discovered by Archaeologist.

  • Archaeologist found the first evidence of rock art in Mangaluru City near Boloor Panne Koteda Babbu Swamy shrine.
  • The rock art has a pair of human footprints, found on a natural stone boulder near the shrine.
  • These footprints might have been made in the first or second century AD.
  • This discovery work is part of recreating the history of Babbu Swamy.
  • The rock art form discovered near Babbu Swamy shrine in Boloor does not have any relative evidence.
  • Rock art refers to paintings and rock paintings, which were unquestionable cognitive evidence of illiterate societies.

Topic: Important Days

2. World Bee Day: 20 May

  • World Bee Day is celebrated every year on 20 May.
  • It is commemorated mainly to raise public awareness about the role of bees in biodiversity preservation.
  • To commemorate the birth anniversary of beekeeping pioneer Anton Jansa, the United Nations declared May 20 as World Bee Day.
  • Anton Jansa in the 18th century pioneered modern beekeeping techniques in Slovenia.
  • World Bee Day 2024 is focused on the theme "Bee engaged with Youth."
  • The honey bee is the only insect that produces food for humans.

Topic: International News

3. Iran’s President Ebrahim Raisi dies in helicopter crash.

  • The helicopter crash occurred near Jolfa. It is a city on the border with Azerbaijan.
  • It is located in the northwest of the Iran’s capital, Tehran.
  • Iranian foreign minister Hossein Amir Abdollahian have also died in same helicopter crash.
  • Some called the helicopter crash was caused by heavy rains, fog, and wind. Some called it as a “hard landing.”
  • The helicopter crashed while en route to Tabriz (an Iranian city) after the inauguration of the Qiz Qalasi Dam on the Iranian-Azerbaijani border.
  • Bell 212 helicopter was carrying Iran's president and foreign minister.
  • After Raisi’s death, Vice President of Iran Mohammad Mokhber is serving as the acting President of Iran.
  • In April 2024, Iran under Mr. Raisi and Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei launched a drone-and-missile attack on Israel, which was unprecedented.

Topic: Indian Economy

4. According to India Ratings and Research, India’s GDP growth rate for the March quarter is expected at 6.7%.

  • India Ratings and Research expects India’s GDP growth rate at around 6.9-7% for the 2023-24 fiscal.
  • Its principal economist said low base benefitted the growth rate in first two quarters and 8.4% growth rate in October-December 2023 quarter was surprising.
  • Gross Value Added (GVA) was 6.5 per cent in the third quarter,
  • As per the schedule, government will release the GDP data for 4th quarter (January-March 2024) and the provisional estimates for the 2023-24 fiscal on 31 May.
  • In the June quarter, India’s economy grew 8.2%. It grew 8.1% and 8.4%, respectively, in September and December quarter of 2023-24.
  • GDP is the total value of goods and services produced in a given period.
  • GVA is GDP minus net taxes (gross tax collection minus subsidy).

Topic: MoUs and Agreements

5. Armenia and Azerbaijan agreed to settle disputed parts of their shared border.

  • On May 16, Armenia and Azerbaijan agreed to a deal on disputed parts of their shared border, a new step toward normalizing relations between the historical rivals.
  • The agreement between the two former Soviet republics, includes the return to Azerbaijan of four border villages seized by Armenia in the 1990s.
  • The move will bring four border villages – Baghanis Ayrum, Asshaghi Askipara, Khairimli and Ghizilahajili – back under Azerbaijani control.
  • It comes after Azerbaijan in 2023 recaptured its breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, which was controlled by Armenian separatists for decades.
  • An anti-government protest in Armenia has been triggered due to this premier's decision.
  • The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict was an ethnic and territorial conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the region of Nagorno-Karabakh.

Topic: Sports

6. Satwiksairaj Rankireddy and Chirag Shetty won the men's doubles final at Thailand Open 2024.

  • On 19 May, they defeated the Chinese pair of Chen Bo Yang and Liu Yi in the Badminton final.
  • In 2019, Satwik and Chirag had won the title for their first Superseries/Super 500 level.
  • After this win, Satwik-Chirag are also set to regain the world No. 1 ranking.
  • This is Satwik and Chirag's second title of 2024 after winning the French Open in March.
  • This badminton tournament was held at the Nimibutra Stadium in Bangkok, Thailand from 14 to 19 May 2024.

Category

Winner

Runner

Men's singles

Lee Zii Jia

Ng Ka Long

Women's singles

Supanida Katethong

Han Yue

Men's doubles

Satwiksairaj Rankireddy and Chirag Shetty

Chen Boyang and Liu Yi

Women's doubles

Jongkolphan Kititharakul and Rawinda Prajongjai

Febriana Dwipuji Kusuma and Amallia Cahaya Pratiwi

Mixed doubles

Guo Xinwa and Chen Fanghui

Dechapol Puavaranukroh and Sapsiree Taerattanachai

Monthly Current Affairs eBooks
April Monthly Current Affairs 2024 March Monthly Current Affairs 2024
February Monthly Current Affairs 2024 January Monthly Current Affairs 2024

Topic: International Appointments

7. William Lai Ching-te has become the new President of Taiwan.

  • William Lai Ching-te won the presidential election in January.
  • New Vice President Hsia Bi-khim also took the oath of office along with Lai on 20 May 2024 in a ceremony in Taipei.
  • During the ceremony, outgoing President Tsai Ing-wen also bid farewell.
  • During the last four years of the second term of outgoing President Tsai Ing-wen, Lai has held the office of Vice President.
  • Taiwan is a country in East Asia. It is officially called the Republic of China.
  • Taipei is its capital. The type of government is Unitary semi-presidential republic.
  • The main island of Taiwan is also known as Formosa.

Topic: Sports

8. Nikhat Zareen has won gold medal at Elorda Cup 2024 in Kazakhstan.

  • Another boxer Minakshi has also won gold medal at the same event in Astana, Kazakhstan.
  • Nikhat won over Zhazira Urakbayeva of Kazakhstan in the women’s 52 kg category.
  • Minakshi won over another Uzbekistan boxer Rahmonova Saidahon in the women’s 48 kg category.
  • Anamika and Manisha won silver medals. Anamika was defeated by world champion China’s Wu Yu in the 50 kg category.
  • Manisha faced defeat against Kazakhstan’s Viktoriya Grafeeva in 60kg category.
  • Indian professional boxers won total 12 medals at Elorda Cup 2024. These included two gold, two silver and eight bronze medals.

Topic: International News

9. Vladimir Putin and Xi Jinping agreed to deepen their "strategic partnership”.

  • Russian President Vladimir Putin and Chinese President Xi Jinping agreed on "the deepening of the comprehensive partnership and strategic cooperation entering a new era" statement.
  • Russia and China are committed to defending their legitimate rights and interests.
  • Russia affirmed its commitment to the principle of ‘One China’. It recognised that Taiwan is an integral part of China.
  • They agreed to enhance cooperation in information and communication technologies, including artificial intelligence, communications, software, the Internet of Things, etc.
  • Under this statement, they will deepen their partnership in peaceful nuclear energy.
  • They also discussed striving for the stability and sustainability of the global energy market.
  • They will cooperate in civil aircraft construction, shipbuilding, carmakers, machine tool industry, electronics industry, etc.
  • Russian President Vladimir Putin was on a two-day visit to China.

Topic: Sports

10. Cristiano Ronaldo has been named the highest-paid athlete for the fourth time.

  • Cristiano Ronaldo topped Forbes' list of highest-paid athletes for the fourth time.
  • He became the world's highest-paid athlete after he joined Saudi Arabia's Al-Nassr.
  • As per the Forbes list, Ronaldo earned $260 million over the last 12 months including $200 million from his club contract with Al-Nassr and $60 million in off-field earnings.
  • Spanish golfer Jon Rahm secured second position in the Forbes' list of highest-paid athletes.
  • For the first time, the top 10 highest-paid athletes have each earned more than $100 million.
  • NBA’s LeBron James, Giannis Antetokounmpo, and Steph Curry are also in the top 10 list.
  • No woman has made a place in the top 50 of Forbes’ list for the first time since 2019.
  • Forbes’ 10 highest-paid athletes in 2024:

Cristiano Ronaldo (soccer)

 $260 million

Jon Rahm (golf)

 $218 million

Lionel Messi (soccer)

 $135 million

LeBron James (basketball)

 $128.2 million

Giannis Antetokounmpo (basketball)

 $111 million

Kylian Mbappé (soccer)

 $110 million

Neymar (soccer)

 $108 million

Karim Benzema (soccer)

 $106 million

Steph Curry (basketball)

 $102 million

Lamar Jackson (football)

 $100.5 million

Topic: Defence

11. Igla-S air defence system, partially assembled in India, will soon be provided to the Army.

  • By the end of May or early June, another set of Russian Igla-S very short range air defense systems (VSHORAD) will be received by the Army.
  • Due to fill a critical void in one of its air defense requirements, it has been repeatedly delayed in delivery.
  • In addition, the payments issue between India and Russia that had stalled defense deals as well as crucial payments has been resolved.
  • In June, the first of two Israeli Hermes-900 Medium Altitude Long Endurance unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) assembled by ADSTL in Hyderabad will also delivered to the Army.
  • In 2023, the Igla-S system was contracted under the fourth tranche of Emergency Procurement (EP).
  • Under the transfer of technology from Rosoboronexport, the Igla-S system is being assembled by Adani Defense Systems and Technologies Limited (ADSTL) in India.
  • Under a contract worth ₹260 crores, the Army has contracted 48 Igla-S launchers, 100 missiles, 48 night sights, and a missile testing station.

Topic: Art and Culture

12. To Mark the 250th Birth Anniversary of Fakir Lalon Shah, the Indo-Bangla Baul music festival inaugurated.

  • On May 17, to commemorate the 250th birth anniversary of mystic saint and humanist scholar Fakir Lalan Shah, the nine-day Indo-Bangla Baul Music Festival began from Dhaka.
  • Lalan Biswas Sangh is organizing the event. This Sangh is a cultural and research organization working to popularize and promote research on the work of Lalan Fakir.
  • Lalan is revered as a great mystic saint, philosopher and social reformer of his time.
  • He is considered the most prominent figure of the Baul tradition of Bangladesh and India.
  • In 1774, he was born in Horishpur in Jhenaidah district of modern Bangladesh.
  • He had inspired and influenced people like Rabindranath Tagore, Kazi Nazrul Islam and American poet Allen Ginsberg.

Topic: Environment and Ecology

13. Between 2018 and 2022, more than 5 million large farmland trees vanished in India.

  • About 50 lakh large farmland trees vanished between 2018 and 2022 in India due to altered cultivation practices.
  • Large and mature trees within these agroforestry fields have been removed.
  • Now, trees are being cultivated within separate block plantations with lower ecological value.
  • Block plantations have increased in the villages of Telangana, Haryana, Maharashtra, and other states.
  • The researchers of the University of Copenhagen and Denmark explained that the low benefits of the trees and their shading effect are the main reasons to remove trees.
  • An increase in crop yield has expanded the area of paddy fields, which has decreased the tree area. 
  • Agroforestry are a vital part of India's landscape. It generates socio-ecological benefits along with a natural climate solution.
  • Researchers used AI-based deep learning models for detecting individual non-forest trees for each year.

Topic: State News/Sikkim

14. Sikkim will introduce an Artificial Intelligence-driven traffic management system on May 25.

  • From 25 May, the Sikkim transport department will implement an Artificial Intelligence-driven traffic management system across the state.
  • The main aim of this initiative is to modernize the traffic management system and improve regulatory efficiency.
  • This artificial intelligence-driven traffic management system will automatically verify documents and detect violations.
  • As per government notifications, all vehicle owners have to keep all their vehicle documents up-to-date.
  • Any discrepancy arising due to e-challan has to be reported to the Superintendent of Police (SP)/Regional Transport Officer (RTO) of the concerned district.
Related Study Material
Evolution and History of the Indian Constitution Preamble of the Indian Constitution
Major sources of Indian Constitution President of India
Ramsar sites of India 2022 Classification of Rocks
Interior of the Earth Tax system in India
 
 

 

 

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