Daily Current Affairs and GK | 20 October 2022

By Priyanka Chaudhary | Last Modified: 31 Oct 2022 18:47 PM IST

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Topic: Defence

1. Indian Navy Sailing Championship 2022 is being conducted by the Indian Naval Academy (INA), Ezhimala.

  • The championship is being conducted from 18 October to 21 October at the Marakkar Watermanship Training Centre.
  • It is the largest intra-Navy sailing event. Around 100 yatchpersons from all three Indian Naval Commands are participating in the event.
  • It is being conducted by the Indian Navy to as part of the Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav and Khelo India.
  • Both men and women are taking part in the Team Racing Format in Enterprise and the Match Racing Format in Laser Bahia Classes.
  • Participants of the sailing championship will be tested for their individual skills and expertise in the Fleet Racing format.
  • The Indian Naval Academy Ezhimala also conducted the ninth edition of the ‘Dilli Series’ Sea Power on October 10 and 11, 2022 in an online webinar format.

Indian Navy Sailing Championship 2022

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: Summits/ Conferences/ Meetings

2. National conference on tourist police scheme held in New Delhi on 18 October.

  • It was a day-long national conference of top police officers from different states for the effective implementation of the tourist police scheme.
  • Lok Sabha Speaker Om Birla was the Chief Guest at the event.
  • It has been organized by the Ministry of Tourism in association with the Ministry of Home Affairs and the Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D).
  • The main aim of the conference was to bring different stakeholders, such as the Ministry of Tourism, Ministry of Home Affairs, BPR&D and state governments and UT administration, on one platform.
  • During the conference, a report on the ‘Tourist Police Scheme’ prepared by the Bureau of Police Research & Development (BPR&D) was also released.
  • The report stated that many states have not deployed Tourist Police due to budgetary provisions.
  • It recommended developing a separate Tourist Facilitation and Security Organization (TFSO).
  • Tourist Police Scheme:
    • The scheme’s main objective is to develop a dedicated team of police personnel by states/UTs for the safety and security of foreign and domestic tourists.
    • The Tourist Police Station will work under the jurisdiction of the district police (Superintendent of Police) for all policing purposes.
    • The Tourist Police personnel shall be deployed in the major tourist attractions.

Topic: Reports and Indices/Rankings

3. India ranked 41 out of 44 countries in the Pension Index 2022.

  • The Mercer CFS Global Pension Index survey showed that India has been ranked 41 out of 44 countries in 2022. The index value in 2022 is 44.4.
  • India showed a marginal improvement in its index value, which was 40 out of 43 countries assessed on the Global Pension Index in 2021.
  • Mercer CFS Global Pension Index has studied 44 countries that account for 65 percent of the world's population.
  • In 2020, India was ranked 34th out of 39 countries, with a value of 45.7.
  • Adequacy, sustainability, and integrity are the three subheads under which the index measures the country's pension system.
  • India scored 33.5, 41.8, and 61 in these three subheads, respectively.
  • Denmark, Iceland, and the Netherlands topped the survey.
  • Thailand received the lowest score of 41.7.

Topic: State News/ Madhya Pradesh

4. A new tiger reserve in Madhya Pradesh has been approved by the Wildlife board.

  • Madhya Pradesh Wildlife Board has approved a new reserve for tigers of Panna Tiger Reserve (PTR).
  • The approval for the new Tiger Reserve came because PTR’s one-fourth part will get submerged due to the linking of the Ken-Betwa rivers.
  • The new tiger reserve will be called Durgavati Tiger Reserve and will be spread over 2,339 sq km in Narsinghpur, Damoh, and Sagar districts.
  • A green corridor connecting PTR to Durgavati will be developed so that the natural movement of tigers can take place in the new reserve.
  • Shivraj Singh Chouhan chaired the board meeting, which approved a proposal to notify 1,414 sq km area as the core area and 925 sq km as a buffer in the new tiger reserve.
  • On September 27, in the Chitrakoot district, the Uttar Pradesh cabinet approved the notification of the state’s fourth tiger reserve in the Ranipur Wildlife Sanctuary (RWS).

Topic: Art and Culture

5. Kati Bihu festival was celebrated in Assam on 18 October.

  • It is also called Kongli Bihu.
  • Harvesting begins on this day, and the paddy is sown again.
  • It is marked annually on the first day of the Kati month in the Assamese calendar.
  • On this occasion, people light up outside their homes and pray for a good harvest.
  • People also plant Tulsi plants outside their homes and perform Lakshmi Puja.

Topic: Important Days

6. World Osteoporosis Day 2022: 20 October

  • Every year on 20 October, World Osteoporosis Day is observed to raise awareness about Osteoporosis disease.
  • The aim of the day is to highlight the silent bone disease and raise awareness about its prevention and treatment.
  • The theme of World Osteoporosis 2022 is “Step Up For Bone Health”.
  • It was first observed by the United Kingdom’s National Osteoporosis Society on 20 October 1996. 
  • In 1997, the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) organized World Osteoporosis Day (WOD).
  • Osteoporosis:
    • Osteoporosis is called a “silent disease” because there are no symptoms until a bone is broken or one or more vertebrae collapse (fracture).
    • Osteoporosis is a bone disease in which the bones become weak and brittle because of the loss of mineral density.
    • It is caused due to imbalance between bone resorption and bone ossification.
    • Shortness of breath, Bone fractures, and Pain in the lower back and neck are some common symptoms of Osteoporosis.
 
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Topic: National News

7. PM Modi participated in the 10th Heads of Missions Conference at Kevadia on 20 October 2022.

  • PM launched Mission LiFE (i. e. Lifestyle for Environment) in Kevadiya in the presence of UN Secretary-General, Antonio Guterres.
  • Later, PM inaugurated and laid the foundation stone for Projects worth 1,970 crore rupees at Vyara in the Tapi district of South Gujarat.
  • This includes foundation stone laying for the improvement of the road between Saputara and the Statue of Unity.
  • The 10th Heads of Missions Conference is being organized by the Ministry of External Affairs at Kevadiya.
  • It is a three-day Conference. It brings together more than 100 Heads of Indian Missions including Ambassadors and High Commissioners from all over the world.
  • At the conference, issues pertaining to the contemporary geo-political & geo-economic environment, and connectivity will be discussed.
  • On the first day of his visit to Gujarat on 19 October, PM dedicated to the national projects worth over 15 thousand 670 crore rupees.
  • The Projects include the Mission Schools of Excellence at Adalaj, Gandhinagar, Gujarat.
  • At Gir Somnath, he laid the foundation stone for a fishing port at Madhwad.
  • The Prime Minister said the Sagarkhedu scheme of the Gujarat government resulted in increasing the fishing export by seven times during the last eight years.
  • He launched Mission DefSpace and laid the foundation stone of Deesa airfield in Gujarat.
  • Mission Life will be the India-led global mass movement toward protecting and preserving the environment.
  • Saputara is a hill station and tourist destination located in Sahyadris or the Western Ghats. It comes under the Dang district in Gujarat.

Topic: Summits/Conferences/Meetings

8. 14th edition of the World Spice Congress will be held at Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra.

  • It will be held from 16-18 February 2023 on the sidelines of the G20 Meet. 
  • World Spice Congress 2023 will be centred around the theme ‘Vision 2030: SPICES (Sustainability– Productivity – Innovation – Collaboration- Excellence and Safety)’.
  • More than 1000 delegates from more than 50 countries are expected to take part in the event.
  • World Spice Congress (WSC) will be organized by Spices Board India (Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Govt. of India) in association with various trade and export forums.
  • First ever World Spice Congress (WSC) was held in 1990. It is a biennial event.
  • The 13th edition of the World Spice Congress was held in Ahmedabad, Gujarat in February 2016. Its theme was 'Target 2020: Clean, Safe and Sustainable Supply Chain'.

Topic: Banking System

9. India Post Payments Bank (IPPB) and Reserve Bank Innovation Hub (RBIH) joined hands for innovations in Financial Products and Services.

  • India Post Payments Bank (IPPB) and Reserve Bank Innovation Hub (RBIH) will focus on enhancing the reach of financial solutions to large sections of society.
  • India's economy has grown significantly, but a larger portion of the population, as well as micro and small businesses, lack access to crucial financial services and knowledge.
  • IPPB and RBIH will plan, design, and execute innovative products and try to bring digitalized services to customers’ doorsteps.
  • IPPB will be an active participant and partner in initiatives of national importance led by RBIH.
  • Reserve Bank Innovation Hub (RBIH):
    • It is a subsidiary of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to promote innovation across the financial sector.
    • It acts as a focal point for a network of financial services providers, fintech innovation hubs, policymakers, technologists, academics, etc.
  • India Post Payments Bank (IPPB):
    • It was established under the Department of Posts, Ministry of Communication in 2018.
    • It was set up to build the most accessible, affordable, and trusted bank for the common man in India.

Topic: Defence

10. Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi unveiled the indigenous trainer aircraft HTT-40 during DefExpo 2022 on 19 October.

  • Indigenous trainer aircraft, HTT-40, has been designed and developed by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL).
  • It would be used for basic flight training, aerobatics, instrument flying, and close formation flights.
  • HTT-40 has state-of-the-art contemporary systems and has been designed with pilot-friendly features.
  • It has 60 per cent in-house parts and is an example of the vision of ‘Aatmanirbhar Bharat’.
  • It has been designed to meet the primary training requirements of the Indian defence services.
  • HTT-40 has completed all tests, all PSQR performances, and hot weather, sea level, and crosswind trials.

trainer aircraft HTT-40 during DefExpo 2022

(Source: PIB)

Topic: Reports and Indices/Ranking

11. India’s internet freedom score has improved after 4 years of decline.

  • According to a report by Freedom House, India's internet freedom score has improved by two points to 51 in the global ranking. In 2021, India's score was 49 in Internet Freedom.
  • The score has improved due to the reduced frequency and intensity of internet shutdowns in the country.
  • As per the report, the Indian government has limited power to censor online content under the Information Technology (Intermediary Guidelines and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules, 2021.
  • The report states that misinformation and disinformation are frequently shared through online mediums.
  • Journalists, nongovernmental organizations, and members of marginalized groups remain at more risk of facing hate speech and online harassment.
  • As per the report, global internet freedom has declined for the 12th consecutive year. Internet freedom has declined sharply in Russia, Myanmar, Sudan, and Libya.
  • China has the world's worst environment for internet freedom while internet freedom in the United States America has improved marginally for the first time in the last six years.

Topic: Sports

12. Qatar to host AFC Asian Cup in 2023.

  • Qatar will host the Asian Football Confederation (AFC) Asian Cup in 2023 in place of China.
  • China has withdrawn from hosting the tournament due to the coronavirus situation in the country.
  • Qatar has earlier hosted the Asian Cup twice in 1988 and 2011. It had won the last edition of the AFC Asian Cup in 2019.
  • India and Saudi Arabia have been shortlisted to host the AFC Asian Cup in 2027.
  • The final decision about hosting the AFC Asian Cup 2027 will be taken after the AFC congress’s next meeting in February 2023.
  • Indian team has qualified for the AFC Asian Cup 2023.

Asian Football Confederation (AFC) Asian Cup in 2023

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: National Appointments

13. Mallikarjun Kharge elected as the new President of Congress party.

  • Mallikarjun Kharge has won the Congress President polls by defeating his opponent Shashi Tharoor.
  • Mallikarjun Kharge received 7,897 of the total 9,385 votes while Shashi Tharoor received 1,072 votes.
  • He is the 98th and current President of the Indian National Congress.
  • He will take the place of Sonia Gandhi, who is the interim President of the Congress.
  • He becomes the Congress' first non-Gandhi President in the last 24 years.
  • He was also the Leader of the Opposition in the Rajya Sabha from 16 February 2021 to 1 October 2022.
  • The Indian National Congress was founded on 28 December 1885. Wyomesh Chandra Banerjee was the first President of Congress.

Topic: Art and Culture

14. ‘Sarang - the Festival of India in the Republic of Korea’ was celebrated from 30 September to 14 October 2022.

  • The Indian Embassy in Seoul, South Korea organized the annual flagship cultural program ‘SARANG – The Festival of India in Republic of Korea’.
  • Indian and Korean musicians, dancers, and artists participated in the festival.
  • During the festival, a special focus was on relevant themes related to the India-Republic of Korea partnership.
  • As part of the festival, cultural performances were also held at Gimhae (Oct 1), Busan (Oct 2), Seoul (Oct 4-5), Cheongju (Oct 6), Yeongdong (Oct 7), Nami Island (Oct 8-9) and Incheon (Oct 13-14).
  • The ‘Sarang’ festival was started in 2015. It has emerged as a prominent Indian cultural festival in South Korea.
  • ‘Sarang’ in Korean means ‘love’ and for Indians, it refers to ‘diversity representing different colours of India’.
  • As part of the ‘Sarang’, a Film Festival will be hosted in November and December, followed by a food Festival in January 2023.
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