- 1. Supreme Court struck down a provision of Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Act of 1988.
- 2. Snailfish survival in Greenland could be in trouble due to the warming of Arctic water owing to climate change.
- 3. Minister Shanti Dhariwal inaugurated Rajasthan's first well-organized motor market in Kota on 21 August 2022.
- 4. Rajasthan CM Ashok Gehlot unveiled the Rajiv Gandhi Rural Olympic Games mascot ‘Sheru’ at the indoor hall of Sawai Mansingh Stadium.
- 5. First night safari in India will be launched in Lucknow.
- 6. India and UK agreed to exchange experiences, best practices in commercial courts, and ADR mechanisms.
- 7. Internaut Day: 23 August
- 8. External Affairs Ministry has announced the appointment of Vikram Doraiswami as the next High Commissioner of India to the United Kingdom.
- 9. 12th National Science Film Festival of India is being organized from 22-26 August at Bhopal.
- 10. PM Modi dedicated Homi Bhabha Cancer Hospital & Research Centre to the nation in Punjab.
- 11. Government extend the tenure of Meenesh Shah as NDDB Chairman for another 6 months.
- 12. Dr Anthony Fauci announced to step down as head of the US National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID).
- 13. IREDA and MAHAPREIT signed MoU for green energy projects.
- 14. An additional gene boosted the yield of a Chinese rice variety by up to 40%.
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Topic: Indian Polity
1. Supreme Court struck down a provision of Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Act of 1988.
- The Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Act of 1988 has the provision of punishment of a maximum jail term of three years or a fine or both for those indulging in Benami transactions.
- A bench comprising Chief Justice N V Ramana and Justices C T Ravikumar and Hima Kohli declared the provision unconstitutional on the ground of being arbitrary.
- Supreme Court declared section 3(2) of the Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Act, 1988 as unconstitutional.
- Supreme Court also states that the 2016 amended law will apply only prospectively, and not retrospectively.
- This verdict of the Supreme Court has come on the appeal of the Centre challenging the Calcutta High Court judgement.
- Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Act 1988:
- It came into force on 5 September 1988 and it prohibits certain types of financial transactions.
- It defines a 'Benami' transaction as a transaction in which property is transferred to one person for a consideration paid or provided by another person.
- It was amended in 2016 as an attempt to curb black money.
Topic: Environment and Ecology
2. Snailfish survival in Greenland could be in trouble due to the warming of Arctic water owing to climate change.
- The snailfish can survive in icy waters of Arctic because antifreeze proteins are present in its blood.
- These antifreeze proteins prevent ice crystals from accumulating in its cells.
- The researchers discovered antifreeze proteins while investigating biofluorescent properties of snailfish.
- Biofluorescence is rarely found in fish from the Arctic because of lengthy periods of darkness in the Arctic area.
- The only polar fish known to exhibit biofluorescence is the snailfish.
- An organism's capacity to change blue light into green, red, or yellow light is known as biofluorescence.
- If Arctic sea ice decline continues at this rate, within the next three decades, the Arctic Ocean will be mostly ice-free during the summer.
Topic: State News/ Rajasthan
3. Minister Shanti Dhariwal inaugurated Rajasthan's first well-organized motor market in Kota on 21 August 2022.
- This will provide facilities to the citizens doing motor business in different places in the city.
- This will also solve the problem of traffic jams in the city.
- In this market, buyers of old vehicles will also get many options in one place.
- 247 shops have been constructed in this market by the Urban Development Trust. 9 more shops will be constructed.
Topic: State News/ Rajasthan
4. Rajasthan CM Ashok Gehlot unveiled the Rajiv Gandhi Rural Olympic Games mascot ‘Sheru’ at the indoor hall of Sawai Mansingh Stadium.
- CM Gehlot said that Rural Olympic Games will be organized in the state from August 29.
- He said that a budget provision of Rs 40 crore has been made for this.
- He said Rural Olympics is for all age groups. Nearly 30 lakh people will be taking part in these games.
- Two lakh teams have been formed. The objective of the games is to discover and bring forward rural sportspersons.
- The games also aim to hone their talents and promote sportsmanship among the general public.
- Rajiv Gandhi Rural Olympics will be organized at the Gram Panchayat level from 29 August to 1 September.
- It will be organized at block level from 12 September to 15 September.
- It will be organized at the district level from 22 September to 25 September and at the state level from 2 October to 5 October.
- CM Gehlot said that a provision of 2% reservation has been made for sportspersons in government jobs and they are being given jobs up to the DSP level.
Topic: State News/ Uttar Pradesh
5. First night safari in India will be launched in Lucknow.
- In the Kukrail forest region, India's first nocturnal zoo will be established.
- In the state capital, the government of Yogi Adityanath has decided to establish a night safari and biodiversity park in the pattern of Singapore.
- There are 13 'Day Safari' in India but not a single night safari.
- The night safari will be set up in 350 acres in the Kukrail forest area spread over 2027.46 hectares, according to Minister of Tourism and Culture Jaiveer Singh.
- The Zoological Park will be set up in 150 acres.
- The government has a plan to build a Leopard Safari in 75 acres, a Bear Safari in 60 acres, and a Tiger Safari in 75 acres.
- The animals will not be kept in cages but they will roam freely like in the forest.
6. India and UK agreed to exchange experiences, best practices in commercial courts, and ADR mechanisms.
- India and the United Kingdom have agreed to share knowledge and best practices regarding the operation of commercial courts and alternate dispute resolution mechanisms, such as arbitration and mediation.
- Apart from this, it was also agreed to organize time-bound training and capacity-building programs for legal advisors, draftsmen, judicial officers, prosecutors and legal professionals in reputed institutions.
- During the recent meeting of the India-UK Joint Consultative Committee (JCC), the Ministry of Law and Justice announced the agreement.
- On August 18, 2022, the third in-person meeting of the JCC was conducted in New Delhi.
- Law Secretary Dr Niten Chandra led the Indian delegation.
- The Indian Government and the UK signed an MoU on 10 July 2018 to promote cooperation between the two countries in the field of law and justice.
- A Joint Consultative Committee (JCC) has been set up to determine the future steps to be taken in the area of cooperation to meet the objectives.
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Topic: Important Days
7. Internaut Day: 23 August
- Internaut Day is celebrated around the world on 23 August to mark the invention of the World Wide Web.
- An “internaut” is a person who has a thorough knowledge of how to use the Internet and its history.
- August 23 marks the day when the World Wide Web (WWW) was opened to the public back in 1991 for the first time by WWW inventor Tim Berners Lee.
- Tim Berners Lee is an English computer scientist. He invented the World Wide Web in 1989.
- He also devised the first Web browser and Web server.
- In 1990, with Robert Cailliau, he prepared hypertext project which was called WorldWideWeb.
(Source: News on AIR)
Topic: National Appointments
8. External Affairs Ministry has announced the appointment of Vikram Doraiswami as the next High Commissioner of India to the United Kingdom.
- He is expected to take up his assignment shortly. He is currently the High Commissioner of India to Bangladesh.
- He is an Indian Foreign Service officer of the 1992 batch.
- Earlier, Pranay Kumar Verma had been appointed as India’s next High Commissioner to Bangladesh.
- He is currently serving as India’s Ambassador to Vietnam.
(Source: News on AIR)
Topic: Art and Culture
9. 12th National Science Film Festival of India is being organized from 22-26 August at Bhopal.
- Madhya Pradesh Council of Science and Technology is hosting the 12th National Science Film Festival of India at Ravindra Bhawan in Bhopal.
- It is India’s first of its kind of film festival where documentaries and short films on popular science, technology, health, and environmental issues are screened.
- It is the first time that the festival is being held in Madhya Pradesh.
- For first, second and third positions, the best films in each category will be awarded the Golden Beaver, Silver Beaver, and Bronze Beaver respectively.
- It is a platform for interaction with filmmakers, scientists and enthusiasts for developing a better public understanding of the universe.
- This event will encourage citizen science and public participation and promote appreciation of science films.
- National Science Film Festival of India is a flagship event of Vigyan Prasar, an autonomous agency under the Department of Science and Technology.
Topic: National News
10. PM Modi dedicated Homi Bhabha Cancer Hospital & Research Centre to the nation in Punjab.
- PM Modi also inaugurated the Amrita Hospital in Faridabad, Haryana.
- It is built in an area of 133 acres with an outlay of six thousand crore rupees.
- The Amrita Hospital is the largest hospital in the region. It was founded by Mata Amritanandamayi 'Amma'.
- Homi Bhabha Cancer Hospital and Research Centre is built in an area of 50 acres at Mullanpur in Punjab with an estimated cost of Rs 660 crores.
- It has been built by the Tata Memorial Centre, an aided institute under the Department of Atomic Energy.
- It will provide cost-effective cancer treatment facilities to the people of Northern India.
(Source: News on AIR)
Topic: National Appointments
11. Government extend the tenure of Meenesh Shah as NDDB Chairman for another 6 months.
- Meenesh C Shah’s tenure has been extended for another six months until 30 November.
- Meenesh C Shah was given the additional charge of Chairman of National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) on June 1, 2021.
- The tenure of interim chairman Varsha Joshi ended on May 31, 2021.
- India will host the world’s biggest dairy conference—IDF World Dairy Summit 2022 in New Delhi from 12-15 September.
- The summit will be organized under the “Dairy for Nutrition and Livelihood” theme.
- National Dairy Development Board (NDDB):
- It is headquartered in Anand, Gujarat.
- It is a statutory body founded in 1965.
- It is under the ownership of the Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying.
- The main subsidiaries are Indian Dairy Machinery Company Limited, Mother Dairy and Indian Immunologicals Limited, Hyderabad.
Topic: Personality in News
12. Dr Anthony Fauci announced to step down as head of the US National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID).
- Dr Anthony Fauci will also step down as the chief medical adviser to US President Joe Biden in December 2022.
- Dr Anthony Fauci served as director of the NIAID for 38 years.
- He was the face of the US COVID-19 response during the pandemic.
- National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:
- It is one of the important institutions under the United States Department of Health and Human Services.
- Its main aim is to prevent infectious, immunologic, and allergic diseases.
- It was established on 29 December 1955.
(Source: News on AIR)
13. IREDA and MAHAPREIT signed MoU for green energy projects.
- Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency Ltd. (IREDA) signed an MoU with Mahatma Phule Renewable Energy and Infrastructure Technology Ltd (MAHAPREIT).
- Under the MoU, IREDA will provide finance facilities to MAHAPREIT for renewable energy projects.
- IREDA will also provide techno-financial expertise to MAHAPREIT for renewable energy and conservation projects.
- It is the ninth MoU for IREDA in the last two years to provide consultation services.
- Earlier, SJVN, NHPC, TANGEDCO, NEEPCO, BVFCL, THDCIL, GSL, and CIPET have also signed MoUs with IREDA.
- Mahatma Phule Renewable Energy and Infrastructure Technology Ltd:
- It is a private company incorporated on 12 April 2021.
- It is a wholly owned subsidiary of MPBCDC (49% owned by Govt. of India and 51% owned by Govt. of Maharashtra).
Topic: Biotechnology and Diseases
14. An additional gene boosted the yield of a Chinese rice variety by up to 40%.
- As per a study published in the journal Science, adding a second copy of one of its own genes has increased the yield of a Chinese rice variety by up to 40%.
- The addition of a second copy of a single gene enhanced photosynthesis and nitrogen uptake and hastens the flowering and nitrogen absorption processes.
- This helped the plant absorb more fertilizers and flowers faster. As a result, it has improved the productivity of rice.
- The addition of the same gene again is called genetic modulation.
- India saw a three-fold increase in rice yield per hectare after the green revolution in the 1960s. The green revolution was focused on high-yielding crop varieties, chemical fertilizers, and pesticides.
- But, after fifty years, some negative effects of this intense methodology are becoming apparent and are affecting the environment and soil fertility.
- India is the largest exporter of rice in the world. In 2021-22, India exported 18.75 million metric tons of rice to more than 150 countries.
What is NAFIS? :
- National Automated Fingerprint Identification Systems (NAFIS) is a centralised database of crime and criminal related fingerprints.
- It was inaugurated by Home Minister Amit Shah during the National Security Strategies Conference 2022.
- Developed by: National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB)
- This would help in the quick and easy disposal of cases with the help of a centralised fingerprint database.
- In April 2022, Madhya Pradesh became the first state in the country to identify a deceased person through NAFIS.
- NAFIS assigns a unique 10-digit National Fingerprint Number (NFN) to each person arrested for a crime.
- This ID will be used for the person's lifetime and different crimes registered under different FIRs will be linked to the same NFN.
- The first two digits of ID's will be the state code where a person is registered for a crime followed by a sequence number.