Daily Current Affairs and GK | 24 August 2022

By Priyanka Chaudhary | Last Modified: 24 Aug 2022 18:46 PM IST

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Topic: Indian Polity

1. Supreme Court struck down a provision of Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Act of 1988.

  • The Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Act of 1988 has the provision of punishment of a maximum jail term of three years or a fine or both for those indulging in Benami transactions.
  • A bench comprising Chief Justice N V Ramana and Justices C T Ravikumar and Hima Kohli declared the provision unconstitutional on the ground of being arbitrary.
  • Supreme Court declared section 3(2) of the Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Act, 1988 as unconstitutional.
  • Supreme Court also states that the 2016 amended law will apply only prospectively, and not retrospectively.
  • This verdict of the Supreme Court has come on the appeal of the Centre challenging the Calcutta High Court judgement.
  • Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Act 1988:
    • It came into force on 5 September 1988 and it prohibits certain types of financial transactions.
    • It defines a 'Benami' transaction as a transaction in which property is transferred to one person for a consideration paid or provided by another person.
    • It was amended in 2016 as an attempt to curb black money.

Topic: Environment and Ecology

2. Snailfish survival in Greenland could be in trouble due to the warming of Arctic water owing to climate change.

  • The snailfish can survive in icy waters of Arctic because antifreeze proteins are present in its blood.
  • These antifreeze proteins prevent ice crystals from accumulating in its cells.
  • The researchers discovered antifreeze proteins while investigating biofluorescent properties of snailfish.
  • Biofluorescence is rarely found in fish from the Arctic because of lengthy periods of darkness in the Arctic area.
  • The only polar fish known to exhibit biofluorescence is the snailfish.
  • An organism's capacity to change blue light into green, red, or yellow light is known as biofluorescence.
  • If Arctic sea ice decline continues at this rate, within the next three decades, the Arctic Ocean will be mostly ice-free during the summer.

Topic: State News/ Rajasthan

3. Minister Shanti Dhariwal inaugurated Rajasthan's first well-organized motor market in Kota on 21 August 2022.

  • This will provide facilities to the citizens doing motor business in different places in the city.
  • This will also solve the problem of traffic jams in the city.
  • In this market, buyers of old vehicles will also get many options in one place.
  • 247 shops have been constructed in this market by the Urban Development Trust. 9 more shops will be constructed.

Topic: State News/ Rajasthan

4. Rajasthan CM Ashok Gehlot unveiled the Rajiv Gandhi Rural Olympic Games mascot ‘Sheru’ at the indoor hall of Sawai Mansingh Stadium.

  • CM Gehlot said that Rural Olympic Games will be organized in the state from August 29.
  • He said that a budget provision of Rs 40 crore has been made for this.
  • He said Rural Olympics is for all age groups. Nearly 30 lakh people will be taking part in these games.
  • Two lakh teams have been formed. The objective of the games is to discover and bring forward rural sportspersons.
  • The games also aim to hone their talents and promote sportsmanship among the general public.  
  • Rajiv Gandhi Rural Olympics will be organized at the Gram Panchayat level from 29 August to 1 September.
  • It will be organized at block level from 12 September to 15 September.
  • It will be organized at the district level from 22 September to 25 September and at the state level from 2 October to 5 October.
  • CM Gehlot said that a provision of 2% reservation has been made for sportspersons in government jobs and they are being given jobs up to the DSP level.

Topic: State News/ Uttar Pradesh

5. First night safari in India will be launched in Lucknow.

  • In the Kukrail forest region, India's first nocturnal zoo will be established.
  • In the state capital, the government of Yogi Adityanath has decided to establish a night safari and biodiversity park in the pattern of Singapore.
  • There are 13 'Day Safari' in India but not a single night safari.
  • The night safari will be set up in 350 acres in the Kukrail forest area spread over 2027.46 hectares, according to Minister of Tourism and Culture Jaiveer Singh.
  • The Zoological Park will be set up in 150 acres.
  • The government has a plan to build a Leopard Safari in 75 acres, a Bear Safari in 60 acres, and a Tiger Safari in 75 acres.
  • The animals will not be kept in cages but they will roam freely like in the forest.

Topic: MoUs/Agreements

6. India and UK agreed to exchange experiences, best practices in commercial courts, and ADR mechanisms.

  • India and the United Kingdom have agreed to share knowledge and best practices regarding the operation of commercial courts and alternate dispute resolution mechanisms, such as arbitration and mediation.
  • Apart from this, it was also agreed to organize time-bound training and capacity-building programs for legal advisors, draftsmen, judicial officers, prosecutors and legal professionals in reputed institutions.
  • During the recent meeting of the India-UK Joint Consultative Committee (JCC), the Ministry of Law and Justice announced the agreement.
  • On August 18, 2022, the third in-person meeting of the JCC was conducted in New Delhi.
  • Law Secretary Dr Niten Chandra led the Indian delegation.
  • The Indian Government and the UK signed an MoU on 10 July 2018 to promote cooperation between the two countries in the field of law and justice.
  • A Joint Consultative Committee (JCC) has been set up to determine the future steps to be taken in the area of cooperation to meet the objectives.
 
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Topic: Important Days

7. Internaut Day: 23 August

  • Internaut Day is celebrated around the world on 23 August to mark the invention of the World Wide Web.
  • An “internaut” is a person who has a thorough knowledge of how to use the Internet and its history.
  • August 23 marks the day when the World Wide Web (WWW) was opened to the public back in 1991 for the first time by WWW inventor Tim Berners Lee.
  • Tim Berners Lee is an English computer scientist. He invented the World Wide Web in 1989.
  • He also devised the first Web browser and Web server.
  • In 1990, with Robert Cailliau, he prepared hypertext project which was called WorldWideWeb.

Internaut Day

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: National Appointments

8. External Affairs Ministry has announced the appointment of Vikram Doraiswami as the next High Commissioner of India to the United Kingdom.

  • He is expected to take up his assignment shortly. He is currently the High Commissioner of India to Bangladesh.
  • He is an Indian Foreign Service officer of the 1992 batch.
  • Earlier, Pranay Kumar Verma had been appointed as India’s next High Commissioner to Bangladesh.
  • He is currently serving as India’s Ambassador to Vietnam.

High Commissioner of India to the United Kingdom

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: Art and Culture

9. 12th National Science Film Festival of India is being organized from 22-26 August at Bhopal.

  • Madhya Pradesh Council of Science and Technology is hosting the 12th National Science Film Festival of India at Ravindra Bhawan in Bhopal.
  • It is India’s first of its kind of film festival where documentaries and short films on popular science, technology, health, and environmental issues are screened.
  • It is the first time that the festival is being held in Madhya Pradesh.
  • For first, second and third positions, the best films in each category will be awarded the Golden Beaver, Silver Beaver, and Bronze Beaver respectively.
  • It is a platform for interaction with filmmakers, scientists and enthusiasts for developing a better public understanding of the universe.
  • This event will encourage citizen science and public participation and promote appreciation of science films.
  • National Science Film Festival of India is a flagship event of Vigyan Prasar, an autonomous agency under the Department of Science and Technology.

Topic: National News

10. PM Modi dedicated Homi Bhabha Cancer Hospital & Research Centre to the nation in Punjab.

  • PM Modi also inaugurated the Amrita Hospital in Faridabad, Haryana.
  • It is built in an area of 133 acres with an outlay of six thousand crore rupees.
  • The Amrita Hospital is the largest hospital in the region. It was founded by Mata Amritanandamayi 'Amma'.
  • Homi Bhabha Cancer Hospital and Research Centre is built in an area of 50 acres at Mullanpur in Punjab with an estimated cost of Rs 660 crores.
  • It has been built by the Tata Memorial Centre, an aided institute under the Department of Atomic Energy.
  • It will provide cost-effective cancer treatment facilities to the people of Northern India.

Homi Bhabha Cancer Hospital & Research Centre Punjab

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: National Appointments

11. Government extend the tenure of Meenesh Shah as NDDB Chairman for another 6 months.

  • Meenesh C Shah’s tenure has been extended for another six months until 30 November.
  • Meenesh C Shah was given the additional charge of Chairman of National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) on June 1, 2021.
  • The tenure of interim chairman Varsha Joshi ended on May 31, 2021.
  • India will host the world’s biggest dairy conference—IDF World Dairy Summit 2022 in New Delhi from 12-15 September.
  • The summit will be organized under the “Dairy for Nutrition and Livelihood” theme.
  • National Dairy Development Board (NDDB):
    • It is headquartered in Anand, Gujarat.
    • It is a statutory body founded in 1965.
    • It is under the ownership of the Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying.
    • The main subsidiaries are Indian Dairy Machinery Company Limited, Mother Dairy and Indian Immunologicals Limited, Hyderabad.

Topic: Personality in News

12. Dr Anthony Fauci announced to step down as head of the US National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID).

  • Dr Anthony Fauci will also step down as the chief medical adviser to US President Joe Biden in December 2022.
  • Dr Anthony Fauci served as director of the NIAID for 38 years.
  • He was the face of the US COVID-19 response during the pandemic.
  • National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:
    • It is one of the important institutions under the United States Department of Health and Human Services.
    • Its main aim is to prevent infectious, immunologic, and allergic diseases.
    • It was established on 29 December 1955.

US National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: MoUs/Agreements

13. IREDA and MAHAPREIT signed MoU for green energy projects.

  • Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency Ltd. (IREDA) signed an MoU with Mahatma Phule Renewable Energy and Infrastructure Technology Ltd (MAHAPREIT).
  • Under the MoU, IREDA will provide finance facilities to MAHAPREIT for renewable energy projects.
  • IREDA will also provide techno-financial expertise to MAHAPREIT for renewable energy and conservation projects.
  • It is the ninth MoU for IREDA in the last two years to provide consultation services.
  • Earlier, SJVN, NHPC, TANGEDCO, NEEPCO, BVFCL, THDCIL, GSL, and CIPET have also signed MoUs with IREDA.
  • Mahatma Phule Renewable Energy and Infrastructure Technology Ltd:
    • It is a private company incorporated on 12 April 2021.
    • It is a wholly owned subsidiary of MPBCDC (49% owned by Govt. of India and 51% owned by Govt. of Maharashtra).

Topic: Biotechnology and Diseases

14. An additional gene boosted the yield of a Chinese rice variety by up to 40%.

  • As per a study published in the journal Science, adding a second copy of one of its own genes has increased the yield of a Chinese rice variety by up to 40%.
  • The addition of a second copy of a single gene enhanced photosynthesis and nitrogen uptake and hastens the flowering and nitrogen absorption processes.
  • This helped the plant absorb more fertilizers and flowers faster. As a result, it has improved the productivity of rice.
  • The addition of the same gene again is called genetic modulation.
  • India saw a three-fold increase in rice yield per hectare after the green revolution in the 1960s. The green revolution was focused on high-yielding crop varieties, chemical fertilizers, and pesticides.
  • But, after fifty years, some negative effects of this intense methodology are becoming apparent and are affecting the environment and soil fertility.
  • India is the largest exporter of rice in the world. In 2021-22, India exported 18.75 million metric tons of rice to more than 150 countries.
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What is NAFIS? :

  • National Automated Fingerprint Identification Systems (NAFIS) is a centralised database of crime and criminal related fingerprints.
  • It was inaugurated by Home Minister Amit Shah during the National Security Strategies Conference 2022.
  • Developed by: National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB)
  • This would help in the quick and easy disposal of cases with the help of a centralised fingerprint database.
  • In April 2022, Madhya Pradesh became the first state in the country to identify a deceased person through NAFIS.
  • NAFIS assigns a unique 10-digit National Fingerprint Number (NFN) to each person arrested for a crime.
  • This ID will be used for the person's lifetime and different crimes registered under different FIRs will be linked to the same NFN.
  • The first two digits of ID's will be the state code where a person is registered for a crime followed by a sequence number.

 

 

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