Daily Current Affairs and GK | 25 November 2021

Half Yearly (Jan- Jun 2021)
2021 Book

Current Affairs

Available in English & Hindi


Buy Now ( Hindi )

Topic: Awards and Prizes

1. President Ram Nath Kovind presented Gallantry awards at fourth Defence Investiture Ceremony.

  • President Ram Nath Kovind presented Gallantry awards at fourth Defence Investiture Ceremony held at Rashtrapati Bhawan on the evening of 23 November.
  • Jammu and Kashmir Police Head Constable Abdul Rashid Kalas was awarded Kirti Chakra posthumously.
  • He was awarded Kirti Chakra for showing exemplary courage in eliminating hardcore terrorists' during an operation in Pulwama in 2019.
  • Jammu and Kashmir Special Police Officer Bilal Ahmad Magray was awarded Shaurya Chakra posthumously.
  • He was awarded Shaurya Chakra for showing indomitable courage in evacuating civilians and engaging terrorists during a counter-terror operation in Baramulla in 2019.
  • Lt Gen CP Mohanty, Vice Chief of Army Staff received Param Vishisht Seva Medal from President.
  • Earlier during the day, during the third Defence Investiture Ceremony, President presented Kirti Chakra posthumously to Subedar Sanjiv Kumar of four para special Forces.
  • Subedar Sanjiv Kumar was awarded Kirti Chakra for an operation in Keran sector of Jammu and Kashmir. Kirti Chakra is the second-highest peacetime gallantry award. 
  • Colonel Santosh Babu was given Mahavir Chakra posthumously for resisting Chinese Army attack.
  • He resisted Chinese Army attack while establishing an observation post in Galwan valley in Ladakh sector during Operation Snow Leopard.
  • Indian Air Force Chief Air Chief Marshal Vivek Chaudhari received the Param Vishisht Seva Medal.

Topic: Government Schemes and Initiatives

2. Extension of Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Ann Yojana for another 4-months approved by Union Cabinet.

  • Extension of Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Ann Yojana for another 4-months has been approved by Union Cabinet.
  • Information and Broadcasting Minister Anurag Thakur said that the 5th Phase of Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Ann Yojana has been extended from December 2021 till March 2022.
  • The Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Ann Yojana is a food security welfare scheme. It was envisaged by PM Modi to provide assistance and help mitigate the economic impact of Covid-19.
  • Under the scheme, food grain at five kilogram per person per month free of cost are provided to all beneficiaries covered under National Food Security Act.

Extension of Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Ann Yojana for another 4-months

(Source: News on AIR)

 

Topic: Important Days

3. International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women: 25 November.

  • International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women is every year celebrated on November 25 to increase awareness in respect of violence against women.
  • This year, the theme of International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women is “Orange the World: End Violence against Women Now!”
  • November 25 was designated as International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women by UN General Assembly in the year 2000.
  • November 25 was chosen as International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women to honor Mirabai Sisters, political activists from Dominion Republic.

Topic: Government Schemes and Initiatives

4. CCEA approves continuation of umbrella scheme ACROSS along with its eight sub-schemes.

  • Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approves continuation of umbrella scheme ACROSS along with its eight sub-schemes to next five years (2021-2026).
  • Ministry of Earth Sciences is implementing Atmosphere and Climate Research-Modelling Observing Systems and Services (ACROSS) scheme through its units. The names of units are given next.
    • India Meteorological Department
    • National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting
    • Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology
    • Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services
  • Different aspects of weather and climate services are incorporated as eight sub-schemes under the umbrella scheme ACROSS and being implemented in an integrated manner through the four institutes.

CCEA approves continuation of umbrella scheme ACROSS

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: Government Schemes and Initiatives

5. CCEA approves continuation of O-SMART scheme during the period from 2021-26.

  • Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has approved the continuation of Ocean Services, Modelling, Application, Resources and Technology (O-SMART) scheme during the period 2021-26.
  • Union cabinet has also completed the formalities to repeal three Farm Laws. The three farm laws are given below.
    • Farmers' Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act 2020
    • Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Act 2020
    • Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act 2020
  • Parliament passed these laws in Monsoon season last year. On 19th November 2021, PM Modi announced that Government has decided to repeal all three farm laws.
  • Cabinet also approved the continuation of National Apprenticeship Training Scheme for the next five years.

O-SMART is an umbrella scheme of the Ministry of Earth Sciences. It encompasses seven sub-schemes.

The present decade has been declared as the Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development by the United Nations. 

Topic: Summits/ Conferences/ Meetings

6. Vice President Venkaiah Naidu to lead Indian delegation for 13th ASEM Summit.

  • Vice President Venkaiah Naidu will lead the Indian delegation for 13th Asia–Europe Meeting (ASEM) Summit.
  • 13th ASEM Summit is being held virtually from 25 November. Its theme is Strengthening Multilateralism for Shared Growth.
  • All 51 member countries and ASEAN and European Union are expected to participate in this summit.
  • 13th ASEM Summit also marks the 25th anniversary of the ASEM process. Cambodia is hosting the 13th ASEM Summit.

Asia–Europe Meeting (ASEM):

ASEM is a forum for countries in Asia and Europe to exchange views on regional and global issues and strengthen cooperation in various fields.

ASEM grouping comprises 51 member countries and European Union and ASEAN.

ASEM Summit is a biennial event alternating between the country in Asia and Europe. India joined ASEM process in 2006.

The 7th ASEM Summit held in 2008 saw the first Summit level participation from India.

Topic: International News

7. Resolution for graduation of Bangladesh, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic and Nepal from LDC category adopted by UNGA.

  • The resolution for graduation of Bangladesh, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic and Nepal from LDC category has been adopted by UN General Assembly.
  • These countries will graduate from the least developed country category after an exceptionally extended preparatory period of five years. Usual preparatory period is of three years.
  • Three countries have been given five years to enable them to prepare for graduation while planning for a post-COVID-19 recovery and implementing policies to reverse damage incurred by the COVID-19 shock.
  • In February, the graduation of Bangladesh from the category of LDC was recommended by United Nations Committee for Development Policy (CDP) for the second consecutive time since 2018.

NOTE:

  • LDC status of a country is decided by CDP based on three criteria- per capita income, a human assets index and an economic vulnerability index.
  • A country must meet at least two of the three criteria at two consecutive triennial reviews to be considered for graduation.
  • A country should have a per capita GDP of more than USD 1230 dollars for LDC graduation. Bangladesh qualified for graduation from LDC with a per capita GDP of USD 2064.
  • On the Human Assets Index Bangladesh’s score is 75.4 against the requirement of 66.
  • Bangladesh has a score of 27 on the Economic and Environmental Index which is required to be below 32 for the LDC graduation.
  • Lao People’s Democratic Republic is the official name of Laos. It is the only landlocked country in Southeast Asia. Its capital is Vientiane.

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: Awards and Prizes

8. Union Ministry of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries gives 'Gopal Ratna' Award to Himachal Pradesh's Kamdhenu Hitkari Manch.

  • Union Ministry of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries has given 'Gopal Ratna' Award to Himachal Pradesh's Kamdhenu Hitkari Manch.
  • Kamdhenu Hitkari Manch, Namhol in district Bilaspur has also been selected as 'Best Milk Cooperative Society'.
  • Kamdhenu Hitkari Manch is one of the leading Societies in the State.
  • It has been awarded the prestigious 'Gopal Ratna' Award in the category of Best Dairy Cooperative Society.

Topic: International News

9. Magdalena Andersson approved as Sweden's first female Prime Minister by its Parliament.

  • Sweden's Parliament has approved Magdalena Andersson as the country's first female Prime Minister.
  • She has replaced Stefan Lofven, the leader of the center-left Social Democrats.
  • Sweden is a country that has never before elected a woman as its national leader.
  • A hundred years after Swedish women were given the right to vote, the 54-year-old Social Democrat leader was given a standing ovation by the sections of Parliament, or the Riksdag.

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: Summits/ Conferences/ Meetings

10. 20th meeting of Council of Heads of Government of SCO attended by S Jaishankar.

  • The 20th meeting of the SCO Council of Heads of Government was held in virtual format on November 25 in Nur-Sultan under the chairmanship of Kazakhstan.
  • External Affairs Minister Dr. S. Jaishankar represented India at the meeting.
  • The SCO Council of Heads of Government meets once a year to discuss the Organization's trade and economic agenda as well as approve its yearly budget.

Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO):

Its creation was announced in 2001 by leaders of six nations.

Currently, it has eight members. India and Pakistan joined it in June 2017.

The other six members are China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan.

In 2021, the decision was made to start the accession process of Iran to the SCO as a full member, and Egypt, Qatar as well as Saudi Arabia became dialogue partners.

It is headquartered in Beijing, China.

Topic: State News/ Madhya Pradesh

11. 'Urja Saksharta Abhiyan' will be launched in Madhya Pradesh.

  • The 'Urja Saksharta Abhiyan' will be started in Madhya Pradesh to raise public awareness about energy conservation.
  • Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chauhan presided over a cabinet meeting that made the decision.
  • This campaign will involve activities, such as providing information on alternative energy sources and steps towards energy conservation.
  • On November 25, the foundation stone for the 1500 MW Agar-Shajapur-Neemuch Solar Park will be set in the state.

Madhya Pradesh:

It is the second-largest state in India in terms of area.

Capital of Madhya Pradesh: Bhopal

Largest city of Madhya Pradesh: Indore

It shares its border with Gujarat, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Maharashtra.

Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh: Shivraj Singh Chouhan

Governor of Madhya Pradesh: Mangubhai C. Patel

Madhya Pradesh’s Lok Sabha seats: 29 seats

Madhya Pradesh’s Rajya Sabha seats: 11 seats

Topic: Defence

12. INS Vela commissioned in Mumbai by Indian Navy.

  • The INS Vela, an indigenously built Scorpene-class submarine, was commissioned on 25 November at Mumbai's Naval Dockyard.
  • Captain Anish Mathew, the Commanding Officer of INS Vela, stated that the ship has an indigenous set of batteries as well as an advanced communication suite made in India.
  • The INS Vela is the fourth stealth Scorpene-class submarine to be inducted as part of Project 75.
  • Project 75 involves the construction of six Scorpene-designed submarines.
  • Three of these submarines have already been commissioned, which are Kalvari, Khanderi, and Karanj.
  • Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Ltd of Mumbai collaborated with M/s Naval Group of France to build the submarine.
  • The last avatar of INS Vela was launched on August 31, 1973, and it served the country admirably for 37 years before being decommissioned on June 25, 2010.
  • On November 21, 2021, the Indian Navy's stealth-guided missile destroyer Visakhapatnam was commissioned in Mumbai.

(Source: News on AIR)

 

 

 

0
COMMENTS

Comments


Share Blog