Daily Current Affairs and GK | 28 July 2021
- 1. World Hepatitis Day: 28 July
- 2. Government to set up National Centre of Excellence for Animation, Visual Effects, Gaming & Comics.
- 3. Harrapan City ‘Dholavira’ gets UNESCO World Heritage site tag.
- 4. 12th Edition of Indo-Russia joint military Exercise INDRA 2021 to be held at Volgograd, Russia.
- 5. Madrid's iconic Paseo del Prado and Buen Retiro Park added to UNESCO’s World Heritage List.
- 6. Basavaraj Bommai taken oath as new Chief Minister of Karnataka.
- 7. Rakesh Asthana appointed as new Delhi Police Commissioner.
- 8. Parliament passed ‘Marine Aids to Navigation Bill 2021’.
- 9. Madhya Pradesh government prepared Devaranya Yojana for improving health of tribals.
- 10. Assam-Mizoram border dispute escalated violence in the region.
- 11. Puri becomes first city to provide 24-hour quality drinking tap water.
- 12. CRPF celebrated its 83rd foundation day on 27 July.
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Topic: Important Days
1. World Hepatitis Day: 28 July
- 28 July is observed every year as World Hepatitis Day. It is observed to raise awareness about hepatitis.
- It is also observed to mark the birth anniversary of Nobel-prize-winning scientist Dr. Baruch Blumberg.
- This year’s World Hepatitis Day theme is “Hepatitis can’t wait”.
- Dr. Baruch Blumberg discovered the hepatitis B virus (HBV) and developed a diagnostic test and vaccine for the virus.
- Around 1.34 million get affected by this disease every year. WHO aims to reduce new hepatitis infections by 90% and deaths by 65% between 2016 and 2030.
Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver that is caused by a variety of infectious viruses and noninfectious agents.
There are five main strains of hepatitis virus – A, B, C, D and E. The most common causes of death are Hepatitis B and C.
Topic: National News
2. Government to set up National Centre of Excellence for Animation, Visual Effects, Gaming & Comics.
- The government has decided to set up a National Centre of Excellence for Animation, Visual Effects, Gaming & Comics.
- It will be established in collaboration with the Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay.
- At present, Satyajit Ray Film and Television Institute and Film and Television Institute of India offer courses on Animation and VFX.
- Information and Broadcasting Minister Anurag Thakur said that Media and Entertainment sector is one of the fastest-growing sectors in the country.
- India is the largest South Asian Film Market. India has also audio-visual co-production treaties with 15 countries.
- In 2024, television will contribute up to 40% in the Indian media industry, 13% by print media, 12% by digital advertising, 9% by cinema, and 8% each by OTT and Gaming sectors.
Topic: Art and Culture
3. Harrapan City ‘Dholavira’ gets UNESCO World Heritage site tag.
- Dholavira, the Harappan City in the Rann of Kutch, has been inscribed on UNESCO's World Heritage list. It became the 40th World Heritage site in India.
- UNESCO has announced its decision during the 44th session of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee in Fuzhou, China.
- Dholavira was on UNESCO’s tentative list since 2014.
- Recently, Ramappa Temple located in Telangana was also inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage site list.
- Since 2014, India has added 10 new World Heritage sites. The Government is committed to promoting Indian Culture and heritage.
- India has now 40 world heritage sites, which includes 32 cultural, 7 natural, and one mixed site.
- It is one of the most important cities of the Harappan civilization.
- Dholavira was discovered by the Archeological Survey of India (ASI) in 1968.
- It is famous for its water management system, multi-layered defensive mechanisms, and special burial structures.
- It is one of the two largest Harappan sites in India and the fifth-largest in the subcontinent.
- Dholavira was a planned city. It comprises two parts: a walled city and a cemetery to the west of the city.
- This city flourished between the 3rd to mid-2nd millennium BCE. It is located in the Kutch district of Gujarat.
4. 12th Edition of Indo-Russia joint military Exercise INDRA 2021 to be held at Volgograd, Russia.
- 12th Edition of Indo-Russia joint military Exercise INDRA 2021 will be held at Volgograd, which is a city in southwest Russia on the western bank of the Volga River.
- The military exercise will be held from 01 to 13 August 2021. 250 personnel from both nations will take part in it.
- It will involve the conduct of counter-terror operations under UN mandate by a joint force against international terror groups.
- Exercise INDRA 21 will further strengthen mutual confidence and interoperability between the Indian & Russian Armies.
- It will enable sharing of best practices between the contingents of both countries.
(Source: News on AIR)
Topic: Art and Culture
5. Madrid's iconic Paseo del Prado and Buen Retiro Park added to UNESCO’s World Heritage List.
- Madrid's iconic Paseo del Prado and Buen Retiro Park have been added to UNESCO’s World Heritage List.
- Paseo is a wide tree-lined avenue that's home to prominent buildings such as the Prad o Museum. Buen Retiro Park is a 125-hectare green space.
- The addition of Paseo del Prado and Buen Retiro Park to the list of World Heritage Sites is recognition of the key role they played in Madrid's history.
- Madrid is Spain’s capital and most populous city. Buen Retiro Park is one of the largest parks in Madrid.
Other sites newly inscribed on UNESCO World Heritage List
- Quanzhou: Emporium of the World in Song-Yuan China (China)
- Kakatiya Rudreshwara (Ramappa) Temple, Telangana (India)
- Trans-Iranian Railway (Iran)
Topic: Indian Polity
6. Basavaraj Bommai taken oath as new Chief Minister of Karnataka.
- Basavaraj Bommai becomes the new Chief Minister of Karnataka. His oath has been administered by Governor Thaawarchand Gehlot.
- He is the 23rd Chief Minister of Karnataka.
- He was the home minister in the BS Yediyurappa government. He is also from the politically influential Lingayat community.
- He is a three-time MLA from Shiggaon and two-time MLC.
7. Rakesh Asthana appointed as new Delhi Police Commissioner.
- Rakesh Asthana, a former officer of the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), has been appointed as the new Delhi Police Commissioner.
- Rakesh Asthana previously headed the Narcotics Control Bureau (NCB) and the Bureau of Civil Aviation Security (BCAS).
- He is one of the few officers to become Delhi Police Commissioner from the Outside of AGMUT cadre.
- The appointment committee of the Cabinet has also approved the extension of Rakesh Asthana’s service for one year.
It comes under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA).
It is the law enforcement agency for the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT).
In 1978, the Delhi Police Act was passed, which introduced the Commissioner System.
Topic: Indian Polity
8. Parliament passed ‘Marine Aids to Navigation Bill 2021’.
- Parliament passed the ‘Marine Aids to Navigation Bill 2021’. It will replace the Lighthouse Act 1927.
- It will help in incorporating the global best practices and technological developments in the field of Marine Aids to Navigation.
- The bill is part of the government’s approach to repeal colonial laws and replace them with new legislation in accordance to the need of the contemporary maritime industry.
- The administration and management of Lighthouse and Lightships is governed by the Lighthouse Act 1927 for safe navigation.
- The new Act will improve the legal framework for matters related to Aids to Navigation & Vessel Traffic Services and enhance the safety and efficiency of shipping.
Topic: State News/ Madhya Pradesh
9. Madhya Pradesh government prepared Devaranya Yojana for improving health of tribals.
- Madhya Pradesh government has prepared the Ayush-based economic upgradation scheme – Devaranya Yojana. Its main objective is to improve the health and livelihood of tribals.
- More than 360 new AYUSH health and wellness centers will be established in the state. Ayurvedic and Yunani dispensaries will be also upgraded.
- Under this scheme, the Madhya Pradesh government will promote wellness tourism, which will generate employment opportunities in tribal areas.
- Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan said that medicinal plants should be cultivated across the state.
- Madhya Pradesh:
- It ranks second in terms of area in the country after Rajasthan.
- The Chief Minister is Shivraj Singh Chauhan and Governor is Mangubhai C. Patel.
- It has 29 seats in the Lok Sabha and 230 seats in the state legislative assembly.
Topic: National News
10. Assam-Mizoram border dispute escalated violence in the region.
- A recent clash has erupted along Assam and Mizoram border due to land dispute.
- Three districts of Mizoram – Kolasib, Mamit, and Aizawl – share 165 km boundary with three districts of Assam’s Barak Valley – Cachar, Hailkandi and Karimganj.
- Earlier, Mizoram was a district of Assam and known as Lushai Hills. Boundary demarcation in 1875 and 1933 are the main bone of contention between both states.
- The 1875 demarcation was derived from the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation (BEFR) Act, 1873.
- The 1933 demarcation marks a boundary between Lushai Hills, Cachar district, and Manipur. Mizoram do not accept this demarcation.
- According to Mizoram leaders, 1933 demarcation was made without consulting their chiefs.
- The dispute has increased after Mizoram become a state in 1987. Both states had signed an agreement to maintain the status quo.
Topic: National News
11. Puri becomes first city to provide 24-hour quality drinking tap water.
- Puri has become the first city in the country to provide 24-hour quality drinking water from the tap. It will benefit around 2.5 lakh residents.
- The water can be used without filtration from the tap for cooking and drinking purpose.
- Good drinking water improves health, living standards and the economy.
- Odisha’s budget allocation for clean water has become doubled in five years.
- Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik inaugurated the ‘Sujal’ or drink-from-tap mission. It will be implemented in 14 cities of Odisha.
12. CRPF celebrated its 83rd foundation day on 27 July.
- India’s largest Central Armed Police Force, the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) observed its 83rd foundation day on 27 July.
- It was raised on 27 July 1939 in Neemuch with a strength of one battalion. At present, it has more than 246 battalions.
Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF):
It is the largest Central Armed Police Force in India.
It mainly assists the State/Union Territories police to maintain law and order and counter- insurgency operations.
It became the Central Reserve Police Force on the enactment of the CRPF Act on 28th December 1949.
It functions under the authority of the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.
It is headquartered in New Delhi and its motto is ‘Service and Loyalty’.
Kuldiep Singh is the current Director General of CRPF