Daily Current Affairs and GK | 29 November 2022
- 1. Defence Minister Rajnath Singh co-chaired the 4th India-France Annual Defence Dialogue with his French counterpart in New Delhi.
- 2. Government has extended the term of Foreign Secretary Vinay Mohan Kwatra till April 30, 2024.
- 3. 7th edition of Global Technological Summit (GTS) is being held from 29th November to 1st December 2022 in New Delhi in a hybrid format.
- 4. Researchers discovered five new species of black corals.
- 5. Power Ministry launched a 4500 MW power purchase scheme to help states facing a power crisis.
- 6. World's largest active volcano, Mauna Loa in Hawaii, erupted for the first time in nearly 40 years.
- 7. The pavilion of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has won the award for “Outstanding Contribution towards Public Communication and Outreach”.
- 8. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya has been awarded UNESCO Award for cultural heritage conservation.
- 9. World Health Organisation has renamed monkeypox as mpox.
- 10. India’s first retail municipal bond for solar power projects will be issued by Indore Municipal Corporation.
- 11. International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People 2022: 29 November
- 12. Canada won its maiden Davis Cup title.
- 13. FSIB has recommended the name of Samuel Joseph Jebaraj for the post of Deputy Managing Director (Lending & Project Finance) in NABFID.
- 14. India-Malaysia joint military Exercise started at Pulai, Kluang in Malaysia on 28th November 2022.
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Topic: International News
1. Defence Minister Rajnath Singh co-chaired the 4th India-France Annual Defence Dialogue with his French counterpart in New Delhi.
- Defence Minister Rajnath Singh and French Minister of Armed Forces Sebastien Lecornu discussed military-to-military cooperation and the strengthening of maritime cooperation.
- Leaders of India and France also discussed many issues, including operational defence ties, counter-terrorism, maritime security in the Indo-Pacific, and industrial and technological partnerships.
- They also discussed ways to enhance cooperation in the bilateral, regional, and multilateral forums, with a focus on the Indo-Pacific region.
- Sebastien Lecornu is on a two-day visit to India. He will also meet with National Security Adviser Ajit Doval and External Affairs Minister Dr S. Jaishankar.
- This year, India and France conducted many defence exercises, such as IMEX 22 in March, Varuna in March-April, and Garuda in October-November.
- France is currently chairing the Indian Ocean Commission (IOC) and the Indian Ocean Naval Symposium (IONS).
- India and France:
- India and France entered into a Strategic Partnership in 1998. Both countries have close and friendly relations.
- India and France are also committed to promoting cooperation under the framework of "EU-India Strategic Partnership: A Roadmap to 2025”.
- In February 2022, India and France agreed on a roadmap for a blue economy and Ocean Governance.
(Source: News on AIR)
Topic: National Appointments
2. Government has extended the term of Foreign Secretary Vinay Mohan Kwatra till April 30, 2024.
- He took charge on May 1, 2022. He was to retire on 31 December 2022.
- He had succeeded Foreign Secretary Harsh Vardhan Shringla.
- Mr. Shringla is now serving as the Chief Coordinator of the upcoming G-20 summit to be held in India in 2023.
- Egyptian President Abdel Fattah Al Sisi will be the ‘chief guest’ at the Republic Day celebrations in January 2023.
Topic: Summits/ Conferences/ Meetings
3. 7th edition of Global Technological Summit (GTS) is being held from 29th November to 1st December 2022 in New Delhi in a hybrid format.
- The summit is co-hosted by the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) and Carnegie India.
- It is India’s annual flagship event on Geotechnology. Geopolitics of Technology is the theme for this year’s Summit.
- GTS 2022 will see participation from more than 100 speakers across over 50-panel discussions, book launched and other events.
- Over 5000 participants from all over the world have registered to attend the Summit.
- GTS is one of the four flagship MEA annual conferences. The others are Raisina Dialogue, Asian Economic Dialogue, and the Indian Ocean Conference.
Topic: Environment and Ecology
4. Researchers discovered five new species of black corals.
- The discovered species live as deep as 2,500 feet (760 metres) below the surface in the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea off the coast of Australia.
- Researchers at Smithsonian Institution, Washington, have discovered new species of black corals using a remote-controlled submarine.
- Researchers sent a robot to see and safely collect deep sea corals in their natural habitats.
- Black corals can grow in shallow waters and down to depths of over 26,000 feet (8,000 metres).
- Unlike colourful corals, black corals are filter feeders. They eat tiny zooplankton that are abundant in deep waters.
- They act as important habitats where fish and invertebrates feed and hide from predators.
Topic: Government Schemes and Initiatives
5. Power Ministry launched a 4500 MW power purchase scheme to help states facing a power crisis.
- The Ministry of Power has started a plan to purchase 4500 MW of power in five years under the SHAKTI policy.
- The ministry has said that the scheme will benefit those states which are facing power shortages.
- Along with this, it will also help in increasing the capacity of power houses.
- Power Finance Corporation (PFC) Consulting Limited has been appointed as the nodal agency for this.
- Bids have been invited for the supply of 4500 MW of power on his behalf. This supply will start from April 2023.
- The last date for bids under this scheme is December 21.
- This is the first-time bids have been invited under the Shakti Yojana.
- SHAKTI, a scheme for transparency in the development and allocation of coal production in India, was launched in 2018.
- Its objective is to make coal available to power units that are in distress due to a short supply of coal.
(Source: News on Air)
6. World's largest active volcano, Mauna Loa in Hawaii, erupted for the first time in nearly 40 years.
- Lava is still coming out at the summit of the volcano. As of now, there is no danger to the local people.
- This volcano has erupted for the first time in almost 4 decades.
- An ashfall advisory is in effect for Hawaii's Big Island and the surrounding waters, and residents have been told to remain vigilant.
- The largest volcano, Mauna Loa, has a height of over 13,600 feet.
- The last time Mauna Loa erupted was in March and April 1984, at that time lava had come to 5 miles (13 kilometers) in the city of Hilo.
- On 27 November, the latest eruption began and made a caldera at the volcano's summit.
- Calderas are hollows that form beneath the summit at the end of an eruption.
- A volcano can be active, dormant, or extinct stage.
- When the mantle of the Earth melts, it comes out in the form of lava through cracks on the Earth’s surface.
- There are around 1,350 active volcanoes in the world.
(Source: News on Air)
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Topic: Awards and Prizes
7. The pavilion of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has won the award for “Outstanding Contribution towards Public Communication and Outreach”.
- The pavilion of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare won this award at the 41st India International Trade Fair 2022.
- The health pavilion was one of the most popular pavilions at the trade fair.
- It conducted as many as 37 thousand 889 screenings, investigations, counseling, and trainings.
- Nearly 5,530 visitors visited the National Health Authority (NHA) counter where 1,110 visitors got their Ayushman Bharat Health Account cards.
- Padma Shri and Khel Ratna awardee Dr. Deepa Malik visited the pavilion.
- She also shared her experience of being a TB survivor with the audience and visitors.
- Mr. Lukanand Kshetrimayum, 1st Runner Up, Mr. International 2022 during his visit spoke on mental health.
(Source: News on AIR)
Topic: Awards and Prizes
8. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya has been awarded UNESCO Award for cultural heritage conservation.
- It has been conferred with the ‘Award of Excellence’ at the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) Asia-Pacific Awards for Cultural Heritage Conservation-2022.
- Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya had earlier received an ‘honourable mention’ at the UNESCO Asia-Pacific Awards for Cultural Heritage Conservation in 2010.
- Its construction work was complete in 1914. On 10 January 1922, it was thrown open to the public as a museum.
- Of the 13 projects from six countries – Afghanistan, China, India, Iran, Nepal and Thailand – four from India were awarded. Four winners from India are given below.
- Award of Excellence - Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya
- Award of Distinction - Stepwells of Golconda, Hyderabad
- Award of Merit - Domakonda Fort, Telangana, and Byculla Station, Mumbai
Topic: Biotechnology and Diseases
9. World Health Organisation has renamed monkeypox as mpox.
- World Health Organisation renamed monkeypox as mpox citing discriminatory and racist concerns.
- Both names will be used simultaneously for one year after that 'monkeypox' will be phased out.
- WHO said that numerous individuals and countries have proposed changing the name.
- Monkeypox is a rare viral infection, and its largest global outbreak has occurred this year. It transmits from animals to humans.
- The World Health Organisation declared monkeypox a global emergency after cases emerged in many countries.
- Until November, more than 80,000 cases of monkeypox have been identified in dozens of countries.
- The majority of deaths from monkeypox have happened in Africa. The disease mainly affected people who come into contact with infected animals such as rodents and squirrels.
- Mpox was first named monkeypox in 1958 when monkeys in Denmark were observed to have a pox-like disease.
Topic: Infrastructure and Energy
10. India’s first retail municipal bond for solar power projects will be issued by Indore Municipal Corporation.
- Indore Municipal Corporation will raise 2.6 billion rupees ($31.8 million) through a 10-year bond. It will be used to fund solar power projects.
- A.K. Capital Services Ltd. and SBI Capital Markets Ltd. are the lead managers of the offering.
- A 60-megawatt solar plant will be built near Indore at a cost of 3 billion rupees.
- India’s central bank has called on local authorities to consider issuing municipal bonds to meet funding requirements.
- For six years in a row, Indore has won India's cleanest city award.
Topic: Important Days
11. International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People 2022: 29 November
- Every year on November 29, International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People is observed.
- The day is also known as Solidarity Day.
- The purpose of the day is to educate the public on the issue of Palestine and to support a peaceful solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
- The General Assembly declared November 29 to be the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People in 1977.
- On this day in 1947, the resolution on the partition of Palestine was adopted by the United Nations Assembly.
12. Canada won its maiden Davis Cup title.
- On 27 November, Felix Auger-Aliassime gave Canada an invincible 2–0 lead against Australia in Malaga.
- He defeated Alex de Minaur 6-3, 6-4 to give his country its first Davis Cup.
- Felix won both his singles and doubles sets to assure Canada of a position in the final match, and he then defeated de Minaur.
- Shapovalov defeated Thanasi Kokkinakis to give Canada the lead.
- Canada also defeated Germany and Italy in this tournament.
- In the semi-finals, Australia defeated Croatia to reach its first Davis Cup final since 2003.
- In 2019, Canada made its debut in the Davis Cup title game.
- Davis Cup:
- It is an international tennis tournament of men’s tennis.
- The 2022 Davis Cup was the 110th edition of the Davis Cup.
- It was founded in 1990 as the International Lawn Tennis Challenge.
- It is organised by the International Tennis Federation.
Topic: National Appointments
13. FSIB has recommended the name of Samuel Joseph Jebaraj for the post of Deputy Managing Director (Lending & Project Finance) in NABFID.
- Financial Services Institutions Bureau (FSIB) has interfaced with 12 candidates for this post in National Bank for Financing Infrastructure and Development (NABFID).
- Samuel Joseph Jebaraj is Deputy Managing Director, IDBI Bank Ltd.
- Deputy Managing Director (Chief Financial Officer), Deputy Managing Director (Chief Risk Officer-CRO) and Deputy Managing Director (Lending & Project Finance) are three DMD positions in NABFID.
- In August, the names of Monika Kalia and B S Venkatesha were recommended by FSIB for the positions of DMD (Chief Financial Officer) and DMD (Chief Risk Officer) respectively.
- In July, the name of former Union Bank Chief Rajkiran Rai was recommended by FSIB for the position of Managing Director at NABFID.
14. India-Malaysia joint military Exercise started at Pulai, Kluang in Malaysia on 28th November 2022.
- The exercise is named Harimau Shakti-2022. It will culminate on 12th December 2022.
- Combat troops of the Garhwal Rifles Regiment of the Indian Army and the Royal Malay Regiment of the Malaysian Army are taking part in the exercise.
- It will enhance the defence cooperation between the Indian Army and the Malaysian Army.
- It will also enhance interoperability in the planning and execution of various operations in jungle terrain.
- Harimau Shakti is an annual training event between Indian and Malaysian armies. It is being conducted since 2012.