Daily Current Affairs and GK | 27 and 28 November 2022
- 1. Vice President Jagdeep Dhankhar conferred Shilp Guru and National Awards to master craftspersons.
- 2. NCC celebrated its 74th anniversary of Raising on 27 November.
- 3. Aero India 2023 will be organized from 13-17 February in Bengaluru.
- 4. Indo-Australian Army contingent bilateral training exercise "Austra Hind 22" began in Rajasthan.
- 5. Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El Sisi will be the chief guest at the Republic Day celebrations on January 26, 2023.
- 6. Asian champion Raveena won gold in the youth men's and women's world championships.
- 7. China hosted the first China-Indian Ocean Region Development Cooperation Forum meeting.
- 8. PT Usha is set to become Indian Olympic Association’s first woman President.
- 9. Har Ghar Gangajal project has been launched by Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar in Rajgir.
- 10. Government appointed Dr. Deepa Malik as Nikshay Mitra ambassador.
- 11. PSLV-C54 carrying Earth exploration satellite EOS-06 and 8 nano satellites was successfully launched by ISRO.
- 12. A panel formed by the Centre to revamp the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme.
- 13. Second edition of ‘75 Creative Minds of Tomorrow’ concluded with the award ceremony of the “53-Hour Challenge”.
- 14. Proposal to degrade the status of Southern white rhino from Appendix I to Appendix II was accepted at COP19 to CITES.
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Topic: Awards and Prizes
1. Vice President Jagdeep Dhankhar conferred Shilp Guru and National Awards to master craftspersons.
- The Ministry of Textiles gave Shilp Guru and National Awards to master craftspersons for 2017, 2018, and 2019 in New Delhi.
- Vice President Jagdeep Dhankhar was the Chief Guest of the awarding ceremony.
- Since 1965, the Office of the Development Commissioner (Handicrafts) is implementing the scheme of the National Awards for master craftspersons. Shilp Guru Award was introduced in 2002.
- These awards are conferred every year to master craftspersons of handicrafts for their work which contributed to the preservation of rich and diverse craft heritage.
- The main aim of the award is to recognize outstanding craftspersons in the handicrafts sector.
- The Handicrafts Sector plays a key role in India’s economy. It gives employment to craftspeople in rural & semi-urban areas.
Topic: National News
2. NCC celebrated its 74th anniversary of Raising on 27 November.
- The National Cadet Corps (NCC) was formed in 1948. It is the largest uniformed youth organization in the world.
- Defence Secretary Shri Giridhar Aramane paid homage to heroes on behalf of the entire NCC fraternity at the National War Memorial, New Delhi.
- As part of Youth Exchange Programmes (YEP), NCC has sent its cadets as ambassadors of peace and unity to 25 countries.
- National Cadet Corps (NCC) gives an opportunity to the youth for self-development.
- On this occasion, marches, blood donation camps and social development programmes were organized.
- In recent times, the NCC has been expanded to coastal and border areas of the country by adding over one lakh young cadets.
(Source: News on AIR)
3. Aero India 2023 will be organized from 13-17 February in Bengaluru.
- Aero India 2023 will be held from 13-17 February 2023 at Air Force Station, Yelahanka, Bengaluru.
- Aero India is India’s biggest airshow. It will also facilitate virtual exhibitions.
- Both Indian and foreign exhibitors will come to Aero India 2023.
- Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) will organize the event. It is scheduled for five days.
- In the last edition, over 500 companies from more than 35 countries had taken part in the airshow.
- The 14th Aero India is expected to be bigger and better than the previous editions.
- The first edition of Aero India was organized in 1996.
4. Indo-Australian Army contingent bilateral training exercise "Austra Hind 22" began in Rajasthan.
- The bilateral training exercise, “Austra Hind 22” between Indian and Australian army contingents, started at the Mahajan Field Firing Ranges in Rajasthan.
- It is scheduled to take place from 28 November to 11 December 2022.
- This is the first exercise of the Austra Hind series in which contingents of all arms of both armies will participate.
- Troops of the 13th Brigade of the Second Division of the Australian Army have reached the exercise site.
- The soldiers of the Dogra Regiment are leading the Indian Army.
- Exercise Austra Hind will be held alternately in India and Australia every year.
- Its objective is to build positive military relations and adopt each other's good practices.
- It also aims to enhance the ability to work together to conduct operations in semi-desert regions under UN peacekeeping commitments.
(Source: News on AIR)
Topic: National News
5. Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El Sisi will be the chief guest at the Republic Day celebrations on January 26, 2023.
- For the first time, the President of Egypt will be the chief guest of the Republic Day celebrations of India.
- The Ministry of External Affairs has said that India and Egypt enjoy friendly relations.
- Both countries are celebrating the 75th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations this year.
- Egypt has been invited as the 'guest country' during India's G-20 presidency in 2022-23.
6. Asian champion Raveena won gold in the youth men's and women's world championships.
- In the final of the 63kg category, the Indian boxer defeated Megan deCler of the Netherlands.
- In boxing, India finished the Youth Men's and Women's World Championships in La Nucia, Spain, with 11 medals.
- In the other final, Kirti was defeated by European youth champion Cliona Elizabeth D'Arcy of Ireland and had to settle for the silver medal.
- The 25-member Indian team won 11 medals at the competition, including four gold, three silver, and four bronze.
- Overall, 17 Indians qualified for the quarter-finals of the tournament, which was more than any other country in this edition.
- Women boxers had the highest total of eight medals among all countries in this year's edition of the championships, followed by Kazakhstan (5) and Uzbekistan (4).
7. China hosted the first China-Indian Ocean Region Development Cooperation Forum meeting.
- To increase its influence in South Asia and the Indian Ocean region, China has organized a meeting of the China-Indian Ocean Region Development Cooperation Forum.
- In this, 19 countries have participated except India.
- On November 21, 2022, the event was held alongside several other events, including the 6th China-South Asia Expo in Kunming, and the China-Indian Ocean Region Thinktank Forum.
- The China International Development Cooperation Agency (CIDCA), which formulates policies and coordinates major foreign aid issues, hosted the forum.
- CIDCA is headed by Luo Zhaohui, former Vice Foreign Minister.
- India continues to maintain relations with the countries belonging to the Indian Ocean through events, such as the Indian Ocean Rim Organization and the Indian Ocean Naval Symposium.
- This is in line with the Security and Growth for All in the Region (SAGAR) initiative announced during Prime Minister Narendra Modi's visit to Mauritius in 2015.
- This initiative of China is worrying and is to counter India's influence in the Indian Ocean region.
8. PT Usha is set to become Indian Olympic Association’s first woman President.
- She emerged as the only candidate for the top post for the December 10 elections.
- She filed her nomination papers for the post of IOA’s president on 27 November 2022.
- She will also be the first Olympian and the first international medallist to head the IOA in its 95-year-old history.
- National Rifle Association of India’s Ajay Patel is set to be the Senior Vice-President. He is also the only candidate for the post.
- PT Usha is a multiple Asian Games gold medallist and a fourth-place finisher at the 1984 Olympics 400m hurdles final.
- She is often called the "Queen of Indian track and field". She is also known as the 'Payyoli Express'.
Topic: State News/Bihar
9. Har Ghar Gangajal project has been launched by Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar in Rajgir.
- Har Ghar Gangajal project is an initiative to provide Ganga water on tap in the parched areas of the state.
- This will help to harvest the excess water of the Ganga during the monsoon season.
- The water will first be stored in reservoirs in Rajgir and Gaya. It will then be channelled to three treatment-and purification plants.
- The water will be supplied to the public from these plants.
- Har Ghar Gangajal is part of the Jal, Jeevan, Hariyali scheme of the Bihar government.
Topic: Personality in News
10. Government appointed Dr. Deepa Malik as Nikshay Mitra ambassador.
- Union Health Ministry appointed Dr. Deepa Malik, President of the Paralympic Committee of India, as Nikshay Mitra ambassador.
- She also participated in the TB awareness activities of the Ministry of Health at the 41st India International Trade Fair at Pragati Maidan, New Delhi.
- Nikshay Mitra is an initiative under Pradhan Mantri TB Mukt Bharat Abhiyaan.
- Ni-Kshay Mitra’s aim is to provide aid to TB-afflicted patients on three levels- nutritional, additional diagnostic, and vocational support.
- Dr. Deepa Malik adopted 5 TB patients as a Ni-Kshay Mitra.
- Deepa Malik is the first Indian woman to win a medal in Paralympic Games. She won a silver medal at the 2016 Summer Paralympics.
- India is aiming to become a TB-free country by 2025.
- Ni-kshay 2.0 portal is a platform for donors to provide various forms of support to people undergoing TB treatment.
11. PSLV-C54 carrying Earth exploration satellite EOS-06 and 8 nano satellites was successfully launched by ISRO.
- On November 26, the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle C54 was launched into space from the Satish Dhawan Space Center in Sriharikota.
- The launch was the 87th launch by ISRO and the 56th flight of the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) class of launch vehicles.
- Its payload includes an Earth observation satellite (ES-06 or Oceansat-3) and eight nano satellites that have separated in the specified two hours in two different sun-synchronous orbits.
- The eight nano satellites include ISRO Nano Satellite-2 for Bhutan (INS-2B), Anand, Astrocast (four satellites), and two Thybolt satellites.
EOS-06 or Oceansat-3
Earth observation satellite
Third-generation satellite of the Oceansat series
The spacecraft had two payloads- NanoMx and APRS-Digipeater.
NanoMx is a multi-spectral optical imaging payload developed by Space Applications Centre, Ahmedabad.
Anand Nano Satellite
It adopted the technology of commercial experiments with the help of microsatellites in low earth orbit.
It is developed by Bengaluru-based space start-up, Pixxel.
A 0.5U spacecraft bus that includes a communication payload to enable rapid technology demonstration and constellation development for multiple users.
It is developed by U.S.-based Spaceflight.
A 3u spacecraft, is a technology demonstrator for the Internet of Things.
It is developed by Hyderabad-based Dhruva Space.
12. A panel formed by the Centre to revamp the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme.
- The committee has been constituted to review the implementation of the MGNREGA scheme, particularly to assess the efficacy of the program as a poverty alleviation tool.
- The committee has been headed by former Rural Development Secretary Amarjit Sinha.
- The first meeting of the committee was held on November 21, 2022, and it has been given three months to give its suggestions.
- The Sinha committee has now been tasked with studying the various factors behind the demand for MGNREGA work, trends in expenditure, and inter-state variations and composition of work.
- It will suggest what changes are needed in the focus and governance structures to make MGNREGA more effective.
- Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005 (MGNREGA):
- It was passed by Parliament on 23rd August 2005. It came into force on 2 February 2006.
- In October 2009, National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005 was amended and its name was changed from NREGA to MGNREGA.
- Under MGNREGA, there is a provision to provide at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year to every rural household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work.
- Presently, 15.51 crore active workers are enrolled under the scheme.
(Source: News on AIR)
Topic: National News
13. Second edition of ‘75 Creative Minds of Tomorrow’ concluded with the award ceremony of the “53-Hour Challenge”.
- The competition provided a challenge to the 75 Creative Minds selected from all over India to produce a short film on their idea of India@100 in just 53 hours.
- The competition was organised by National Film Development Corporation in collaboration with Shorts TV.
- During 53 hour deadline, 5 short films were made.
- Film ‘Dear Diary’ has won 53-Hour Challenge for 75 creative minds.
- It was made by Team Purple. It highlights the issue of women’s safety.
- Antardrishti, The Ring, Almost and Sau Ka Note are the other four films made in the competition.
Topic: Environment and Ecology
14. Proposal to degrade the status of Southern white rhino from Appendix I to Appendix II was accepted at COP19 to CITES.
- The proposal was given by Botswana and Namibia.
- However, the parties rejected the proposal of Eswatini (formerly known as Swaziland) to allow trade in rhino horns.
- King Mswati III International Airport in Eswatini is a hub for rhino horns imported illegally from South Africa and other southern African countries.
- Under Appendix II, the animals may not be threatened with extinction but the trade of such animals should be controlled.
- Southern white rhino:
- It is the most common and widespread subspecies of rhinos.
- It is the second largest and heaviest land mammal.
- The maximum population of southern white rhino lives in South Africa, Namibia, Zimbabwe, Kenya and Uganda.
- IUCN Status: Near Threatened
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