Daily Current Affairs and GK | 3 June 2022
- 1. India’s coal import declines to 209 MT in 2021-22.
- 2. INA veteran Anjalai Ponnusamy passed away.
- 3. India signed three MoUs with Senegal for cultural exchange, cooperation in youth affairs, and a visa-free regime for officials.
- 4. Punjab government launched e-stamping and eliminates all physical stamp papers of all denominations.
- 5. C-DOT signed an agreement with VVDN Technologies and WiSig Networks to develop 5G Open RAN.
- 6. India and Sweden hosted the Industry Transition Dialogue in Stockholm as a part of their LeadIT joint initiative.
- 7. India and Israel adopted a vision statement on defence cooperation.
- 8. Pandit Bhajan Sopori passed away on 02 June 2022.
- 9. Times Higher Education (THE) released the latest edition of Asia University Rankings.
- 10. Andhra CM Jagan Mohan Reddy Launched an App to curb corruption.
- 11. INS Nishank and INS Akshay will be decommissioned on 3rd June.
- 12. S L Thaosen appointed as new Director-General of Sashastra Seema Bal.
- 13. India's textiles export reached its peak at $44.4 billion.
- 14. World Bicycle Day: 3 June
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Topic: Infrastructure and Energy
1. India’s coal import declines to 209 MT in 2021-22.
- According to the latest government data, overall coal production has increased by 61 MT during the financial year 2021-22.
- The coal production has increased from 716 MT in 2020-21 to 777 MT in 2021-22.
- Coal imports had reached a peak of 248 MT in 2019-20. After that, Coal import has declined to 215 MT in 2020-21 and 209 MT in 2021-22.
- The main reason for the decline in coal imports is the decrease in imports by the power sector.
- The power sector imported 27 MT in 2021-22, which is almost 40% less than the previous fiscal.
- The demand for coal has increased from 956 MT in 2019-20 to 1,027 MT in 2021-22.
- The total thermal power generation has increased to 1,115 Billion Units in 2021-22 from 1,032 Billion Units in 2020-21.
- Coking Coal import has registered a growth of 11.65 per cent during 2021-22. Coal imported by the non-regulated sector has increased by 5.23 per cent.
(Source: News on AIR)
Topic: Personality in News
2. INA veteran Anjalai Ponnusamy passed away.
- Indian National Army (INA) veteran Anjalai Ponnusamy passed away at the age of 102 in Malaysia.
- During the Second World War, Anjalai had joined the Rani of Jhansi Regiment, the women’s unit of the INA. She fought for India’s freedom from the British.
- She will be remembered for her bravery, determination and dauntlessness.
- Indian National Army (INA):
- It is also known as Azad Hid Fauj.
- It was formed by Indian nationalists in 1942.
- It was initially formed under the leadership of Mohan Singh.
- It was revived by Subhas Chandra Bose in 1943 to fight for the freedom of India.
- The women’s unit of the Indian National Army was led by Lakshmi Sahgal.
Topic: MoUs / Agreements
3. India signed three MoUs with Senegal for cultural exchange, cooperation in youth affairs, and a visa-free regime for officials.
- The MoUs were signed in Dakar, Senegal's capital, following delegation-level talks between Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu and President Macky Sall.
- India assured Senegal of continuing its commitment to support socio-economic development through bilateral, regional, and international frameworks.
- This is the first high-level Indian visit to Senegal, and it is taking place at a time when the two countries are celebrating 60 years of their diplomatic ties.
- Both sides signed three MoU, which are:
- The first MoU is related to a visa-free regime for holders of diplomatic and official passports, which will promote bilateral cooperation by allowing officials and diplomats to travel freely between the two nations.
- The second agreement is related to the renewal of the Cultural Exchange Program (CEP) for the period 2022-26.
- The third MoU aims to enhance bilateral cooperation in youth affairs.
- Senegal: It is a West African country bordered on the north by Mauritania, the east by Mali, the southeast by Guinea, and the southwest by Guinea-Bissau. Its currency is the West African CFA franc (XOF)
(Source: News on Air)
Topic: State news/Punjab
4. Punjab government launched e-stamping and eliminates all physical stamp papers of all denominations.
- The Punjab government has discontinued physical stamp papers in order to improve efficiency and prevent evasion of state revenue
- Now stamp papers of any denomination will be available in the form of e-stamp (computerised print-out) at stamp vendors or state-approved banks.
- Earlier, e-stamping was only available for values above 20,000 rupees and now it's available for all denominations starting at one rupee.
- The Punjab Government's decision will save at least 35 crore rupees a year, which was spent on printing stamp papers.
- On e-stamps ranging from Rs 1 to Rs 19,999, the Punjab government would pay a 2% commission to stamp vendors.
- In addition, the department has launched five new e-services, including Loan/Hypothecation Agreement, Agreement of Pledge, Affidavit & Declaration, Demand Promissory Note, and Indemnity Bond.
- This service has been launched with the assistance of the Union government's National e-Governance Services Ltd (NeSL).
5. C-DOT signed an agreement with VVDN Technologies and WiSig Networks to develop 5G Open RAN.
- The Centre for Development of Telematics (C-DOT), WiSig Networks Private Limited, and VVDN Technologies Private Limited have signed a collaboration agreement in the field of Open RAN-based Radio Networks for 5G solutions.
- This collaboration aims to leverage Indian R&D and industry's expertise and skills to design, develop, and produce cost-effective 5G products and solutions.
- Centre for Development of Telematics(C-DOT):
- It is the R&D centre of the Department of Telecommunications under the Ministry of Communications of the Government of India.
- C-DOT has developed several cutting-edge telecom technologies, including 4G solutions, and is actively working on 5G.
- It was founded in August 1984. It is headquartered in Delhi.
- WiSig Networks Private Limited:
- It is an emerging company involved in the business of developing, marketing, and offering various communications solutions including 5G Mobile Communication Products and Solutions.
- It was founded in 2016. It is headquartered in Hyderabad.
- VVDN Technologies Private Limited:
- It is a leading product engineering and manufacturing company with expertise in 5G, networking and Wi-Fi, IoT, and cloud storage services.
(Source: News on Air)
Topic: Summits/ Conferences/ Meetings
6. India and Sweden hosted the Industry Transition Dialogue in Stockholm as a part of their LeadIT joint initiative.
- The Leadership for Industry Transition (LeadIT) initiative focuses on areas that are key stakeholders in global climate action and require specific interventions.
- This high-level dialogue has contributed to the United Nations conference 'Stockholm+50: a healthy planet for the prosperity of all –our responsibility, our opportunity’.
- The conference took place on 2 and 3 June 2022 and also set the agenda for COP27.
- The conference began with remarks from India's Union Minister of Environment, Forests, and Climate Change, Shri Bhupender Yadav, and Sweden's Minister of Climate and the Environment, Ms. Annika Strandhäll.
- The first United Nations Conference on the Human Environment was held in 1972, and it put environmental issues to the forefront of world concerns.
- Japan and South Africa are the latest members of the initiative which has increased the total members of LeadIT to 37.
- Sweden is a Scandinavian nation with thousands of coastal islands and inland lakes.
- Its capital is Stockholm and the currency is Swedish Krona.
- It is the largest country in Northern Europe.
Topic: International News
7. India and Israel adopted a vision statement on defence cooperation.
- India-Israel Vision on Defence Cooperation will further defence cooperation between the two countries.
- Defence Minister Rajnath Singh held a bilateral meeting with his Israeli counterpart Benjamin Gantz in New Delhi.
- Two Ministers also exchanged a Letter of Intent on enhancing cooperation in the field of Futuristic Defence Technologies.
- This year marks the 30th Anniversary of the official establishment of India-Israel diplomatic relations.
- It is a Middle Eastern country located on the Mediterranean Sea.
- Its capital is Jerusalem and the currency is the Israeli shekel.
- Naftali Bennett is the current Prime Minister of the country. Isaac Herzog is the current President of Israel.
(Source: News on AIR)
Topic: Personality in News
8. Pandit Bhajan Sopori passed away on 02 June 2022.
- He was a famous Santoor maestro. He was the former Director of Music at All India Radio.
- He also made a major contribution to Hindustani classical music.
- Along with Pandit Shiv Kumar Sharma, Bhajan Sopori is also credited with making the Kashmiri musical instrument Santoor recognized worldwide.
- Indian Santoor is generally made from walnut wood. It has 25 bridges and 100 strings (each bridge has 4 strings).
- Pandit Bhajan Sopori belonged to the Sufiana Gharana of Indian classical music. He hailed from Sopore in Kashmir Valley.
(Source: News on AIR)
Topic: Reports and Indices/Ranking
9. Times Higher Education (THE) released the latest edition of Asia University Rankings.
- The 2022 edition of the Asia University Rankings comprises 616 universities from 31 countries. 71 institutions from India took part in the ranking.
- The Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore has got 42nd position, it is the only institute in the top-50 from India.
- The JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research has got 65th place, it is followed by the Indian Institute of Technology Ropar (68th Rank) and IIT Indore (87th rank).
- This year 17 Indian universities have made a place in the top 200, last year the number was 18.
- Japan is the most-represented country with 118 institutions.
- Tsinghua and Peking universities of China are on first and second place in the ranking.
- According to this Index, Asia is one of the best places for higher education, research and innovation.
Indian Institute of Science
JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research
Indian Institute of Technology Ropar
Indian Institute of Technology Indore
Indian Institute of Technology Gandhinagar
Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology
Topic: State News/ Andhra Pradesh
10. Andhra CM Jagan Mohan Reddy Launched an App to curb corruption.
- Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister Jagan Mohan launched the app named '14400'.
- It will help people in registering corruption-related complaints against the officials in the state.
- It has been developed by the Anti-Corruption Bureau (ACB) for curbing corruption.
- The evidence can be sent in audio, video, and photo format. It gives the facility to attach evidence with the complaint.
- After the Complaint is lodged, ACB authorities will take the appropriate action based on the contents of the Complaint.
11. INS Nishank and INS Akshay will be decommissioned on 3rd June.
- Indian naval ships INS Nishank and INS Akshay will be decommissioned in the naval dockyard of Mumbai.
- It will be decommissioned after 32 years of service. Chief of the Naval Staff, Admiral R Hari Kumar will be the chief guest of the ceremony.
- The pennant marks the commissioning of the ship. The pennant will be hauled down before the decommissioning.
- INS Nishank is the Veer Class Missile Corvette. It was part of the Killer Squadron, which is known for its heroic action in the 1971 India-Pakistan War.
- INS Akshay is part of the 23rd Patrol Vessel Squadron. It is an Abhay class corvette ship.
(Source: News on AIR)
Topic: National Appointments
12. S L Thaosen appointed as new Director-General of Sashastra Seema Bal.
- Zulfiquar Hasan has been appointed as the new Director-General of the Bureau of Civil Aviation Security (BCAS).
- He was serving as the special director-general of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) in Delhi.
- S L Thaosen was working as special director-general in the Border Security Force (BSF).
- Bureau of Civil Aviation Security works under the Ministry of Home affairs. It is responsible for civil aviation security in India.
- The Director-General of the Bureau of Civil Aviation Security is responsible for the development, implementation and maintenance of the National Civil Aviation Security Programme.
- Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB):
- It is one of the Central Armed Police Force under the control of the Ministry of Home Affairs.
- It was formed in 1963.
- Headquarters: New Delhi
- Its motto is “Service, Security and Brotherhood.”
Topic: Indian Economy
13. India's textiles export reached its peak at $44.4 billion.
- India's textile and apparel exports reached $44.4 billion in FY 2021-22, which is the highest in any fiscal year so far.
- Export of handicrafts has increased by 41% as compared to FY21.
- The highest number of garments and apparel were exported from India to the US (27%). It was followed by the European Union (18%), Bangladesh (12%) and the United Arab Emirates (6%).
- The export of cotton textiles was worth $17.2 billion. Its share in total export was 39%.
- The export of cotton registered a growth of 54% in 2021-22 as compared to the previous fiscal.
- Export of ready-made garments was USD 16 billion with 36 percent share in the total export.
- Export of Man-made textiles was USD 6.3 billion with a 14% share in the total export.
Topic: Important Days
14. World Bicycle Day: 3 June
- Every year World Bicycle Day is observed all around the world on 3 June.
- It is observed to encourage and motivate people to adopt Cycling in their daily lives for physical fitness.
- In 2018, the United Nations adopted 3 June as World Bicycle Day.
- On the occasion of World Bicycle Day, Cycle Rallies will be organized across the country.
- Union Minister Anurag Thakur will launch a nationwide programme of cycle rallies from Major Dhyan Chand Stadium, Delhi.