Daily Current Affairs and GK | 6 December 2022
- 1. "India Inequality Report 2022: Digital Divide" has been released by Oxfam India.
- 2. Hansraj Ahir takes charge as chairperson of National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC).
- 3. Rudrankksh Patil has won the International Shooting Sport Federation (ISSF) President’s Cup.
- 4. “International Cheetah Day” and “Wildlife Conservation Day” celebrated by National Zoological Park, New Delhi (Delhi Zoo) on 04 December in collaboration with Central Zoo Authority.
- 5. Approval has been given to constitute an advisory group to streamline the development of bamboo sector.
- 6. Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, and Rajasthan will register only CNG and e-autos in NCR from 1 January 2023.
- 7. India and Germany have signed a Migration and Mobility Agreement.
- 8. Science and Technology Minister Dr. Jitendra Singh inaugurated a conference on 'Women Leading Change in Health and Science in India'.
- 9. First drone station has been set up in Meghalaya to deliver drugs.
- 10. IIT Madras has developed an ‘Ocean Wave Energy Converter’ to generate electricity from sea waves.
- 11. Maharashtra becomes first state in India to have independent Department of Disabled Welfare.
- 12. Sundararaman R becomes the new MD and CEO of BSE.
- 13. Around 100 million people were forcibly displaced in 2022: UNDP
- 14. World Soil Day: 5 December
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Topic: Reports and Indices/Ranking
1. "India Inequality Report 2022: Digital Divide" has been released by Oxfam India.
- According to the report, women account for only one-third of internet users in India.
- As compared to men, 15% fewer women own a mobile phone, and 33% fewer use mobile internet service.
- As per the study, in the Asia-Pacific region, India has the widest gender gap in using the internet.
- Despite a significant growth rate of 13 % a year, only 31 % of the rural population uses the internet whereas 67 % of the urban population uses the internet.
- Internet penetration is highest in Maharashtra, followed by Goa and Kerala. Bihar has the lowest number of Internet users, followed by Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand.
- In rural areas, the tendency to use formal financial services is lowest among ST households, followed by SC households and OBC households.
- 99% of the rural population didn’t have a computer, while the urban population witnessed an increase of 7%.
- The likelihood of having access to a computer is higher in the general and OBC groups as compared to the SC and ST.
- The report has analysed the data from the Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy’s (CMIE) household survey, held from January 2018 to December 2021.
Topic: National Appointments
2. Hansraj Ahir takes charge as chairperson of National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC).
- Hansraj Gangaram Ahir belongs to state of Maharashtra.
- He had been Union Minister of State for Home Affairs and Union Minister of State for Chemicals and Fertilizers.
- He had been elected four times Member of Parliament from Chandrapur Constituency, Maharashtra.
- National Commission for Backward Classes:
- It was established in 1993 by an act of Parliament.
- It is a constitutional body. It is responsible for the protection and welfare of socially and educationally backward classes.
- NCBC got constitutional status in 2018 by the 102nd Constitutional amendment. This amendment added Article 338-B in the Constitution.
3. Rudrankksh Patil has won the International Shooting Sport Federation (ISSF) President’s Cup.
- He is an Indian shooter. He has won ISSF President’s Cup held in Cairo, Egypt.
- He defeated Danilo Sollazzo of Italy in the 10-metre rifle match by 16-8.
- Athletes from 42 nations representing 43 ISSF Member Federations from all continents participated in this competition.
- Rudrankksh Patil also won India’s first quota for the 2024 Paris Olympics.
- He won a gold in the men’s 10-metre air rifle in the ISSF Rifle-Pistol World Championships 2022. This was also held in Cairo in October this year.
(Source: News on AIR)
Topic: Important Days
4. “International Cheetah Day” and “Wildlife Conservation Day” celebrated by National Zoological Park, New Delhi (Delhi Zoo) on 04 December in collaboration with Central Zoo Authority.
- During this, the expert talk on “Cheetah – a Keystone Species and Food Web” was given.
- The goal of the expert talk was to create the curiosity among young minds to understand the importance of Keystone species and role of Cheetah in grassland ecosystem.
- A keystone species is an organism that helps define an entire ecosystem. Without the keystone species, the ecosystem would cease to exist altogether.
- International Cheetah Day is celebrated each year on 04 December since 2010.
- Dr Lauri Marker is famous as the creator of International Cheetah Day.
- Dr Marker is the founder and executive director of Cheetah Conservation Fund (CCF).
- CCF is the NGO that is helping the Indian government with Project Cheetah.
- Dr Marker chose 4 December in memory of Khayam, a Cheetah she raised as a cub at Wildlife Safari in Winston, Oregon during 1970s.
- Wildlife Conservation Day is also celebrated on 04 December to spread awareness about preserving the wildlife.
5. Approval has been given to constitute an advisory group to streamline the development of bamboo sector.
- Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar has approved the formation of an advisory group to streamline the development of the bamboo sector.
- The group has representation from various stakeholders, including academicians, researchers, innovators, progressive entrepreneurs, designers, farmer leaders, marketing experts, and policymakers.
- Inter-ministerial and public-private consultations are envisaged to improve the developmental framework of the sector through synergy among all stakeholders in the bamboo value chain.
- Restructured National Bamboo Mission was launched during 2018-19 as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme.
- It primarily focuses on the development of a complete value chain of the bamboo sector to connect producers to consumers.
Topic: Environment and Ecology
6. Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, and Rajasthan will register only CNG and e-autos in NCR from 1 January 2023.
- The Centre's Air Quality Commission directed Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, and Rajasthan to ensure registration of only CNG and e-autos in NCR from January 1, 2023.
- Along with this, the Center's Air Quality Commission asked Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, and Rajasthan to phase out diesel autos by the end of 2026.
- An order was issued by the Air Quality Management Commission, in which a target has been set to run only CNG and e-autos in NCR from January 1, 2027.
- NCR includes Delhi, 14 districts of Haryana, eight districts of Uttar Pradesh, and two districts of Rajasthan.
- A program was started in Delhi in the year 1998 to convert diesel auto rickshaws to CNG.
- Although diesel autos are not currently registered in Delhi.
- The Delhi Transport Department had launched a scheme to register 4,261 e-autos in October 2021.
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7. India and Germany have signed a Migration and Mobility Agreement.
- This agreement will facilitate easier access for people to study, research and work in both countries.
- External Affairs Minister Dr. S Jaishankar and Federal Foreign Affairs Minister of Germany Annalena Baerbock met in New Delhi on 05 December 2022.
- Addressing a joint conference after the meeting, Mr. Jaishankar welcomed Germany's decision to join the India-Pacific oceans initiative.
- India announced Indo-Pacific Oceans Initiative (IPOI) at 14th East Asia Summit (EAS) held in Bangkok, Thailand on November 4, 2019.
- IPOI envisages for collaboration under seven pillars. These pillars are given below.
8. Science and Technology Minister Dr. Jitendra Singh inaugurated a conference on 'Women Leading Change in Health and Science in India'.
- Dr. Bharti Pravin Pawar, Union Minister of State for Health and Family Welfare, addressed the conference.
- The conference is being organized by the Department of Biotechnology and Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council (BIRAC), in collaboration with WomenLift Health and Grand Challenges India.
- The conference highlights and promotes the importance of women’s leadership in health and science.
- BIRAC is a not-for-profit Section 8, Schedule B, Public Sector Enterprise set up by the Department of Biotechnology (DBT).
- The WomenLift Health conference is an initiative of Stanford University. It is organized since 2017.
Topic: State News/ Meghalaya
9. First drone station has been set up in Meghalaya to deliver drugs.
- India’s first drone station for transporting drugs has been set up at the Jengjal Subdivisional Hospital in Meghalaya’s West Garo Hills district.
- Meghalaya becomes the first state to begin dispatching medicines using drones.
- A Vertiplane X3 drone carried 1.5 kg of medicines to a primary health centre in 36 minutes.
- Floods and landslides frequently disrupt Meghalaya's public health supply chain.
- The drones will be used for transporting vaccines, medicines, and emergency kits.
- The drone service is a joint initiative of the Meghalaya Health Systems Strengthening Project and Techeagle. It is funded by the World Bank.
- The drone has a payload capacity of three-five kg. The drug delivery is being handled by TechEagle, a third-party drone logistics service provider.
Topic: New Development
10. IIT Madras has developed an ‘Ocean Wave Energy Converter’ to generate electricity from sea waves.
- IIT Madras has developed a device named Sindhuja-I (Ocean Wave Energy Converter) that can generate electricity from sea waves.
- The device has successfully completed its trials during the second week of November 2022.
- This device will be deployed near the coast of Tuticorin, Tamil Nadu, at a depth of 20 meters.
- This system has a floating buoy, a spar, and an electrical module. The buoy has a central hole that allows a long rod called a spar to pass through it.
- This device has been developed under the guidance Prof. Abdus Samad, faculty of IIT Madras.
- This device will help India in undertaking deep water missions and creating a Blue Economy.
- The project will help in fulfilling the objectives of the UN Ocean decade and sustainable development goals.
- India has set a target of generating 500 GW of electricity by 2030 through renewable energy.
- Seawater stores tidal, wave, and Ocean thermal energy. India has the capacity to produce 54 GW of power through seawater.
Topic: State News/ Maharashtra
11. Maharashtra becomes first state in India to have independent Department of Disabled Welfare.
- CM of Maharashtra Eknath Shinde announced creating of a separate Divyang department for the differently abled people. The first state in India to do so.
- Maharashtra government has created 2,063 posts for the new department that would be tasked with formulation of policies for the welfare of the disabled.
- The new Divyang Welfare department will be formed by clubbing the sections looking into problems of Divyang people under the Social Justice and Special Assistance department.
- At the central level, Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities under the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment stimulates empowerment of the persons with disabilities.
- As per Census 2011, 2.68 crore (2.21% of the total population) people in India are divyanjans. These include persons with Visual, Hearing, Speech & Locomotive disability, Mental Retardation, Mental Illness, Multiple Disability and any other disabilities.
- The subject of "Disability" is mentioned in the State List under the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution.
Topic: National Appointments
12. Sundararaman R becomes the new MD and CEO of BSE.
- Sundararaman Ramamurthy will replace Ashish Chauhan.
- He has earlier worked with National Stock Exchange (NSE) for nearly 20 years.
- He was instrumental in launching Bank Nifty, which is the most widely traded index on the NSE after the benchmark Nifty index.
- BSE (Bombay Stock Exchange):
- BSE is India’s premier exchange. It is the world’s fastest Stock Exchange with a speed of 6 microseconds.
- It is the first stock exchange to get approval from SEBI. It launched its SME platform on 13th March 2012.
- It was established in 1875. It is also the oldest stock exchange in Asia. It is located in Mumbai.
- BSE Chairman: S S Mundra
Topic: Reports and Indices/Ranking
13. Around 100 million people were forcibly displaced in 2022: UNDP
- UNDP has recently released a report titled ‘Turning the tide on internal displacement: A development approach to solutions’ on 29 November 2022.
- According to the report, for the first time, around 100 million people have been forcibly displaced in 2022.
- It is the highest global figure and is more than double as compared to the 10 years ago figure.
- At the end of 2021, due to conflict, violence, disasters, and climate change, more than 59 million people have been forcibly displaced within their own country.
- In Ukraine, due to the war, more than 6.5 million people have been internally displaced.
- According to the World Bank, by 2050, around 216 million people will be displaced due to climate change.
- In 2021, the direct impact of the internal displacement cost was more than 21.5 billion dollars.
- Sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East, and North Africa and parts of the Americas are the most affected regions by the internal displacement linked with conflicts and violence.
- Displacement affects the professional lives of persons, and around 30 per cent of people become unemployed.
- 48% of internally displaced households earn less money than they did before they were displaced.
- Disaster-related internal displacement has been recorded in 130 countries.
- The report also suggested the ways to resolve the issue of internal displacement.
Topic: Important Days
14. World Soil Day: 5 December
- World Soil Day is observed every year on 5 December.
- 'Soils: Where food begins' is the theme of World Soil Day 2022.
- World Soil Day’s main aim is to spread awareness about the importance of maintaining healthy ecosystems.
- The first official World Soil Day was celebrated in 2014. In 2013, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution designating 5 December as World Soil Day.
- It is observed to bring attention on the importance of healthy soil and to advocate the sustainable management of soil resources.
- Soil supports life on earth by providing essential nutrients to plants. It reduces climate change by increasing soil organic carbon.