Daily Current Affairs and GK | 4 and 5 December 2022
- 1. India jumped to 48th place in global aviation safety ranking released by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).
- 2. Directorate of Revenue Intelligence (DRI) is celebrating its 65th Founding Day on 5-6 December 2022.
- 3. Haryana duo Sarabjot Singh and Manu Bhaker won mixed team pistol title at 65th National Shooting Championship.
- 4. Indian Navy Day 2022: 4 December
- 5. US Air Force launched its latest nuclear stealth bomber: B-21.
- 6. Indian origin Mohan Mansigani conferred “Officer of the Most Excellent Order” of the British Empire.
- 7. 'Millets-Smart Nutritive Food' Conclave organised in New Delhi on 5 December to promote the export of millets.
- 8. ‘The Chipko Movement: A People’s History’ has won Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay NIF Book Prize.
- 9. PM Modi to inaugurate first phase of Mumbai-Nagpur Samruddhi Expressway on December 11.
- 10. Isaac Herzog becomes the first Israeli President to visit Bahrain.
- 11. National awards presented by President on International Day of Persons with Disabilities.
- 12. Rajendra Prasad’s birth anniversary is celebrated on December 3 every year.
- 13. Canara Bank has won the Banker’s Bank of the Year Award 2022 for the India segment at the Global Banking Summit.
- 14. RBI announces a 4-tired regulatory framework for UCBs.
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Topic: Reports and Indices/Ranking
1. India jumped to 48th place in global aviation safety ranking released by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).
- Singapore is at the top of the ranking. UAE and South Korea are at the second and third positions, respectively.
- France and Iceland are the fourth and fifth places, respectively.
- Four years ago, India was 102nd position. China is at the 49th place.
- The ICAO audit or “coordinated validation mission” called “USOAP continuous monitoring approach” was conducted from November 9 to 16, 2022.
- The ICAO audit has been conducted in the fields of legislation, organisation, personal licensing, operations, airworthiness, and aerodromes.
- As per the DGCI, India’s score in terms of effective implementation of key safety elements has improved to 85.49 percent. In the last audit in 2018, India’s score was 69.95 percent.
- International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO):
- It is an agency of the United Nations that is responsible for the planning and development of international air transport to ensure safe and orderly growth.
- It was established in 1947 by the Convention on International Civil Aviation (1944).
- Its headquarters is located in Montreal.
Topic: National News
2. Directorate of Revenue Intelligence (DRI) is celebrating its 65th Founding Day on 5-6 December 2022.
- Union Finance & Corporate Affairs Minister Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman inaugurated this two-day long celebration event in New Delhi.
- On this occasion, she also released the ‘Smuggling in India Report 2021-22’.
- The report is about the trends in the field of anti-smuggling and commercial fraud and DRI’s performance and experience over the last year.
- The current edition of the report has captured issues related to natural security, foreign trade policy, gold smuggling, environmental violations, etc.
- As per the report, the number of cases of gold smuggling increased after the ease of lockdown restrictions.
- In FY 2020-21, the largest amount of the gold seized by the DRI has origin of Myanmar.
- Around 22 Customs administrations from the Asia-Pacific region, along with international organisations, are taking part in this event.
- The 8th Regional Customs Enforcement Meeting (RCEM) will also be organized during the event.
- Directorate of Revenue Intelligence (DRI):
- It is a premier intelligence and enforcement agency under the aegis of the Central Board of Indirect taxes & Customs (CBIC).
- It tackles anti-smuggling matters and its headquarters is located in New Delhi.
- It has 12 Zonal Units, 35 regional Units, and 15 Sub-regional units.
- It was founded on December 4, 1957.
3. Haryana duo Sarabjot Singh and Manu Bhaker won mixed team pistol title at 65th National Shooting Championship.
- They have clinched the 10 metre air pistol mixed team title at the championship.
- They defeated Karnataka duo Divya TS and Imroz 16-4 in the finals.
- Punjab and ONGC have shared the bronze medal at the event.
- In junior mixed team pistol event, Anjali and Sagar from Uttar Pradesh won gold by defeating Yashasvi and Abhinav from Uttarakhand.
- 65th National Shooting Championship is being organised at the MP State Shooting Academy in Bhopal from 20 November to 10 December 2022.
- National Rifle Association of India (NRAI) is affiliated to International Shooting Sport Federation, Asian Shooting Confederation, Commonwealth Shooting Federation, South Asian Shooting Confederation and Indian Olympic Association.
- Shri Raninder Singh is the President and Shri K Sultan Singh is the Secretary General of National Rifle Association of India.
- Terms related to Shooting: Airgun, Bore, Range, Bull, Bunker, Double trap, Offhand, Trap, Free pistol, etc.
Topic: Important Days
4. Indian Navy Day 2022: 4 December
- The day is observed to honor the brave Indian soldiers who defeated Pakistani Navy in 1971 under Operation Trident.
- It is also observed to acknowledge the achievements of Indian Navy.
- Indian Navy Day 2022 theme is “Swarnim Vijay Varsh”.
- For the first time this year, the Navy Day celebrations were held outside Delhi. This year the celebrations were held in Visakhapatnam.
- On the occasion of Navy Day, the Governor of Kerala Arif Mohammed Khan laid a wreath at the War Memorial, Southern Naval Command in Kochi.
- Chhatrapati Shivaji Bhosle is known as the Father of the Indian Navy.
- Indian Navy has three commands: Western, Eastern and Southern Naval Command.
- Chief of the Naval Staff: Admiral R Hari Kumar
5. US Air Force launched its latest nuclear stealth bomber: B-21.
- It will replace the aircraft first flown during the Cold War.
- The new bomber has been built by Northrop Grumman.
- The new bomber launched in 30 years would cost around 700 million dollars each.
- B-21 can carry nuclear as well as conventional weapons.
- According to the US Defence Secretary, B-21 is hard to be detected even by the most sophisticated air defence systems.
- The strategic bombers can penetrate the air defence system of enemies and are capable of carrying nuclear weapons. These can be used for tactical missions.
- Currently, only three countries fly bombers. These are US, Russia and China.
- The United States has strategic bombers B-1, B-2, and B-52.
- In 2021, China inducted the newest and most powerful bomber H-20 that is capable of carrying conventional, nuclear and hypersonic cruise missiles.
- Russia has four-engined bomber Tu-160 also known as White Swan and dubbed Blackjack by NATO.
Topic: Awards and Prizes
6. Indian origin Mohan Mansigani conferred “Officer of the Most Excellent Order” of the British Empire.
- Mohan Mansigani is an Indian origin businessman and charity worker.
- He was honoured for his charitable services to healthcare at a ceremony held at Buckingham Palace in London.
- He is known as a creative finance director with private equity experience.
- He played an important role in establishing Casual Dining Group.
- Most Excellent Order of the British Empire:
- It is given to recognise contributions to the arts and sciences, work with charitable and welfare organisations, and public service outside civil service.
- It was established by King George V on 4 June 1917.
- It has five grades- Knight/ Dame Grand Cross (GBE), Knight/Dame Commander (KBE/DBE), Commander (CBE), Officer (OBE), and Member (MBE).
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7. 'Millets-Smart Nutritive Food' Conclave organised in New Delhi on 5 December to promote the export of millets.
- The one-day 'Millets-Smart Nutritive Food' conclave is the first conclave to be held in the pre-launch program of the International Year of Millets - 2023.
- Ministry of Commerce and Industry organised it through the Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority.
- Union Minister for Commerce and Industry Piyush Goyal was the chief guest at the conclave.
- At the conclave, government released e-catalogue on 30 potential importing countries and 21 millet producing states of India.
- A knowledge book on Millets prepared in association with Knowledge partner ‘Yes Bank’ was released on the occasion.
- India’s proposal led the United Nations’ General Assembly to declare 2023 as the International Year of Millets on the 5th of March 2021.
- Facts related to millets:
- India is one of the leading producers of millets in the world with an estimated share of about 41 per cent in global production.
- India recorded 27% growth in millet production in 2021-22 as compared to millet production in the previous year.
- Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh are India’s top five millet producing states.
- Share of export of millets is nearly 1% of the total millet production.
- Millet exports from India chiefly consist of whole grains. Export of value added products of millets from India is negligible.
- Millets market is estimated to increase from its current market value of over USD 9 billion to more than USD 12 billion by 2025.
- Millets are rich in calcium, iron, and fibers. Bajra, Ragi, Canary, Jawar, and Buckwheat are the varieties of millets exported by India.
Some Major Varieties of Millets
Pearl Millet (Bajra)
Finger Millet (Ragi)
Minor Millets (Kangani)
Proso Millet (Cheena)
Kodo Millet (Kodo)
Barnyard Millet (Sawa/Sanwa/Jhangora)
Little Millet (Kutki)
Two Pseudo Millets (BuckWheat/Kuttu), Ameranthus (Chaulai)
Brown Top Millet
Topic: Awards and Prizes
8. ‘The Chipko Movement: A People’s History’ has won Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay NIF Book Prize.
- ‘The Chipko Movement: A People’s History’ is a book by historian and Padma Shri-awardee Shekhar Pathak.
- It is translated from Hindi by Manisha Chaudhry. It covers ordinary people of the 1973 Chipko movement, such as Gaura Devi.
- Shekhar Pathak established the People’s Association for Himalaya Area Research (PAHAR) in 1983.
- He also wrote Asia ki Peeth Per (On Asia’s Back) along with Uma Bhatt. It is a biography of the Himalayan explorer Pandit Nain Singh Rawat.
- Shortlisted books for this years’ prize are given below.
- Accidental Feminism: Gender Parity and Selective Mobility Among India’s Professional Elite by Swethaa S. Ballakrishnen
- Whole Numbers and Half Truths: What Data Can and Cannot Tell Us About Modern India by Rukmini S
- Midnight’s Borders: A People’s History of Modern India by Suchitra Vijayan
- Born a Muslim: Some Truths about Islam in India by Ghazala Wahab
- Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay NIF Book Prize is given for non-fiction on contemporary India by writers of any nationality.
- It carries a cash award of Rs 15 lakhs, a trophy and a citation.
- Dinyar Patel won last year’s prize for the biography Naoroji: Pioneer of Indian Nationalism.
- Past awardees of the prize include Milan Vaishnav for When Crime Pays: Money and Muscle in Indian Politics, Ornit Shani for How India Became Democratic, and Jairam Ramesh for A Chequered Brilliance, a biography of VK Krishna Menon.
Topic: Infrastructure and Energy
9. PM Modi to inaugurate first phase of Mumbai-Nagpur Samruddhi Expressway on December 11.
- The first phase of the expressway between Shirdi and Nagpur will be opened for the public on December 11. It will be 500-km long.
- The remaining stretch would be opened for the public in the next six months. It will connect many districts and ports.
- After the Mumbai-Pune Expressway, the Hindu Hrudaysamrat Balasaheb Thackeray Maharashtra Samruddhi Mahamarg is Maharashtra's second expressway.
- The Maharashtra State Road Development Corporation (MSRDC) is constructing 701 km eight-lane Mumbai-Nagpur Samruddhi Expressway.
- It will be touted as the fastest expressway where vehicles can run at with a speed of 150 kmph.
- It will pass through 14 districts, six talukas, and 392 villages and reduce the time between Nagpur and Mumbai from the existing 16 hours to 8 hours.
Topic: International News
10. Isaac Herzog becomes the first Israeli President to visit Bahrain.
- This is the first visit by an Israeli President to Bahrain Since both countries normalized relations in 2020.
- Isaac Herzog met King Hamad bin Isa Al-Khalifa as well as Prince and Prime Minister, Sheikh Salman bin Hamad Al-Khalifa.
- The UAE, Bahrain, and Morocco are the first Arab states to normalize relations with Israel in 2020.
- Israel has also reached on peace treaties with Egypt and Jordan.
- Naftali Bennett is the first Prime Minister to sign a defence agreement with Bahrain.
- It is a small country in Western Asia.
- It shares borders with Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria.
- Israeli new shekel is the currency of Israel and the capital is Jerusalem.
Topic: Awards and Prizes
11. National awards presented by President on International Day of Persons with Disabilities.
- On 3 December, President Droupadi Murmu presented the National Awards for Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities for the years 2021 and 2022 in New Delhi.
- For 2021, 25 individuals, institutions and organizations were honored while for 2022, 29 individuals, institutions and organizations were honored.
- They were honored for their extraordinary achievements and work for the empowerment of persons with disabilities.
- The awards were presented in various categories including Sarvshresth Divyangjan, Sarvshrestha Vyakti working towards the empowerment of Divyangjan and Sarvshrestha Rehabilitation Professional worker.
- President Murmu has said that the purpose of International Day of Persons with Disabilities is to encourage awareness of issues related to persons with disabilities.
- She stressed the need to create a healthy environment for PwDs so that PwDs can lead dignified lives and participate in political, social, economic, cultural and sports activities without any discrimination.
Topic: Personality in News
12. Rajendra Prasad’s birth anniversary is celebrated on December 3 every year.
- This year, his 138th birth anniversary was celebrated in the country.
- Rajendra Prasad, who was born in Bihar, is the first Indian president to have served on two consecutive terms.
- Rajendra Prasad was a true Gandhian as well as a visionary politician, skilled lawyer, ardent patriot and a staunch nationalist.
- In 1962, he was awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian award.
- Dr. Rajendra Prasad:
- He was born at Zeradei village in Bihar on 3 December 1884.
- He was the first President of Independent India.
- He joined the Indian National Congress in 1911.
- He was the founder of the Bihari Students’ Conference.
- He had left his law profession to participate in Indian National Movement in 1920 actively.
- He served as the President of the Constituent Assembly and also became the Food and Agriculture Minister in the Interim Government.
- He was President of India from 1950 to 1962.
- He has taken his last breath on 28 February 1963 at Sadaqat Ashram, Patna.
Topic: Awards and Prizes
13. Canara Bank has won the Banker’s Bank of the Year Award 2022 for the India segment at the Global Banking Summit.
- It won the award at the Global Banking Summit held in London, UK from November 29, 2022, to December 1, 2022.
- The ability to deliver returns, strategy, innovation, technology, and product and services in their respective geographies in the last 12 months were the judgment criteria for the award.
- The award ceremony was attended by the MD and CEO of Canara Bank, L V Prabhakar.
- The Banker’s magazine is from the Financial Times (FT) group, the British-based global financial daily newspaper.
- Canara Bank:
- It was founded in July 1906. It is headquartered in Bengaluru. Lingam Venkat Prabhakar is its CEO.
- Recently, the government has merged Syndicate bank with Canara bank.
Topic: Banking System
14. RBI announces a 4-tired regulatory framework for UCBs.
- On 1 December 2022, RBI issued a circular regarding four-tired regulatory framework to categorize Urban Co-operative Banks (UCBs). The framework will come into force immediately.
- The existing framework categorizes UCBs into two tiers- Tier I and Tier II.
- RBI said that such framework was required to balance the spirit of mutuality and co-operation.
- RBI has also announced norms related to the net worth and capital adequacy of UCBs.
- Tier 1 UCBs operating in a single district should have a minimum worth of ₹2 crore and for other UCBs, the minimum worth should be ₹5 crore.
- Tier 1 UCBs have to maintain a minimum capital to risk weighted assets ratio of 9% of Risk Weighted Assets while other UCBs have to maintain capital adequacy ratio of 12%.
- The categorization of UCBs is as follows:
All unit UCBs and salary earners' UCBs (irrespective of deposit size), and all other UCBs having deposits up to ₹100 crore
UCBs with deposit more than ₹100 crore and up to ₹1,000 crore
UCBs with deposit more than ₹1,000 crore and up to ₹10,000 crore
UCBs with deposit more than ₹10,000 crore