Daily Current Affairs and GK | 7 and 8 August 2022

By Priyanka Chaudhary | Last Modified: 08 Aug 2022 17:51 PM IST

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Topic: Awards and Prizes

1. Dalai Lama awarded with dPal rNgam Duston award.

  • Tibetan spiritual leader Dalai Lama has received the 6th dPal rNgam Duston award.
  • The award has been given by the Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Council (LAHDC).
  • He was awarded for his immense contribution to humanity, especially to the Ladakh region.
  • ‘Leh’ celebrated the 'dPal rNgam Duston' on the occasion of its foundation day.
  • The 'dPal rNgam Duston' marks the celebration of the remarkable contribution and achievement of the heroes of Ladakh.
  • ‘dPal rNgam Duston’ award is the highest civilian honour of Ladakh.
  • Dalai Lama:
    • The 14th and current Dalai Lama is Tenzin Gyatso.
    • It is the title given by the Tibetan people to the spiritual leader of the Gelug or "Yellow Hat" school of Tibetan Buddhism.
    • 'Pema Dorje' was the first Dalai Lama, who was born in 1391 in Tsang.

Topic: Sports

2. India defeated Bangladesh and won U20 SAFF Championship.

  • India’s Gurkirat Singh was the top scorer of the tournament with eight goals.
  • India defeated Bangladesh by 5-2 in Kalinga Stadium in Bhubaneswar, Odisha.
  • The 2022 SAFF U-20 Championship was the 4th edition of the SAFF U-20 Championship. India was the host of the 2022 SAFF U-20 Championship.
  • SAFF U-20 Championship is an international football competition for men's under-18 national teams.
  • It is organized by the South Asian Football Federation (SAFF).

Topic: National Appointments

3. Nallathamby Kalaiselvi has been appointed as the first woman director general of CSIR.

  • She has been appointed for a period of two years with effect from the date of assumption of charge of the post or until further orders, whichever is earlier.
  • She succeeds Shekhar Mande. Mande superannuated in April. Rajesh Gokhale, Secretary, Department of Biotechnology was given additional charge of CSIR.
  • She is known for her work in the field of lithium-ion batteries. She is presently the director of CSIR- Central Electrochemical Research Institute in Tamil Nadu.
  • She will also hold the charge of secretary, Department of Scientific and Industrial Research.
  • Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR) is India’s largest research and development organization and an autonomous body. It was established on September 26, 1942.

Topic: Sports

4. Boxers Nikhat Zareen, Amit Panghal and Nitu Ghanghas won Gold medals at Commonwealth Games on 7 August 2022.

  • Eldhose Paul won gold medal in triple jump. Sagar Ahlawat won silver medal in the men’s 92kg (Super Heavyweight) boxing category.
  • In Table Tennis, Indian mixed doubles duo of Achanta Sharath Kamal and Sreeja Akula won the gold medal in the mixed doubles final.
  • Indian women's hockey team defeated New Zealand and won the bronze medal at the Commonwealth Games.
  • In Badminton, Indian women's doubles duo of Treesa Jolly and Gayatri Gopichand won bronze medal in the women's doubles.
  • Indian shuttler Kidambi Srikanth won bronze medal in men’s singles.
  • India’s Dipika Pallikal Karthik and Saurav Ghosal won bronze in the mixed doubles squash event.
  • In Women's Cricket, Australia defeated India and won gold medal. Indian women's cricket team won silver medal.

Boxers Nikhat Zareen, Amit Panghal and Nitu Ghanghas won Gold medals

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: Indian Polity

5. NDA candidate Jagdeep Dhankhar has been elected as India's 14th Vice President.

  • On August 11, one day after the tenure of incumbent Vice President M. Venkaiah Naidu ends, Jagdeep Dhankhar will take the oath of office.
  • Additionally, Mr. Dhankhar will be the Rajya Sabha's ex-officio chairman.
  • Mr. Dhankhar won with a huge vote of 74.36 percent, with 528 votes against Alva's 182 votes.
  • He has received the highest votes in the last six vice-presidential elections.
  • Vice- President:
    • The President of India administers the oath of office to the Vice President.
    • An electoral college consisting of members from both the houses of the Parliament elects the Vice President of India.
    • The Vice President is elected using a proportional representation electoral system with a single transferable vote cast through the secret ballot.
    • The Vice-President is not a member of either the House of Parliament or the House of the Legislature of a State.
    • The first Vice President of India was Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan.
    • In addition, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan and Mohammad Hamid Ansari are the only Vice Presidents who have been elected for two consecutive terms.

India's 14th Vice President

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: Important Days

6. National Handloom Day 2022: 7 August

  • Every year on August 7, India observes National Handloom Day to commemorate the launch of the Swadeshi Movement in 1905.
  • It is commemorated to recognize the handloom industry's contribution to socio-economic growth and to raise awareness about the industry.
  • This year, the 8th edition of National Handloom Day was celebrated in India.
  • Under the aegis of the Ministry of Textiles, National Handloom Day is celebrated all over the country.
  • On the same day in 1905, Swadeshi Movement began. The movement encouraged swadeshi industries and swadeshi spirit, including handloom weavers.
  • In 2015, the government decided to designate 7 August as National Handloom Day (NHD).
  • The first NHD was inaugurated on 07 August 2015 in Chennai.

National Handloom Day 2022

(Source: News on AIR)

 
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Topic: Government Schemes and Initiatives

7. Badhe Chalo movement started on 05 August 2022.

  • Badhe Chalo is being held across 10 cities every day from 5th August to 11th August, 2022.
  • It will end with a Grand Finale on 12th August, 2022 at Talkatora Stadium in New Delhi.
  • Badhe Chalo will feature Flash Dances, where dancers will perform on a specially created ‘Youth Anthem’.
  • It will feature Flash Dances across 75 cities all over India.
  • Through these flash dances, the Ministry of Culture aims to spread the message and spirit of Amrit Mahotsav.
  • Through the Badhe Chalo movement, the Ministry of Culture also intends to support the ‘Har Ghar Tiranga’ movement.

Topic: Summits/Conferences/Meetings

8. Ministry of Communication hosted ITU’s Regional Standardization Forum (RSF) for Asia and Oceania region on 8 August 2022 in New Delhi.

  • The theme for International Telecommunication Union’s RSF was “Regulatory and Policy aspects of Telecommunications/ICTs”.
  • Minister of State for Communications Devusinh Chauhan inaugurated the Regional Standardization Forum.
  • Over 250 delegates from 20 countries participated in Regional Standardization Forum.
  • International Telecommunication Union (ITU):
    • It is the United Nations’ specialized agency for information and communication technologies.
    • 193 countries are members of this Union. It is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.
    • It was formed in 1865. Its current Secretary-General is Houlin Zhao.

Topic: Defence

9. Indian Army conducted the ‘Skylight’ exercise to test satellite-based systems.

  • It was conducted from 25-29 July. All satellite communication assets of the Army were activated during the exercise.
  • The exercise tested the operational readiness of satellite communication assets and the training of personnel.
  • Around 200 static ground-based terminals and some 80 transportable vehicle-mounted terminals were involved in this exercise.
  • All kinds of satellite communication, from the Andaman and Nicobar Islands to Ladakh, were involved in this exercise.
  • The man-portable transport system was also used in collaboration with different agencies.
  • Indian Army uses satellites for the communication networks in some remote border areas. Indian Navy and Air Force have satellites of their own.
  • Indian Army uses many ISRO satellites for communication.

Topic: Government Schemes and Initiatives

10. Government launched the digital version of the One District-One Product gift catalogue.

  • During the Export Promotion Councils and Industry Associations meeting, Piyush Goyal unveiled the digital version of the One District-One Product (ODOP) gift catalogue.
  • The ODOP gift catalogue is a step toward showing the potential of all districts in the country.
  • The catalogue will help in promoting the brand image of local products in the international market.
  • ODOP gift catalogue has many different products like Oils, Indian Spirits, Home Decor products, etc.
  • It will give a boost to the vision of the ‘Make in India’ and ‘Make for World’.
  • One District, One Product' (ODOP):
    • It was launched by the Ministry of Food Processing Industries.
    • It aims to encourage indigenous and specialized products and crafts.
    • It aims to convert each district into an export hub by identifying products with export potential in the district.

One District-One Product gift catalogue

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: International News

11. Transitional government’s term extends by two years in South Sudan.

  • The government of South Sudan declared that the current leadership will stay in power for another 2 years.
  • The term extension will help in resolving the challenges in the implementation of the 2018 peace deal.
  • The 2018 peace deal ends the civil war in South Sudan and calls for security, judicial, constitutional, and electoral reforms for the stabilization of the country.
  • Many provisions in the 2018 agreement have yet to be put into action, because of continued conflicts between the two rivals.
  • The transition government is working for the unification of various factions of the military into a single unit, writing a new constitution and paving the way to elections.
  • The transitional government is a power-sharing government, whose term was ending in 2022.
  • South Sudan:
    • It is a country in Central Africa.
    • It shares a border with Ethiopia, Sudan, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda and Kenya.
    • Its capital is Juba and its currency is the South Sudanese pound.

South Sudan

Topic: Summits/ Conferences/ Meetings

12. PM Narendra Modi chaired the 7th Governing Council meeting of NITI Aayog at Rashtrapati Bhawan Cultural Centre.

  • The Chief Ministers, lieutenant governors of Union territories, Union ministers, members and vice-chairman of NITI Aayog attended the meeting.
  • Many issues related to agriculture, education, and the economy were discussed during the meeting.
  • The first Governing Council meeting of NITI Aayog was held in 2015. It was the first in-person meeting after 2019.
  • Crop diversification and achieving self-sufficiency in oilseeds, pulses, implementation of the National Education Policy and urban governance were the main agendas of the meeting.
  • The importance of the G-20 presidency for the federal system of India and the role of states at the G-20 Platform was also discussed.
  • The main aim of the meeting was to create a roadmap and outcome-oriented action plan on the discussed issue.
  • The National Conference of Chief Secretaries was held in Dharamshala in June as part of the preparations for the meeting.

Topic: International News

13. ASEAN bans Myanmar General from attending meetings until the progress of peace plan.

  • The foreign ministers of ASEAN countries have agreed to refrain Myanmar's ruling general from attending any meetings until progress is made on the peace plan.
  • The Army chief and coup leader Min Aung Hlaing had agreed upon the Five-Point Consensus on 24th April 2021 in Jakarta for the immediate ending of violence in Myanmar and dialogue among all parties.
  • They also agreed upon the Special Envoy of ASEAN for the mediation of the dialogue process with all concerned parties.
  • The Myanmar crisis began after the military detained elected leader Aung San Suu Kyi and seized the power.
  • After the Military coup in February 2021, the mass civil disobedience movement and protests started all over the country.
  • Under a previous military regime, Myanmar joined ASEAN in 1997.
  • Association of Southeast Asian Countries (ASEAN):
    • It was formed on 8 August 1967.
    • Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines, Vietnam, Brunei, Myanmar (Burma), Cambodia, and Laos are members of ASEAN.
    • ASEAN is India's fourth largest trading partner and is headquartered in Jakarta, Indonesia.

Topic: Indian Polity

14. Government extended the tenure of Cabinet Secretary Rajiv Gauba for one year.

  • The Appointments Committee of the Union Cabinet has extended the tenure of Cabinet Secretary Rajiv Gauba for another year.
  • His term was to end on August 30, 2022. It is his second extension to the post.
  • Rajiv Gauba was appointed as Cabinet Secretary in 2019 for two years.
  • He has represented India on the board of the International Monetary Fund for four years.
  • Cabinet Secretary is the Government of India’s top-most executive official and senior-most civil servant.
  • What are the functions of Cabinet Secretary?
    • Cabinet Secretary acts as the ex-officio head of the Civil Services Board.
    • He/ She acts as the senior advisor to the Prime Minister and provides assistance to the Council of Ministers.
    • He sets the agenda for the cabinet meetings.
    • He/ She acts as the chairman of the Committee of Secretaries on Administration and chairman of the Conference of Chief Secretaries of States.
    • He/ She heads the Cabinet Secretariat and acts as the chief coordinator of the central government.
    • He recommends the posting of officers of the rank of secretary and additional Secretary.
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