Daily Current Affairs and GK | 11 May 2022

By Priyanka Chaudhary | Last Modified: 12 May 2022 13:30 PM IST

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Topic: International Appointments

1. Yoon Suk Yeol takes oath as President of South Korea.

  • Yoon Suk Yeol is the leader of the country's first conservative government in five years.
  • US second gentleman Douglas Emhoff and Japan's Foreign Minister Hayashi Yoshimasa attended the oath-taking ceremony.
  • Yoon relocated the Presidential office from the Blue House to a building once used by the Defense Ministry.
  • US second gentleman is informal title of spouse of vice president of the United States.
  • South Korea:
    • It is a country in East Asia. It shares its land border with North Korea.
    • Its capital is Seoul. Its Prime Minister is Kim Boo-kyum.

President of South Korea

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: Awards and Prizes

2. Fifth Romain Rolland Book Prize has been won by Bengali translation of Meursault, contre-enquête.

  • “Meursault, contre-enquête” (The Meursault Investigation) is a French novel.
  • The award was announced on 07 May 2022 during the French LitFest 2022.
  • The award was given to translator Trinanjan Chakraborty and publisher Patra Bharati.
  • Kamel Daoud is the author of the novel, which is a retelling of Albert Camus’ 1942 novel, “The Stranger”.
  • Hindi translation of Marjane Satrapi’s cult comic “Persepolis” was also shortlisted for the prize.
  • Tamil translation of the French novel “Le mariage de plaisir” won the prize last year.
  • French LitFest 2022 was part of ‘Bonjour India’. Bonjour India is an art and culture summer festival. It celebrates the relationship India and France share.
  • Romain Rolland Book Prize was started in 2017. It aims to reward the best translation of a French book in any Indian language, including English.

Topic: Awards and Prizes

3. Photojournalist Danish Siddiqui won the Pulitzer Prize for ‘images of COVID’s toll in India’.

  • He is one of the four Indians honoured with the Pulitzer Prize 2022 in the feature photography category.
  • His colleagues Adnan Abidi, Sanna Irshad Mattoo and Amit Dave are other three Indians honoured with the Pulitzer Prize 2022.
  • Some other winners of Pulitzer Prize 2022 are given in next table.

S. No.

Winner

Category

Reason

1.

Marcus Yam of the Los Angeles Times

Breaking News photography category

For "raw and urgent images of the U.S. departure from Afghanistan that capture the human cost of the historic change in the country".

2.

Win McNamee, Drew Angerer, Spencer Platt, Samuel Corum and Jon Cherry of Getty Images

Breaking News photography category

For their "comprehensive and consistently riveting photos of the attack on the US Capitol".

3.

Washington Post

Public service journalism category

For its coverage of the January 6 insurrection at the U.S. Capitol

 

  • Danish Siddiqui and his colleagues are from the Reuters news agency. Siddiqui died last year when he was on an assignment in Afghanistan.
  • He has won the Pulitzer Prize for the second time. He won the prize in 2018 as part of Reuters team for their coverage of Rohingya crisis.
  • Pulitzer Board awarded a special citation to the journalists of Ukraine.
  • Pulitzer Prizes were started by Joseph Pulitzer, a Hungarian-American journalist. They were first awarded in 1917. 

Topic: State News/Maharashtra

4. India’s first organic waste-powered Electric Vehicle (EV) charging station has been inaugurated. 

  • Maharashtra Environment Minister Aaditya Thackeray inaugurated it at Keshavrao Khadye road near Haji Ali in Mumbai.
  • The station will generate 220 units of electricity from food waste collected from its nearby areas.
  • The project is a joint venture between Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation and AeroCare Clean Energy.
  • The setting up of organic waste-powered EV charging station in each of the 24 administrative wards is being planned by Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation.

Topic: National News

5. Union Minister Bharati Pawar launched Atal Innovation Mission- Prime Playbook.

  • Minister of State for Health and Family Welfare Dr Bharati Pawar launched Atal Innovation Mission- Prime Playbook in New Delhi.
  • It has been launched to help entrepreneurs in growing and expand their businesses.
  • Its main objective is to promote early-stage science-based, deep technology ideas to market through training and guidance over a period of 12 months using a blended learning curriculum.
  • Its main aim is to make scientists, startups and incubators aware of the steps after their technical ideas.
  • Atal Innovation Mission – Prime Programme will help India in becoming an innovation hub with strong indigenous manufacturing capabilities.
  • Atal Innovation Mission (AIM):
    • It was launched in 2016.
    • It is a flagship initiative of NITI Aayog to promote innovation and entrepreneurship.
    • Atal Tinkering Labs is a major initiative under Atal Innovation Mission to promote a creative, innovative mindset in schools.

Atal Innovation Mission- Prime Playbook

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: Personality in News

6. Odia Writer Rajat Kumar Kar passed away.

  • Eminent Odia writer Rajat Kumar Kar passed away at the age of 88 years.
  • He was conferred Padma Shri in 2021 for literature and education.
  • He was known for his commentary during the annual Ratha Jatra on TV and radio for six decades.
  • He has also written a few books on Lord Jagannath and has written seven non-fiction books.

Odia Writer Rajat Kumar Kar

(Source: News on AIR)

 
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Topic: MoUs/Agreements

7. Prasar Bharati and ORTM (Office de la Radio et de la Television) signed MoU.

  • The MoU is on cooperation and collaboration in broadcasting between Prasar Bharati and ORTM.
  • It was signed in Madagascar’s capital Antananarivo on 10 May 2022.
  • Madagascar National Television (TVM) will broadcast programmes of Prasar Bharati.
  • They will both explore co-production opportunities and arrange training for TVM personnel in India.
  • Prasar Bharati was formed in November 1997. It is headquartered in New Delhi. Its CEO is Shashi Shekhar Vempati.

collaboration in broadcasting between Prasar Bharati and ORTM

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: Important Days

8. National Technology Day: 11 May

  • National Technology Day is celebrated every year on 11 May in India.
  • “Integrated Approach in Science and technology for sustainable future” is the theme for National Technology Day 2022.
  • National Technology Day is celebrated to celebrate the achievements of innovations and technological excellence in the country.
  • First National Technology Day was observed on 11 May 1999.
  • Pokharan nuclear test was done on this day in 1998, in honor of which every year since the year 1999, National Technology Day is celebrated.
  • The first indigenous aircraft ‘Hansa-3’ was successfully tested and also Trishul missile was test-fired on this day by DRDO.

Topic: India and its Neighbours

9. Sri Lanka’s Prime Minister resign amid economic crisis.

  • Sri Lankan Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa stepped down from his post after his supporters attacked anti-government protesters.
  • Apart from the PM, two Cabinet ministers have also resigned. President Gotabaya Rajapaksa wants to form an interim administration to tackle the current economic crisis.
  • The people of Sri Lanka are demanding the resignation of both the President and the Prime Minister.
  • President Gotabaya Rajapaksa has announced that a national council would be appointed to name a new prime minister and Cabinet will be formed with all party members.
  • Sri Lanka is facing its worst economic crisis and the government is running out of money for importing essential items.
  • Sri Lankan Political System:
    • It is the Democratic Republic and a Unitary State, which is governed by a semi-presidential system.
    • The President is the head of state, head of government, and commander in chief of the armed forces, directly elected for five years.
    • The President appoints and heads a cabinet of ministers responsible to Parliament.

Topic: Sports

10. Government notified Olympics Games, Commonwealth Games and Asian Games as events of national importance.

  • The Information and Broadcasting Ministry has given several sporting events status of national importance under the Sports Broadcasting Signals (Mandatory Sharing with Prasar Bharati) Act.
  • All official One-Day, Twenty-20 and Test matches played by the Indian men’s and women’s cricket teams are also on the list of national importance events.
  • All semi-finals and finals of the ICC Champions Trophy and semi-finals and finals of ICC Men’s and Women’s Asia Cup will be considered as events of national importance.
  • Davis Cup, Grand Slam tournaments, Hockey India sub-junior national championship and Hockey India Academy National Championship, etc. have been recognized as events of national importance.
  • In the football category, Santosh Trophy - semi-finals and finals, Asian Women’s Football Cup, etc. have been recognized as events of national importance.
  • In Badminton, England Open Badminton Championship - all matches featuring Indian players, semi-finals and finals, Badminton World Federation World Cup Championship matches will be considered as events of national importance.
  • The other events including International Shooting Sport Federation World Cup, Commonwealth Shooting Championship, etc. have been recognized by the Central government as events of national importance.

Topic: Awards and Prizes

11. Amit Shah conferred President's Colours Award to Assam Police in Guwahati.

  • Union Home Minister Amit Shah presented the President's Colours Award to Assam Police at a Special Ceremony at Guwahati.
  • Assam is the 10th state to receive the award for its exceptional service.
  • Amit Shah said that Union Government has already removed Armed Forces Special Power Act (AFSPA) from the 23 districts of Assam.
  • Amit Shah also laid the foundation stone of many development projects in Assam.
  • President’s Colours:
    • The President’s Colours is the highest honour given to any military or police unit in recognition of exceptional service rendered to the nation.
    • So far, Maharashtra, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Jammu and Kashmir, Haryana, Gujarat and Tripura have already received this prestigious award.
    • President’s Colours is also known as 'Nishaan'.

Topic: Personality in News

12. Santoor maestro Pandit Shivkumar Sharma passed away.

  • Indian music composer and santoor player Pandit Shivkumar Sharma passed away at the age of 84 in Mumbai.
  • Pandit Shivkumar Sharma played a key role in giving classical status to santoor.
  • He had composed music for many films such as Silsila, Lamhe and Chandni, etc.
  • He composed music for many Hindi films in association with Hariprasad Chaurasia.

Topic: Sports

13. D. Gukesh wins Chessable Sunway Formentera International chess tournament.

  • D. Gukesh wins three back-to-back titles in recent weeks. Earlier, he won the La Roda tournament and the Menorca Open.
  • He draws the match with Armenian GM Haik M Martirosyan in the final round and wins the title with eight points.
  • For his final tally of eight points, D. Gukesh made six victories and four draws. He has now moved to 64th rank in the world rankings.
  • Sasikiran ended the tournament in the ninth spot with 5.5 points.

Topic: Environment and Ecology

14. United Nations launched the “UN-Energy Plan of Action Towards 2025”.

  • An Energy Compact Action Network has been also launched for achieving clean energy goals.
  • UN-Energy Plan of Action Towards 2025 will set a framework for collective action by nearly 30 UN and international organizations.
  • The Energy Compact Action Network has been established to connect nations with governments and organizations that will support clean energy initiatives.
  • The UN-Energy Plan of Action will help in tackling current global energy and climate challenges.
  • It is a significant step towards clean, affordable energy for all with net-zero emissions.
 
 

 

 

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