Daily Current Affairs and GK | 25 and 26 September 2022

By Priyanka Chaudhary | Last Modified: 26 Sep 2022 18:54 PM IST

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Topic: National Appointments

1. Dr Rajiv Bahl appointed as Director General of the ICMR for three years.

  • Dr Rajiv Bahl will be the new Director General of ICMR and Secretary of the Department of Health Research.
  • Dr Rajiv Bahl is currently working with the World Health Organization as Head of Research in the Maternal, Newborn Child and Adolescent Health-cum-Newborn Unit.
  • The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet has cleared the appointment of Dr Rajiv Bahl.
  • Earlier, Dr Bahl worked as a senior researcher at the ICMR Advanced Centre for Diarrheal Diseases Research.
  • Dr. Balram Bhargava’s extended tenure as Director General of the ICMR ended in July 2022.
  • Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR):
    • It was established in 1911.
    • It is an apex body in India for the coordination, and promotion of biomedical research.
    • It is one of the oldest and largest medical research bodies in the world.
    • Its headquarters is located in New Delhi.

Topic: Summits/ Conferences/ Meetings

2. Union Minister G. Kishan Reddy launched a two-day virtual conference 'SymphoNE'.

  • To boost Tourism Sector in North East India, G. Kishan Reddy launched the virtual conference 'SymphoNE'.
  • On the occasion of World Tourism Day, a virtual Conference 'SymphoNE' is being organized on 24th & 27th of September 2022.
  • The conference will create a roadmap to showcase the unexplored beauty and boost the tourism Sector in the North Eastern Region.
  • Policy Thinkers, State Tourism Boards, Social Media Influencers and Travel & Tour Operators are taking part in this conference.
  • SymphoNE’s main objective is to develop one-stop solution for eliminating obstacles faced by tourists and tour operators.

Topic: Important Days

3. World Contraception Day: 26 September

  • World Contraception Day is observed on September 26 every year.
  • It is observed to raise awareness about contraception and reproductive rights.
  • The first-ever World Contraception Day was observed in 2007. It is observed to raise the importance of birth control and family planning.
  • In 1994, at the International Conference on Population and Development, it was stated that all couples and individuals have the free right to choose the number and spacing of their offspring.
  • Condoms are the most common form of contraceptives used in India. It prevents the sperm from meeting the egg.
  • According to the WHO, almost 70% of women do not have access to contraception.

Topic: Personality in News

4. Oscar winner Louise Fletcher has died at the age of 88.

  • US actress Louise Fletcher, who won an Oscar in 1976 for her role as Nurse Ratched in One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, died at her residence.
  • Fletcher was most known for her role as Nurse Ratched, her career spanned six decades, including TV and film.
  • She started her acting career in the 50s.

Louise Fletcher

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: Geography

5. Super Typhoon Noru recently hit the Philippines.

  • Super Typhoon Noru has made landfall in the Philippines, affecting the heavily populated main island of Luzon with strong winds and heavy rain.
  • After an unusual "explosive intensification," the storm had maximum sustained wind speeds of 125 mph (195 km/h).
  • The Philippines is one of the most vulnerable countries to climate disasters due to its geography.
  • Typhoon:
    • These develop between 180° and 100° in the Northern Hemisphere.
    • It is a giant, rotating storm that brings wind, rain, and destruction.

Topic: Environment and Ecology

6. Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change is planning to launch the "Swachh Vayu Sarvekshan."

  • It is being launched to reduce air pollution by 40% by 2025-26.
  • For this survey, 131 cities have been divided into three groups on the basis of population.
  • The first group consists of 47 cities with a population of more than one million.
  • The second group consists of 44 cities with populations ranging from three to one million.
  • The third group includes 40 cities with a population of less than three lakhs.
  • Cities will have to do self-assessments on the online portal of the ministry and report activities and measures such as solid waste management, building material and debris management, and pollution reduction.
  • This assessment is done every year.
 
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Topic: Government Schemes and Initiatives

7. Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs launched a unique competition 'Swachh Toycathon' for making toys from 'Waste.'

  • It has been launched by Housing and Urban Affairs Secretary in a virtual program on 26 September 2022.
  • The competition is being launched under the 'Swachh Amrit Mahotsav', a fortnight of activities to promote cleanliness-related initiatives from the SevaDiwas of 17 September 2022 to the SwachhataDiwas of 2 October 2022.
  • The competition will be open to individuals and groups to bring innovations in the design of toys using dry waste.
  • It will focus on efficient designs that can be replicated extensively on toys that comply with minimum safety standards.
  • IIT Gandhinagar's Center for Creative Learning is the knowledge partner for this initiative.
  • The competition will be organized on MyGov's Innovate India portal.
  • With the goal of making India a hub for toys on a worldwide scale, the National Toy Action Plan (NAPT) 2020 was established to develop the Indian toy industry, including traditional handicrafts and handmade toys.
  • The 2nd phase of the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM 2.0) was launched by the Prime Minister on October 1, 2021, with the vision of 'Garbage Free' cities by 2026.

Swachh Toycathon for making toys from Waste

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: Government Schemes and Initiatives

8. Union Government launched an Indian Sign Language (ISL) dictionary mobile application named 'Sign Learn'.

  • Pratima Bhowmik, Minister of State for Social Justice and Empowerment launched the app.
  • Sign Learn is based on the Indian Sign Language Dictionary of the Indian Sign Language Research and Training Center (ISLRTC), containing 10,000 words.
  • The app is available in Android as well as iOS versions and all words in ISL Dictionary can be searched either in Hindi or in English medium.
  • Recently, ISLRTC signed an MoU with NCERT on October 6, 2020 to translate NCERT textbooks from classes 1 to 12 into Indian Sign Language (digital format) for children with hearing disabilities.
  • The ISL e-content for the NCERT class 6 textbooks was launched this year.
  • As part of Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav, the Center launched ISL editions of selected books from the 'Veergatha' series of the National Book Trust.

Topic: State News/ Chhattisgarh

9. Chhattisgarh government will launch ‘Hamar Beti Hamar Maan’ campaign for women’s safety.

  • For women’s safety and empowerment, the Chattisgarh government announced the ‘Hamar Beti-Hamar Maan’ campaign in this state.
  • Under this campaign, the girls will be taught various subjects, including legal rights, good touch-bad touch, and sexual crimes.
  • Women officers and employees of the state police will teach girls about their legal rights, good touch, bad touch, molestation, sexual abuse, cybercrime, and protection from social media crimes.
  • The government will also issue a helpline number under the Hamar Beti Hamar Maan campaign.
  • The government has also decided to investigate crimes related to women on a priority basis by women investigators.
  • The women in educational institutes of the state will be trained regarding the usage of the application developed for women’s safety.

Topic: International News

10. 32 countries, including India, called for urgent and comprehensive reforms in the UN Security Council.

  • During the 77th session of the General Assembly, the 32 countries urged to "instill new life” to the UN Security Council.
  • The signatories include Brazil, Dominica, Grenada, Haiti, India, Jamaica, Mongolia, Nigeria, Papua New Guinea, South Africa, and Vanuatu.
  • The signatories in a joint statement urged that reform in the UN Security Council is required for solving different challenges like poverty, climate change, pandemics, global food security, international conflicts, etc.
  • The Joint Statement reiterated that expansion is required in the both permanent and non-permanent categories of the Security Council. It also proposed to reform in working methods.
  • UN Security Council (UNSC):
    • It is one of the six major organs of the United Nations, responsible for ensuring international peace and security.
    • There are 5 permanent members and 10 non-permanent members in this council.
    • Its main function is to ensure international peace and security.
    • It was established on 24 October 1945.

Topic: Awards and Prizes

11. Indian Author Meena Kandasamy wins the German PEN award.

  • Meena Kandasamy has been announced the winner of the Hermann Kesten Prize.
  • The award will be given at a ceremony in Darmstadt on 15 November 2022.
  • Meena Kandasamy is a feminist and anti-caste activist. She works on issues related to gender, caste, sexuality, patriarchy, and oppression by the Brahmanical system.
  • Her novels have been selected for the Women’s Prize for Fiction, the International Dylan Thomas Prize, the Jhalak Prize, and the Hindu Lit Prize.
  • Tamil Tigresses (2021), Touch (2006), Gypsy Goddess (2014) and Ms Militancy (2010) are some famous works of Meena Kandasamy.
  • This year, a special award will be also given to the website "Weiter Schreiben" to encourage writers from conflict zones.
  • Hermann Kesten Prize is given to personalities, who stand up for the rights of persecuted authors and journalists.
  • The winner receives an amount of €20,000 ($19,996) as prize money.

Topic: Awards and Prizes

12. President Draupadi Murmu presented the National Service Scheme (NSS) Awards 2020-21.

  • President Draupadi Murmu presented a total of 42 awards. Two universities, ten NSS units, and 30 volunteers received the awards.
  • The National Service Scheme Award is conferred by the Department of Youth Affairs every year.
  • It is given for the outstanding contributions made by universities and Colleges, NSS units, NSS Volunteers, programme Officers, etc. for voluntary community service.
  • At present, the NSS has about 40 lakh volunteers across the country.
  • NSS is a Centrally Sector Scheme launched in the year 1969. Its main objective is to develop the personality and character of the youths through voluntary community service.
  • National Service Scheme (NSS) Awards:
    • It is conferred every year on NSS Foundation Day (24 September).
    • It was instituted by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports during 1992-93.
    • The awards are given in the following categories:
      • University/ +2 Council
      • NSS Units and their Programme Officers
      • NSS Volunteers

National Service Scheme (NSS) Awards 2020-21

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: Government Schemes and Initiatives

13. CBI launched 'Operation Meghachakra' against online child sexual abuse across the country.

  • The Central Bureau of Investigation has carried out 'Operation Meghachakra' at 56 locations in 20 states against the circulation and sharing of child sexual abuse material online.
  • CBI launched the exercise code-named 'Operation Meghachakra' by using the inputs from the Interpol unit of New Zealand.
  • CBI carried out a similar exercise “Operation Carbon” in 2021 at 76 locations across the country.
  • CBI is the first probe agency to set up a cybercrime unit for the investigation of cybercrimes in the country.
  • Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI):
    • It works under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions.
    • It was established on the recommendation of the Santhanam Committee.
    • Subodh Kumar Jaiswal is the current Director.

Topic: Sports

14. Jhulan Goswami announced her retirement from international cricket.

  • She played her last match on 24 September against England in the last ODI of the series at Lord's.
  • Jhulan Goswami is a 39-year-old fast bowler from West Bengal. She played 12 Tests, 68 T20 internationals, and 203 ODIs for India.
  • She is the highest wicket-taker in women's ODI history. She has taken a total of 353 wickets in 283 matches.
  • She made her debut in the year 2002. She won the ICC Women's Cricketer of the Year award in 2007.
  • She is also a recipient of the Arjuna Award and the Padma Shri.

Jhulan Goswami

(Source: News on AIR)

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