Daily Current Affairs and GK | 27 August 2022
- 1. Asok Kumar explained the government’s Arth Ganga model at the Stockholm World Water Week 2022.
- 2. Uttar Pradesh government will develop Kannauj as a perfume tourism destination.
- 3. Former German chancellor Angela Merkel has been awarded the Felix Houphouet-Boigny-UNESCO Peace Prize 2022.
- 4. Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir has become the first among States/UTs to set up an Atal Tinkering Lab in partnership with NITI Aayog.
- 5. Colonel Abdoulaye Maiga appointed as interim PM by the Mali military.
- 6. Neeraj Chopra created history by winning the Lausanne Diamond League Meet in the javelin throw.
- 7. Supreme Court has referred the pleas against freebies to a three-judge bench.
- 8. Bengaluru will have India’s first post office built out of 3D printing technology.
- 9. Government conducted door-to-door screening for TB under the ‘Aashwasan’ campaign.
- 10. Indian Army is planning to procure the light tank ‘Zorawar’ for LAC.
- 11. Bhupendra Singh has been appointed as the new BJP chief of Uttar Pradesh.
- 12. First set of nine forms on the MCA21 V3 portal to be launched on 31 August.
- 13. World’s first-ever hydrogen-powered passenger train fleet launched in Germany.
- 14. Indian Navy shortlisted Super Hornet and Rafale M aircraft for INS Vikrant.
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Topic: National News
1. Asok Kumar explained the government’s Arth Ganga model at the Stockholm World Water Week 2022.
- In his speech at the Stockholm World Water Week 2022, Asok Kumar, the Director General of the National Mission for Clean Ganga, spoke about the Arth Ganga model.
- PM Modi introduced the concept of Arth Ganga during the first National Ganga Council meeting in Kanpur in 2019.
- The main aim of the Arth Ganga model is the development of the Ganga and its surrounding areas by focusing on economic activities related to the river.
- The government is focusing on six verticals under Arth Ganga, which are as follows:
- Zero Budget Natural Farming
- Monetization and Reuse of Sludge & Wastewater
- Revenue generation for Urban Local Bodies (ULBs)
- Increasing public participation by increasing synergies between the stakeholders involved with the river
- Promoting cultural heritage and tourism of Ganga and its surroundings
- Promoting institutional building by empowering local administration for improved water governance
- World Water Week is organized by the Stockholm International Water Institute every year since 1991.
- This year, the week is being observed from August 23 to 1 September.
- The theme of the 2022 World Water Week is: “Seeing the unseen: The value of water”.
Topic: State News/Uttar Pradesh
2. Uttar Pradesh government will develop Kannauj as a perfume tourism destination.
- The Uttar Pradesh government has decided to organize an international perfume fair in Kannauj in December.
- The perfume park is being set up in the district. Its first phase will be completed by November 15.
- Uttar Pradesh government aims to take the ₹250 crore perfume business to ₹25,000 crores.
- The perfume of Kannauj comes under the ‘One District, One Product’ initiative.
- Kannauj is known as India’s perfume capital. Kannauj Perfume is listed in the GI Act 1999 of the Government of India.
- Kannauj Perfume or Kannauj Ittar is protected under the Geographical indication (GI) of the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS).
Topic: Awards and Prizes
3. Former German chancellor Angela Merkel has been awarded the Felix Houphouet-Boigny-UNESCO Peace Prize 2022.
- The jury has awarded this prize to Angela Merkel in recognition of her efforts to welcome refugees.
- The jury members were touched by her decision in 2015 to welcome over 1.2 million refugees from Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan and Eritrea.
- Julienne Lusenge received an honourable mention from the jury for her commitment to the women who were victims of sexual violence.
- Felix Houphouet-Boigny-UNESCO Peace Prize:
- It is named after the former President of Ivory Coast. It has been awarded each year since 1989.
- It has been awarded to individuals, organisations or institutions that have made a special effort to promote, research or secure peace.
- Earlier, personalities like Nelson Mandela, Frederik W. De Klerk, and Jimmy Carter have received this award.
Topic: State News/Jammu & Kashmir
4. Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir has become the first among States/UTs to set up an Atal Tinkering Lab in partnership with NITI Aayog.
- NITI Aayog is eager to replicate the Atal Tinkering Lab model used in J&K for the rest of the nation on a 50:50 cost-sharing basis.
- Mission Director, Atal Innovation Mission said that an agreement has been signed to establish 500 ATL with a 50:50 cost-sharing basis within two years.
- A MoU has been signed between AIM and J&K UT. As per MoU, each AIM and J&K UT will provide rupees 10-10 lakh to establish ATLs in J&K.
- One ATL costs Rs 20 Lakh. For the first time in Jammu and Kashmir, money cost (Rs 20 Lakh) is being shared by this Union Territory and the central government.
- ATL was started with the aim to build 10,000 labs and the target has been achieved in July.
- Atal Innovation Mission, NITI Aayog has established over 10000 ATLs across the country so far.
- Mission Director, AIM said that those states who wish not to be dependent on central budgets may opt for the J&K model.
Topic: International Appointments
5. Colonel Abdoulaye Maiga appointed as interim PM by the Mali military.
- He has been appointed after the country's civilian Prime Minister Choguel Kokalla Maiga was hospitalized.
- Prior to this appointment, Colonel Maga was serving as Government Spokesperson and Minister for Territorial Administration and Decentralization.
- Veteran civilian politician Choguel Kokalla Maiga was named premier after the military came to power in August 2020 and a second coup in May 2021.
- It is a landlocked country in West Africa.
- It is the eighth-largest country in Africa.
- Its capital is Bamako and the currency is the West African CFA Franc.
6. Neeraj Chopra created history by winning the Lausanne Diamond League Meet in the javelin throw.
- Neeraj Chopra won the javelin throw event with a best throw of 89.08m in the Lausanne Diamond League.
- Neeraj became the first Indian to win the prestigious Diamond League Meet with his best throw in the competition.
- Neeraj has now qualified for the Diamond League Finals, which will be held on September 7 and 8 in Zurich, Switzerland.
- He has now qualified for the 2023 World Championships as well.
- The top six after Lausanne's League qualified for the Zurich final.
- Meanwhile, Tokyo Olympics silver medalist Jacob Wadledge finished second with a best throw of 85.88m, followed by USA's Curtis Thompson.
(Source: News on AIR)
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Topic: Indian Polity
7. Supreme Court has referred the pleas against freebies to a three-judge bench.
- Supreme Court observed that freebies the political parties announce may lead the state towards bankruptcy.
- The bench was headed by Chief Justice NV Ramana and comprised of Justices Hima Kohli and CT Ravikumar.
- The bench said freebies could lead to a situation where the state government will be unable to provide essential services because of a lack of funding.
- The court said freebies are provided using taxpayers’ money only for increasing the popularity of the party and electoral prospects.
- Supreme Court order came on petitions seeking directions to the Centre and the Election Commission to take steps to regulate poll manifestos of political parties.
- The petitioners also opposed the practice of political parties giving or promising freebies to induce voters during polls.
- Supreme Court said that petitioners’ issues require an extensive hearing before any concrete orders can be passed.
- The three-judge bench would review the apex court’s judgement that pre-poll promises made by political parties to entice voters do not fall within the ambit of Section 123 (corrupt practices) under the Representation of the People (RP) Act.
- Supreme Court had given this judgment in 2013 in S Subramaniam Balaji vs State case of Tamil Nadu.
- The freebies case will be listed before the new three-judge Bench in four weeks.
Topic: State News/ Karnataka
8. Bengaluru will have India’s first post office built out of 3D printing technology.
- The post office will be ready in just a month. It will be established in Halasuru’s Cambridge Layout.
- The 1,000-square-feet building will cost 25 lakh rupees to set up.
- Technology approval to Larsen & Toubro Limited (L&T) for 3D concrete printing of structures has been given by Building Materials and Technology Promotion Council along with IIT-Madras.
- Building Materials and Technology Promotion Council of the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs is responsible to undertake research, development, and large-scale application of new building material technologies.
Topic: Government Schemes and Initiatives
9. Government conducted door-to-door screening for TB under the ‘Aashwasan’ campaign.
- Under the Aashwasan campaign, the government conducted door-to-door screening of more than one crore persons in over 68,000 villages for TB.
- The Aashwasan campaign was started in January in Nandurbar District. The main aim of the campaign is to find active cases of tuberculosis in 174 tribal districts of India.
- Recently, a national conclave was held at the National Tribal Research Institute (NTRI) in New Delhi to share the lessons learned from the 100-day Aashwasan Campaign under the "Tribal TB Initiative."
- About two lakh community influencers, including tribal leaders, tribal healers, Self Help Groups, and youth, participated in the campaign.
- According to the data, tribal communities are more vulnerable to TB.
- As part of India’s 75-year celebration, the government has selected 75 high-burden tribal districts for focused interventions.
- India has set a target to eradicate tuberculosis by 2025.
- Tuberculosis spread through the air and usually attacks the lungs. It can also affect other parts of the body.
- It is caused by a type of bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It is treatable and preventable.
10. Indian Army is planning to procure the light tank ‘Zorawar’ for LAC.
- The Indian Army has hastened the procurement process of the indigenous Indian light tank named ‘Zorawar’.
- It will be deployed in the mountains and is equipped with technologies like anti-drone capabilities, and next-generation Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) capabilities.
- The Defence Acquisition Council could grant the Acceptance of Necessity (AoN) for the project next month.
- The firepower of the existing fleet of T-72, T-90, and indigenous Arjun tanks is also being upgraded.
- India and China deployed tanks on the mountain peaks after the confrontation on the south bank of Pangong Tso in August 2020.
- ‘Zorawar’ has been designed to operate from high-altitude areas and marginal terrain. It can be easily transported as per the operational requirements.
- Its distinguishing characteristics include Artificial Intelligence (AI), drone integration, active protection systems, and a high degree of situational awareness.
- The Indian Army has also procured swarm drones from two Indian start-ups.
- The Swarm drone system consists of a number of small drones that are AI-enabled and capable of communicating with the control station and among themselves.
Topic: State News/ Uttar Pradesh
11. Bhupendra Singh has been appointed as the new BJP chief of Uttar Pradesh.
- Rajib Bhattacharjee has been appointed as the BJP President of Tripura.
- Saudan Singh has been appointed as the Chief election in charge of BJP for the Himachal Pradesh election.
- Devender Singh Rana has been given the responsibility of being co-in charge of the Himachal Pradesh election.
- Bharatiya Janata Party:
- It is the largest political party in India.
- The Bharatiya Jan Sangh (BJS) was the predecessor party of the BJP.
- The Bharatiya Janata Party was formed on April 6 1980 with Atal Bihari Vajpayee as the first party president.
- The Bharatiya Janata Party has 303 members in the Lok Sabha.
- J. P. Nadda is the current President of the Bharatiya Janata Party.
Topic: Government Schemes and Initiatives
12. First set of nine forms on the MCA21 V3 portal to be launched on 31 August.
- The government has taken the next step in the rollout of Version 3.0 of MCA21.
- Company e-filings on the version 2.0 portal have been disabled from Aug 15 for these nine forms.
- Based on feedback and corrections, MCA is implementing version 3.0 in phases.
- MCA21 Version 3.0 has additional modules for e-scrutiny, e-adjudication, e-consultation, and compliance management.
- L&T Infotech has signed a contract for the operation and maintenance of MCA21 V3.0.
- It is India’s first mission-mode e-governance project.
- It is the online portal of the Corporate Affairs Ministry (MCA).
- It provides company-related information to stakeholders and the general public.
- It was initially launched in 2006.
Topic: Infrastructure and Energy
13. World’s first-ever hydrogen-powered passenger train fleet launched in Germany.
- The world’s first hydrogen-powered passenger train fleet has a total of 14 trains.
- The hydrogen-powered passenger trains will replace 15 old diesel trains, operated on non-electrified lines.
- The speed of these trains will be 140 kmph and they will have a range of 1000 km.
- French company Alstom has manufactured the trains, and they will be operated by regional rail company LNVG.
- The trains will use hydrogen produced with renewable energy, as fuel. It will save more than 1.6 million litres of diesel annually.
- The trains are emissions-free with low noise and produce only steam and condensed water as effluent.
- Hydrogen is being seen as an alternative to fossil fuels in the transportation industry.
14. Indian Navy shortlisted Super Hornet and Rafale M aircraft for INS Vikrant.
- US aerospace company Boeing pitched that its F/A-18 Super Hornet will be the best aircraft to meet the requirement of the Indian Navy for INS Vikrant.
- The Indian Navy has shortlisted F/A-18 Super Hornet and Rafale M aircraft for procurement of deck-based jets for aircraft carrier INS Vikrant.
- Four years before, the Indian Navy started the process of acquiring 57 aircraft for its aircraft carrier.
- ‘Super Hornet’ aircraft has the most advanced capability. It will help the Indian Navy in tackling emerging and future threats.
- At present, the Indian Navy uses MiG-29K fighters from its aircraft carrier INS Vikramaditya.
- INS Vikrant will be commissioned in Cochin on 2 September in the presence of Prime Minister Narendra Modi.