Daily Current Affairs and GK | 27 August 2022

By Priyanka Chaudhary | Last Modified: 27 Aug 2022 17:32 PM IST

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Topic: National News

1. Asok Kumar explained the government’s Arth Ganga model at the Stockholm World Water Week 2022.

  • In his speech at the Stockholm World Water Week 2022, Asok Kumar, the Director General of the National Mission for Clean Ganga, spoke about the Arth Ganga model.
  • PM Modi introduced the concept of Arth Ganga during the first National Ganga Council meeting in Kanpur in 2019.
  • The main aim of the Arth Ganga model is the development of the Ganga and its surrounding areas by focusing on economic activities related to the river.
  • The government is focusing on six verticals under Arth Ganga, which are as follows:
    • Zero Budget Natural Farming
    • Monetization and Reuse of Sludge & Wastewater
    • Revenue generation for Urban Local Bodies (ULBs)
    • Increasing public participation by increasing synergies between the stakeholders involved with the river
    • Promoting cultural heritage and tourism of Ganga and its surroundings
    • Promoting institutional building by empowering local administration for improved water governance
  • World Water Week is organized by the Stockholm International Water Institute every year since 1991.
  • This year, the week is being observed from August 23 to 1 September.
  • The theme of the 2022 World Water Week is: “Seeing the unseen: The value of water”.

Topic: State News/Uttar Pradesh

2. Uttar Pradesh government will develop Kannauj as a perfume tourism destination.

  • The Uttar Pradesh government has decided to organize an international perfume fair in Kannauj in December.
  • The perfume park is being set up in the district. Its first phase will be completed by November 15.
  • Uttar Pradesh government aims to take the ₹250 crore perfume business to ₹25,000 crores.
  • The perfume of Kannauj comes under the ‘One District, One Product’ initiative.
  • Kannauj is known as India’s perfume capital. Kannauj Perfume is listed in the GI Act 1999 of the Government of India.
  • Kannauj Perfume or Kannauj Ittar is protected under the Geographical indication (GI) of the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS).

Topic: Awards and Prizes

3. Former German chancellor Angela Merkel has been awarded the Felix Houphouet-Boigny-UNESCO Peace Prize 2022.

  • The jury has awarded this prize to Angela Merkel in recognition of her efforts to welcome refugees.
  • The jury members were touched by her decision in 2015 to welcome over 1.2 million refugees from Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan and Eritrea.
  • Julienne Lusenge received an honourable mention from the jury for her commitment to the women who were victims of sexual violence.
  • Felix Houphouet-Boigny-UNESCO Peace Prize:
    • It is named after the former President of Ivory Coast. It has been awarded each year since 1989.
    • It has been awarded to individuals, organisations or institutions that have made a special effort to promote, research or secure peace.
    • Earlier, personalities like Nelson Mandela, Frederik W. De Klerk, and Jimmy Carter have received this award.

Topic: State News/Jammu & Kashmir

4. Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir has become the first among States/UTs to set up an Atal Tinkering Lab in partnership with NITI Aayog.

  • NITI Aayog is eager to replicate the Atal Tinkering Lab model used in J&K for the rest of the nation on a 50:50 cost-sharing basis.
  • Mission Director, Atal Innovation Mission said that an agreement has been signed to establish 500 ATL with a 50:50 cost-sharing basis within two years.
  • A MoU has been signed between AIM and J&K UT. As per MoU, each AIM and J&K UT will provide rupees 10-10 lakh to establish ATLs in J&K.
  • One ATL costs Rs 20 Lakh. For the first time in Jammu and Kashmir, money cost (Rs 20 Lakh) is being shared by this Union Territory and the central government.
  • ATL was started with the aim to build 10,000 labs and the target has been achieved in July.
  • Atal Innovation Mission, NITI Aayog has established over 10000 ATLs across the country so far.
  • Mission Director, AIM said that those states who wish not to be dependent on central budgets may opt for the J&K model.

Topic: International Appointments

5. Colonel Abdoulaye Maiga appointed as interim PM by the Mali military.

  • He has been appointed after the country's civilian Prime Minister Choguel Kokalla Maiga was hospitalized.
  • Prior to this appointment, Colonel Maga was serving as Government Spokesperson and Minister for Territorial Administration and Decentralization.
  • Veteran civilian politician Choguel Kokalla Maiga was named premier after the military came to power in August 2020 and a second coup in May 2021.
  • Mali:
    • It is a landlocked country in West Africa.
    • It is the eighth-largest country in Africa.
    • Its capital is Bamako and the currency is the West African CFA Franc.

Colonel Abdoulaye Maiga

Topic: Sports

6. Neeraj Chopra created history by winning the Lausanne Diamond League Meet in the javelin throw.

  • Neeraj Chopra won the javelin throw event with a best throw of 89.08m in the Lausanne Diamond League.
  • Neeraj became the first Indian to win the prestigious Diamond League Meet with his best throw in the competition.
  • Neeraj has now qualified for the Diamond League Finals, which will be held on September 7 and 8 in Zurich, Switzerland.
  • He has now qualified for the 2023 World Championships as well.
  • The top six after Lausanne's League qualified for the Zurich final.
  • Meanwhile, Tokyo Olympics silver medalist Jacob Wadledge finished second with a best throw of 85.88m, followed by USA's Curtis Thompson.

Lausanne Diamond League

(Source: News on AIR)

 
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Topic: Indian Polity

7. Supreme Court has referred the pleas against freebies to a three-judge bench.

  • Supreme Court observed that freebies the political parties announce may lead the state towards bankruptcy. 
  • The bench was headed by Chief Justice NV Ramana and comprised of Justices Hima Kohli and CT Ravikumar.
  • The bench said freebies could lead to a situation where the state government will be unable to provide essential services because of a lack of funding.
  • The court said freebies are provided using taxpayers’ money only for increasing the popularity of the party and electoral prospects.
  • Supreme Court order came on petitions seeking directions to the Centre and the Election Commission to take steps to regulate poll manifestos of political parties.
  • The petitioners also opposed the practice of political parties giving or promising freebies to induce voters during polls.
  • Supreme Court said that petitioners’ issues require an extensive hearing before any concrete orders can be passed.
  • The three-judge bench would review the apex court’s judgement that pre-poll promises made by political parties to entice voters do not fall within the ambit of Section 123 (corrupt practices) under the Representation of the People (RP) Act.
  • Supreme Court had given this judgment in 2013 in S Subramaniam Balaji vs State case of Tamil Nadu.
  • The freebies case will be listed before the new three-judge Bench in four weeks.

Topic: State News/ Karnataka

8. Bengaluru will have India’s first post office built out of 3D printing technology.

  • The post office will be ready in just a month. It will be established in Halasuru’s Cambridge Layout.
  • The 1,000-square-feet building will cost 25 lakh rupees to set up.
  • Technology approval to Larsen & Toubro Limited (L&T) for 3D concrete printing of structures has been given by Building Materials and Technology Promotion Council along with IIT-Madras.
  • Building Materials and Technology Promotion Council of the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs is responsible to undertake research, development, and large-scale application of new building material technologies.

Topic: Government Schemes and Initiatives

9. Government conducted door-to-door screening for TB under the ‘Aashwasan’ campaign.

  • Under the Aashwasan campaign, the government conducted door-to-door screening of more than one crore persons in over 68,000 villages for TB.
  • The Aashwasan campaign was started in January in Nandurbar District. The main aim of the campaign is to find active cases of tuberculosis in 174 tribal districts of India.
  • Recently, a national conclave was held at the National Tribal Research Institute (NTRI) in New Delhi to share the lessons learned from the 100-day Aashwasan Campaign under the "Tribal TB Initiative."
  • About two lakh community influencers, including tribal leaders, tribal healers, Self Help Groups, and youth, participated in the campaign.
  • According to the data, tribal communities are more vulnerable to TB.
  • As part of India’s 75-year celebration, the government has selected 75 high-burden tribal districts for focused interventions.
  • India has set a target to eradicate tuberculosis by 2025.
  • Tuberculosis:
    • Tuberculosis spread through the air and usually attacks the lungs. It can also affect other parts of the body.
    • It is caused by a type of bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It is treatable and preventable.

Topic: Defence

10. Indian Army is planning to procure the light tank ‘Zorawar’ for LAC.

  • The Indian Army has hastened the procurement process of the indigenous Indian light tank named ‘Zorawar’.
  • It will be deployed in the mountains and is equipped with technologies like anti-drone capabilities, and next-generation Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) capabilities.
  • The Defence Acquisition Council could grant the Acceptance of Necessity (AoN) for the project next month.
  • The firepower of the existing fleet of T-72, T-90, and indigenous Arjun tanks is also being upgraded.
  • India and China deployed tanks on the mountain peaks after the confrontation on the south bank of Pangong Tso in August 2020.
  • ‘Zorawar’ has been designed to operate from high-altitude areas and marginal terrain. It can be easily transported as per the operational requirements.
  • Its distinguishing characteristics include Artificial Intelligence (AI), drone integration, active protection systems, and a high degree of situational awareness.
  • The Indian Army has also procured swarm drones from two Indian start-ups.
  • The Swarm drone system consists of a number of small drones that are AI-enabled and capable of communicating with the control station and among themselves.

Topic: State News/ Uttar Pradesh

11. Bhupendra Singh has been appointed as the new BJP chief of Uttar Pradesh.

  • Rajib Bhattacharjee has been appointed as the BJP President of Tripura.
  • Saudan Singh has been appointed as the Chief election in charge of BJP for the Himachal Pradesh election.
  • Devender Singh Rana has been given the responsibility of being co-in charge of the Himachal Pradesh election.
  • Bharatiya Janata Party:
    • It is the largest political party in India.
    • The Bharatiya Jan Sangh (BJS) was the predecessor party of the BJP.
    • The Bharatiya Janata Party was formed on April 6 1980 with Atal Bihari Vajpayee as the first party president.
    • The Bharatiya Janata Party has 303 members in the Lok Sabha.
    • J. P. Nadda is the current President of the Bharatiya Janata Party.

Topic: Government Schemes and Initiatives

12. First set of nine forms on the MCA21 V3 portal to be launched on 31 August.

  • The government has taken the next step in the rollout of Version 3.0 of MCA21.
  • Company e-filings on the version 2.0 portal have been disabled from Aug 15 for these nine forms.
  • Based on feedback and corrections, MCA is implementing version 3.0 in phases.
  • MCA21 Version 3.0 has additional modules for e-scrutiny, e-adjudication, e-consultation, and compliance management.
  • L&T Infotech has signed a contract for the operation and maintenance of MCA21 V3.0.
  • MCA21:
    • It is India’s first mission-mode e-governance project.
    • It is the online portal of the Corporate Affairs Ministry (MCA).
    • It provides company-related information to stakeholders and the general public.
    • It was initially launched in 2006.

Topic: Infrastructure and Energy

13. World’s first-ever hydrogen-powered passenger train fleet launched in Germany.

  • The world’s first hydrogen-powered passenger train fleet has a total of 14 trains.
  • The hydrogen-powered passenger trains will replace 15 old diesel trains, operated on non-electrified lines.
  • The speed of these trains will be 140 kmph and they will have a range of 1000 km.
  • French company Alstom has manufactured the trains, and they will be operated by regional rail company LNVG.
  • The trains will use hydrogen produced with renewable energy, as fuel. It will save more than 1.6 million litres of diesel annually.
  • The trains are emissions-free with low noise and produce only steam and condensed water as effluent.
  • Hydrogen is being seen as an alternative to fossil fuels in the transportation industry.

Topic: Defence

14. Indian Navy shortlisted Super Hornet and Rafale M aircraft for INS Vikrant.

  • US aerospace company Boeing pitched that its F/A-18 Super Hornet will be the best aircraft to meet the requirement of the Indian Navy for INS Vikrant.
  • The Indian Navy has shortlisted F/A-18 Super Hornet and Rafale M aircraft for procurement of deck-based jets for aircraft carrier INS Vikrant.
  • Four years before, the Indian Navy started the process of acquiring 57 aircraft for its aircraft carrier.
  • ‘Super Hornet’ aircraft has the most advanced capability. It will help the Indian Navy in tackling emerging and future threats.
  • At present, the Indian Navy uses MiG-29K fighters from its aircraft carrier INS Vikramaditya.
  • INS Vikrant will be commissioned in Cochin on 2 September in the presence of Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
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