Daily Current Affairs and GK | 27 July 2023

By Priyanka Chaudhary | Last Modified: 27 Jul 2023 18:28 PM IST

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Topic: Defence

1. India is indigenously developing Long-range surface-to-air missile (LRSAM) defence system.

  • To promote self-reliance in the defence sector, India is developing a three-layered long-range surface-to-air missile (LRSAM) defence system.
  • It could strike down enemy missiles and aircraft up to 400 km range. It will have three layers of surface-to-air missiles.
  • The estimated cost of the project is about $2.5 billion.
  • With the LRSAM defence system, India will become one of the country with the capability to efficiently eliminate hostile aerial threats at such ranges.
  • The proposal to develop three layered long-range surface-to-air-missile systems is at the advanced stage.
  • The indigenous LRSAM system will be par with the S-400 air defence system which was procured from Russia.
  • Currently, three squadrons of the S-400 are deployed and operationalised in India.
  • The Indian Navy changed the name of its indigenous LRSAM system to MRSAM after the LRSAM project was taken up by the DRDO.

Topic: Sports

2. India has come in second place on the medals tally at the ISSF Junior Shooting World Championships 2023.

  • Indian shooters won 17 medals. These medals include 6 Gold, 6 Silver, and 5 Bronze.
  • In the championships, 90 Indian shooters competed for medals in pistol, rifle, and shotgun competitions in the under-21 age category.
  • Seven Indians won more than one medal. Abhinav Shaw and Kamaljeet won two golds each.
  • Sainyam won three medals. Sainyam won gold in the 10m air pistol women and a bronze medal in the 10m air pistol mixed team and women's team events.
  • China topped the medal tally. It won 28 medals, which include 12 Golds, 9 Silver and 7 Bronze.
  • ISSF Junior Shooting World Championships 2023 was organized from July 16 to 24 in Changwon, South Korea.

ISSF Junior Shooting World Championships 2023

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: Geography

3. Typhoon Doksuri moves towards China after causing damage in the Philippines.

  • Typhoon Doksuri caused widespread destruction in the northern Philippines on 26 July 2023 and left tens of thousands displaced.
  • Typhoon Doxuri was named Super Typhoon Ege in the Philippines.
  • It is the third typhoon of the 2023 Pacific typhoon season.
  • It started as a low pressure area in the Philippines. It started far off the coast of Mindanao. Mindanao is the second-largest island in the Philippines.
  • It intensified into a typhoon prior to reaching close to the Babuyan Islands, an archipelago in the Philippines.
  • The name Doksuri was submitted by South Korea and means “eagle” in Korean.

Topic: State News/Ladakh

4. First women police station has been opened in Kargil, Ladakh.

  • Additional Director General of Police, Ladakh, S D Singh Jamwal inaugurated the police station.
  • The police station will specifically deal with crimes against women.
  • It will function round the clock and ensure immediate help and support for women in need.
  • It will also act as a resource centre, which will provide counseling services for women facing challenging situations.

Topic: National News

5. 1.25 lakh PM Kisan Samridhi Kendra (PMKSKs) dedicated by PM Modi to the nation at Sikar in Rajasthan on 27 July.

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi was on a visit to Sikar district of Rajasthan on 27 July.
  • These PMKSKs will provide farmers with agriculture-related inputs (fertilizers, seeds, equipment), testing facilities for soil, seeds, and fertilizers, and provide information about various government schemes.
  • Modi laid the foundation stone and inaugurated various development projects in the public program.
  • He also launched 'Urea Gold', which is a new variety of sulfur-coated urea that will help to remove sulfur deficiency in the soil.
  • The PM launched the inclusion of around 1500 Farmer-Producer Organizations (FPOs) in the Open Network of Digital Commerce (ONDC).
  • In February 2020, the FPO initiative was launched with a total budget of Rs 6,865 crore to set up 10,000 new FPOs over the next five years.
  • Shri Modi released an amount of about 17,000 crore rupees in the form of 14th installment of PM-KISAN to more than 8.5 crores beneficiaries through Direct Benefit Transfer.
  • The Prime Minister laid the foundation stone of seven medical colleges and inaugurated five new medical colleges in Rajasthan.
  • Shri Modi also inaugurated six Eklavya Model Residential Schools and Kendriya Vidyalaya in the state.
  • PM-KISAN scheme:
    • It was launched on 24 February 2019. It was announced during the interim budget of 2019.
    • It is being implemented by the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.
    • The PM-KISAN scheme provides eligible farmer families with a financial benefit of Rs. 6,000 each year, payable in three equal installments of Rs. 2,000.

PM Kisan Samridhi Kendra (PMKSKs)

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: State News/ Nagaland

6. On 25 July, BJP’s S Phangnon Konyak became the first woman MP from Nagaland to preside over Rajya Sabha.

  • On 17 July, She became the first woman member to be appointed to the panel of Vice-Chairpersons of Rajya Sabha.
  • In April 2022, she became the first woman to be elected to the Rajya Sabha from Nagaland.
  • She also became the second woman from the northeastern state to be elected to either the House of Parliament or the State Legislative Assembly.
  • Three other women members- PT Usha, Fauzia Khan (NCP), and Sulata Deo (BJD) have been also appointed to the panel of Vice-Chairpersons.
  • Notably, all the women nominated to the panel are first-time parliamentarians.
  • This is the first time in the history of the Upper House that equal representation has been given to women members in the panel of Vice chairpersons.
  • The other panel members are V Vijayasai Reddy, Ghanshyam Tiwari, L Hanumanthaiah, and Sukhendu Sekhar Ray.

UP GK - Uttar Pradesh General Knowledge

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Topic: Government Schemes and Initiatives

7. Union Home Minister Amit Shah launched the Mera Gaon Meri Dharohar initiative as part of Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav on 27 July.

  • Mera Gaon Meri Dharohar is a pan-India initiative of the Ministry of Culture under the National Mission on Cultural Mapping.
  • He also launched the virtual platform for the Mera Gaon Meri Dharohar (MGMD) initiative during a grand projection mapping show at the Qutub Minar.
  • The virtual platform will connect people with villages of India.
  • MGMD project was initiated by the Ministry of Culture under National Mission on Cultural Mapping in coordination with Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA).
  • The key objective of the MGMD project is to culturally map India's 6.5 lakh villages, spanning 29 States and 7 Union Territories on a virtual platform.

Topic: Summits/Conferences/Meetings

8. 8th India-Australia Defence Policy Talks held at Canberra in Australia on 24-25 July 2023.

  • During the talks, India and Australia reaffirmed their commitment to fully implement the Comprehensive Strategic Partnership.
  • Both sides also reviewed the bilateral defence cooperation.
  • They explored new initiatives to further strengthen and deepen bilateral defence engagements.
  • Special Secretary in Ministry of Defence Nivedita Shukla Verma and Acting Deputy Secretary in the Department of Defence, Australia Steven Moore co-chaired the talks.
  • During the discussion, the focus was also on identifying ways to strengthen partnerships in the co-development and co-production of defence equipment.
  • India and Australia are having a Comprehensive Strategic Partnership since June 2020. Defence is an important pillar of this partnership.

Topic: International Appointments

9. James Skea elected as the new chair of IPCC.

  • James Ferguson ‘Jim’ Skea of the United Kingdom has been elected as the new chair of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in Nairobi, Kenya.
  • He defeated his nearest rival Thelma Krug of Brazil by 90-69.
  • South African Debra Roberts and Belgian Jean-Pascal van Ypersele were the other candidates in the race.
  • The election for the chair was held at the headquarters of the United Nations Environment Programme in Nairobi.
  • The elections for the IPCC Bureau and Co-Chairs of the IPCC Working Groups will take place from 26-28 July.
  • James Skea is a Professor of Sustainable Energy at Imperial College in London.
  • IPCC Bureau will have 34 members including the chair. The Seventh Assessment Report of IPCC is expected to be completed in five to seven years.
  • 12 members will be also elected as the members of the Task Force Bureau on National Greenhouse Gas Inventories.
  • Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change:
    • It is a UN body for assessing the science related to climate change.
    • The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) established the IPCC in 1988.
    • It informs governments about the state of climate change.
    • Its headquarters is located in Geneva, Switzerland.

Topic: Indian Polity

10. Registration of Births and Deaths (Amendment) Bill, 2023 has been introduced in Lok Sabha.

  • The government tabled the Registration of Births and Deaths (Amendment) Bill, 2023 in the Lok Sabha on 26th July.
  • It will mandate the use of the Aadhar number for birth certification. It will help in streamlining the processes for registering births and deaths.
  • The bill proposed to collect Aadhaar numbers of parents and informant, if available, in case of birth registration.
  • It is a step towards generating digital birth certificates which will be used during admission to educational institutions, applications for driving licences, government jobs, etc.
  • It will do away with the need for multiple documents to prove the date and place of birth.
  • As per the bill, States have to register births and deaths on the Centre’s Civil Registration System (CRS) portal and share the data with the Registrar General of India.
  • A Centralized register will help in updating other databases which will help in efficient and transparent delivery of public services and social benefits.
  • The database could be also used to update the National Population Register (NPR), ration cards, and property registration records.

Topic: Indian Economy

11. National Coal Index has shown a decline of 33.8% in May 2023.

  • The National Coal Index has shown a decline of 33.8% to 157.7 points in May, 2023 as against 238.3 points in May, 2022.
  • This is indicative of a strong supply of coal in the market with sufficient availability to meet the growing demands.
  • Similarly, for non-coking coal, the NCI for May 2023 stood at 147.5, a decline of 34.3% over May 2022.
  • The Coking Coal index also declined by 32.6% in May 2023 to 187.1 points.
  • In June 2022, the highest point of NCI was recorded, when it reached 238.8 points.
  • However, it registered a decline in the subsequent months, indicating the availability of sufficient quantity of coal in the Indian market.
  • National Coal Index (NCI) is a price-based index that incorporates coal prices from all modes of sale including notified prices, auction prices and import prices.
  • NCI was established with the base year of 2017-18.
  • It acts as a reliable indicator of market dynamics, providing valuable insight on the movement of coal prices.
  • India's coal industry confirms substantial reserves, with coal companies holding impressive reserves.
  • The decline in the National Coal Index signifies a more balanced market, aligning supply and demand.

National Coal Index

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: State News/ Bihar

12. On 24 July, Ashwamedh Devi has been appointed by Bihar government as Chairperson of State Women Commission.

  • She is a former JDU MP from Samastipur parliamentary constituency.
  • This appointment has been made for a maximum of three years.
  • The State Government has also appointed new members in the State Commission for Women.
  • The other appointments on the panel are Academician Professor Geeta Yadav, Prabhavathi Manjhi, Dr. Sujata Sumbrui, Rabia Khatoon, Sunita Kushwaha, Shweta Biswas, and Sulochana Devi. 
  • The reconstitution of the State Women's Commission was pending for a long time.
  • The Bihar State Women Commission is a statutory body constituted in 1993.
  • It was set up to deal with issues relating to crime against women in the state of Bihar.
  • The Bihar Government set up the commission for the welfare of women in the state as a quasi-judicial body.

Topic: Summits/Conferences/Meetings

13. A national conference on “Moving Mental Health Beyond Institutions” has been inaugurated in New Delhi.

  • On 26th July, Minister of State for Health Dr Bharati Pravin Pawar inaugurated a national conference on “Moving Mental Health Beyond Institutions”.
  • The main objective of this conference is to discuss the challenges in the implementation of the Mental Healthcare Act, 2017.
  • The way forward on the resolution of mental health issues will be also discussed during the conference.
  • Minister of State for Health Dr Bharati Pravin Pawar said that mental health is an integral part of our health.
  • She said that mental health has been given a lot of importance by the government which is demonstrated by the passing of the landmark Mental Healthcare Act 2017.
  • Mental health has been also included in the flagship Ayushman Bharat scheme.
  • One out of 10 people is suffering from one or different kinds of mental disorders.

Topic: National News

14. India’s first fisheries Atal incubation centre will be established at the Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies.

  • NITI Aayog has granted ₹10 crore to Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies (Kufos) to establish India’s first Atal Incubation Centre (AIC) in fisheries.
  • It will foster innovation and technological advancement in the fisheries sector.
  • Atal Incubation Centre (AIC) is part of the Atal Innovation Mission. It promotes innovation and entrepreneurship across various sectors.
  • Radhika Rajasree, head of the Department of Fish Processing Technology, will lead the project as principal investigator.
  • Atal Incubation Centre will act as a hub for innovation and encourage young minds to develop new technologies and solutions for marine ecosystems and fishing communities.
  • The AIC will foster collaborations between academia, industry, and the government. It will also encourage knowledge transfer and commercialisation of research outcomes.
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