Daily Current Affairs and GK | 30 June 2022

By Priyanka Chaudhary | Last Modified: 01 Jul 2022 14:32 PM IST

New Year Offer get 20% Off
Use Coupon code PENDULUMEDU

half yearly current affairs 2022 book january july Rs.199/- Read More
current affairs and banking awareness 2022 combined Rs.398/- Read More
half yearly current affairs 2022 book in hindi january july Rs.199/- Read More
half yearly current affairs 2022 in detail january june Rs.219/- Read More


Half Yearly (January- June 2022 , Detailed)
2022 e Book

Current Affairs

Available in English & Hindi(eBook)

Buy Now ( Hindi ) Preview Buy Now (English)

Topic: Reports and Indices

1. State of The Tropics Report 2022 has been released on International Day of the Tropics on 29 June 2022.

  • The report is titled ‘Covid-19 in the tropics’. International Day of the Tropics is celebrated annually on 29 June.
  • International Day of the Tropics celebrates the extraordinary diversity of the tropics.
  • At the same time, it highlights unique challenges and opportunities nations of the Tropics face.
  • The first State of the Tropics Report was launched on 29 June 2014.
  • Marking the anniversary of the launch of this report, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution in 2016.
  • This resolution declared that 29 June each year will be celebrated as International Day of the Tropics.
  • The Tropics account for 40% of the world’s total surface area. They comprises approximately 80% of the world’s biodiversity.
  • Findings of the State of The Tropics Report 2022:
    • The number of Covid cases has generally been lower in the tropics than in the rest of the world.
    • Mortality as a proportion of the number of Covid cases has been much higher in tropical regions.
    • The COVID-19 pandemic has increased literacy poverty. The number of 10-year-old children without basic literacy skills has grown by 17% since the start of the pandemic.
    • Unemployment increased globally by 15% between 2019 and 2021. The unemployment rate in the tropics has also grown from during this period. Female unemployment increased more.
    • Globally, CO2 emissions decreased between 2019 and 2020. CO2 emissions in the tropics also decreased during this period.
    • Plastic waste has increased from discarded Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and food containers.

Topic: International News

2. US and its allies launched the ‘Partners in the Blue Pacific’ initiative to counter China.

  • US and its allies — Australia, New Zealand, Japan and the United Kingdom launched the ‘Partners in the Blue Pacific’ initiative to counter the influence of China in the Pacific region.
  • It is a five-nation “informal mechanism” to boost diplomatic, and economic ties through closer cooperation and will provide support to Pacific islands.
  • The members of the initiative have also announced that they will “elevate Pacific regionalism” and create stronger ties with the Pacific Islands Forum.
  • ‘Partners in the Blue Pacific’ initiative will enhance cooperation in connectivity and transportation, maritime security and protection, health, prosperity and education.
  • In April 2022, China signed a pact with the Solomon Islands, which created a sense of insecurity in the region.
  • Nine of the world’s 10 busiest seaports are in the Indo-Pacific region and 6 countries in the region have nuclear weapons.

Topic: Books and Authors

3. Biography of George Fernandes will be released in July 2022.

  • The biography of George Fernandes titled ‘The Life and Times of George Fernandes’ will be released on 25 July.
  • It has been written by Rahul Ramagundam. It has mentioned the journey of George Fernandes from the streets of Bombay to the corridors of Parliament.
  • George Fernandes:
    • He was a veteran social leader and considered the hero of the Anti-Emergency campaign.
    • He organised a Railways strike in 1974, which brought him into the national limelight.
    • He was the founder of the Samata Party and a key member of the Janata Dal.

Topic: Space and IT

4. Three Singapore satellites will be launched with PSLV-C53 rocket by ISRO.

  • The launch vehicle will take off from Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota on 30 June.
  • NewSpace India Limited, a public sector unit under the Department of Space, was recently formed and PSLV-C53 is its second dedicated commercial mission.
  • The four-stage 44.4-meter-tall rocket has a lift-off mass of 228.43 tonnes.
  • Its primary payloads are the 365 kg earth observation satellite called DS-EO, a 155 kg NeuSAR satellite and the 2.8 kg Scoob-1 nano-satellite of the Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
  • Six nano-satellites, including those belonging to two of India's private space startups, will also go into space.

PSLV-C53 rocket by ISRO

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: Indian Polity

5. Uddhav Thackeray stepped down as the Chief Minister of Maharashtra.

  • Uddhav Thackeray, the Chief minister of Maharashtra, has resigned ahead of the trust vote in the state assembly.
  • This decision was taken after the Supreme Court refused to stay the floor test to be held under the direction of Maharashtra Governor Bhagat Singh Koshyari.
  • Uddhav Thackeray stated that he would also resign from the Legislative Council.
  • After a rebellion in the Shiv Sena party, the Maha Vikas Aghadi (MVA) government in Maharashtra was in a political crisis.
  • Chief Minister of a state can give his resignation to the Governor.
  • What is a floor test?
    • A "No Confidence Motion" or "Floor Test" is always held on the House floor to determine whether the current government has the support of at least 51% of the members present.
    • According to the law, the Governor may summon the House under Article 175(2) and order a floor test to determine if the government has a majority.
    • If the Assembly is not in session, the Governor can use his residuary powers under Article 163 to allow the Speaker to summon a floor test.

Chief minister of Maharashtra has resigned

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: Defence

6. India tested the high-speed expendable aerial target, HEAT-“Abhyas” successfully off the coast of Odisha.

  • The indigenously developed high-speed expendable aerial target “ABHYAS” has been successfully flight-tested from the Integrated Test Range (ITR) in Chandipur, off the coast of Odisha.
  • During the test flight, the aircraft's low-altitude performance, including sustained level and high manoeuvrability was shown.
  • A number of tracking instruments, including radar and an electro-optical targeting system, were deployed by the ITR to track the aircraft.
  • Aeronautical Development Establishment of Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has designed and developed the "ABHYAS".

HEAT-“Abhyas”

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: National News

7. Busan University of Foreign Studies (BUFS) sets up India Center to promote India-centric activities at the University.

  • The Centre will be a focal point for India-related programs at Busan University. It will also strengthen academic and cultural collaboration with the university.
  • The Busan University of Foreign Studies and the Swami Vivekananda Cultural Centre (SVCC) also signed an MoU to foster collaboration in the areas of education and cultural exchange.
  • Prof. Sun-cheol Lee of the Department of Indian Studies, BUFS, will serve as the Center's Honorary Director.
  • The Centre in BUFS will be self-funded, SVCC will provide content and resource persons for classes and workshops.

BUFS sets up India Center

(Source: News on AIR)

 
Related Study Material
Evolution and History of the Indian Constitution Preamble of the Indian Constitution
Major sources of Indian Constitution President of India
Ramsar sites of India 2022 Classification of Rocks
Interior of the Earth Tax system in India

Topic: National News

8. The deregulation of sale of domestically produced crude oil has been approved by Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs.

  • All exploration and production companies will now be free to sell crude oil from their fields in the domestic market.
  • However, exports will not be permissible. Government revenues like Royalty, cess, etc. will continue to be determined uniformly across all Contracts.
  • The categorization of the Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI) as an International Organization has also been approved by Union Cabinet.
  • Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI) initiative:
    • The initiative was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 23 September 2019 at the UN Climate Change Summit.
    • Since its launch, six International Organizations, 31 Countries, and two private sector organizations have joined as members of CDRI.

deregulation of sale of domestically produced crude oil

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: Defence

9. Indian Coast Guard launched Centralised Pay System ‘PADMA’.

  • Pay Roll Automation for Disbursement of Monthly Allowances (PADMA) was inaugurated by Shri Rajnish Kumar, Controller General of Defence Accounts (CGDA).
  • PADMA will help in seamless and timely disbursal of Pay & Allowances to Indian Coast Guard personnel.
  • It has been developed under the aegis of the Defense Accounts Department and it will be operated by the Pay Accounts Office Coast Guard, Noida.
  • The Centralized Pay System (CPS) has been started to provide one-stop pay accounting solutions for all organisations under the Ministry of Defence.
  • ‘PADMA’ will promote the Digital India concept under the ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat’ initiative.
  • Indian Coast Guard:
    • It works under the Ministry of Defense.
    • It is an armed force, maritime, search and rescue, and law enforcement agency.
    • It is headquartered in New Delhi.

Topic: Committees/Commissions/Taskforces

10. Government directs to form a five-member committee to review the diversion of forest lands.

  • According to the Forest (Conservation) Rules, 2022, notified a screening committee will be formed in each State/UT to review proposals related to the diversion of forest land.
  • The five-member committee will advise the state governments on projects in a time-bound manner and will meet at least twice every month.
  • Every proposal received from state governments or Union Territories (UTs) will be examined by the committee.
  • The committee will review whether the proposal is complete or not in all respects and check the location of the project with respect to restricted areas.
  • The notification also prescribes the time frame of review for different kinds of projects.
  • The project screening committee will be headed by a nodal officer and also have a district collector and conservator of forests.
  • The Forest (Conservation) Rules, 2022 also proposed the formation of an Advisory Committee at each of the integrated regional offices.
  • It will examine the proposal under relevant clauses and recommend the grant of approval or rejection of proposals.

Topic: Space and IT

11. Cyber-security researchers discovered a new spyware ‘Hermit’.

  • 'Hermit' is being used by the government through SMS messages to target high-profile people like business executives, human rights activists, journalists, academics and government officials.
  • 'Hermit' is probably developed by Italian spyware vendor RCS Lab and Tykelab Srl.
  • Hermit is modular spyware that hides its malicious capabilities in the downloaded packages.
  • Hermit is highly configurable spyware with capabilities to collect and transmit data.
  • Hermit spyware was earlier used by Italian authorities in an anti-corruption operation in 2019.
  • Spyware is malicious software that enters a user's computer or mobile device and gathers data from the device and sends it to third parties without consent.

Topic: Personality in News

12. PM Narendra Modi to participate in the 125th birth anniversary of the celebration of Alluri Seetharama Raju.

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi will take part in the 125th birth anniversary celebration of Alluri Seetharama Raju on 4 July in Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh.
  • He will also unveil the statue of freedom fighter Seetharama Raju.
  • Seetharama Raju:
    • He was an Indian revolutionary who fought against the British colonial rule in India.
    • He was involved in the protest against the 1882 Madras Forest Act. This act had restricted tribals from practising their traditional form of agriculture known as Podu.
    • He played a key role in the Rampa Rebellion of 1922.
    • He was locally known as "Manyam Veerudu" for his heroic act.
    • He was involved in the guerilla campaigns against British rule in the part of the East Godavari and Visakhapatnam districts.

125th birth anniversary of the celebration of Alluri Seetharama Raju

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: MoUs/Agreements

13. Cabinet approved MoU between India and Singapore for cooperation in the fields of Science, Technology and Innovation.

  • Union Cabinet has approved an MoU between the Department of Science and Technology, India and the Ministry of Trade and Industry, Singapore.
  • The MoU was signed in February 2022 for Cooperation in the fields of Science, Technology and Innovation. 
  • The MoU will help in creating an ecosystem for promoting innovation and entrepreneurship in both countries for new technology creation, manpower training, and IP generation.
  • The main aim of MoU is to promote innovation and research in Agriculture and food science and technology; Green economy; Data Science and Emerging Technologies.
  • The MoU will help in product development and technology exchange for generating new enterprises and employment.

Topic: Space and IT

14. NASA successfully launched ‘CAPSTONE’ mission on 28 June 2022.

  • Cislunar Autonomous Positioning System Technology Operations and Navigation Experiment (CAPSTONE) mission was launched on Rocket Lab’s Electron rocket.
  • The Capstone mission will be deployed after reaching the lunar orbit in November 2022.
  • The CAPSTONE mission will carry a dedicated flight computer and radio to perform calculations and determine whether the CubeSat satellite is on its orbital path or not.
  • The CubeSat satellite will use NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) to understand its position in space.
  • If CAPSTONE's autonomous navigation software is successfully tested, it will help future spacecraft to determine their location without using Earth-based tracking.
 
 

 

 

0
COMMENTS

Comments


Share Blog


Half Yearly (Jan - June 2022)
2022 Book

Banking Awareness

For IBPS, SBI, SEBI, RBI, State PCS, UPSC Exams

Preview Buy Now
Current Affairs

Attempt Daily Current
Affairs Quiz

Attempt Quiz