Daily Current Affairs and GK | 26 July 2022

By Priyanka Chaudhary | Last Modified: 26 Jul 2022 16:34 PM IST

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Topic: Environment and Ecology

1. A new study by ZSI throws light on the link between Snow Leopard and its prey species.

  • A recent study by the Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) on snow leopards under the National Mission on Himalayan Studies has revealed the linkage between Snow leopard and their prey species.
  • In the Spiti valley of Himachal Pradesh, Scientists have used camera traps and sign surveys to evaluate the patterns of snow leopards and their prey species (Siberian ibex and blue sheep).
  • The study was recently published in the journal Plos One. Lalit Kumar Sharma is the lead author of the publication.
  • It reveals that snow leopard detection probability is high if the site has been used by its prey species.
  • The study shows that Spiti Valley can support a large population of snow leopards and its prey species. 
  • Predators like snow leopards regulate the populations of herbivores such as the blue sheep and Siberian ibex in the higher mountains.
  • The main aim of the study is to examine how the predator used habitat in the presence or absence of its prey species.
  • Snow leopards:
    • These are classified as ‘Vulnerable’ by the IUCN Red List. It is protected in Schedule-I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
    • Snow Leopard is mainly found in Ladakh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Arunachal Pradesh, and Sikkim. In 2009, Government launched Project Snow Leopard for the conservation of leopards.

Topic: International Appointments

2. Indermit Gill has been appointed as Chief Economist of World Bank.

  • Mr. Gill is an Indian national. World Bank has appointed him as its Chief Economist and Senior Vice President for Development Economics.
  • He will replace American economist Carmen Reinhart. His appointment will be effective September 1, 2022.
  • He is currently Vice President for Equitable Growth, Finance, and Institutions.
  • He will be the second Indian to serve as chief economist at the World Bank.
  • Kaushik Basu was the Chief Economist of the World Bank from 2012 to 2016.
  • World Bank:
    • The World Bank is an international financial institution that provides loans and grants to governments in poor countries for the purpose of pursuing capital projects.
    • It is headquartered in Washington DC, United States. It was founded in 1944. David Malpass is its President.

Chief Economist of World Bank

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: National News

3. Union Minister of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying Parshottam Rupala has launched NDDB’s subsidiary for manure management.

  • NDDB MRIDA Limited has been launched to take forward manure management initiatives across the country.
  • It was launched at a function in New Delhi in the presence of Minister of States for Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying Dr Sanjeev Kumar Balyan and Dr L Murugan.
  • NDDB MRIDA Limited is a wholly-owned subsidiary company of the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB).
  • NDDB has established NDDB MRIDA Limited, an Unlisted Public Limited Company under the Companies Act, 2013 on 1st July 2022.
  • Dr Murugan said the manure management initiatives have the potential to generate biogas equivalent to 50% of India’s present LPG consumption.
  • He also said the manure management initiatives have the potential to produce bio-slurry equivalent to 44% of India’s NPK requirement.

NDDB’s subsidiary for manure management

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: State News/Gujarat

4. Ahmedabad Railway Station at Kalupur in Ahmedabad City will be developed on the theme of Modhera Sun Temple in the coming 5 years.

  • Union Home Minister Amit Shah made this announcement recently on 24 July 2022.
  • He was addressing a public function to lay the foundation stone for various developmental projects worth Rs 211 crore in the Gandhinagar Lok Sabha constituency.
  • He also announced that 14 lakes in areas of Ahmedabad city and the Ahmedabad Urban Development Authority will be inter-connected.
  • Modhera Sun Temple:
    • It is located in Mehsana, Gujarat. It is situated on the bank of the river Pushpavati.
    • It was built in the 11th century during the Chalukya dynasty in honour of the Sun God.
    • It is one of the major tourist destinations in North Gujarat.

Topic: Important Days

5. Kargil Vijay Diwas: 26 July

  • Every year on July 26, Kargil Vijay Diwas is celebrated in India.
  • On Kargil Vijay Diwas, the nation honors the martyrs and remembers its wartime heroes.
  • On this day, Indian armed forces under Operation Vijay in 1999, drove out insurgents supported by the Pakistani army from high outposts in the Kargil sector.
  • The Kargil War was fought for over 60 days and ended with India gaining control of all the territories.
  • The victory at Tiger Hill was one of the significant achievements in the 60-day-long conflict.
  • The Kargil War took place between May 3 and July 26, 1999, in the Kargil district of Kashmir and along the Line of Control (LOC). India lost more than 500 military soldiers in the Kargil war.

23rd anniversary of Kargil Vijay Diwas

Topic: Sports

6. Max Verstappen won French Grand Prix 2022.

  • This is the seventh win for Verstappen in 12 races of this season. His total win reached 27, all with Red Bull.
  • Lewis Hamilton, a Seven-time champion, finished second in his 300th Grand Prix.
  • In the last laps, George Russell passed Sergio Perez's Red Bull to take third place and Perez finished fourth.
  • Max Verstappen was also the winner of the French Grand Prix 2021.
  • French Grand Prix:
    • It is one of the oldest motor races in the world.
    • It is part of the Formula One World Championship.
    • It was first organized in 1906.
 
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Topic: Books and Authors

7. Union Minister of Information and Broadcasting Anurag Thakur released three books on 24 July 2022.

  • These books are published by Directorate of Publications Division.
  • Minister presented the first copy of the books to President of India Shri Ram Nath Kovind in presence of Vice President Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu, President-elect Smt. Droupadi Murmu and PM Shri Narendra Modi. 
  • The names of these three books are given below.
    • Moods, Moments and Memories - Former Presidents of India (1950-2017) A Visual History
    • First Citizen - Pictorial Record of President Ram Nath Kovind's Term
    • Interpreting Geometries - Flooring of Rashtrapati Bhavan
  • The first book contains an illustrated history covering all the Presidents of India from Dr. Rajendra Prasad to Mr. Pranab Mukherjee.
  • The second book is dedicated to President Shri Ram Nath Kovind's tenure.
  • It contains rare photographs from Shri Kovind's village and his school days. It traces his journey from his village to Rashtrapati Bhavan.
  • The third book is a pictorial volume put together by the Chandigarh College of Architecture.

history covering all the Presidents of India

(Source: PIB)

Topic: Defence

8. Defence Minister Rajnath Singh announced establishment of ‘Joint Theatre Commands’ of the tri-services to bolster coordination among the defence forces.

  • He announced setting up of ‘Joint Theatre Commands’ of the tri-services while addressing ‘Kargil Vijay Diwas’ event in Jammu.
  • The idea behind ‘Theatre Command System’ is to bring coordination between the three branches of the armed forces.
  • It also aims at bringing separate commands for the army, navy, and air force under a unified command headed by a single commander.
  • The USA was the first country to enforce a theatre command system. Russia and China also follow the theatre command system.
  • The Indian Army and Indian Air Force have seven commands each. The Indian Navy has three commands.
  • Defence Minister said that today, India is not the world’s largest importer of defence products.
  • He mentioned India has fixed a target to increase defence exports to Rs 35,000 to Rs 40,000 crore by 2025-26.
  • Joint services commands in India:
    • Presently, two joint services commands exist in India. They are Andaman and Nicobar Command (ANC) and Strategic Forces Command (SFC).
    • ANC amalgamates the army, navy and air force. SFC takes care of the nuclear assets of India.
    • ANC was set up in 2001. It is based in Port Blair. SFC was formed in 2003.

Topic: Government Schemes and Initiatives

9. Government revamped the Swadesh Darshan scheme to develop sustainable and responsible destinations.

  • The Ministry of Tourism has revamped its Swadesh Darshan scheme as Swadesh Darshan 2.0 (SD2.0) for creating sustainable infrastructure at destinations.
  • Under Swadesh Darshan and PRASAD schemes, government provide financial aid to states and Union Territories for the development of tourism infrastructure.
  • The projects under this scheme are approved subject to the availability of funds, adherence to scheme guidelines and the submission of detailed project reports.
  • Till March 2022, 76 projects have been approved at a cost of Rs 5,445 crore.
  • The Swadesh Darshan Scheme was launched in 2014-15 for the integrated development of theme-based tourist circuits.

Topic: Awards and Prizes

10. Indian-American professor Kaushik Rajashekara won Global Energy Prize 2022.

  • Kaushik Rajashekara has won the award for contributions to transportation electrification and energy efficiency technologies while reducing power generation emissions.
  • This year, only three people from 119 nominations have been selected for this honour. The other two winners are – Mercouri Kanatzidis from USA and Viktor Orlove from Russia.
  • The awarding ceremony will be held during Russian Energy Week in Moscow on October 12-14.
  • He is a renowned professor and has published more than 250 articles in international journals and co-authored one book with IEEE Press.
  • In 2012, he was elected a member of the US National Academy of Engineering.
  • Global Energy Prize is given by the Global Energy Association for outstanding scientific research and technological development in energy.
  • It was started in 2002 at the initiative of Nobel Prize in Physics laureate Zhores Alferov.

Topic: Infrastructure and Energy

11. Centre directs major Ports to exempt Ro-Pax and Passenger Ferries from vessel-related charges.

  • The government has given direction to major ports to exempt Ro-Pax and Passenger Ferries from all berth hiring and vessel-related charges for the next six months.
  • The government has taken this decision due to the high price of fuel. This step will give some respite to the port sector in India.
  • In recent times, the cost of marine fuel 'Low Sulphur High Flash High-Speed Diesel' (LSHFHSD) has increased from 76 thousand rupees per Kiloliter to one lakh 21 thousand rupees per Kiloleter.
  • It will help in lowering the logistics costs, reducing travel time and promoting coastal shipping on several feasible routes.
  • The government is promoting the Ro-Ro/Ro-Pax/Ferry waterway as an alternative for transporting cargo.

Topic: Geography

12. Japan’s Sakurajima volcano erupted for three straight days.

  • The Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) has announced the highest 'Level-5' alert.
  • According to JMA officials, larger volcanic rocks could fall in parts of Kagoshima City within 3 kilometres of two craters.
  • Sakurajima is one of the most active volcanoes in Japan and has erupted several times in recent decades.
  • This volcano is located in the Kagoshima Prefecture on the southern tip of Japan.
  • Mt. Shirane, Mt. Hakone, Mt. Taisetsu, and Mt. Aso are some other active volcanoes in Japan.
  • Note:
    • Volcano refers to the erupting of the mantle in the form of lava through cracks on the earth's surface.
    • A volcano can be active, dormant, or extinct.
    • There are around 1,350 active volcanoes in the world.

Topic: National News

13. Ministry of Home Affairs amended the Flag Code to allow the hoisting of the flag day and night.

  • The government has amended the Flag Code of India 2002 to allow the tricolour to be displayed in the open and on individual houses or buildings day and night.
  • Earlier, the Flag Code was amended on December 30, 2021, to allow flags made of polyester or machine.
  • It will encourage more people to display the ‘Tiranga’ with dignity and pride.
  • Earlier, the tricolour was allowed to be flown from sunrise to sunset, irrespective of weather conditions.
  • As part of the ‘Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav’, ‘Har Ghar Tiranga’ campaign will be celebrated from 13 to 15 August.

Topic: Personality in News

14. Wasifa Nazreen became the first Bangladeshi to reach the highest peak of K2.

  • Wasifa Nazreen climbed Mount Everest in 2012 and she is the second Bangladesh woman to do so.
  • Samina Baig becomes the first Pakistani woman to climb K2 while Afsaneh Hesamifard became the first Iranian woman to do so.
  • 47-year-old Nepali Sherpa sets a record by climbing all the world’s 14 peaks that are higher than 8,000 metres (26,247 ft) for a second time.
  • Last year, Shehroze Kashif became the world's youngest mountaineer to climb K2.
  • K2:
    • It is located in the Karakoram Range.
    • It is also called Mount Godwin Austen.
    • It is the second-highest mountain in the world at 8,611 meters (28,251 ft).

first Bangladeshi to reach the highest peak of K2

(Source: News on AIR)

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