Daily Current Affairs and GK | 11 January 2022

By PendulumEdu | Last Modified: 11 Jan 2022 17:58 PM IST

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Topic: Defence

1. INS Vikrant begins another phase of sea trials.

  • INS Vikrant, India’s first indigenous aircraft carrier, began another phase of sea trials for carrying out complex manoeuvres in high seas.
  • It is the largest and most complex warship built in India. It has completed its maiden five-day sea voyage in August and underwent sea trials in October 2021.
  • The main objective of this phase of the trial is to check the performance of ship in various conditions.
  • It has completed its Basin trials in November 2020, and the ship is expected to be commissioned into the Navy by August 2022.
  • This warship will operate MiG-29K fighter jets, Kamov-31 helicopters, MH-60R multi-role helicopters.
  • It has 2,300 compartments and a crew of around 1700 people. It has a top speed of around 28 knots.
  • INS Vikrant is 262 meters long, 62 meters wide and it has a height of 59 meters.
  • The construction of INS Vikrant had started in the year 2009. It is built by Cochin Shipyard Ltd (CSL).

INS Vikrant begins another phase of sea trials

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: International News

2. Kazakhstan President called help from Collective Security Treaty Organisation to end protest.

  • The president of Kazakhstan Kassym-Zhomart Tokayev urged Collective Security Treaty Organisation to help in quelling the ongoing protest.
  • People of Kazakhstan are protesting against the government’s decision to end subsidies on liquefied petroleum gas.
  • On 1 January 2022, fuel prices became fully market-based. The cost of LPG has doubled in some places from 60 tenge ($0.14) a litre to 120 tenge.
  • CSTO has invoked Article 4 after chaos increased in Kazakhstan. CSTO’s members also agreed to send a peacekeeping force to Kazakhstan.
  • Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO):
    • It was signed by Russia and its five allies on 15 May 1992. It is also known as the Tashkent Pact. It came into force in 1994.
    • Russia, Armenia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Belarus are current members of this pact.
    • In 2009, it established a rapid-reaction force comprising 20,000 elite personnel.
    • CSTO’s members enjoy cooperation from Russia’s advanced armed forces, including training and arms.

Topic: Important Days

3. National Human Trafficking Awareness Day 2022: 11 January

  • On January 11, 2022, National Human Trafficking Awareness Day has been observed.
  • The aim of the day is to raise awareness about the condition of human trafficking victims, as well as to promote and protect their rights.
  • President Barack Obama had declared the entire month of January "National Slavery and Human Trafficking Prevention Month" in 2010 by Presidential proclamation, and each president since has followed this tradition.
  • The first National Human Trafficking Awareness Day was observed in 2011.
  • United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC):
    • It is a body of the United Nations.
    • It is responsible for promoting and protecting human rights around the world.
    • It has 47 members elected for a three-year term.
    • It was founded on 15 March 2006.
    • It is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.

Topic: Sports

4. Bharath Subramaniyam becomes 73rd Grandmaster of India in chess.

  • After completing his third and final GM norm at the Vergani Cup Open in Italy, 14-year-old Bharath Subramaniyam has become India's 73rd chess Grandmaster.
  • Subramaniam scored 6.5 points along with four others in nine rounds to finish seventh overall in the event.
  • He earned his third GM norm and the requisite score of 2,500 (Elo).
  • A player has to obtain three GM norms and a live rating of 2,500 Elo points in order to become a GM.
  • Sankalp Gupta was the 71st Grandmaster, and Mitrabha Guha had become the country's 72nd Grandmaster in November 2021.

Topic: National News

5. India Skills 2021 competition concluded on 10 January.

  • The Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship honoured more than 200 competitors of the India Skills 2021 nationwide competition, which ended on January 10.
  • 270 medallions of excellence were awarded to competition winners, including 61 gold, 77 silver, 53 bronze and 79 medallions of excellence.
  • Odisha finished first out of 26 states and union territories of this year in the 'IndiaSkills 2021' contest with 51 medals. Odisha won 10 gold, 18 silver, 9 bronze, and 14 medallions.
  • With 30 medals, Maharashtra remained in second place, while Kerala took third place with 25 medals.
  • The winners of the India Skills 2021 competition will also have the opportunity to compete in the World Skills International Competition in Shanghai, China, in October 2022.

India Skills 2021 competition

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: Awards and Prizes

6. Satish Adiga received Subhas Mukherjee Award.

  • Dr. Subhas Mukherjee Award has been given to Satish Adiga, a professor of clinical embryology at Kasturba Medical College (KMC) in Manipal.
  • The award has been presented by the Indian Council of Medical Research for the year 2020.
  • Dr. Adiga has been chosen for his contributions to the field of in-vitro fertilization (IVF).
  • He has made important contributions to both clinical IVF and fertility research.
  • Dr. Subhas Mukherjee Award:
    • The award has been instituted by the ICMR in honour of Dr. Subhas Mukherjee, who was the inventor of India's first IVF baby.
    • It was instituted in the year 2012.
    • This award is given to a scientist who has made significant contributions in reproductive technology, reproductive biology and endocrinology, and reproductive health.
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Topic: Summits/ Conferences/ Meetings

7. India’s Commerce & Industry Minister and Republic of Korea’s Minister for Trade hold bilateral meeting.

  • On 11 January 2022, India’s Commerce & Industry Minister, Piyush Goyal, and Republic of Korea’s Minister for Trade, Han-Koo Yeo, conducted a bilateral meeting to discuss trade-related issues.
  • The discussion was focused on addressing the large trade deficit, market access issues, and non-tariff barriers faced by Indian exporters.
  • During the meeting, investment-related issues between both countries were also discussed.
  • South Korea:
    • It is officially known as Republic of Korea. It is a country in East Asia.
    • It shares its land border with North Korea (officially Democratic People's Republic of Korea).
    • Its capital is Seoul. Its President is Moon Jae-in. Its Prime Minister is Kim Boo-kyum.

Topic: Space and IT

8. The first on-site evidence of water on the surface of the moon found.

  • The first on-site evidence of water on the surface of the moon has been found by China’s Chang’e 5 lunar probe.
  • According to the study published in the journal Science Advances, lunar soil at the landing site contains less than 120 parts-per-million (ppm) water.
  • Remote observation has earlier confirmed the presence of water. The lander has now found signs of water in rocks and soil.
  • Scientists can estimate water content as the water molecule or hydroxyl absorbs at a frequency of about 3 micrometers.
  • According to the researchers, solar wind is the main contributor to the humidity of lunar soil because it brought hydrogen that forms the water.
  • The researchers think an additional 60 ppm of water in the rock may originate from the lunar interior.
  • The study has also revealed that the moon had turned drier within a certain period because of degassing of its mantle reservoir.

Topic: Agriculture

9. KVIC launched India’s first Mobile Honey Processing Van.

  • Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) has launched India’s first Mobile Honey Processing Van at village Sirora in Ghaziabad.
  • It has been designed by KVIC at its Multi-disciplinary training center in Panjokehra.
  • This mobile honey processing unit can process up to 300 kg of honey in 8 hours.
  • It can also examine the quality of honey with the help of its testing laboratory.
  • The Mobile Honey Processing Van has been launched under the KVIC’s Honey Mission.
  • It will distribute bee boxes to farmers and help educated and unemployed youth of villages to earn extra income through beekeeping activities.
  • It will help in making beekeeping a more profitable business for small beekeepers and also help in maintaining the purity and quality of honey.
  • Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC):
    • The Khadi and Village Industries Commission is a statutory body established in 1956 by the Government of India.
    • It is an apex organization under the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises for khadi and village industries in India.
    • Vinay Kumar Saxena is its current chairman.
    • Its headquarter is located in Mumbai.

first Mobile Honey Processing Van

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: National News

10. Government released revised guidelines of universal accessibility.

  • The Central Public Works Department (CPWD) has released the “Harmonised Guidelines and Standards for Universal Accessibility in India 2021”.
  • It has been drafted by a team of the IIT-Roorkee and the National Institute of Urban Affairs (NIUA). Professor Gaurav Raheja was the principal investigator and consultant of the project.
  • These guidelines are the revised version of the guidelines released by the CPWD, under the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) in February 2016.
  • These guidelines have fixed the gradient and length of ramps. The minimum clear width of a ramp should be 1,200 mm.
  • These guidelines are not only for persons with disabilities (PwD) but it is also for persons involved in the planning and construction of government buildings.
  • The main objective of the guidelines is to make public buildings and transport fully accessible for wheelchair users.
  • The guidelines are also for State governments, government departments, and the private sector. It will be used as a reference by architecture and planning institutes.

Topic: Report and Indices

11. Union Labour Minister released a report on 2nd round of Quarterly Employment Survey.

  • Union Labour Minister Bhupender Yadav released a report on the second round of the Quarterly Employment Survey.
  • Nine sectors hired around two lakhs more people during July-September 2021 as compared to April-June 2021.
  • These nine sectors are Manufacturing, Construction, Trade, Transport, Education, Health, Accommodation and Restaurant, IT/ BPO and Financial Services
  • These nine sectors have generated 3.10 crore employment in the July-September 2021 quarter. It was 3.08 crore during the April-June 2021 quarter.
  • According to the survey, 90% of the establishments had less than 100 workers, while 30% of the IT/BPO establishments had at least 100 workers.
  • The overall percentage of female workers has also increased in this quarter as compared to the first quarter.
  • 87% of the estimated workforce in these nine selected sectors were Regular workers while 2% were casual workers.
  • In the construction sector, 20% of the workers are contractual and 6.4% are casual workers.
  • 5.6% of the total establishments had reported vacancies. 65% of vacancies were due to unspecified reasons while 23% are due to resignation.

Topic: State News/ Uttar Pradesh

12. Uttar Pradesh government declared four villages as revenue villages.

  • Four villages located near the Nepal border have been declared as revenue villages.
  • These four villages are Bhavanipur, Tedhia, Dhakia, and Bichhia. These are located in Mihinpurwa tehsil of Bahraich district.
  • ‘Vantangiya' community people live in these villages. ‘Vantangiya' community people were brought from Myanmar to plant trees during British rule.
  • This decision will help the people of these villages in availing the benefits of all government schemes.
  • Revenue village:
    • A revenue village is a small administrative region with defined borders. It can contain many hamlets.
    • Each revenue village is headed by a Village Administrative Officer.
    • The concept of revenue village was introduced by Raja Todar Mal during Akbar’s time.

Topic: Important Days

13. World Hindi Day: 10 January

  • World Hindi Day is celebrated every year on 10 January to mark the anniversary of the first World Hindi Conference.
  • The first World Hindi Conference took place in Nagpur on 10 January 1975. It was inaugurated by then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.
  • It is celebrated to spread awareness about Hindi as an international language.
  • In 2006, the Government of India had decided to celebrate 10 January as World Hindi Day.
  • Hindi is the third most spoken language after English and Mandarin.
  • In India, Hindi Diwas is observed every year on 14th September.
  • According to Article 343 of the Indian constitution, Hindi in the Devanagari script is the official language of India.

Topic: State News/ Assam

14. 9th edition of North East Festival concludes in Guwahati.

  • The 9th edition of the North East Festival concluded in Guwahati on 9 January.
  • The main objective of this festival is to promote and highlight the commercial and tourism potential of the North East region.
  • North East Festival was inaugurated by Governor Jagdish Mukhi on 7 January.
  • During this festival, seminars have been organized and handloom and handicraft products were displayed.
  • It has been organized in the carnival format with live music and dance performance.
  • It was supposed to be organized at the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium in New Delhi but got cancelled due to high covid cases in Delhi.
 

 

 

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