- 1. Ministry of Culture to organize “Swacchagraha: celebrating Swachhta and Swadhinta” event in collaboration with Sulabh International.
- 2. Government approved the Modernization Plan for Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs)
- 3. Indigenous anti-collision technology 'Kavach' was successfully tested to prevent rail accidents.
- 4. World Obesity Day 2022: 4 March
- 5. Himachal Pradesh government presented budget for FY 2022-23.
- 6. Arunachal Pradesh will construct a Greenfield Airport in Hollongi.
- 7. Australian cricketer Shane Warne recently passed away in Koh Samui, Thailand.
- 8. Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL) and Solar Energy Corporation of India Limited (SECI) signed an MoU on 24 February 2022.
- 9. Indian Hotels Company Ltd partnered with UNESCO to preserve intangible cultural heritage in India.
- 10. Scientists of Botanical Survey of India (BSI) discovered new gin berry species in Kanyakumari Wildlife Sanctuary.
- 11. Ministry of Defence has approved indigenous defence projects.
- 12. Researchers of IIT Kanpur have developed a biodegradable nanoparticle to protect crops from disease.
- 13. Shri Nivetha, Esha, Ruchita combinedly win gold in the women's 10m air pistol team event at ISSF World Cup.
- 14. Meghalaya becomes ninth state to withdraw consent to CBI.
New Year Offer get 20% Off
Use Coupon code PENDULUMEDU
1. Ministry of Culture to organize “Swacchagraha: celebrating Swachhta and Swadhinta” event in collaboration with Sulabh International.
- It will be organized as part of Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav on 5 March to encourage mass awareness with focus on “Swachhta, Swadhinta, and Sulabh”.
- This event will be conducted in two sessions and many eminent personalities like Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak, Baba Ramdev, Prof. Kameshwar Nath Singh will participate in this event.
- On this occasion, a special screening of the Amrit Mahotsav film will be also done.
- The evening session themed ‘Ek Shaam Sur, Taal aur Swachhta ke Naam’ will be addressed by Chief Guest Vijay Goel.
Topic: Government Schemes and Initiatives
2. Government approved the Modernization Plan for Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs)
- The Government has approved the scheme-Modernisation Plan-IV- for Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs) with an outlay of Rs 1,523 crore.
- It is the extension of the “Modernisation Plan-III” scheme for CAPFs.
- The Modernisation Plan-IV for CAPFs will be implemented by the Ministry of Home Affairs from 1 February 2022 to 31 March, 2026
- Its main vision is to provide modern weapons and equipment to CAPF as per their requirement.
- Under this scheme, upgraded IT solutions will also be provided to CAPFs.
- The implementation of the scheme will improve the operational efficiency/preparedness of CAPF.
- It will improve the capability of the CAPFs to deal with the challenges of Left Wing Extremism, insurgency in North Eastern States and terrorism in J&K.
- Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF):
- It is the largest Central Armed Police Force in India.
- It functions under the authority of the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.
- It was established on 27 July 1939.
- Kuldiep Singh is the Director general of CRPF.
Topic: National News
3. Indigenous anti-collision technology 'Kavach' was successfully tested to prevent rail accidents.
- Indian Railways has successful conducted anti-collision test of the 'Kavach' system, which is an indigenously developed system to avoid rail accidents.
- Kavach, an indigenously developed Automatic Train Protection (ATP) system, has been created to assist the Railways in achieving their goal of zero accidents.
- ‘Kavach' automatically stops the train before 380 metres of other locomotives at the front.
- The Kavach will be the world's most cost-effective system for preventing train collisions. It will cost 50 lakh rupees per kilometre to operate once it is implemented.
- In February 2016, the first field tests on passenger trains began. Based on the experience gained, the Kavach's first specifications were finalised on in May 2017.
- On the Delhi-Mumbai and Delhi-Howrah corridors, the Kavach will be implemented to increase speed to 160 kmph as part of the "Mission Raftaar Project."
(Source: News on AIR)
Topic: Important Days
4. World Obesity Day 2022: 4 March
- Every year on March 4th, the world commemorates World Obesity Day.
- Its aim is to raise awareness about the Obesity and to assist people in overcoming it.
- 'Everybody Needs to Act' is the theme of the World Obesity Day 2022.
- The World Obesity Federation organises the day.
- Obesity is a disease of the body that has tripled since 1975. It mostly affects children and adolescents.
- It is one of the major risk factors for hypertension, diabetes, and heart disease.
Topic: State News / Himachal Pradesh
5. Himachal Pradesh government presented budget for FY 2022-23.
- Himachal Pradesh Chief Minister Jai Ram Thakur has presented the state budget for FY 2022-23 at the state assembly.
- He stated that the old age social security pension would be increased from Rs. 1001 to Rs. 1500.
- The government has reduced the age limit for getting such pension from 70 years to 60 years without any income limit.
- The Chief Minister also declared that the fund for Members of Legislative Assembly Local Area Development Scheme (MLALAD) will be increased from 1.80 crore to 2 crore.
- The Chief Minister also stated that the discretionary grant for MLAs will be increased from 10 lakhs to 12 lakhs per year in the next financial year.
- The Chief Minister has announced the creation of 500 new doctor positions.
- Thakur declared that the Himcare card would need to be renewed every three years instead than every year in order to receive free health services for a variety of ailments.
(Source: News on AIR)
Topic: State News / Arunachal Pradesh
6. Arunachal Pradesh will construct a Greenfield Airport in Hollongi.
- Considering the significance of air connectivity to the capital city, the Airports Authority of India has begun construction on developing a Greenfield Airport in Hollongi, 15 kilometres from Itanagar.
- The project costing Rs 645 crore includes construction of airport pavement, air side work, terminal building and city side work.
- The proposed airport is designed to accommodate A-320 aircraft.
- The airport's terminal structure spans 4100 square metres. It will be able to accommodate 200 people during peak hours.
- The airport is expected to be operational on August 15, 2022.
- The Greenfield Airport Policy 2008 was created by the government to give extant guidelines for the development of greenfield airports in the country.
- The central government has given its approval for the development of 21 greenfield airports.
Topic: Personality in News
7. Australian cricketer Shane Warne recently passed away in Koh Samui, Thailand.
- Shane Keith Warne played his first Test match in 1992 against India. His Test Match career spanned 15 years from 1992 to 2007.
- He is regarded as one of greatest bowlers in history. He took 708 wickets in 145 Test matches. He is the second highest wicket taker in Test Cricket.
- He was right-arm leg spinner and a lower-order batsman. He took over 1,000 wickets in Tests and One Day Internationals.
- He is the third-highest five-wicket haul taker after Muttiah Muralitharan and Richard Hadlee.
- In 2000, he was selected as one of the five Wisden Cricketers of the Century. Donald Bradman, Garfield Sobers, Jack Hobbs and Viv Richards are other four Wisden Cricketers of the Century.
- Australian wicket-keeper Rod Marsh also passed away recently on 04 March.
(Source: News on AIR)
8. Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL) and Solar Energy Corporation of India Limited (SECI) signed an MoU on 24 February 2022.
- The Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) has been signed in order to realize green energy objectives and Government of India’s efforts towards carbon-neutral economy.
- MoU envisages cooperation in the field of Renewable Energy and Electric Mobility.
- It also envisages cooperation in the field of alternative fuels including the development of ESG Projects.
- Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL) is a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Oil and Natural Gas Corporation, which is owned by the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas.
- It is the third-largest oil refining and fuel marketing company in the country. Its headquarters is in Mumbai.
- Solar Energy Corporation of India Limited (SECI):
- It is Central Public Sector Undertaking (CPSU) under the administrative control of the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE).
- It was set up in September 2011 to facilitate the implementation of National Solar Mission.
9. Indian Hotels Company Ltd partnered with UNESCO to preserve intangible cultural heritage in India.
- It is the first of its kind collaboration to preserve and promote the cultural heritage of India.
- This partnership is part of the initiative to transform the landscape of tourism in the post-COVID 19 world.
- The UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage was adopted by 178 countries in 2003.
- Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH) represents the “living” heritage of a country. India has 14 Intangible Cultural Heritage. It includes Kumbh Mela, Kutiyattam, Durga Puja etc.
- IHCL and UNESCO will offer special tours packages for a better experience of the living heritage of India.
- It promotes peace and security through international cooperation in education, arts, sciences, and culture.
- It was established on 16 November 1945.
- It is a specialized agency of the United Nations based in Paris, France.
Topic: Environment and Ecology
10. Scientists of Botanical Survey of India (BSI) discovered new gin berry species in Kanyakumari Wildlife Sanctuary.
- This berry species, named ‘Glycosmis albicarpa’ is endemic to the southern Western Ghats. It belongs to the Orange family.
- Like other species of Glycosmis, it is also a host plant for butterflies.
- Glycosmis species berries have the unique characteristic of ‘gin aroma’ and is a popular edible fruit.
- Plants related to these taxonomic groups are utilized for their medicinal values and food.
- This species has been found in Tirunelveli semi-evergreen forests.
- Glycosmis pentaphylla is a species of flowering plant in the family Rutaceae, known commonly as orangeberry and gin berry.
- Botanical Survey of India (BSI):
- It is the apex taxonomic research organization under the Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change.
- It was established on 13 February 1890.
11. Ministry of Defence has approved indigenous defence projects.
- The government has approved nine projects for the design and development of defence equipment by Indian industries.
- It is a significant step towards self-reliance in the defence sector. The Central government will provide 90 percent funding in a phased manner.
- Out of nine projects, four projects have been approved under the 'Make-I category' while five projects have been approved in the 'Make-II category'.
- The four projects include design and development of light tanks, communication equipment with Indian security protocols, airborne electro-optical pod with ground-based system, and airborne stand-off jammers.
- After the launch of Defence Acquisition Procedure-2020, it will be the first time that Indian industry has been involved in the development of light tanks and communication equipment with Indian security protocols.
- In the 'Make-II category’, Government will provide no funding for the prototype development.
- The indigenous development of these (nine) projects will position India as a design leader in these technologies.
Topic: New Developments
12. Researchers of IIT Kanpur have developed a biodegradable nanoparticle to protect crops from disease.
- It can be used in the place of chemical-based pesticides and will help farmers in protecting their crops from bacterial and fungal infections.
- A team led by Santosh K Misra and Piyush Kumar in association with researchers of ICAR has developed nanoparticle bio-degradable-carbonoid-metabolite (BioDCM).
- It acts fast as it is applied in bioactive form and can withstand high temperature.
- Nanoparticles will boost crop yield and reduce the effect of bacterial and fungal infections.
- The biodegradable and non-harmful nature of the nanoparticle will help farmers in doing Organic farming.
- In December 2021, IIT Kanpur had launched a soil testing device called Bhu Parikshak to measure soil health in 90 seconds.
- A nanoparticle is a small particle that ranges between 1 to 100 nanometres in size.
13. Shri Nivetha, Esha, Ruchita combinedly win gold in the women's 10m air pistol team event at ISSF World Cup.
- Shri Nivetha, Esha, Ruchita had also topped the qualification stage 1 with a total score of 856.
- They had also topped the qualification stage 2 with a total score of 574.
- In the bronze medal match, the Indian men’s pistol team finished on fourth place.
- Earlier, Saurabh Chaudhary has clinched gold in the men's 10m air pistol event.
- More than 500 athletes from 60 nations are taking part in the ISSF World Cup.
- ISSF World Cup was started by the International Shooting Sport Federation in 1986.
Topic: State News/ Meghalaya
14. Meghalaya becomes ninth state to withdraw consent to CBI.
- The withdrawal of approval means that the CBI will be unable to probe any case in the state without the permission of the state administration.
- CBI is governed by the Delhi Special Police Establishment (DSPE) Act, 1946 and it has to obtain consent from the state government before beginning investigation.
- The consent of the state government to CBI can be either case-specific or general.
- General consent is the consent by default while in specific consent CBI would have to apply to the state government in every case.
- Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, West Bengal, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Kerala, and Mizoram have withdrawn their general consent to CBI.
- Mizoram was the first state to withdraw consent in 2015. West Bengal government had withdrawn general consent to CBI in 2018.
- Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI):
- It is an investigating agency in India that works under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions.
- It was established on the recommendation of the Santhanam Committee.
- Subodh Kumar Jaiswal is the current director of the Central Bureau of Investigation.