Daily Current Affairs and GK | 5 March 2022

By PendulumEdu | Last Modified: 05 Mar 2022 17:15 PM IST

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Topic: Miscellaneous

1. Ministry of Culture to organize “Swacchagraha: celebrating Swachhta and Swadhinta” event in collaboration with Sulabh International.

  • It will be organized as part of Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav on 5 March to encourage mass awareness with focus on “Swachhta, Swadhinta, and Sulabh”.
  • This event will be conducted in two sessions and many eminent personalities like Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak, Baba Ramdev, Prof. Kameshwar Nath Singh will participate in this event.
  • On this occasion, a special screening of the Amrit Mahotsav film will be also done.
  • The evening session themed ‘Ek Shaam Sur, Taal aur Swachhta ke Naam’ will be addressed by Chief Guest Vijay Goel.

Topic: Government Schemes and Initiatives

2. Government approved the Modernization Plan for Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs)

  • The Government has approved the scheme-Modernisation Plan-IV- for Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs) with an outlay of Rs 1,523 crore.
  • It is the extension of the “Modernisation Plan-III” scheme for CAPFs.
  • The Modernisation Plan-IV for CAPFs will be implemented by the Ministry of Home Affairs from 1 February 2022 to 31 March, 2026
  • Its main vision is to provide modern weapons and equipment to CAPF as per their requirement.
  • Under this scheme, upgraded IT solutions will also be provided to CAPFs.
  • The implementation of the scheme will improve the operational efficiency/preparedness of CAPF.
  • It will improve the capability of the CAPFs to deal with the challenges of Left Wing Extremism, insurgency in North Eastern States and terrorism in J&K.
  • Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF):
    • It is the largest Central Armed Police Force in India.
    • It functions under the authority of the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.
    • It was established on 27 July 1939.
    • Kuldiep Singh is the Director general of CRPF.

Topic: National News

3. Indigenous anti-collision technology 'Kavach' was successfully tested to prevent rail accidents.

  • Indian Railways has successful conducted anti-collision test of the 'Kavach' system, which is an indigenously developed system to avoid rail accidents.
  • Kavach, an indigenously developed Automatic Train Protection (ATP) system, has been created to assist the Railways in achieving their goal of zero accidents.
  • ‘Kavach' automatically stops the train before 380 metres of other locomotives at the front.
  • The Kavach will be the world's most cost-effective system for preventing train collisions. It will cost 50 lakh rupees per kilometre to operate once it is implemented.
  • In February 2016, the first field tests on passenger trains began. Based on the experience gained, the Kavach's first specifications were finalised on in May 2017.
  • On the Delhi-Mumbai and Delhi-Howrah corridors, the Kavach will be implemented to increase speed to 160 kmph as part of the "Mission Raftaar Project."

Kavach system

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: Important Days

4. World Obesity Day 2022: 4 March

  • Every year on March 4th, the world commemorates World Obesity Day.
  • Its aim is to raise awareness about the Obesity and to assist people in overcoming it.
  • 'Everybody Needs to Act' is the theme of the World Obesity Day 2022.
  • The World Obesity Federation organises the day.
  • Obesity is a disease of the body that has tripled since 1975. It mostly affects children and adolescents.
  • It is one of the major risk factors for hypertension, diabetes, and heart disease.

Topic: State News / Himachal Pradesh

5. Himachal Pradesh government presented budget for FY 2022-23.

  • Himachal Pradesh Chief Minister Jai Ram Thakur has presented the state budget for FY 2022-23 at the state assembly.
  • He stated that the old age social security pension would be increased from Rs. 1001 to Rs. 1500.
  • The government has reduced the age limit for getting such pension from 70 years to 60 years without any income limit.
  • The Chief Minister also declared that the fund for Members of Legislative Assembly Local Area Development Scheme (MLALAD) will be increased from 1.80 crore to 2 crore.
  • The Chief Minister also stated that the discretionary grant for MLAs will be increased from 10 lakhs to 12 lakhs per year in the next financial year.
  • The Chief Minister has announced the creation of 500 new doctor positions.
  • Thakur declared that the Himcare card would need to be renewed every three years instead than every year in order to receive free health services for a variety of ailments.

Chief Minister Jai Ram Thakur presented the state budget for FY 2022-23

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: State News / Arunachal Pradesh

6. Arunachal Pradesh will construct a Greenfield Airport in Hollongi.

  • Considering the significance of air connectivity to the capital city, the Airports Authority of India has begun construction on developing a Greenfield Airport in Hollongi, 15 kilometres from Itanagar.
  • The project costing Rs 645 crore includes construction of airport pavement, air side work, terminal building and city side work.
  • The proposed airport is designed to accommodate A-320 aircraft.
  • The airport's terminal structure spans 4100 square metres. It will be able to accommodate 200 people during peak hours.
  • The airport is expected to be operational on August 15, 2022.
  • The Greenfield Airport Policy 2008 was created by the government to give extant guidelines for the development of greenfield airports in the country.
  • The central government has given its approval for the development of 21 greenfield airports.
 
Related Study Material
Evolution and History of the Indian Constitution Preamble of the Indian Constitution
Major sources of Indian Constitution President of India
Ramsar sites of India 2022 Classification of Rocks
Interior of the Earth Tax system in India
 

Topic: Personality in News

7. Australian cricketer Shane Warne recently passed away in Koh Samui, Thailand.

  • Shane Keith Warne played his first Test match in 1992 against India. His Test Match career spanned 15 years from 1992 to 2007.
  • He is regarded as one of greatest bowlers in history. He took 708 wickets in 145 Test matches. He is the second highest wicket taker in Test Cricket. 
  • He was right-arm leg spinner and a lower-order batsman. He took over 1,000 wickets in Tests and One Day Internationals.
  • He is the third-highest five-wicket haul taker after Muttiah Muralitharan and Richard Hadlee.
  • In 2000, he was selected as one of the five Wisden Cricketers of the Century. Donald Bradman, Garfield Sobers, Jack Hobbs and Viv Richards are other four Wisden Cricketers of the Century.
  • Australian wicket-keeper Rod Marsh also passed away recently on 04 March.

Shane Warne

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: MoUs/Agreements

8. Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL) and Solar Energy Corporation of India Limited (SECI) signed an MoU on 24 February 2022.

  • The Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) has been signed in order to realize green energy objectives and Government of India’s efforts towards carbon-neutral economy.
  • MoU envisages cooperation in the field of Renewable Energy and Electric Mobility.
  • It also envisages cooperation in the field of alternative fuels including the development of ESG Projects.
  • Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL) is a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Oil and Natural Gas Corporation, which is owned by the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas.
  • It is the third-largest oil refining and fuel marketing company in the country. Its headquarters is in Mumbai.
  • Solar Energy Corporation of India Limited (SECI):
    • It is Central Public Sector Undertaking (CPSU) under the administrative control of the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE).
    • It was set up in September 2011 to facilitate the implementation of National Solar Mission.

Topic: MoUs/Agreements

9. Indian Hotels Company Ltd partnered with UNESCO to preserve intangible cultural heritage in India.

  • It is the first of its kind collaboration to preserve and promote the cultural heritage of India.
  • This partnership is part of the initiative to transform the landscape of tourism in the post-COVID 19 world.
  • The UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage was adopted by 178 countries in 2003.
  • Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH) represents the “living” heritage of a country. India has 14 Intangible Cultural Heritage. It includes Kumbh Mela, Kutiyattam, Durga Puja etc.
  • IHCL and UNESCO will offer special tours packages for a better experience of the living heritage of India.
  • UNESCO:
    • It promotes peace and security through international cooperation in education, arts, sciences, and culture.
    • It was established on 16 November 1945.
    • It is a specialized agency of the United Nations based in Paris, France.

Topic: Environment and Ecology

10. Scientists of Botanical Survey of India (BSI) discovered new gin berry species in Kanyakumari Wildlife Sanctuary.

  • This berry species, named ‘Glycosmis albicarpa’ is endemic to the southern Western Ghats. It belongs to the Orange family.
  • Like other species of Glycosmis, it is also a host plant for butterflies.
  • Glycosmis species berries have the unique characteristic of ‘gin aroma’ and is a popular edible fruit.
  • Plants related to these taxonomic groups are utilized for their medicinal values and food.
  • This species has been found in Tirunelveli semi-evergreen forests.
  • Glycosmis pentaphylla is a species of flowering plant in the family Rutaceae, known commonly as orangeberry and gin berry.
  • Botanical Survey of India (BSI):
    • It is the apex taxonomic research organization under the Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change.
    • It was established on 13 February 1890.

Topic: Defence

11. Ministry of Defence has approved indigenous defence projects.

  • The government has approved nine projects for the design and development of defence equipment by Indian industries.
  • It is a significant step towards self-reliance in the defence sector. The Central government will provide 90 percent funding in a phased manner.
  • Out of nine projects, four projects have been approved under the 'Make-I category' while five projects have been approved in the 'Make-II category'.
  • The four projects include design and development of light tanks, communication equipment with Indian security protocols, airborne electro-optical pod with ground-based system, and airborne stand-off jammers.
  • After the launch of Defence Acquisition Procedure-2020, it will be the first time that Indian industry has been involved in the development of light tanks and communication equipment with Indian security protocols.
  • In the 'Make-II category’, Government will provide no funding for the prototype development.
  • The indigenous development of these (nine) projects will position India as a design leader in these technologies.

Topic: New Developments

12. Researchers of IIT Kanpur have developed a biodegradable nanoparticle to protect crops from disease.

  • It can be used in the place of chemical-based pesticides and will help farmers in protecting their crops from bacterial and fungal infections.
  • A team led by Santosh K Misra and Piyush Kumar in association with researchers of ICAR has developed nanoparticle bio-degradable-carbonoid-metabolite (BioDCM).
  • It acts fast as it is applied in bioactive form and can withstand high temperature.
  • Nanoparticles will boost crop yield and reduce the effect of bacterial and fungal infections.
  • The biodegradable and non-harmful nature of the nanoparticle will help farmers in doing Organic farming.
  • In December 2021, IIT Kanpur had launched a soil testing device called Bhu Parikshak to measure soil health in 90 seconds.
  • A nanoparticle is a small particle that ranges between 1 to 100 nanometres in size.

Topic: Sports

13. Shri Nivetha, Esha, Ruchita combinedly win gold in the women's 10m air pistol team event at ISSF World Cup.

  • Shri Nivetha, Esha, Ruchita had also topped the qualification stage 1 with a total score of 856.
  • They had also topped the qualification stage 2 with a total score of 574.
  • In the bronze medal match, the Indian men’s pistol team finished on fourth place.
  • Earlier, Saurabh Chaudhary has clinched gold in the men's 10m air pistol event.
  • More than 500 athletes from 60 nations are taking part in the ISSF World Cup.
  • ISSF World Cup was started by the International Shooting Sport Federation in 1986.

Topic: State News/ Meghalaya

14. Meghalaya becomes ninth state to withdraw consent to CBI.

  • The withdrawal of approval means that the CBI will be unable to probe any case in the state without the permission of the state administration.
  • CBI is governed by the Delhi Special Police Establishment (DSPE) Act, 1946 and it has to obtain consent from the state government before beginning investigation.
  • The consent of the state government to CBI can be either case-specific or general.
  • General consent is the consent by default while in specific consent CBI would have to apply to the state government in every case.
  • Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, West Bengal, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Kerala, and Mizoram have withdrawn their general consent to CBI.
  • Mizoram was the first state to withdraw consent in 2015. West Bengal government had withdrawn general consent to CBI in 2018.
  • Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI):
    • It is an investigating agency in India that works under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions.
    • It was established on the recommendation of the Santhanam Committee.
    • Subodh Kumar Jaiswal is the current director of the Central Bureau of Investigation.
 

 

 

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